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The Evolution of Interior Design
TITLE: Literature review (1600 words)– Neo-Classical
Early Neo-classical Architecture, 1640-1750
The earliest form of neo-classical architecture grew up next to the Baroque style, and serve as a means to correct the latter's gorgeous. This is particularly evident in England, where the early example of neoclassicism including as St Paul's Cathedral, Greenwich Royal Observatory, and the Royal Chelsea Hospital, all designed by Sir Christopher Wren Building (1632-1723) who Baroque architecture is still marked. Other early Neoclassicist including English architect William Kent (1685-1748), who designed Chiswick House and the Royal Mews, Charing Cross; and Robert Adam (1728-1792), who is Sion old home design, Bowood House and the Royal Theatre in London. At the same time, the Italian Renaissance architecture Palladio (1508-1580) of repopularised and throughout Europe and the United States new Palladism spread.
Neo-classical Architecture for Features, 1750-1850
Used in a variety of image-related construction program - the feudal monarchy, liberal democracies and totalitarian regimes around the world empire - is another neoclassical return to ancient Greek and Roman classical orders a massive level, although all reservations engineering advances and the modern era of new material. It is characterized by large-scale structure, the Doric, ionic or Corinthian columns supporting columns and / or decorated by amplifying Renaissance dome beyond. Sometimes columns were multiplied and stacked, to create an impression of height, while facades were decorated with a combination of colonnades, rotundas and porticoes.
Neo-classical Architecture in The France
Neoclassicism born in Italy, even though it would be because of the presence of trained French Academy in Rome French designer, especially active mostly in France. Classic features have begun to appear in the architectural design of the end of the reign of Louis XVI. This style is so during the first Napoleonic Empire by: High Society uses it's own private residence, as well as the ruins of the artificial, stupidity, grottoes and fountains decorate the landscape actor, and more experimental architects use to design a series of civil structures. One of the most famous French architect: Jacques Germain Su Fuluo (1713-1780), who designed the Pantheon in Paris - a major highlight of the Grand Tour - A Claude Sakeledu (1736 to 1806), who designed the cathedral Saint- Germain, the hotel Montmorency, the royal saltworks at Arc -ET-Senans and castles Benouville; and Jean Chalgrin Hotel (1739-1811), who designed the Arc de Triomphe.
Neo-classical Architecture in The Britain
Thus, in the United Kingdom, which had never really considered the Baroque, neo-classical style employed in a wide variety of banks public buildings to the post office museum design, and commissioned by the British royal family, one of Britain's greatest architect, Regent neoclassical John Nash (1752-1835), redesigning the entire city blocks and parks. Aristocratic landowners accepted the style, renovated mansion porch with their new country and columns. English neoclassical buildings include: John Nash (1752-1835), who designed the Buckingham Palace, Cumberland terraces and balconies Carlton in London; Sir John Soane (1753-1837), who is Design England, Pitshanger Manor and Dulwich Gallery banks; and Sir Robert Smirke (1780-1867), the British Museum, General Post Office, Covent Garden Theatre and Eastnor Castle designers.
Neo-classical Architecture in The Germany
ln Germany, the royal patronage inspired by the Friedrich Wilhelm II from John Joachim Winkelmann's book (1717-1768), and support, the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781-1841) and Carl Gotthard Langhans (1732-1808) became Bolin Cheng classic gem rivals Paris and Rome. Langhans is responsible for the Brandenburg Gate, on the basis of pillars and columns, of turtles Acropolis a huge building, and Schinkel (1781-1841) designed the Gendarmenmarkt Concert Hall (1818 to 1821), Tiger Palace (1821-4), and the old museum (1823-1830). In Bauakademie (Berlin School of Design) in basic and applied art practice further encouraged neoclassical in Germany. Also see German art of the 19th century.
