The Theory of Settlement in the City of Vadodara

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Theory Of Settlement

City - Vadodara

Vadodara is situated on the bank of river Vishwamitra. Vadodara city is the third largest city in the state of Gujarat with an area of 149sq.kms and a population of 13.06 lakh residents as per 2001 census. The city was once called Chandanavati after its ruler Raja Chandan of Dor tribe of Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jains. The capital had also another name "Virakshetra" or "Virawati" (A Land of Warriors). Later on it was known as Vadpatraka or Wadodará, which according to tradition is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word Vatodar means 'In the heart of the Banyan tree'.

Baroda can possess of one of the finest palaces in India . Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad commissioned the famous British Architects, Major Mant and Chisolm to work on Laxmi Vilas palace. Designed in the Indo- Saracenic style, it is quite a long drive from the huge created iron gates with the mounted royal emblem, to the entry. The colourful frescoes in Italian style on the walls of the palace surprise you with their brilliance. Beautiful statues, marble fountains, Moorish arcades and stained glass windows adorn the structure.

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The city is on the major rail and road arteries joining Mumbai with Delhi and Mumbai with Ahmedabad. Because of this Vadodara is known as a ‘Gateway to the Golden Corridor’. National Highway No. 8 passes through the city. All superfast and express trains halt at Vadodara Railway Station. Vadodara also has an airport which is very well connected with the other major airports of India.

Till the early 1960’s Baroda was considered to be a cultural and educational centre. The first modern factory (Alembic Pharmaceuticals) was established in Baroda in 1907 and subsequently companies such as Sarabhai Chemicals, Jyoti, etc., came up in the 1940s. By 1962 there were 288 factories employing 27510 workers. At that time, the dominant industrial groups were chemicals and pharmaceuticals, cotton textiles and machine tools

In 1962, Baroda witnessed a sudden spurt in industrial activity with the establishment of Gujarat Refinery. Several factors like raw material availability, product demand, skillful mobilisation of human, financial and material resources by the government and private entrepreneurs have contributed to Baroda becoming one of India’s foremost industrial centres.

The discovery of oil and gas in Ankleshwar and North Gujarat led to the industrial development of Gujarat in a big way. The Baroda region is the largest beneficiary in the process of this industrialisation. Gujarat Refinery went into the first phase of production in 1965. The refinery being a basic industry made vital contributions on several fronts at the regional and national levels.

INTRODUCTION: VADODARA

  • Vadodara, one of India’s most cosmopolitan cities, is located to the south east of Ahmedabad, on the banks of river Vishwamitri.
  • The district is referred to as the “Sanskar Nagari (City of Culture) due to its rich cultural traditions Vadodara is famous for its palaces, parks, temples and museums Known as the ‘Gateway to the Golden Corridor’, as all the rail and road arteries that link Delhi, Mumbai and Ahmedabad also connect Vadodara, including the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC)
  • The district has 12 talukas, 15 towns and 1,548 villages, of which the major towns are Vadodara

(District Headquarter), Savli, Waghodia, Padra, Dabhoi, Karjan and Sankheda.Vadodara deserve the special place in the state of Gujarat In terms of industrial development,

  • In the year of 1907 Vadodara have the most modern Industry Alembic (Pharmaceuticals), which is a breakthrough for the city development Subsequently than after there are many other industries like Sarabhai chemicals and Jyoti came up in the 1940s.
  • At the end of the 1962 there were more than 288 companies offering more than 27,000
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employments, and then Bank of Baroda came up in the year of 1908, by the Sayajirao iii to offer their services to the communities.

1800000

1600000

POPULATION GROWTH

1666703

1400000

1200000

1000000

800000

600000

400000

200000

0

1306035

1250000

1150000

1031346

734473

467487

298398

211407

Series 1

30

27

25

19.6

20

15

10

21.620.97

1413.49

Birth Rate Annual Natural

Growth Rate

7.47.67.48

5

0

1981-19911991-20012001-2011

Death Rate2

General growth rate Vs Actual Increase

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

1971 -

1981

1981 -

1991

1991 -

2001

2001 -

2011

Series 1

Series 2

This shows the two graphs of actual growth rate and general population growth rate.So clearly the difference in the areas becomes the migration population due to various factors like industrialization.

