Exploring Cancer In Men Biology Essay

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Data from population based cancer registries in India show that the most frequently reported cancer sites in males are lung, oesophagus, stomach, and larynx. Here is a list of cancers that are seen in men:

Lung cancer: Smoking remains the major cause for lung cancers. However, lung cancer has also been seen in people who have never smoked. The reasons for this could be secondhand smoke (breathing the smoke of others), air pollution, radon gas, asbestos, exposure to cancer causing chemicals among others.

Oesophagus cancer: The oesophagus is a long hollow tube that runs from the throat to the stomach. This kind of cancer begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Though it is not clear what causes esophageal cancer, it is believed to occur when cells in the esophagus develop errors (mutations) in their DNA.

Stomach/Gastric cancer: are the second most frequent cancer and the second leading cause of death from cancer. It can develop in any part of the stomach and spread to other organs. Though the exact cause is not fully understood, it has been seen that there are certain risk factors like smoking, family history, poor diet, obesity; lack of exercise, infection with H. pylori can increase the risk of developing this kind of cancer.

Larynx cancer: The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a 2-inch-long, tube-shaped organ in the neck. It has been seen that men are four times more likely than women to get cancer of the larynx. The risk factors for this cancer are age, smoking, alcohol, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD- which causes stomach acid to flow up into the esophagus), occupation (workers exposed to sulfuric acid mist, nickel , asbestos )have an increased risk of laryngeal cancer.

Breast cancer: Many people do not realize that men have breast tissue and that they can develop breast cancer. There are 5 different kinds of breast cancers seen in men: Ductal carcinoma, Invasive ductal carcinoma, Invasive lobular carcinoma, Lobular carcinoma and Paget disease of the nipple.

Prostate cancer: The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system. It is the most common cause of death from cancer in men over age 75. Many factors, including diet and genetics have been implicated in the development of prostate cancer.

Oral cancers: Oral cancers account for four in ten of all cancers in India. Chewing tobacco is one of main risk factors for the development of oral cancer. This is because of the popularity of chewing betel quid’s, tobacco and, a mixture of tobacco, leaves and spices among the Indian population.

Sweta Uchil

Dietitian

Tags: cancer, cancer in men, oral cancer, prostate, breast cancer, stomach, lung, tobacco, betel quid.

Common Cancers among Men

Though cancer does not differentiate between the genders, some cancers are seen more often in certain genders. For example, oral cancer ranks number one among men and number three among women in India. The common cancers seen among the male population are:

Oral cancers: Oral cancers account for four in ten of all cancers in India. Chewing tobacco is one of main risk factors for the development of oral cancer. This is because of the popularity of chewing betel quid’s, tobacco and, a mixture of tobacco, leaves and spices among the Indian population.

Lung cancer: Smoking remains the major cause for lung cancers. However, lung cancer has also been seen in people who have never smoked. The reasons for this could be secondhand smoke (breathing the smoke of others), air pollution, radon gas, asbestos, exposure to cancer causing chemicals among others.

Stomach/Gastric cancer: are the second most frequent cancer and the second leading cause of death from cancer. It can develop in any part of the stomach and spread to other organs. Though the exact cause is not fully understood, it has been seen that there are certain risk factors like smoking, family history, poor diet, obesity; lack of exercise, infection with H. pylori can increase the risk of developing this kind of cancer.

Breast cancer: Many people do not realize that men have breast tissue and that they can develop breast cancer. There are 5 different kinds of breast cancers seen in men: Ductal carcinoma, Invasive ductal carcinoma, Invasive lobular carcinoma, Lobular carcinoma and Paget disease of the nipple.

Prostate cancer: The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system. It is the most common cause of death from cancer in men over age 75. Many factors, including diet and genetics have been implicated in the development of prostate cancer.

Larynx cancer: The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a 2-inch-long, tube-shaped organ in the neck. It has been seen that men are four times more likely than women to get cancer of the larynx. The risk factors for this cancer are age, smoking, alcohol, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD- which causes stomach acid to flow up into the esophagus), occupation (workers exposed to sulfuric acid mist, nickel , asbestos )have an increased risk of laryngeal cancer.

Oesophagus cancer: The oesophagus is a long hollow tube that runs from the throat to the stomach. This kind of cancer begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Though it is not clear what causes esophageal cancer, it is believed to occur when cells in the esophagus develop errors (mutations) in their DNA.

Timely checkups and regular screenings can detect cancers at an early stage-this can make a difference in the treatment and survival rates among cancer patients.