Many data are also available on the real incident on the race tracks and the nature of injuries occurred and motor racing is also referred as one of the dangerous sports in the world. Every rider or competitor personally have 4% chances of medical attentions during the race, hospital reference chances of 0.6%, and per race admission chances of 0.17%. Most of the times more than one rider is involved in major accidents on race tracks. Major trauma complaint of about twenty and including pelvic fractures of about five and on average about two intra abdominal haemorrhages. And every five emergency intervention which includes ventilation and intubation. The survey says that from all-round 9000 motorsport competitors three deaths were registered. Although whenever more than one motorcycle accidents occurred there should be a minimum of two spot doctors as recommended by national motor sport guideline.
Plenty of data are available on the injury patterns and incidents which are involved in motorcycle track racing. On such incidences of the events, the medical help is difficult and can be provided only for limited information's and hence difficult to recommend. A race track circuit medical requirements were studied for over a period of a year. The analyse was done according to patients treated, number of complaints received, medical staff intervention and the need for medical hospital needs. All the studies made are considered to analyse the medical hospitalisation for the long term outcome and planned for the future motorcycle racing events services.
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Records available from the race track events for over a period of three years were studied. The recorded data contained all the rider information, spectators' information, medical assistance personnel as recorded by the track race management crew of the race of the day.
Basic information of patient treatment on the record which was extracted is as follows
Riders /spectator/ track marshals (status of patient)
Kinds of injury/providing the symptoms
Required treatment diagnosis
Medical assistance needed
Hospital reference needed.
The emergency cases which are admitted to the hospital to the treatment and examination was done to note down the outcome of short term and final diagnosis.
Nine meetings were held on average annually on the race track which in turn attended nearly 1800 track racers and 40,000 spectators and race track staffs approximately .
And during the term of five years approximately 520 patients were recorded at the medical assistance centre for the treatments out of which nearly seventy percent were the riders, spectators of about 21 percent, race track marshals of about six percent and the mechanics of about three percent.
Out of 71 patients recommended for treatment in hospital, only 60 case records were available and the rest cases were simply being advised by the medical staff in the circuit to attend the treatment in their home town and the rest with very minor injuries. The radiographic treatment was attended by 32 patients excluding the bone injury where in out of 32, seven patients are being positive. It is said that the spectators are responsible for about twenty one percent of workload of patients and with the minor complaints like headache, minor gastro intestinal complaints, sunburns and wasp stings.
Table below shows that wide range of recorded complaints among the spectators.
Soft tissue injuries
Fracture/ joint sprain
Febrile convulsion/ Epileptic fit
Microcardial infarct/ ischaemia
Upper respiratory tract infection
Inhaled foreign body
Infected sebaceous cyst
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Table below shows the complaints recoded by the track marshals.
Track support marshal complaints
Soft tissue injury
Fracture/ joint sprain
Inhalation of smoke
Dislocation of ankle and fracture
Always on Time
Marked to Standard
Cervical spine injury
Minor head injury
Even though most of the medical treatments associated on the groups above are considerably serious and some are relatively minor . Full-size table (5K)Two cases were of emergency defibrillationand it was successfully performed . One of the spectator was injured on the due to the flying tyre after the crash and was transported in an ambulance to the hospital further medical treatments. Some of other cases included the ankle and forearm fractures, epileptic, dislocations of the shoulder, infactions of the cardiac and some pancreatitis.
The majority of patients suffered from soft tissue injuries after the crash. Quite a bit of 23 of them suffered from minor head injury, 7 of them suffered from fractured ribs, 6 of them suffered from metacarpal bone injury of fracture and five of them suffered from clavicles fracture. And few of them severely suffered from spinal fractures which was positively found on radiographic imaging.
table blow shows the injuries sustained by the riders.
Number of cases
Soft tissue injury
Minor head injury
Spinal strain/ bruising
Fracture of ribs
Severe head injuries
Inter abdominal haemorrhage
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Table below shows the registered hospital admissions and the causes of injuries, medical treatments and final medical diagnoses done in patients admitted.
Defibrillation, intubation, medical escort splinting
Into the barrier
Collision with other rider
Medical escort, ventilation
Blunt chest injury and head injury
Ankle fracture and soft tissue injury
Head on to wooden barrier
Intubated and ventilated , medical escort
Severe hesd injury
Hit by motorcycle
Reduction under sedation
Fracture and dislocation of ankle
High speed side impact to barriers
Supervised extrication and escort
Fractured pelvis and ribs
For each and every track race a rider and passenger of the team will have 4% of chances being escoreted to the medical treatment centre, 0.6% chances to be transported to hospital for treatment and 0.17% of chances admitting for serious treatments and diagnosis of the rider and finally 0.033 % , there are chances of death of the riders and passengers.
Grass track racing is considered to be a dangerous sport activity, but a little is known for the incident of injury pattern sustained. One such previous British circuit study of injuries sustained is recorded in the motorcycle racing circuit and discussed. This study helps us know the incidents with a start of the race with 0.24 percentage of motorcycle riders with the admitting of 0.08 percentage to the hospital.
The study was not done on the basis of requirement of on spot medical escort or the detailed injuries seen on the track. A studies from the earlier years of 1960s and 1970s shows a series of patients of about 75, claimed 30% who are all injured had suffered from head injuries, facial injuries of the riders and passengers of 15%, 13% of them reported fractures of the leg and other fractures of 12%. But in the current years nearly 65% of the competitors have suffered from the minor tissue injuries, head injuries of 5.7% , suspected spinal injury of 0.5%, and approximately 2.8% suffered from fracture of the ribs, hand injuries of about 2.3% and finally 2.1% fractures of clavicle. Comparing to the earlier days of grass track circuit racing, there is a drastic changes in the safety laws, like crash helmets must and should be weared compulsorily during the race and better and strong designs of the motorcycle with sidecar to sustain impacts during the collision at high speed on the barrier. Due to the strong and stable designs there is a considerable reductions in the body, head or facial injuries ,even if the motorcycle strikes the barrier with great impacts.
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. In the current series, 250 (65%) of the 364 competitors seen had minor soft tissue injuries, 24 (6.2%) suffered head injuries, 22 (5.7%) had presumed spinal injuries of whom only two (0.5%) had fractures. Eleven (2.8%) suffered rib fractured ribs, nine (2.3%) hand injuries and eight (2.1%) clavicle fractures. Safety laws have dramatically changed since the earlier study, with crash helmets becoming compulsory and the cars better designed and stronger. This is likely to account for the encouraging reduction in the numbers of head and facial injuries.
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