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I present to you this collaborative effort on this subject to be useful for anyone who wants and who has turtles of red eared slider.
These turtles spend most of their time in the fresh water that exist in the environment, and spend most hours of the day warm on the rocks or twigs of plants in the water, and when they are small spend this time on plants and enjoy sunlight.
All red-ear turtles eating animal protein and vegetable, and small turtles need to nearly 50% of animal protein, and the oldest turtles feed on vegetable more than protein. On the beach, they are feeding on small fish and larvae and aquatic plants.
In the United States, they prohibit the sale of any turtle of this kind have length less than 10 centimeters (4 inches), as the males with a red eared reach the age of 2 - 4 years but the females Age 5 - 7 years and have reached up to 12 cm in length!
Some of this type of turtles may live for 100 years.
In some pet stores in America, as this turtle found in places with closed ventilation so that it carry bacterium Salmonella (Salmonella) which transmitted easily to children while touching the turtle and not washing hands well and due to weak immune of children and not of others adults. One who is always advised for adults or children wash their hands thoroughly after touching the turtles to ensure that transmission bacterium Salmonella (Salmonella) to them. It is possible that these bacteria exist in turtles due to drought and lack of food, and often do not eat turtles because fear or severe water cooler or weather surrounding, but they'll get used to when set in her own house and has its appropriate weather.
To assured that turtles fed well and the absence of any bacteria or any other disease by, then take her new stool samples and visit the reptile veterinarian, and that sample will be sure free turtles of any disease or bacteria and if found any disease will described your doctor Veterinary medicine to treat this disease.
Making the right environment:
You must provide a clean environment and warm so the turtles can live by and perform all vital processes (metabolism) inside, you must have a tank of clear glass to see them and enjoy their swim and have a good areaâ€‹â€‹ because it likes swimming a lot, and put a rock in the corner of the tank to sit with her tortoiseshell while it Want to take a sun bath and rest from swimming and also to decorate the aquarium and make it similar to the environment of turtles with red eared. Place some of the industrial plants and the development of the rocks that are always in the rivers and in which it live turtles. Water temperature can you place Water Heater and adjust the temperature to (27C - 78 F). Change water should be twice a day and have it routinely for you, or to make it easier on you and tortoiseshell Place filter water to minimize the change process water and have momentum this filter lightly or if strong place it away from the rock, which sits upon the tortoise is not running the filter 24 Hours but it is run whenever dirty basin feces and the remains of eating turtle and closes when changing water and be clean, and after 3 days your clean candidate filter well and place in boiling water in advance in order to kill all bacteria and viruses that could be inside, do not forget that never put her flashlight scanned the offset from sunlight necessary for it to provide them with vitamins, and must use the lamp of the type fluorescent which reduces electricity consumption and radiates heat, and place for a period of 14 hours a day and preferably be lamp in the morning.
Feed the turtles:
To ensure health of turtles and strong growth and sound long-term, you should diversify food for turtles for young or adults, just remember that eating adults where there is no animal protein, but be it vegetable protein over either turtles immature shall be diet rich in protein animal; senior turtles can offer her food every 2 or 3 days and not given it more than what you want because it will go with waste, but for the young non-adults should be a day, and now will offer a good range of as important points and important to feed the turtles:
1 - Diversity in food:
Necessary and very important to diversify tortoiseshell to ensure food safety and health keeping it intact for a long time and by providing them different each week, such as: Earthworms - aquatic snails - mosquitoes - and small fish - vegetables and fruits - dried shrimp - and vitamins
2 - Number of times:
As I mentioned earlier times put food for turtles large amount once every 2 or 3 days, while immature small turtles are fed daily
3 - Commercial foods:
There are many types of commercial foods, but you should not focus all their food on the food business, featured in the commercial foods they do not lose of â€‹â€‹vitamins, proteins and other materials when placed period in water unlike other food like fish, you should read the contents of the food business and make sure it contains less than 35% of the protein, and the best types of commercial foods that contain calcium and vitamin A supplementation.
4 - Vitamins:
You can give the tortoise vitamins twice a week, in most stores that sell Pets pet find this vitamin and you can use a variety of powder or liquid vitamins specially made for this kind of reptiles, you must ensure that it contains these vitamins to Vitamin A is essential for the health of eye tortoise.
5 - Fruits and vegetables:
As I mentioned previously that you must feed the turtles very large amount of vegetables and fruits because they need it unlike immature turtles.
You will find that pet vendor from whom you purchased this tortoise tell you: It's meat-eating. But she loves meat and eats only meat or foods not contain commercial always vitamin A, which stated its importance has previously, so you should give it kinds of vegetables and fruits to compensate the lack of vitamin A
You can give the islands rich in vitamin A, some turtles will refuse lettuce, tomatoes, cantaloupe, bananas, and never give spinach or cabbage because it causes have problem in her digestive system. As if the tortoise totally refuses to eat vegetables or fruit, you have two solutions:
First: give no vitamins vitamin A in abundance
Second: resistance Turtles they eat vegetables or fruits; learn to resist that, give her grated carrots in front for 3 days and never if not eat, you use the first solution.
