Beef Cattle Of Feeding Biology Essay

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Raw food Beef Depends on the needs of cattle in various formats and are divided by energy needs, such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other water used to enhance the growth of beef cattle .

Therefore, feeding is the fundamental of beef cattle. For the type of food is divided into two types.

- Concentrate food

- Roughages food

1. Concentrate food is a food section of the membrane fibers less than 18 /% First, we need to know the types of foods that are thick with three types.

- Proteins

- Energy food

- Supplement food

2. Roughages food is a crude fiber > 18 % be kind food rough fresh food is dry, ferment plant green kind.


The water is vital to the survival of animals. And living well. No energy. But like the others is the amount greater than Potchana to 50% on a day or about 45-50 liters per day.

1. Concentrate food is a food section of the membrane fibers less than 18 /% First, we need to know the types of foods that are thick with three types.

1.1 Proteins is the following benefits

- at growing and repair

- makes the meat to be red

Proteins contained in soy foods such as fish, wheat, rice, milk, bar le, urea, molasses, requires 30% of the amount of all food.

Urea Molasses

1.2 Energy food is the following benefits

- Causes the fat mask.

- Result is in life. Or everyday use.

Energy food includes cassava, rice bran, and soybean . Requires 15% of all food.

Corn Cassava

Soybean meal

1.3 Supplement food is useful

- make the cattle eat more food.

- good digestion and absorption, better growth

Supplements, including minerals, vitamins, minerals zinc grains of rice , wheat, fresh grass, turnip. Requires 5% of all food.

Roughages food is food that is low intensity of the nutrients. Have high amounts of fiber. Roughage is considered the main food for cattle and other ruminants fed animals will be fine to use a wizard-based microbial fermentation in the rot And decomposed to obtain nutrients. And used to benefit the body. Family of plants, including grass General and legumes.

Grass Straw

1. Definition of objective

People's today love to buy good and fresh food. Due to consumption has chance from the past. People love to buy the best food for themselves or for the family.

Good qualities meat: We want to have good and flesh meat so we can keep it in the fridge, later on we can use it to cook.

2. Definition of qualities meat:

Qualitative meat means, fresh, disease free, good processing and approver by the government.

Factors determining meat quality.

          Good quality meat contains many features. For example nutritional quality, quality of consumption, clean, free of disease features associated with meat processing, and other external factors as following.

1. The quality of nutrition.

               Nutritional quality of meat depends on amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, minerals and vitamins. Moreover nutritional quality of meat must be considered, the benefits that body need. Such as amino acid content of meat or protein         

2. Eating quality.

           Eating quality meat is directly related to the person appetizing . The meat is as following.

2.1 Colors of meat.

                     Colors of meat depend on the type of animal muscle, pigment in the blood. Of meat is look first to indicate the quality of the meat.

2.2 Fat inserted between muscle fibers.

                        Lipid insertion can be used as factors to determine quality meat. Since, the fat is inserted between the fibers and muscles that increase tenderness such as beef cattle as meat from sheep. Animal both the depend on the work of muscles and animal age. It cost expensive the some kinds of meat like pork and chicken.      

2.3 Tenderness.

Tenderness is defined as the biting force required to cut through the meat. This can be measured objectively using an.

2.4 smell and taste.

                Smell meat: if you leave a meat outside of some time then it will have order.

Taste meat: A good fresh meat if cooks know how to cook then you will have good taste.

2.5 moistness of the meat juicy.

                    I think if we take a good care of the cattle, make sure they drink a lot of water, good check up by veterinary, and then once we eat them it will make the meat tenderness.

2.6 Measurement pH.

Objective measurement pH. This measurement of the acidity of the loin muscle is taken 24 hours after slaughter using a mater (below). Higher pH is more firmness and increased with low drip loss darker color more firmness and increased tenderness of the loin chop-all positive attributes.


Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed. Straw makes up about half of the yield of cereal crops such as barley, oats, rice, rye and wheat. It has many uses, including fuel, livestock bedding and fodder, thatching and basket-making.