Neo-classical Architecture in The Russia
In due course, the neo-classical style spread to Russia, where Catherine the Great (excluding 1762-1796) in response to her predecessor Empire Rococo taste. For example, she likes neo-classical design, Bartolomeo Rastrelli baroque architecture (1700-1771), such as the Winter Palace (1754-1762), so she summoned the Scottish architect Charles Cameron (1745-1812), designed Pavlovsk Palace (1782-1786) and Alexandra Palace (1812), near St. Petersburg, and the Razumovsky Palace Ukraine (1802). She also commissioned his extended neoclassical Add to Catherine Palace and Palace Square in St. Petersburg. Russian Czar include the use of other foreign architects Classical: Italian designer Vincenzo Brenna and Giacomo Quarenghi, and the Russian Matvey Fyodorovich Kazakov.
Neo-classical Architecture in The American
Although the neo-classical style popular in Europe, it found its true home is in a new world where the US neo-classical architecture. Who neoclassical architect early in the design of the United States include Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), who designed the Virginia State Capitol and Monticello; William Thornton (1759-1828) who, with Benjamin Latrobe (1864-1820) and Charles Bulfinch (1863-1844), the design of the US Capitol (1793-1829) in Washington, DC. It was in the 19th century, is the newly formed United States began the construction of public buildings, including universities, and begin to define the nation's aesthetics in the process. See also: United States Construction (1600-present).
United States Capitol, for example, with its neoclassical façade and dome, remains one of America's most famous landmarks. Starting in 1793, according to the plan, by William Thornton, construction - inspired by the Louvre and the Pantheon in Paris - concentrated in a grand entrance, through the projection wings, ground level structural support. The center projects outward and upward, drawing the eye to the dome protruding from the column. Dome and rotunda was originally made of wood, but was later rebuilt in stone and cast iron. Other architects involved in the construction, including Benjamin Henry Latrobe (1764-1820), Stephen Hallet and Charles Bulfinch.
Latrobe continue to design their own neo-classical style, includes other buildings: the Bank of Pennsylvania, Richmond Capitol, the Baltimore Exchange, the Fairmount Waterworks in Philadelphia, the Baltimore Basilica and the Louisiana State Bank to name but a few. Another famous American architect who built in the clear geomtry of the neoclassical style, was Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), the third President of the United States. He designed the Virginia State Capitol, the Rotunda at the University of Virginia, and Monticello House, where he died on July 4, 1826.
Neo-classical Architecture in to Day
In the reign of modern architecture (about after World War II until the mid-1980s) after a lull, neoclassical has a certain degree of recovery. This rebirth can be traced back satire of New Urbanism and classical elements embrace of modern architecture movement, especially in the dominance of modernism. While some continue to work with the classical satire, some architects such as Thomas Gordon Smith, began to seriously consider classical. While some schools have an interest in classical architecture, such as the University of Virginia, no school is purely dedicated to classical architecture. In the early 1990s classical architecture program at Notre Dame University starting from Smith and Duncan Stroik plan continued success in Miami, Andrews University, Judson University and the University of Prince's Foundation for Building Community has cultivated a number of new classical revival because this building. Today, one can find numerous buildings embrace neoclassical style, because a generation trained in this discipline architects shaping urban planning.
As the first decade of the 21st century, contemporary neoclassical building neoclassical building usually is a generic term, according to the classification. Sometimes it is also called the New History / renaissance traditionalism or simple neoclassical buildings, such as historic look. For genuine traditional architecture, adhere to the regional structure, materials and workmanship, the term traditional architecture (or dialect) is mainly used. House in Delhi Architecture Prize is awarded to a major contributor to the field of traditional and classical architecture in the 21st century, and is equipped with a double high modernist prize Pritzker Prize
A variety of modern public building in the United States are built in neoclassical style, it is an example of the 2006 Schermerhorn Symphony Center in Nashville.
In the UK, some architects active in the neo-classical style. Two new university library, Quinlan Terry Maitland Robinson Library Downing College and ADAM architecture Sackler Library show, taken from a range of traditional, in the former case, with unconventional In the latter case approach. Recently, Prince Charles was to promote debate on classic design and development of the former Chelsea Barracks in London land. In writing to the Qatari royal family (who are by Qatar Diar real estate development company funded development), he condemned the plan to accept modernism, rather than advocating the classic approach. His appeal was successful, the plan was withdrawn. The new design by building residential Dixon Jones is currently being drafted.