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Genetic Risk Factors for Schizophrenia

Info: 1221 words (5 pages) Essay
Published: 23rd Sep 2019 in Biology

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Schizophrenia

Psychology is the study of certain behaviors and mental processes (Principles Principles in Psychology, 2003). Schizophrenia is a group of psychological disorders characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotion, and behavior (Principles Principles in Psychology, 2003). Schizophrenia is found in all ages and genders, but, it is most commonly found and diagnosed in sixteen to twenty-five-year old’s, it is uncommon for schizophrenia to be found in anyone thirty and up, and Schizophrenia is commonly found more in women than in men (Brian Chiko (Executive Director), 1996-2014). Genetically, schizophrenia is not very common, If both your parents have schizophrenia, you have a 35% of having it yourself, if only one of your parents have schizophrenia you have a 13% chance of getting the genetic link, if neither parent have the disorder, there is only a 1% chance of being diagnosed with schizophrenia (Brian Chiko (Executive Director), 1996-2014).

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Depending on the severity of the case, schizophrenia symptoms vary. Every case is different; some of the most common early symptoms of schizophrenia could be depression or even a social withdrawal, hostility towards others, an extreme reaction to critique/criticism, emotionless gazing or staring, the inability to cry, or inappropriate laughing, insomnia, or oversleeping, forgetfulness, or even odd or irrational statements (Melinda Smith, 2018 ). Outside of these beginning warning signs, there are five different symptoms that are usually categorized with schizophrenia which are: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior, which can also be referred to as “negative symptoms” (Melinda Smith, 2018 ).

Delusions are one of the “negative” symptoms of schizophrenia. Delusions are known as ideas people strongly believe in, even though it is very clear it is false. There are a couple different types of delusions, one being delusion of persecution. Delusion of persecution is the belief that others are ‘out to get you’, they often consist of entirely strange thoughts. Delusions of reference, which means, a neutral environmental event that is believed to be significant or special to you. Another common type of delusion is, delusions of grandeur. Delusions of grandeur is the belief of being a public figure, famous. Lastly, delusions of control. Delusions of control is the simple meaning that your thoughts or actions are being dictated by the outside world (Melinda Smith, 2018 ).

Disorganized speech and behavior is another commonly known symptom of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia can cause trouble with someone’s train of thought, outwardly displaying itself in the way you speak. Loose association is an example of disorganized speech, it means in conversation, topics are changed very fast with no correlation in-between stories. Perseveration is another form of disorganized speech; it’s the repetition of repeating of words or statements, constantly repeating yourself. Disorganized behavior differentiates from disorganized speech because it’s more about the ability to take care of yourself or lack thereof. Some disabling characteristics that come from disorganized behavior are: a decline in overall daily functions, impulsive or inappropriate emotional responses, lack of impulse control, and strange behaviors that have no purpose (Melinda Smith, 2018 ).

Schizophrenia is believed to be a ‘glitch’ in the genetic making of a person. Certain studies show that people who have Schizophrenia; certain chemicals in the brain that control emotion, behavior, and thinking, either are too active/ sensitive or not active enough, which can cause someone to have a schizophrenic episode causing them to not care or show little emotion or have sudden outbursts of random emotion, which is linked to the symptom of disorganized behavior. People with this mental disorder also start to lose brain tissue overtime. Doctors can use X-ray scans such as PET scans, or MRI’s of people who have schizophrenia’s brain and see and compare to what a normal, healthy, and functioning brain looks like. Some people believe that use of recreational drugs such as: marijuana, LSD, etc. can cause someone to have schizophrenia, or even exposures to viruses before birth can causes the disorder, but, it has never been proven (WebMD, 2005-2018).

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As difficult as dealing with schizophrenia may be, it must be dealt with. There are many forms of basic treatment for schizophrenia, every case varies. Depending on the severity of the case, basic treatment just requires a simple combination of therapy, medication, and some lifestyle changes. Schizophrenia is something that must be dealt with for the rest of someone’s life, regardless of if you’re feeling any better to prevent new episodes or symptoms from happening. There are certain types of medication that people suffering from schizophrenia may take to decrease the common symptoms such as: hallucinating, delusions, etc. Antipsychotic medication is what is prescribed to most patients due to the belief that they balance chemicals in the brain (© Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2018., 2018).

Schizophrenia is a group of severe psychotic disorders characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotion, and behavior (Principles Principles in Psychology, 2003). The definition of psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes (Principles Principles in Psychology, 2003). There are many different symptoms and disabilities that come along with baring the mental disorder that is Schizophrenia, and many different characteristics that make someone act the way they do when suffering from this illness. In conclusion, Schizophrenia is a very fascinating disorder and every case of it is unique, scientists and doctors work and study every day to treat and learn more.

Works Cited

  • © Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2018. (2018). TREATMENT OPTIONS. SCHIZOPHRENIA.
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013 ). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorders . Arlington: American Psychiatric publishing.
  • Association, A. P. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition. In A. P. Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (pp. 87-115). American Psychiatric Publishing, 1000 Wilson Boulevard, suite 1825, Arlington, VA 222093901.
  • Brian Chiko (Executive Director). (1996-2014). Schizophrenia.com (Who Gets it). Retrieved from Schizophrenia.com: http://www.schizophrenia.com/family/schizintro.html
  • Melinda Smith, M. a. (2018 ). How to Recognize Schizophrenia and Get the Help You Need. Schizophrenia Symptoms, Signs, and Coping Tips.
  • Principles Principles in Psychology. (2003). In S. A. Rathus, Principles Principles in Psychology. Austin: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  • WebMD. (2005-2018). Schizophrenia and Your Brain. Retrieved from WebMD: https://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/what-causes-schizophrenia#1

 

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