Behaviors of leadership and their influence


Being given financial stimulants, there is much of research on almost all the aspects of the business and the operation of organization. Leadership was made research, especially, comprehensively. Ideally, leaders create a vision for the future and have the capacity to influence with a group of people by justifying it to obtain the tasks which need as well to be undertaken as of the will as assist them to obtain the tasks which do not have the desire to make (Mumford et al 2000). The theories and the innumerable models of leadership captured the interest of researchers in the past a few decades. In the process, various definitions of leadership emerged. House et al, (1999) offered a definition of leadership which appears to reflect what mean the majority of the researchers by the term. They indicated that "leadership is the capacity of an individual to influence, to justify and make it possible others to contribute towards the effectiveness and the success of the organization" (P. 184).

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2. Identification of Gap

Although it was agreed that leaders play the important part to stimulate individual operation of it, very small research was made in leadership and the innovation (de Jong and Den Hartog, 2007). The important revision of leadership and the innovation (Mumford and Licuanan, 2004) found that including the most basic facts that connection between the two businesses they were not established: `"is not given" this leader whom the behavior exerts really significant effects on the creativity and the innovation. (P. 164). Most of the research revised by Mumford and Licuanan was related to management of creative people of "  " which is, persons that role at least was partly defined as while being creative. Rank et al, (2004) also observed the lack of work in the field and identified three substantive gaps of, including the need for the identification of the factors which they encourage the subordinates who think creative. It appears being almost nothing published in leadership or management innovation of the employee who encourages in daily functions.

Therefore a leader, who is interested the innovation, which encouraged it find to empirical advice very small on that. An example of a provisional work, which was made within this range, is a study of Amabile et al (2004). They examined the assistance of the leader of creativity, by analyzing entrances in note book of the work to of employees.

De Jong and Den Hartog (2007) tried, in order to identify a behavior of the leader, that on „the extraction of employee "behavior stretches innovator'. The fact that the authors led the study in an output level with the examination of the literature and also at leaders to be interviewd, is reference from the first time much different the research in this range. Therefore the affair of like the management the innovation concerns, which is subordinated, particularly within the ranges, which not specifically center themselves in creativity, is it the important part of the management, which was not given much attention.

It appears momentary that the most interesting work was returned over this affair by de Jong and Den Hartog (2007). They identified 13 kinds of behavior of leader, who believed them that of it one effectively to affect or together two categories of the behavior of the innovation of the employee are: Generation idea and use of the idea. They have far more called, so that the future quantitative research uses its results and it tries to refine and condense their behavior list, Innovation-die it came out, which proves that their work is in a provisional stage. De Jong and Den Hartog required that leader describe their experiences, what the innovation concerns, that he encouraged. Leader included some, against whom they were to be stimulated rather outstanding of it innovative behavior insufficiently. However its research missed stiffness in the sense the fact that they just required that some advisors at representatives call, who thought them that into these categories would fall. There is not in manner of the knowledge, if employees of these Manager' it in the same manner, those of the advisers.

2.1 Objective of the research,

The suggested study tried to extend from de Jong and from the work of Den Hartog of the one line introductory study of the validation of is, if this behavior of the leader is connected with the innovation of the employee. As such the objective of the suggested dissertation exists to identify therein which leader behavior encourage or discourage the employees to suggest innovative ideas and/or to apply it to its working premises.

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Questions of the research.

1 Is the behavior of leader resembles itself to sink in 13 other categories while the preceding research suggested?

2. Is more substantial behavior of the boss at the employees, who encourage, suggesting ideas or place ideas in practice?

3. Is the relation between the behavior of leader and the innovation of the employees differs from the demographic characteristics according to employés'?

4. Is the relation between the behavior of leader and innovation of the employees differs according to the type of organization work inside?

3. Description of research

3.1 The philosophy of the research

The suggested study is taken under philosophy of post positivist. It assumes that there are objective facts on relations between behaviour of the leaders and of the continuators, that can be stipulated with objective methods and that can to the expenditure treat, a limited number of variables examining. Hough, it considers that a perfect knowledge of the relations is impossible, and specific reasonable approval is reliably designated.

3.2 Research approach

The investigation mainly with a deductive approximation it is formed because the hypothesis is derived from the received theories of the study that the dissertation is propose to design to the ignition. The quantitative data will be acquired, will be pointed the sufficient size of the sample for the possible overview, and the researcher will be independent of the investigation. Which of a deductive approximation are characteristic (Saunders et al, 2007). Consequently nevertheless the theory can be changed for the sake of the results and an inductive approximation can be taken. So the investigation could terminate after taking a combination of a deductive and inductive approximation (appendix 3 for the description seen).

4. Proposed Methdology

4,1 Choice of the method

, Although this specific study uses only for an individual method and a too relatively limited population, is accepted it that the future investigation contributes other approximations and methods to the topic for one more a precise understanding. There is generally an underlying acceptance in the investigation of leadership that causality in a direction works. That is, it becomes provided that the behavior of the leader, the cause of the behavior in the successors is. It is at least in some situations possible, is causality the other way around, or the behavior of both leaders and successors is caused by third variable. As so the suggested method is describing and correlation and it can not show causality. The describing investigation is generally advisable, if it is an extension of a searching investigation (Saunders and others, 2007). Nevertheless like most the investigation of leadership that thinks loosely around it to suggest changes in the behavior of the successors of the leader behavior could cause changes. The presupposed causing direction must be future proven investigation.

4.2 Sampling

The population of the aim of the interest is employee that of any file in no matter which country, in no matter which type of matter is used . Nevertheless for this output investigation of the topic of research, the population of the goal is many narrower. This approximation will help to eliminate to take in order to have against the account, to the differences between individuals in the different cultures and different levels from the authorization to.

One hopes that approximately 200-500 main leaders and managers of central stages participate in the evaluation of the questionnaire. They are drawn in by some companies, which catches in different in Saudi Arabia, including the business like representation a financial car, services, an equipment and a heavy machinery and an oil must work, include of them to the companies during a distance knowledge intensiveness „", which regarded it important from De Jong and from Den Hartog as a variable, which refers to the innovation. In the last instance one hopes at least that eight companies of the different sectors participate in the study.

Employees on center level will be under taken for many reason: They become quite in their faith and practices regarding the affairs decaying light; they can answer the questions without drive; they will with computers comfortably to be and to be able questionnaires by Internet to correspond, which will help to increase the speed and the effectiveness of data collection, like the assistance, by reducing the costs, which are connected with it.

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Respondent will be recruited with the personal associations with the pictures of the company, which they invite will be e-mail to you transmit and/or the notes to you employ that they questions to take part. The access to the organisations is negotiates and in accordance with the affirmative has been. Even in the United Kingdom. Or S.U.A. the employers can be little suitable the estimate of sophisticated of theirs permit employ to you, this no problem in Saudi Arabia must be. Moreover explaining will ensure that their identities will be entirely anonymous. .

The inability to find a sampling outline for the intensive societies of the knowledge in Saudi Arabia can the use of a sampling of the non--probability on a macro level dictate. Thus the sampling purposive is used, in order to ensure the inclusion of the organisms of rich at the information. In addition, if the number of potential respondent leaves and a sampling outline is available, can the laminated random sample on the level is led, in order to ensure the full representation of the different characteristics.