The Climate Is Classified As A BWK Biology Essay

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It is located between the Republic of China and Mongolia. It is a cold desert getting as low as -47oC and as high as 33.9oC. During the winter, it is extremely dry and will have icy sandstorms and snowstorms. It has many fossils and is home to many animals and species of animals. The desert is expanding in a process called desertification. Average precipitation is less than 100mm but some areas only get rain once every two or three years. Winds can get up to 140 km/h in the Spring.

The climate is classified as a BWk for dry arid climate-Desert climate- midlatitude cold. Precipitation is less than ½ the natural moisture demand and the mean annual temperature is less than 18oC.

A natural hazard that may affect the area could be a icy sandstorm or snowstorm (as listed above). The Gobi desert is a cold desert which is often covered in snow. Any snowstorm would carry sand and any sandstorm would carry ice and snow.

SITE 2: 19.567261 -155.617447 Location: Hawaii (Close to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park)

1. The location given is Hawaii, located 2000 miles SE of the United States. May be part of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. The island was formed from volcanic activity. The hotspot which Hawaii lays over is what forms the volcanoes located on the island. The volcanoes and plates lying beneath the islands also cause earthquakes and tsunamis. The island has a large array of animals and species and also has a large amount of endangered species (all of this can be linked to the isolation caused by how far the island is away from any large amount of land).

Hawaii has a near constant trade wind from the east and so the climate is somewhat stable. Summer highs are typically high 31oC and around 24oC at night and winter is usually around 28oC and 18oC at night. Hawaii gets a about 70 inches average rainfall a year but in some areas the rainfall can be as much as 400 inches a year.

The climate is classified as a Af for tropical rain forest climate which means that all months receive precipitation in excess of 6 cm and that it is consistently warm in the area with all months averaging 18oC.

A natural hazard of Hawaii would be volcanic eruptions (although it hasn't happened in many years), tsunamis and earthquakes. The island is located over a tectonic plate which is located over a hotspot. This can cause more volcanoes to form and earthquakes to develop. The volcanoes instabilities also cause earthquakes and tsunamis for the islands.

SITE 3: 59.247265 -134.914710 Location: Alaska (close to Haines) close to the border of British Columbia.

1. The location is Alaska, (close to Haines) close to the border of British Columbia and located fairly close to Juneau, Alaska. It is close to the Yukon territory. Haines, Alaska has a milder climate than would be expected due to the Pacific Ocean. Average high temperatures fall around 9oC and lows around 2oC so not a very large range. It receives about 60 in of rainfall a year which ranges from under 4 to over 8 inches a month. This Alaskan weather is actually sometimes warmer than our Northern cities located in the US. The largest concentration of brown bears is nearby and the area is home to many animals and species included sealife a short ride away. Many whales, sealions, porpoises and birds can often be found nearby in the Pacific.

The wind moving into Alaska often brings many storms during all but the summer months with winds of 50 mph. The wind also brings wind chill down sometimes making it dangerous to be in it at times.

2. The climate is classified as a Dfc or humid continental because it is a microthermal climate in which the warmest month is above 10oC and the coldest month is below 0oC but it also has cool to temperate conditions and snow climates. It has year round precipitation and only 1-4 months is above 10oC.

3. A natural hazard of this location would be earthquakes, avalanches from glaciers, flooding in areas below sea level and erosion due to strong winds and storms. Little extra fact for avalanches in Alaska: Only 7% of avalanche fatalities are women. "If you want to stay alive in the mountains, take a good woman with you, and listen to her." -Doug Fesler

SITE 4: 65.788735 -68.797142

Location: Baffin Island in Canada

1. Baffin Island is located in Canada, off of the southeastern coast. The island has an extremely cold climate. The climate brings very long, cold winters and foggy, cloudy summers. Snow, even heavy snow, occurs at any time of the year, although is least likely in July and early August. The average annual temperature is −8.5 °C (17 °F) and 5 °C (41 °F). Baffin Island receives an average of 222mm (8.7in) of rainfall per year. Animals that live on Baffin Island are polar bears, barren-ground caribou, arctic fox, arctic hare, lemming and arctic wolf. Baffin Island in Canada is one of the largest islands in Canada, and many types of rocks cover this island as well.

2. The Baffin Island is described as extremely cold by the people that live and visit there. The average temperature ranges from −8.5 °C (17 °F) and 5 °C (41 °F). Snow occurs almost every month. This information has made it clear that this location is a part of the Polar Climates and more specifically apart of the ET-Tundra Climate.

3. Because of the frigid temperatures in Baffin Island, a natural hazard would have to be the permafrost, which causes development to slow down. Another hazard would be the cyclonic storms. These storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, which results in the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, which produces most of the countries rain and snow. I came about my choice through research and because I learned that this area is extremely cold, so, permafrost is something that I thought of even before researching the natural hazards of this area.

SITE 5: -20.529231 -68.912782

Location: Tarapacá Region in Chile

1. The Region is also known as "The First Region of Tarapacá." The region is located in Chile, but the exact location of this area is bounded on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by the Republic of Bolivia, which is on the north by the Republic of Peru (through a line called Harmony Line) and south with the region Antofagasta in the river Loa. This region has characteristics of a desert. The coastal plains that are around the area are almost nonexistent. A section of the Andes runs through this region and there are also volcanoes that rise above 5,000 meters. A plateau is also located in this region and is located between the eastern and western strands; near this plateau is a gap where wet lands are located as well. Around this area is where the animals are located. The climate is different between the coast, highlands and plains. The coast temperature is mild because of the sea keeping the temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C all year. The plateau has a very rapid temperature change from 30 degrees C during the day, and at night the temperature can drop to -30 degrees C. Rainfall is usually extremely limited and is noted that rainfall is "virtually zero." When it does rain it occurs in the Andean highlands during February.

