The term race can be referred to as an expression used to differentiate between single populations of genus from another or perhaps the same genus. According to American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA), the expression race or racial group more often than not refers to the classification of human beings into populations or familial grouping on the basis of a range of sets of inherited uniqueness. The mainly extensively and intensively used human racial groupings are footed on clearly and easily noticeable traits, genes as well as self-identification. For that matter, the bodily features generally considered as indicating race are usually prominent visual qualities such as skin coluor, facial or cranial appearance as well as texture of the hair (Bamshad et al, 2003). The phrase race might differ from nation to nation, varying according to particular cultures. For instance, in the United States of America the word race is largely used to describe individuals (e.g. latino, white, black, hispanicetc.), while in Italy it is used only to a few domestic groups. As a result, it really does not affect the wild animals and/or the human beings. Nation racism (institutions as well as practices of a state which are based on racist ideology) has made a major role in all occasions of settler colonialism, right from the United States of America to Australia to Israel.
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In Australia, racism is rife violent in most situations. In fact, according to Caluya (Â¶, 5)
Drawing on in-depth interviews with gay men from Southeast Asian backgrounds they show that Asian men in the gay scene not only face overt racial discrimination, but also more covert forms of racism, such as being ignored by bar staff or catching disapproving glances from Anglo patrons.
Higher education in Australia does attract many international students, which translates to economic gain to the country. However, the non-native learners and residents do face discrimination of racial nature exercised against them by their Australian counterparts. For example, there are the most current undertakings which stained Indo-Aussie rapport. Saxena (Â¶, 5) in his article,Indo-Australian Relation- Racial Attacks, states that there have been recurrent attacks of racial nature on the Indian scholars as well as Indian residents in Australia in the recent past. Although the Australian authority continues to vehemently deny that such attacks were "racially" aggravated, most of the victims of these assaults have been either Asian students or residents. The Australian government claims that such violent attacks are just a few isolated cases. In view of the widespread of such violent acts, the government's position false since it is not by any coincidence that such barbaric attacks are mainly directed to foreign students and residence. Even though the government of Australia has pledged to care for the safety as well as security of lives and belongings of Indian resident and learners, it has duly failed to fulfill its own promise.Australia is not a 'western' state per see. However, it does consider itself 'white' and conceivably consciously 'racist'. Unfortunately, the victims of the attacks as well as their families must have just borrowed huge sums of money for their higher education. And now they are compelled to be ruing the decision they made.
It is indeed most untoward that the racism culture carries on in one of the most advanced countries like Australia. Such acts fault the image of such a great nation as Australia. In fact due to this backward act, of late Australia has acquiredÂ non-constructiveÂ popularity, particularly their cruel and fatal attacks on foreign students. This is one of the negatives of racism in Australia. The lives of residents who labor at night times for self sustenance equally fall an easy victim to the out of control attacks by fortified thugs who rove liberally on the boulevards of cities such as Melbourneas well as other cities. This paints Australians badly before the global eye. It is on the same note that the Australian government would find it an uphill task for them to maintain and sustain pleasant relations with other governments who are mooted to guarantee safety of each and every person belonging to their nations.
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Rampant racial attacks in Australia on Indians and other Non-Australians like Africans have been given utter condemnation across the globe. It has severe effects on the country's relationship with others. For example, it has soared Australian's economic relationship with India, students from other countries have rescinded their decision to study in Australia, just to mention a few. Racism has far reaching negative economical and social impact. However, positive racial relationships bear positive results both socially and economically. In Australia, it is estimated that there is existence of nearly 70,000 learners in various Universities all over. In fact, Indian students do account for roughly one fifth of entire international students' population in Australia Saxena (Â¶, 3). Some reliable sources also hint that higher education is one of the major revenue sources for the Australian government. For instance, in the State of Victoria, it is higher education which is the prevalent export earner. Higher education is indeed a booming industry as well as a money spinner for the Australian government. Majority of their students, however, are not indigenous Australians, but foreigners who need to be assured of their safety. Without adequate security measures to learners many learners will withdraw their studentship and worse still those willing to study in Australia from other states will automatically be dissuaded from pursuing higher learning in Australia.
American Association of Physical Anthropologists “Pure races, in the sense of genetically homogeneous populations, do not exist in the human species today, nor is there any evidence that they have ever existed in the past."
Bamshad, Michael and Steve E. Olson. “Does Race Exist?" Scientific American Magazine (10 November 2003).
Caluya, G. The (Gay) scene of Racism: face, shame and Gay Asian Males. Acrawsa e-jounal, vol. 2. No. 2. 2006.