College Of Sciences Institute In today businesses

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In today businesses or in any organization, there must have a leader and also a manager. Those are the people that help to direct and help to achieve the goals of the organization. A leader and a manager are two very different roles. But somehow, someone can be a manager but not a leader, a leader but not a manager, and both a manager and also a leader.

A leader is one who has followers and these 'Followers' follow leaders because they are influenced by the leader's personality and share faith in the leader's goals, visions, and values. A manager in other hand is someone who works in an organization but not everyone in an organization is a manager.

A person can be a manager but not a leader because a manager is given a position and the power within an organization. For example, in a normal condition he or she is normally promoted or is been recruited because of proven business competence of academic talent and also a manager is been given the authority to control the group. Other than that, a manager is also someone who direct the activities of other people within an organization and they may need to lead their staff, which is to encourage, to persuade and to encourage them, to help them change and develop so that they can accomplish current tasks and build up for the future. Besides that, managers are also responsible for designing the organization's structure or function organizing. Some of the example of function organizing includes the determination of what tasks are to be done, who is to do them, how the task or job are to be grouped, who reports to whom and also where decision are to be made.


All managers are requiring carrying out duties that are ceremonial and symbolic in nature or interpersonal roles. For example, the factory manager gives a group of school students a tour around the factory, these activities is part of the manager figurehead. All managers have a leadership role. This role includes hiring, training, motivating, and disciplining the employees. Furthermore, managers do have decisional roles. There are four roles that revolve around the making of choices. The first role is the entrepreneur role where the managers initiate and oversee new projects that will help to improve their organization's performance. Second is disturbance handler where managers take corrective action in response t previously unforeseen problems. Third is the role of resource allocator and here the manager are responsible for allocating human, physical, and also monetary resources. Lastly, a manager has to perform a negotiator role, in which they discuss and bargain with other units to gain advantages for their own units.

Someone can be a leader but not a manager because a leader have followers and they follow because they want to or willing to and not because they have to. A leader is either been appointed or emerge from within a group. Leaders gain their personal power through credibility and can communicate their beliefs, for example visions, goals and corporate to the team members. Because of the integrity, quality and the character of the leader, a highly motivated and a more productive work force will emerge. Leaders not only have a vision, creativity and the skill of communication but also courage and empathy. Besides that, they have the flexibility to lead successfully through wholly uncharted and rapidly changing and often treacherous terrain. A leader have the ability to influence the organization in a boundary less fashion, moving horizontally as well as vertically in order to convey and maintain the needs levels of motivation


and mobilization against a shared vision and set of objective. Moreover a leader is an individual who are able to influence others and possess managerial authority. Leaders also provide a more

clear vision and directions. They also can openly identify any problems, for example leaders

need to clear challenges, either positive or negative and then do what they say they will do. From there they can build trust by openly admitting mistakes rather than assigning blame. Lastly a leader has a high level of confident. This is because a leader needs to appear confident as a person and in the leadership role as well and this will help to inspire confidence in the followers and can draws out the trust and best efforts of the team to complete any task or job successfully.

Can someone be a leader and also a manager? Yes they can. Someone can be a manger and also a leader because they have the capability to troubleshoot problems. For example in a an organization there is a problem or malfunction on the printer and some very important papers work have to print out in time or else there will be a much bigger tribulations will occur and here the manager much take action fast in order to solve the problem. They must find a way to solve it, like have a technician guy in the organization that is in charge to fix machines such as computers or printers to work on it. And in the end the printed problem is solved due to the quick action that had been made by the manager. If someone have the capability to response or act like this they can be both a manager and a leader at the same time. Other than that, a person can be both manager and a leader if they are diligent. People who are hardworking and never easily give up usually end up in the top management. For example Thomas Alva Edison who invented light bulb and he have failed 999 times and he didn't stop there and he keep on trying till when he reaches the 1000 attempt he did succeed. They must be very hardworking and never easily gives


up when the fail in a job or a task. Furthermore, they also think differently because they are playing two roles and must focus more on their followers. They must think about others for example their colleague or followers and from there they will gain the trust and respect from their other workers because they feel much appreciated and they also have identify certain behaviors or attributes from their team leader and make them willing to follow their instruction without being forced. Other than that, they also someone who are trustworthiness, which means that their promises must be carried out, in the process creating trust with his or her team members. For example, a general has the trust of his army, he is able to unite his army against their enemies and this applies to this situation as well. If they could not reward as promised, it is likely that his or her team member would not put in their best since they have no idea whether they would be rewarded or not. Besides that, they must be someone that who are willing to make personal sacrifices for an organization or a group, for example they are willing to sacrifice their time on family or maybe their personal life and willing to put extra effort on any job or task given. In addition, they must have self confidence where he or she is very sure of himself or herself and the decisions made Lastly it is very important if they have the capability to motivate and identify any problem faced by their workers and to have able to identify any opportunities or threats to the company and can analyze and make decisions acting upon every problem.

In conclusion, a manager and a leader is two very important roles in an organization. Leader may be in terms of creating and inspiring change where the leader does this by inspiring people, giving sense of vision and providing a good example. Manager whereby can be describe


as a process of maintaining continuity where the manager is responsible for areas of a company's operations and for ensuring that it achieves its objectives, plans and targets. Both manager and leader need the ability to lead their staff so that they can achieve the goal or vision that had been set. It is not an easy job for them but if they have the skills and the right sense of direction and vision they will succeed.



µ R.Stephen, Management Concepts and Practices, (1984), Prentice Hall Inc, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

µ F.Henri, Industrial and General Administration, (1916), Dunod, Paris.

µ M.Henry, The Nature of Management Work (1973), Harper& Row Publications, New York.

µ K.Harold, Principles of Management, (1955), Mc Grau Hills, New York.








IC NO: 910422015740



IC NO: 90102095017





QUESTION 1……………………………………………………….3-8

QUESTION 2………………………………………………………..9-13



Use Font Times New Roman 12, and type in double line spacing.

Both questions should be submitted as one assignment and bound in one booklet with separators or sheets for each of the questions.

Cut and paste work, plagiarism and undeclared sources will result in an automatic failure.

All assignments or projects will have a compulsory presentation requirement which carries 15%. Communication skills, visual aids and personal grooming are the criteria for obtaining the 15%.



For this assignment which is Strategic Management we have to do it in groups. We are from DBM 5 and our group is consist of two people which includes myself, Shateesz a/l Murgeya and Najeeha Fathanah bte Abdul Wahab.

Like every semester, student would have to do assignments. The assignments are based on the topic and subject that we had learn for the past few months. Besides that, we also have to do a presentation for every particular assignment which later would be useful for the final marks.

For this assignment which is Strategic Management we are given two question and we have to answer them both. The first question is explain how someone can be a manager but not a leader, a leader but not a manager and both a manager and a leader.