Animal feed

Straw may be fed as part of the roughage component of the diet to cattle that are on a near maintenance level of energy requirement. It has a low digestible energy and nutrient content. The heat generated when microorganisms in a herbivore's gut digest straw can be useful in maintaining body temperature in cold climates. Due to the risk of impaction and its poor nutrient profile, it should always be restricted to part of the diet. It may be fed as it is, or chopped into short lengths, known as chaff.


 The term fiber refers to carbohydrates that cannot be digested. Fiber is found in the plants we eat for food - fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes. Sometimes, a distinction is made between soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber partially dissolves in water and has been shown to lower cholesterol. Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water, but that's why it helps with constipation. It's important to include both kinds of fiber as part of a healthy diet.

Because there can get fiber from whole grains, beans, nuts, fruits and vegetables. You should add fiber to your diet slowly. Increasing dietary fiber too quickly can lead to gas, bloating and cramps.

Fiber is divided into two types.

1.Soluble fiber type. Time is seen as water soluble mucilage other features found in fruits, nuts, oatmeal etc. 2. Insoluble fiber types found in various vegetables, coarse rice bran.

- Soluble fiber can be found in foods such as oat bran, barley, lentils, fruits, applets, strawberries and many vegetables.

- Insoluble fiber is found in foods such as whole wheat and whole grain products, vegetables, and wheat bran.

Also, fiber itself has no calories, and adequate amounts of fiber help move food through the digestive system, promoting healthy bowel function and protecting against constipation.


Main articles: Beef Cattle feeding, Ruminant,

Hay is grass, legumes or other herbaceous plants that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing livestock such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep. Oat, barley, and wheat plant materials are occasionally cut green and made into hay for animal fodder; however they are more usually used in the form of straw, a harvest byproduct where the stems and dead leaves are baled after the grain has been harvested and threshed. Straw is used mainly for animal bedding. Although straw is also used as fodder, particularly as a source of dietary fiber, it has lower nutritional value than hay.

Important factors that control the quality of hay.

Of hay to a high quality. Must consider the following factors.

1. The type of plant.

2. Age cutting plant.

3. From time to evaporate the water from the plant.

4. The amount of weed contamination in hay

5. Storage

Hay or grass is the foundation of the diet for all grazing animals and can provide as much as 100% of the fodder required for an animal. Hay is usually fed to an animal in place of allowing the animal to graze on grasses in a pasture, particularly in the winter or during times when drought or other conditions make pasture unavailable. Animals that can eat hay vary in the types of grasses suitable for consumption, the ways they consume hay, and how they digest it. Therefore, different types of animals require hay that consists of similar plants to what they would eat while grazing, and likewise, plants that are toxic to an animal in pasture are also toxic if they are dried into hay.

Most animals are fed hay in two daily feedings, morning and evening. However, this schedule is more for the convenience of humans, as most grazing animals on pasture naturally consume fodder in multiple feedings throughout the day. Some animals, especially those being raised for meat, may be given enough hay that they simply are able to eat all day. Other animals, especially those that are ridden or driven as working animals, are only free to eat when not working, and may be given a more limited amount of hay to prevent them from getting too fat. The proper amount of hay and the type of hay required varies somewhat between different species. Some animals are also fed concentrated feeds such as grain or vitamin supplements in addition to hay. In most cases, hay or pasture forage must make up 50% or more of the diet by weight.


The water is vital to the survival of animals. And living well. No energy. But like the others is the amount greater than Potchana to 50% on a day or about 45-50 liters per day.


Soybeans can produce at least twice as much protein per acre as any other major vegetable or grain crop, 5 to 10 times more protein per acre than land set aside for grazing animals to make milk, and up to 15 times more protein per acre than land set aside for meat production.

Beef cattle feed

Cattle are often fed soy. Spring grasses are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids whereas soy is predominantly Omega-6.



