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A leader is a person who can motivate and organize a group of members in an organization to do a specific task under various situations. He should be a person who can find others, who can offset his limitations and complement his strengths. The leader in an organisation should possess various leadership skills so that the employees respect and have trust in him. In order to be a successful Leader, he should also know to exhibit the correct quality at the required situation.
Leadership is the process of directing the behaviour of others towards the accomplishment of some common objectives. It is influencing people to get things done to a standard above their norm willingly.
3.0 DYNAMIC LEADERSHIP
3.1 NATURE OF DYNAMIC LEADER
A dynamic leader must be very lively and enthusiastic, with a lot of energy and determination in achieving his goals. He must be continuously changing his ideas, such that he keeps the organization growing and developing.
The Dynamic Leader identifies missions leading to grand mission, goes out to actualize them and is more concerned about moving the energy patterns.Â In this process he also becomes a principle centred personality tuned to subtler forces and creates a legacy.
Dynamic Leadership is also a process of communicating with people. A dynamic leader always makes good relation with other people such that he influences positive effect in their behaviour. And a dynamic leader is an important member of the group whose goals he or she shares and the realization of which he or she helps to facilitate. A dynamic leader makes and enforces people to do what they are supposed to do.
Group-centred leadership is much more conducive to effective employee functioning than is the case with supervisory-centred leadership. A leader is fit to be dynamic leader only if he or she satisfies the needs group members individually and collectively.
3.2 BEHAVIOURS OF DYNAMIC LEADER
Impressive and distinct
A dynamic leader should stand apart in his behaviour being distinct and distinguished from others. He must gather and collect all the information that is required for the task he is dealing with. When he is facing an issue he must know dawn to dusk about it.
A dynamic must search and make use of opportunities for the growth and development of the organization. He must always identify all possible options before making any decision. He should know clearly the risks involved in all his decisions. He must be willing to take any risks if organization's growth is benefitted.
He must set new directions in the growth of the organization, which are unpredictable by others. He must be moving ahead towards his goals with jerky movements. He must take experimental actions that favour the organization. He must be capable to answer tough strategic questions.
He must interact with and involve people to decide/implement any decision. He must influence the interests of his subordinates and their gain commitment. He must inspect his subordinates at every stage of their work. He should empower people subordinates with appropriate powers. His whole concentration should focus on one problem/on link at a time. Dynamic leadership is reflected in one's ability to earn others' trust and respect.
4.0 EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP
"Effective" means having the desired result. Once the target is defined, the operations leading to the result can be isolated and these operations can be completed efficiently. While this seems obvious, actual execution of planned operations in many organizations does not follow the simple principle.
Effective leaders are able to quickly see all the sides to a problem without bias. They simply have the ability to detach their personal liking and work for the goodness of the organisation. Great leaders have the ability to develop the skills so that they can also put their case across clearly and succinctly to every member of the team.
An effective leader allocates resources efficiently. He will maintain the organization lean and mean. This means that the best value of the human resource; knowing who will be the best for a particular task and making expectations clear from the start. It also extends to find the best value equipment or identifying a time saving process to get the job done. Any leader who inspires their team to aim high by different methods of motivation is creating an efficient environment. A good leader with a less motivated team has to encourage his followers before the work deviates in a wrong path.
An effective leader should be equipped with a feature of predetermining the actions needed to be taken, in order to cope with the contrary situations efficiently. Great ability to evaluate the timing appropriate for the course of action is one of the crucial characteristics of an effective leader.
4.1 EFFECTIVE LEADER
An effective leader is the one with a passion for a cause that is larger than their capability. One should find the right balance between social, moral and business aspects of leadership. He leads by example and the team members tend to follow because they believe what they do is right and they merely invite others to come along with them. Keeping promises is a main sign off of effective leader. They believe in others and never fail to compliment someone when they are doing well in the organisation. The most important quality of an effective leader is that they know how to handle mistakes.
Good listening skills are basic requirements of effective leader. Therefore, effective leader can make a well-informed and thought out decisions. An effective leader tends to give positive reinforcements. It is about asking or requesting a person to do something and not commanding them. They tend to go to any extent to complete a particular task by not seeing themselves as a boss alone.
4.2 BEHAVIOURS OF EFFECTIVE LEADER
It is the ability to foresee the problem and give alternate solutions by constant exploration and application of new techniques relevant for the activity of a company. Leaders must be adaptable to every change in the organisation. As Charles Darwin said it is important for a leader to be most responsive to the change rather than being strongest. The job as a leader is to allow change to occur and in a few cases, be the catalyst. It is necessary to see that the leader does not act as a roadblock to the progress of the team in the organisation.