2. The Tarapacá Region is known to be the most arid desert in the world. It is also known that the region does not have a lot of rainfall. It has the characteristics of a desert therefore, the region falls under the Dry Arid and Semi Arid climate section. More specifically, the region is BWh, which is a hot low latitude desert.

3. The Tarapacá Region is known to have multiple natural hazards. These natural hazards are: severe earthquakes, active volcanism and tsunamis. I found these natural hazards from researching and these were the ones that were noted the most.

SITE 6: -3.735614 -63.741454

Location: The Amazon in Brazil

1. The Amazon is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America. Five and a half million square kilometers (1.4 billion acres) are covered by the rainforest. The Amazon is a tropical region with high humidity and a lot of rain. The average temperature of the Amazon rainforest is 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. At nighttime, the temperature falls dramatically to about 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Heavy rainfall happens in short periods of time and the average precipitation is about 300 cm per year. January through April is known as the wettest season, and June through November are known as the dry months. More than 100-120 different species of trees can be found in the Amazon. There is a wide variety of animals that inhabit this rainforest as well, some examples are: birds, monkeys, and cats, wild pigs, deer and so much more!

2. The Amazon is often described as a Tropical Rainforest. The average temperature is 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and the temperature at night is around 50 degrees Fahrenheit. When it does rain, it is a heavy downpour and the average precipitation is about 300 cm per year. This information makes it very clear that the Amazon should be listed under Tropical Climates, more specifically; it falls under Af, which is Tropical Rainforest.

3. I did not come across many natural hazards regarding the Amazon but I did come across an issue that is a serious problem that affects the Amazon rainforest greatly. The issue is called deforestation. Deforestation is the clearance of naturally occurring forests by logging and burning. It has been a problem related to the rainforest for many years. The issue was finally noted and talked about in the year of 2000. This hazard interferes with the growth patterns of the forest, which is an extreme problem.

Site 7- (25.147215, 14.877672) Libya

Libya extends over 1,759,540 square kilometers. The coast line extends longer than any other country in Africa on the Mediterranean. Libya is one of the most arid places on our planet. The climate is mostly dry and desert like, but in the northern regions it becomes a much milder Mediterranean style climate. The Libyan Desert covers much of Libya. In some places in Libya it is decades before rain falls again. Water can be found in the few oasis's if you dig deep enough. Temps cane be up to 136 Fahrenheit.

Koppen Classification: Bc

Natural Hazards: sandstorms, duststorms Sirocco

Site 8- (-25.35, 131.03) Mutitjulu, Australia

Mutitjulu is located in the Northwest Territory of Australia. It is flat sandy country of theTanami Desert. Arid and Isolated, this area as a mostly rocky terrain and small hills. The climate is mostly dry with high summers and moderate to cold winter temperatures. The average rainfall is low and it is influenced by the wet season.

Koppen Classification: B

Natural Hazard: Dust storms

Site 9-(27.985761, 86.923399) Mt. Everest

Mt. Everest is a sub-arctic region located between Tibet and Nepal. Everyone knows it as the tallest point of elevation. It is divided into three units called "formations". Each "formation" is separated from each other by low-angle faults called "detachments". Glaciers cover the slopes of Mt. Everest all the way to its base. The climate is extreme with the highest temperatures occurring in the summer and reaching only -2 degrees Fahrenheit.

Koppen Classification: De

Natural Hazard: Avalanche, violent snowstorms

Site 10: 25.045, 55.088 Location Dubai, United Arab Emirates

It is located on the Arabian Peninsula as well as on the Persian Gulf. Dubai is unique for its region because it is a sandy desert instead of a gravel desert like its neighbors. Unlike most desert climates since it is located on the gulf it has vegetation, such as palm trees and certain types of flowers. Dubai is extremely warm, most of the time it maintains a temperature of about 24 oC (75) in the winter and about 41 oC (106) in the summer. Its average precipitation is about 88 inches per year. Winds get up to around 18 mph.

The climate is a BWh for hot low latitude desert which is a Dry Arid and Semi Arid climate. The average precipitation is less than ½ POTET. As well as the temperature is greater than 18 oC

The natural hazards that could affect Dubai are earthquakes, fires and flooding. Dubai is quite warm but not as bad as other deserts, and when it does rain the rain is long and the city is not equipped to handle the flooding.

Site 11: 57.273, -4.428213 Location: Africa

Africa has many different climates. This is a unique continent because the top of it is desert. The middle and bottom half is jungle and savannah. So the temperatures are extremely different as well as the precipitation.

The climate for the northern half is considered a BWk Dry arid climate and the middle and southern half of Africa is an Am tropical climate and Aw tropical climate.

The natural hazards that affect Africa are cyclones, earthquakes, and floods. Most of the cities in Africa are third world therefore; they are not equipped to handle natural disasters.

Site 12: 40.8206, 14.42714 Location: Naples, Italy

It is located close to Mount Vesuvius, which is where Pompeii was destroyed after Vesuvius erupted. The climate is mild which lead to rainy winters which normally does not go below 12 (54) oC. The summers in Naples are warm where the temperature gets up to about 29 (85) oC. The overall precipitation in Naples is about 39 inches.

The climate is a Csa Mediterranean summer dry, Mesothermal climate. The precipitation is low in the summer months but high in the winter months.

The natural disasters in Italy is volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and floods. The most common occurrence is earthquakes though, and there is no way to be prepared for those.

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