Table 1. Population of' adodara

YearPopula tion

(lakh'5)

1981134

1991103l

A'\re-rageannual

grourtb rate 1(%)

200111.062.39,o/o

2005 (Estimated)

14_6'9

2.99,

o/o

2011 (ProjecIBd)

17.54

2.99,

o/o

Source.:Census 2001

Table 3.Composition of Gr°' 1h

CompositionPopulation increase dming

1981-91

% of tota l

1991-2001

% of tota l

Natural increase

1,68655

56.8%

1,60909

58.6%

In-migration

1,28212

43.2%

113786

41.4%

Jurisdictional change

N.A

N.A

N.A

N.A

Total increase

296,867

100.0%

274,695

100.0%

Source:Population Research Centre. Vadodara

Note: It is weU known that the registration of births and deaths is not cent percent. particularly for the earlier period .The estimates are therefore subject to completeness of registration.

Table. .Built-up A rea in tbe Va doda ra Ta h1ka

Yea r

Built up Area

(.i;q km)

Change Built up Area

(sq km)

1978

72.66

-

1990

112.72

40.06

2001

158.09

45.37

INDIAN PETROCHEMICALS CORPORATION LIMITED

The formation of Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL) as a public sector company was a culmination of the thought process of the Government on the Industry. The Corporation was incorporated on 22nd March, 1969 as a Company under the Companies Act, 1956 with its registered office at PO Petrochemicals, District Vadodara-391346

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Vadodara Urban Development Authority is constituted under the provisions of the Gujarat town Planning and Urban Development act 1976.

Started functioning from 1st February 1978.

The draft Development plan was prepared and published on 17-5-79. Approved by the Government on 22-12-83 and in force from 25-11-84

The Preparation of 1st Development Plan was based on coming twenty years duration i.e. projected

population up to year 2000 and their necessities were taken care.

Information on some of the key players that have made substantial investments in Vadodara during the period from 1983 to 2011 is given bellow.

  1. ALEMBIC-1907
  1. GACL- 1973
  2. GSFC- 1962
  1. IOCL- 1961
  1. IPCL- 1969
  2. APOLLO TYRES LTD- 1972
  3. ASEA BROWN BOVERI LTD- 1949

CONCLUSIONS:

  • The city has witnessed high growth (40%) from 1981 to 1991. However, it could not maintain the momentum of growth; the growth rate slowed down to 26% in the last decade, 1991— 2001.
  • The population registered in 2001 was 13.06 lakhs as against 10.31 lakhs 1991.
  • The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) has been steadily declining from 4.64% in 1971- 81 to 3.45% in 1981-1991, and further to 2.39 % in 1991-2001.
  • The population in 2005 has been estimated at around 14.69 lakhs. The population projection for

2011 is estimated around 17.54 lakhs and is based on the hypothesis that the city would grow at a constant rate due to the increasing urbanization in the state.

  • Total population and growth rate of population over the last 5 years: Population of Vadodara 1,839,428 Year Population(lakhs) Average annual growth rate (%) 1981 7.34 4.64% 1991 10.31 3.45%

2001 13.06 2.39% 2005 (Estimated) 14.69 2.99% 2011 (Projected) 17.54 2.99%

  • The city witnessed a sudden spurt in industrial activity with the establishment of the Gujarat refinery in 1962.
  • Various large-scale industries such as Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals (GSFC), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL) and Gujarat Alkalis and Chemicals Limited (GACL) have come up in the vicinity of the Gujarat Refinery.
  • The establishment of large industrial units in this region has automatically brought into existence a number of smaller enterprises.
  • Several factors like raw material availability, product demand, and skilful mobilization of human, financial and material resources by the government and private entrepreneurs had contributed to Vadodara’s efflorescence as one of India’s foremost industrial centres.
  • But, with increased competition in the global market and failures to cope with the economic momentum, Vadodara’s economy has slowed down

REFERENCES:

  • ISBN: 25301357 (LLC Books)
  • ISBN 978-0-86132-214-5 (Fatesinghrad Gaekwad)

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