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Importance and Significance of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Paper Type: Free Essay Subject: Biology
Wordcount: 1763 words Published: 18th May 2020

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Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are very important in the production of energy. According to my reading, energy is the strength and vitality to sustain physical or mental activity as it relates to humans (McKean, 1995). Energy is intertwined in all living things because plants are eaten by herbivores, and meat eaters or carnivores eat herbivores and other animals. This is done through the process of stored energy. Energy is required by all organisms. It does not matter if they are the smallest organisms such as bacteria to the greatest organisms like humans. Energy begins from a process known as photosynthesis.

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According to (Openstax College, 2013), photosynthesis is essential to all life on earth. It is the only biological process that captures energy from outer space (sunlight) and converts it into chemical energy in the form of G3P (Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate) which in turn can be made into sugars and other molecular compounds. Animals unlike plants must eat other organisms to get the energy they need. Plants do not have to eat other organisms because they build their own energy within itself.

  Photosynthesis and cellular differ in that photosynthesis production includes oxygen and sugar, wherein cellular respiration is able to produce ATP through a combination of oxygen and sugar. They produce interdependent of each other. Photosynthesis creates energy in plant life. ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) is provided from glucose made from photosynthesis that is used in cellular respiration. Later, the glucose is reversed to carbon dioxide which can then be used by photosynthesis. The oxygen in our system comes from the respiratory system where we extract oxygen from the air through breathing. As we inhale air or H2O, the respiratory system pushes out carbon dioxide when we exhale. Cellular respiration is the process by which cells transform food into energy. This takes place in stages.

The stages of cellular respiration uses life in blood sugar to make ATP (Adenosine triphosphate). According to CK-12, respiration occurs in three stages glycolysis, the krebs cycle, and electron transport, in glycolysis, glucose is split into two molecules of pyruvate (CK-12 Foundation, 2019). Living organisms need to use glycolysis in order to transform glucose into ATP for energy for the cells.

There are 10 enzymatic reactions that are included in the process of glycolysis where cytosol transforms glucose into pyruvate. Glucose turns into Pyruvate. After that, Pyruvate goes through a cycle called the crab cycle. Following this cycle, it comes out as CTP (Certified Treasury Professional) FADH (Flavin adenine dinucleotide) and NADH (Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) which turns into ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate). The Krebs cycle named after Han’s crab is the citric acid cycle where the mitochondria present in all cells transforms energy into food and produces in NADH which is an elektron carrier. ATP through this cycle process produces ATP. The enzymes take some of the carbon dioxide off of pyruvate and convert it into an ADH and IC to Acetyl-CoA or Chemical energy from food.

 Photosynthesis occurs in stages too. It is the process by which plants make the food that they need using three things. First, plants need water and the water is absorbed by the roots. Then the water is transported up to the leaves. The leaves have tiny holes on them calls the stomata. Using the stomata, carbon dioxide is absorbed from the atmosphere. The leaves of the plant contain chloroplasts which not only give plants their color but transport the water, carbon dioxide and sunlight and convert them into sugar and oxygen which is the ingredients for the food that the plant needs. has a specialized job and specific importance to the process. If one part of the process is missing then the other cannot do its job because they are interdependent on one another. This interdependence consists not only of the processes but of the raw products that are necessary like carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, glucose, and all the forms of ATP. It becomes easy to understand why carbon dioxide is so important. It’s one of the main reasons why we have plants and trees today. Humans help plants grow because when we inhale air, and we exhale it we are letting out carbon dioxide which goes into the plant and helps them grow and be strong. That’s why it’s so important that we keep our water clean.

 Carbon dioxide is so important that humans need it and other living creatures. Carbon dioxide is inside of the body when we eat the fruit from outside. Fruit has carbon dioxide inside of it already so when we eat it we end up having carbon dioxide inside our bodies. Carbon dioxide can’t go anywhere because animals eat the fruit and they have carbon dioxide in them. When the prey gets eaten by the Predator the predator has carbon dioxide in them and that’s how the cycle keeps going. When animals and plants die, they get buried under the ground and the carbon dioxide goes back into the ground and some goes in the However, most stay in the ground. Over a million years carbon dioxide can turn into diamonds? The ocean floor is full of carbon and it’s called a carbon sink. Trees should not be cut down.. We need trees because they give off oxygen. Also the tree increase our oxygen. Trees collect carbon dioxide none stop every day so that they can grow and give off more oxygen. That’s why people are trying to go green and inventing things that won’t be able to use. Because of this it becomes easier to understand why people are trying to go green because we are cutting down a lot of trees to build buildings and so that we can build houses also. That’s why we have electric cars and we are using technology more than using paper. For example, I remember coming home one day and my dad had bought a lawn mower without engine in it. I was surprised when I saw it because I didn’t know that they had came out with a law more like that before period. Now we have cars that are getting charged like a battery. Can you imagine going green and not using gas or paper or anything that is doing with trees or gas? At night trees and plants don’t give out carbon dioxide? The reason why the tree does not give out carbon dioxide at night is because the sun hits the tree which produces carbon dioxide. Also, when it’s night time the tree does not give off carbon dioxide until the sun hits it in the morning. We are all tied together because we need one another to survive. The humans need the trees the tree is to water the sign and the humans when we breathe out carbon dioxide. So we have to be careful about the things we care for and make sure that we don’t cut down all the trees because we need them. According to my reading, plenty of water and carbon dioxide and a suitable temperature. This class is called glucose.

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 Glucose is the main source for our cells and our organs in our body the foods have glucose also like grapes, bread and candy. I think that is amazing because I wouldn’t think that something that is good for our body would be in sugary foods. Glucose is sugar and another molecule called fructose. But having too much glucose to is very dangerous it can cause diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and respiratory issues. If you have high blood pressure in respiratory issues, that can cause your whole body to shut now.

 Photosynthesis and cellular Respiration can be linked to some organelles within some cells. Moreover, in photosynthesis self feeders assist in the conversion of water, carbon dioxide and solar energy into sugars and oxygen. This creates the energy needed to sustain life. There are certain functions in Eukaryotic cells that are divided according to location different functions to help in the support and maintenance of energy. They are known as organelles within the Eukaryotic cells. These organelles play individual roles and assignments in these cells.

 The importance and significance of these processes and their life cycles interaction to the evolution and diversity of life are of major importance. Even though Cellular Respiration who use oxygen and sugar to produce ADT and photosynthesis produces sugar and oxygen, they are very interrelated. The old saying, “One man’s trash is another man’s treasure” might hold true here. For example, humans breathe in oxygen which is necessary for the cells in our bodies and they exhale carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through cellular respiration. Plants use this carbon dioxide. Plants absorbs this carbon dioxide through both cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Through evolution this is not a one time occurrence but instead it is a continuous process for the continuation of life. I think that this is the first class that I really understood I thought the inside of my body and how it works.



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