The most important aspect of the leader is to earn the trust of their people by doing what they say they, will do and by being fair. They must be emotionally intelligent to create an environment that encourages each of the employees. This is done by creating a foundation of trust which encourages commitment among the followers. This generates the loyalty towards the leader incredibly.
Leaders must train their followers to assure that they are capable to handle their jobs and responsibilities. Encourage team intelligences and working together. Breakdown any perceived walls within your organisation. Build a knowledge base that's available to your staff.
Leaders should provide a positive vision for the future. Develop a vision that guides the followers while allowing them to make decisions supporting that vision. Model the way with a positive attitude. Attitude is the most important for everyone and is critical for the leader. It controls the panel to one's life.
A leader must consider his tasks carefully. Personal effect on the followers if the leader has to build commitments that requires long term success has to be considered. Leaders don't use their position to gain special perks. Whatever is good for the team members should be good for the leader as well. Incentives and bonuses should be given to the team members to celebrate the successes of their followers as often as possible. Leading by an example and by exhibiting values is the most important characteristics that a leader has to develop to increase the motivation of the employees.
5.0 TOP SECRETS OF DYNAMIC AND EFFECTIVE LEADER
The cost of poor management is severe like de-motivation, demoralizing staff, high staff turnover, reduced productivity and increased customer complaints. While an excess of literature exists on a myriad ways leaders can up their performance and influence their companies and their teams. The ten basic management tips are
Leaders shouldn't manage much.
Leaders must choose the best employees or followers to work under him.
Leader must set specific, reasonable, achievable and clear goals.
Leader must listen to followers and should be receptive at them.
Leaders should communicate clearly and effectively to his followers, seek and acknowledge their feedback.
A good leader is consistently respectful towards his followers or employees, as in all aspects.
Impose learning culture over the followers by giving them enough coaching to accomplish their task successfully.
Good leaders must supervise his followers until the projects completed successfully.
Leaders must regulate the rules and regulations such that they support employees to work better towards success and shouldn't be a disturbance to the employees. They must be reasonable too.
Effective business leader's top business secret is they treat their customers as their as boss. They make the organization customer driven.
6.0 TEN PRINCIPLES OF DYNAMIC AND EFFECTIVE LEADER
The ten key principles to ensure that leadership activities are successful and effective are
Recognition of complexity
Focus on adaption
Deliver tangible benefits
Prioritize according to business needs
Going through long procedures
Provide strong leadership
Aim to deliver user experience
Choose the first project effectively
7.0 EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGEMENT
The quality of the organisation can be improved by managing the time effectively. It is self management. It is a highly personalized skill where the right method for the required work is chosen. The three steps to effective time management are:
The more organized leader will be able to use each minute more effectively. The schedule for the day has to be prepared at the earliest possible time. The important tasks alone are not considered but all the tasks are noted down and care is taken that not one is left out.
The next step is to prioritize the tasks in the schedule. High priority is given to the tasks that must be completed immediately and the priority level is reduced as the deadline for completing the task is more. Least importance is given for those, whose due date is next day. The most important objective in effective leadership is to avoid postponing to the last moment.
Once the priority level is assigned to the tasks, timings must be allotted to the task that fits the deadlines for the assignments. Care is taken that the schedules are flexible. Tasks must be "do-able". Required time is also allocated according to the task. It is made sure that the schedule has enough time and also extra time is allocated for emergencies.
8.0 LEARN TO SAY "NO"
A leader who knows to say "NO" in a polite way is considered to be highly effective. It is not a new issue if someone is not able to complete their assigned tasks. In order to keep from burning out, the leader has to take time for him and learn to say "no" to some of the requests of time. New responsibilities should be taken when there are other tasks to be completed within the stipulated time. When the leader doesn't want to or cannot do due to the lack of time their offer should be declined. If one is over-committed others might also take advantage. Openness and honesty is the key for saying "no".