6 - Aquatic plants:
Turtles feed aquatic plants a great idea because it gives her shadow and that it contains vitamin A in abundance and it gives a nice view within Turtles basin, but warn that put her poisonous plants!! And can you give her these types of plants.
7 - Earthworms:
These is also a very good idea for turtles, but if small Turtles must you have cut it before to give them it of
8 - Meat, chicken, fish:
Turtles love these types, but they are not good enough.
Meat: not a good source for turtles compared to the previous foods because it gives them fat and obesity and does not have the necessary materials like vitamin.
Chicken: Beware well of Salmonella in raw chicken, you can give it a text of chicken pieces stewed or cooked but without any of the spices or onions
Fish: good type material useful for turtles but is careful not to give them fish non-fresh or frozen because it is difficult to absorb and has long-term effect.
9 - Squid bones:
This type is very useful because it is very rich in calcium is necessary for the turtles, you can install it on the side of the tub or leave it to float in the water and chasing the tortoise, you can buy them in stores that sell animals because they are essential food for many birds. Finally: if Turtles not want to eat:
Do not worry too much, it is possible that be turtles want another type of food, and will eat with the time, but if they do not eat anything and never refused to eat all kinds offered by this evidence of organic disease and should review or consult a veterinarian.
Diseases turtles (red-ear):
1 - Salmonella:
This disease may be spread too much but simple methods of treatment if moved bacteria thee, but prevention is better than cure and as I mentioned earlier, you must wash your hands after touching the tortoise directly, and would prefer not to play kids turtles they have little health-conscious.
Turtles are not the only carrier bacteria Salmonella but there are many other animals such as dogs, so it is well Beware that you touch any other animal without washing your hands directly you touch Turtles for it will transmit a disease.
Salmonella affects the intestines and transmitted among animals through dirty water and feces, either in humans transmitted by a kiss.
The symptoms of this disease when turtles: hibernate - you do not want to eat, and when the disease is detected must go to Dr. Veteran for treatment, but will die tortoise in a short time.
If you or one of your family members have touched Tortoise sick and questioned about it you go to the health center or hospital to take the necessary treatment and dearly antibiotic therapy, but you should visit your doctor and make sure your safety.
But do not be afraid of this class the more you clean tools specific in the basin of the tortoise and wash your hands thoroughly after touching them directly will not disease.
2- Swollen Eyes
As I mentioned earlier that vitamin A is essential for eye tortoise, so you need to follow instruction previous non-occurrence of this disease of the Tortoise, and the reason for this disease also lack clean water or a chlorine or detergents other inside the aquarium water, prevention is better than cure, and give tortoiseshell essential vitamins important very true.
3- Ear Infection
Is an abscess at the cheek area and veterinarian must work surgeon operation to remove an abscess and occur under anesthesia before the operation and turtles main reason for this disease is to use quality unclean water or poor quality, And symptoms: Swelling in the ear and break for food and tortoiseshell imbalance within the water
4 - Fungus:
Gray or white spots on the tortoise shell, and the reason for this mushroom lack of exposure to sunlight and so cannot get some heat and drying shell, and also due to poor water quality.
So advised use lamp Florescent so does the work of the sun and you cannot remove them for long hours in the sun came out because of the lack of time to have or not to provide direct sunlight, if Florescent gives you comfort and reassurance to Turtles and should be run as previously reported.
5- Intestinal Infections
Constipation, diarrhea, joint problems caused by diet and bad nutrition to turtle, and If Turtles eat and nothing comes out, it is possible if it does not address the problem causing other injuries lead to death, the solution is to put Turtles in warm water daily for 5 hours and do not give her food a in warm water to get rid of the problem bowel and easy directing.
6- Other Illnesses
- Unrelenting shell: This is caused by the main deficiency in the vitamin D3 because of exposure tortoise to the sun (UV) and calcium deficiency, which advised me to him and we have to put her squid because it rich in calcium and you also increase duration of exposure to light or sun.
- Obesity: and because of the lack of diversity of food and non-participation of other materials necessary for diet, and as I mentioned earlier do not give her a lot of meat, and obesity affect the liver, so follow the diet Manifold to saves Turtles from these diseases
- Respiratory diseases: the emergence of always bubbles when Nose tortoise when placed in water. Or clogged and nominated gills, panting of mouth and Open mouth when breathing.
Treatment of these diseases often with antibiotics, but you should buy Turtle intact in order to avoid these problems when you buy them