Organization is the foundation upon which the whole structure of management is built. It is the backbone of management, and where management activities and day to day processes and operations are carried out. Organization is concerned with the building, developing and maintaining of a structure of working relationship in order to accomplish the objectives of the enterprise or a corporation.
Organization means the determination and assignment of duties to people and also the establishment and the maintenance of authority, fostering relationship, understandings, which all composed groups activities for achieving a common goals. The organization and its process is somewhat a structural framework within which the various efforts are coordinated and related to each other. The success or the failure of an enterprise largely depends on the nature of organization. Thus, the significance of organization can be observed in that context.
From this understanding in brief it is clarified also that this works overall and its objective is focused to trace the very significant subject study concerning organization and its structural mechanism in management disciplines and its literary study. It is in other word, it is an attempt made to analyze the two main important point of an organization:-
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These two points are central to the subject study of this report, which the following paragraph discusses and explains the topic in brief.
The term organization refers to the mechanism which enables men to live together and in a harmonious and coordinative ways. In a static sense an organization is a structure. That is to say for examples the buildings and offices which are manned by people and groups and where the activities of office works and all process are undertaken, where works also is done in harmonious environment collectively for achieving a common goals or to say the organizational objectives. In addition, when observing the scenario in the global world today, we can figure out that more and more organizations are making inroads into the globalised market place. Organization is a process to be precise of exercising together towards and contributing to the task and work in a harmonious environment or where a framework of positions is exercised which can be used as a management tools for the most effective pursuit of a company or a corporation.
To begin with from a general point of view of the term organizational structure, we can readily identify and opined that organizations and its components and the nature that defines it are made up of individual and groups. As we have discussed, organization is wholly concerned with the building , developing as well as maintain a cordial relationship as well as fostering the cordial working relations among groups and individuals so that a working relationship also is realized and determined for achieving the collective goals and objective of a corporation.
From a scholastic notion of the point and its arguments, "organizational structure are understood as the framework for getting the work done and how each activities within the structure of a corporation and groups or individual members are nourished harmoniously for a collective goals achievements. Simply put in, organizational structure can be elaborated in context of the organization process itself. That is to say, how activities in a grouped are harnessed and fostered. Besides it also explains as to the responsibilities that comes with a role in an organization or who is responsible for the management aspects or coordinating, managing and supervising groups members." (Armstrong, 1999, p. 131)
Thus, from this brief we can understand that organization and its process, as well as the management process that take shapes within a group or amongst members of groups is what defines organization. Organizational structure in simple term thus is that aspects of the management process that shapes the foundation of an organization in a structured manner, where responsibilities, task and duties as well as building relationship among members for a harmonious outcome is being fostered. It is somewhat like a network where group's members have a defined role and responsibilities to carry out designated task from time to time and are responsible for an outcome.
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Further example in consideration of an organizational structure and its arguments and analysis, we feel that at best it can be emphasized to modern corporations. As we can observed, in today corporations, or let say offices certain elements of a structured formality are maintained or nourished. That is to say, in office environment in most modern organizations today we can see and observe that there are number of people and individuals. These individuals are there for a purpose. And that purpose is being an employee of a corporation and carrying out official duties as assigned to them from time to time. The presence of such an environment in corporation and office environemtn brings us to the nature of organizational structure and its dimensions.
Organizational Structure and Culture: Its Comparison and Contrast:
Organizational structure and its culture as scholars have asserted are "composed of three views. These three views define how organization structure affects organizational behavior." (Anne Marie Francesco, 2005, p. 240) In other word, organizational culture and structure together defines how the mechanism of organizational processes also shapes the behavior of groups or individual who form a party in the overall organization. As we can accumulate from a general view, organization itself is a coordinative and unifying system and concerns itself with the well planned divisions of the numerous functions and the process of corporations. Add to it, such process take shapes as a form of cultural process itself, where the objective of a firm system is maintained within the structural process.
It is somewhat for example like a process where a subordinate often take his power and exercise such power among his group members to ensure effective end result of any given organizational activities. In somewhat different scenario it is like where the essences of unifying work mechanism are maintained, where strength, its essentiality and quality of a healthy relationship is nourished within the organization.
In all essentiality organizational structure and its cultural processes in a broader form accumulates the very instances wherein duties and task of group members are fostered harmoniously in a systematic manner and the responsibilities that comes with it for groups members are expected to establish and exercised accordingly by those who are responsible, let say a manger for instance so that a means to an end is achieved.
Organizations are established for examples so that it recognizes certain task and activities of group members, which are to be carried out so that a goal or end result is achieved. Such establishment itself defines the culture that is happening in an organization and where values come in handy and into play among group members. Values are the simple belief of individuals or social groups which binds together the very crucial element in maintaining a close coordination's among group members and championing the cause of an organization and its objective.
Relationship between Organizational Structure and its Culture
To come to term with the impact or influence as can be generalized in consideration of the subject matter and its arguments firstly we should try and attempt to understand the very essence of groups in organizations. For one, it is often said that understanding human behavior is an important task of management. Besides, groups exist in every organization and they affect the behavior of their members. Behavior in the organizational context as we can generalized it in simple terms are influenced not only by needs of individuals or groups, but also by the manner in which people or individual handles their needs in interaction within the organizational structure and its culture for performance oriented task.
For clarity of the subject and its arguments it also should be understood that organizational studies and its consistency "relates the finding in which it is held that cultural values affects organizational structure, which consequently also influence upon organizational behavior," (Anne Marie Francesco, 2005, p. 240)and its performance overall.
This point in short directly relates the very essence that link between all the interrelated factors, where performance is the end result. Take for example the contrasting factor between organizational structure and its behavior, which also extends its ways toward the influence that it has upon and within the domain of organizational behavior, where performance is concerned.
Factors influencing Individual Behavior at work
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Individual behaviors at work are influenced through many elements. From the abovementioned discussion we can readily argued that formal and informal relations among individuals and groups are an integral part of the social behavioral ladder, and that which we can accordingly find its presence within the organization. For the better part, it is also through these or such relationships that work related activities are organized, performed, coordinated between groups members and controlled, which we can add up and conclude defines the influence of organizational structure and culture that drives business performance.
Thus, in any given situation formal and informal relationship between groups members should be streamlined and pleasant to arrive to such a situation aimed toward business performance where organizational behavior influence directly and is very forceful in its influence as well.
When we come to the conclusion, it should be noted and understood that "organizational structure means the patterns or network of relationship between the various positions and position holder. It also takes into account to reflect the structural process of an organization, be it hierarchy or authoritative or bureaucracy" (R.K.Dwivedi, 1995, p. 6) or any other structural process which binds the organization together.
Thus, in that essence of the term overall, we are of the opinion that organizational behavior and its components also accumulates the standardization process where structuring of organizational objectives is made possible through the interaction of groups or individual members and its cohesion and is one aspects that build the overall factor of organization behavior and its culture.