9.0 CASE STUDY
In a market dominated by Microsoft Corporation, a new product Apple managed to find its way into the target segment. One of the main reasons behind was the innovative ideas of Mr Steve Jobs. He is known for his intense focus on the product design. He kept continuously changing ideas and updating the products regularly over time through which his products acquired the market very strongly and helped the rapid growth of the organization. This reveals him to be a dynamic leader. With a capital amount of 250 million USD he designed his products with an interesting style and advanced technology. This finds him as an effective manager in the business world. Even with less resource he managed to produce the best product which is now extremely popular and top among its competitors. The target is not too wide so the specifications are met accordingly. This shows his dynamic and effective managerial characteristics. This case study proves that dynamic and effective leadership is a major objective of a successful organization.
10.0 HERSEY AND BLANCHARD'S (1977) STATEMENT
With the all above explained literature and the given real life case study, I agree with Hersey and Blanchard's (1977) statement which means dynamic and effective leadership is a major attribute of a successful organization to stand apart from all other unsuccessful organizations. Apple has become an outstanding organization among its competitors and has overtaken its giant competitor Microsoft Corporation. It became possible for Apple to achieve such a big goal in a very short time since the organization was lead by dynamic and effective leadership strategy. The organization which is innovative with newer, different ideas and good quality products, lead by an effective leader will keep moving ahead in the success path.
11.0 IMPACT OF LEADERS ON THE ORGANIZATION
11.1 CASE STUDY
In India, Yamaha Motors was in partnership with Escorts Group until 2001 and was one among the leading motorcycle company until 2001. In Aug 2001, Yamaha became sole leader, acquired the total 100% shares of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd, Japan. From 2001 to 2007, India Yamaha Motors launched only 4 to 5 products in India and none of the products managed to neither conquer the market nor even achieve the competitive average sales. So there was a big down fall in the company's market value and organizations growth. India Yamaha Motor started lagging behind all his competitors in the two wheeler market from the year 2001. As a result, Yamaha Motors became the unsuccessful and least selling motorcycle company in India in the period 2001 to 2007 and was overtaken by all its competitors. The change in leadership had a greater and at most impact on the "India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd (IYM)".
In 2008, Mitsui & Co., Ltd agreed a deal with Motor Co., Ltd, Japan, to invest in India Yamaha Motors Pvt. Ltd (IYM) and became a joint partner in India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd. Then there was intervention of Mitsui Co., Ltd in the leadership India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd which led to the change in leadership style of India Yamaha Motors. New dynamic ideas were implemented in the company's research & development and productivity. The India Yamaha Motors designed and released 13 new motorcycle variants in just 3years time (2008-2010). Due to which there was a rapid and massive growth of the organization market value and high product sales. Now in 2010, Yamaha is the top motorcycle in India and has overtaken all its competitors, Yamaha has the highest sales, highest brand value and has a net work of more than 400 dealers countrywide. The company is now wholly customer driven. Whenever there is a change in leadership, there had been a greater impact on the India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd. The impact may be positive or negative depending upon the various conditions and leadership styles because when Yamaha took the sole leadership the organization went down which may be dependent on various unfavourable conditions that Yamaha would have met, but Yamaha has proven its successful leadership skills in many other countries by the same time it faced a down fall in India.
11.2 SOME CONDITIONS WHERE LEADERS HAVE GREAT IMPACT ON THEIR ORGANIZATIONS
The above case study proves that leadership has a greater impact on the concerned organization. The impact may be positive or negative. It purely depends upon various conditions which a leader is put in to. Leadership decisions are likely to have an important and unique influence on organizational performance. An unstable economic environment, changing market demand and competition has become the norm for most organizations. For organizations to survive and grow, it has to increase growth of the organization by reducing its costs, changing and updating the current products, innovation of new products, improving quality and productivity. Thus the organization must have a dynamic leader so that he can give new ideas in changing and updating the current products and also in innovation which strongly influences the organizational performance. These leaders must also be effective enough achieve the above said targets at the minimum cost and in short time. If the leader is not going to be an efficient leader then the organization will not be able to achieve any of the above targets which affect the organizational performance growth in very high level.
The above analysis and case studies reveal that dynamism and effectiveness of the leaders are having infusing effective in the organisation success. The leader's vision and their ability to adopt for change are the key traits to guide the organisation to success. The key skills of the leaders help them to drive the organisation and its resources to produce outstanding results and meet the higher expectations of the share holders. Dynamic and effective leadership qualities are different in nature but both are required for a good leader to handle all situations based on the market conditions. The leaders have at most influence over the organizational success and able to influence behaviour of a people within the organisation and inspire outside organisation. A true leader can induce greater impact on the organization he or she leads. The conditions affecting the leader and his leadership style will decide the impact to be a positive impact or negative impact on the organization.