( Benefits of salt for animal. )

Tapioca flour and sugar are good sources to accelerate the growth of microorganisms in rumen of cattle - buffalo. Microorganisms found in the cassava group Lactobacillus and yeast that are beneficial to the animals. Help their pets healthy. Cassava leaves and petiole. Cassava and balance when used to dry salon can be used as a raw material source of protein and a good source of pigments.


( Benefits of salt for animal. )

That salt used as a source of sodium and chlorine. Used as salt. Salt adds flavor and savory food that is not more than 1% if the cattle are most likely to cause diarrhea. If it was found that lack of growth and feeding less than normal.


( Benefits of protein for animal.)

Like protein for animal protein, growth is critical to the body. The muscles, skin, nails, because blood and organs of the body all the protein is a key element.

- Protein helps in the growth and repair body.

- Protein energy to the body. In case of lack energy. The protein from carbohydrate and fat grams is an energy about 4 calories.

- Gastric juice and milk, a hormone the body immune substances

- Help maintain water balance in vascular tissue and cells lack protein if infrequently Zhang makes clear blood. Water is absorbed from the blood into the tissues. Cause swelling. People lack the protein has a swelling.

- Help maintain the balance of acid and alkaline body.


( Benefits of minerals for animal. )

Mineral nutrients is another animal that needs to be adequate and appropriate in proportion than protein energy, vitamins and water to animals living and productivity. Both growth and reproduction and lactation effectively.


( Benefits of millet for animal. )

Millet is a remarkable source of protein. Millet is rich in potassium and phosphorus. It has good amount of calcium with small amounts of iron and sodium. Millet has good amount of thiamine and niacin with small amounts of riboflavin.

It keeps bones and teeth healthy giving energy to the body.


( Benefits of vitamins for animals.)

Our pets need vitamins and minerals. Vitamins help to fortify the immune system and also control the body's appropriation of minerals. However, if there are no vitamins and no trace minerals, the body has no ability to use the vitamins to help fight disease and therefore the vitamins are useless. It is for that reason that replacing lost minerals in both your diet and your pet's diet is essential.


- Barley is a cereal carbohydrates.

- Barley is a source of energy. The animals used to live. Because if animals lack power will result in slower growth of the animal.


- Calcium is a key component in building bones.

- Calcium helps build strong bones and is much needed in cub. Because if the lack of calcium will result in slower growth.


- Grass is a source of food fiber.

- It improves the digestive system.


- Sorghum is a cereal carbohydrate.

- Sorghum is a source of energy. The animals used to live.


- Zinc is a component of the work of enzymes.

- Zinc is an activation of Enzymes in the system of the body. And found in rice bran. Because the enzyme help in the production of gastric juice in stomach.



Vitamins are nutrients that animals need. In small amounts, but indispensable.

Vitamins are responsible for digestive and absorption of food. Help in the reproduction is complete. Food vitamins are common in forage crops .We may sup pelmet vitamins in feed. Or may be provided in the form of injection time.


Carbohydrate food containing flour and sugar are very cattle receiving the benefit. Is a power animal to warm the body. And stored energy to spare for food.

Were collected in the form of fat. Sources of carbohydrates include corn, sorghum, broken rice, cassava, rice bran another


A coarse grass foods that are low concentrations of nutrients. A tie in the high volume


Straw is the cue food at low nutritional value. But the need to eat edible straw in color, but necessary.


Sorghum is a food of high protein value. But if the animals eaten in large quantities can cause an animal to get more.



Proving the right amount of nutrition will decrease the cost of production and result in the good health .


The right amount of nutrients will result in the quality of meat. This will enable the sufficient amount of food in a day, thus will make beef cattle has good health and body that is in demand in the market. The sources of food are from fish meal, shell meal, urea acid, radish, sulphur and other parth.

D: I Think …. These nutrients that the beef cattle have received will result in the good health of the beef cattle. Today's economic, beef cattle is in high quality ranch.

Conclusion, Further cattle area above the food. , is significant different away. Both living And business oriented animal.