Everyone Is At Risk For Melanoma Cancer Biology Essay

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Humans need to be aware of all the disease that can be present to us like cancer. The body is made up of many cells. Normal body cells grow, divide into new cells, and die in an orderly fashion. During the early years of a person's life, normal cells divide faster to allow the person to grow (melanoma cancer, 2012). The beginning of cancer starts when part of the body grows rapidly.

There are many different kinds of cancer, but they all start because of out of control growth (melanoma cancer, 2012). Cancer cell growths are different from normal cell growth (melanoma cancer, 2012). Instead of dying, cancer cells continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells (melanoma cancer, 2012). The cells of cancer can invade the process of other tissues, which other normal cells cannot do. Rapidly growing cells can invade other tissues, and that is what makes a cell a cancer cell. Cancer can occur if DNA cells are damage & each cell has DNA, and it controls all its actions. In a normal cell, when DNA gets damaged, the cell either repairs the damage or the cell dies (melanoma cancer, 2012). When DNA becomes damaged within the cell, it cannot be repaired and the cell does not die like it should. When this happens, the damage cells that have been left behind go on making new cells that the body does not need. These new cells will all have the damaged DNA as the first cell does (melanoma cancer, 2012). A person can inherit damaged DNA, but most damaged DNA cell are cause by mistakes that have happened while the normal cell is reproducing or by something in the environment (melanoma cancer, 2012). DNA damage can also come from cigarette smoking, but often no clear cause is found (melanoma cancer, 2012). Cancer cells can also form a tumor, like melanoma.

Everyone is at risk for Melanoma Cancer, but the increase risk depends on several factors: sun exposure, the number of moles on the skin, skin type and family history (melanoma cancer, 2012). Heredity plays a major role in melanoma. One in every 10 patients diagnosed with the disease has a family member with a history of melanoma (MELANOMA CANCER, 2012). If parents, sibling, or children have had a melanoma, you are in a melanoma prone family. A person with a family member, who has been diagnosed with melanoma, has a 50 percent greater chance of developing the disease than people who do not have a family history of the disease (melanoma cancer, 2012).

Melanoma has 4 stages, along with the stage 0 (Melanoma in Situ). Stage 0 (Melanoma in Situ is when abnormal melanocytes are found in the top layer of the skin call epidermis. Melanocytes can become cancer and spread throughout normal tissue.

In Stage I cancer has formed, and stage IA and IB) Stage IA cancer occurs when a tumor is not more than 1 millimeter thick, with no ulceration. Stage IB is when the tumor is either more than 1 millimeter thick or it has ulceration or more than 1 but not more than 2 millimeter thick, with no ulceration (Melanoma Cancer, 2012).

It is divided into stages IIA and then it is followed into stage IIB long with stage IIC. Stage IIA, the tumor is either, more than 1 but not more than 2 millimeters thick, with ulceration or more than 2 but not more than 4 millimeters thick, with no ulceration

(Melanoma Cancer, 2012). Stage IIB, the tumor is more than 2 but not more than 4 millimeter thick, with ulceration or more than 4 millimeters thick, with no ulceration. Stage IIC, the tumor is more than 4 millimeters thick, with ulceration. Stage III: the tumor has become thicker, with or without ulceration. The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, and at that time it has joined together. Cancer may have appeared in the lymph vessel between the primary tumor and near lymph nodes (Melanoma Cancer, 2012). Very small tumors may appear under the skin or on top, not more than 2 centimeters away from the primary tumors.

Stage VI: cancer has spread throughout the body and its organs, such as lung, liver, brain, bone, soft tissue, and gastrointestinal tract. Cancer has spread to their place than where it first started (Melanoma Cancer, 2012).

When the cancer attacks the major organs, end of life symptom occur due to the slowed metabolism and the circulation. While the cancer is attacking the organ, the breathing becomes rapid, following the seconds of no breathing. The death rattle also occurs doing the end of life. This gurgling or rattling sound that occurs with breathing is due to secretion that accumulates in the back of the throat. There is no discomfort doing this process with the patient.

According to the National Cancer Institute, the skin remains to be cool, especially in the hands and feet. This happens because of the circulation of oxygenated blood to the extremities. The skin begins to change colors because of the drop in the circulation. The nails along with the skin will appear to change colors, giving a grayish or bluish color. A blotchy purple pattern, called mottling, will also occur (Melanoma Cancer, 2012). The patient may also lose their appetite for food and fluids. The body know longer crave. Urine sometimes becomes darken. As the body loses muscle contraction, so does the ability to control bladder and stool (Melanoma Cancer, 2012). Before cancer get to these stages, there are many treatments a patient can seek.

A patient should learn the type of treatment you may need to treat the type of cancer you may have, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and many others. The patient should be educated on how the treatment will work and the odds they may have doing this treatment. They will get a get an idea of what to expect throughout this treatment.

Surgery can help diagnose, treat, or even prevent cancer in some cases. Most people with cancer will have some type of surgery. In some case it will help if they do, especially if the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body or major organs.

Chemotherapy is a drug that is used to treat cancer. Most people become afraid when they hear the word "chemo". Knowing what chemotherapy is, how it works, and what to expect can often help calm your fears (Melanoma Cancer, 2012). Education is crucial for a patient.

Radiation therapy uses to destroy damage cancer cell. It is one of the most known treatments for cancer, either with or without other forms of treatment (Melanoma Cancer, 2012).

Cancer is a very serious disease, and it must be taken that way. It is not necessity a death sentence. If a person takes the proper precautions, seeks professional help, and ask lots of questions receive the treatment that's suggested, act on it immediately and don't delay, and then you will have fewer odds against you for beating it.