Essay on Public Transportation Means

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Public Transportation Means

  1. Need for having public transportation means especially in Zouk Mosbeh - Lebanon, where Notre Dame University is located in order to:
  1. Reduce traffic
  2. Reduce pollution
  3. Having a better and healthy place
  1. Possible causes of traffic jam in Zouk Mosbeh-Lebanon
  1. Lack of Planning of city road
  2. Low road space
  3. Unplanned stoppage or parking space
  4. Unplanned city growth
  5. High migration from rural to urban areas
  6. Different speed vehicle
  7. Over population
  8. Insufficient and inadequate road space
  9. Lack of law implementation
  1. Not enough traffic police
  2. Lack of awareness
  3. Poor signaling system
  1. Private car
  2. Important establishments in Zouk mosbeh such as Notre Dame University and Louaize School
  1. Impact of traffic jam
  1. Economy
  1. Fuel consumption
  2. Transportation cost
  3. Vehicle operating cost
  1. Health related issues
  1. Breathing problems
  2. Headaches
  3. Mental stress
  4. Unexpected sweating
  5. Tiredness
  6. Eye problem
  1. Environmental related issues
  1. Air pollution
  2. Sound pollution
  1. Wastage and consumption of time
  1. Possible solutions for traffic jam
  1. Public transportation means
  2. Strict law implementation
  3. School, university, office time scheduling
  4. Decentralization
  5. Discouraging private cars
  6. Controlling road side activities
  7. Increase of public vehicles
  8. Increasing pedestrian facilities
  9. Maximize of road width
  1. Conclusion
  1. We as victims will be relieved
  2. Having a better life, and a better place to live in

References:

  • Butler, J., & Christopher, 2008. Road pricing, the economy, and the environment. Publisher: Berlin: Springer.
  • Moutran, M.J., 2010. Traffic law enforcement in Lebanon in light of European and international practice.
  • Fioravante, E. F., & Fígoli, M. G. B. 2009. Environmental impact due to automobile use. XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference, Morocco.
  • Issa, J. A., 2010. Reporting on trafficking in persons as human rights violation: case study Lebanon.
  • O'Flaherty , & Coleman A., 2009. The DARPA Urban Challenge: autonomous vehicles in traffic city. Publisher: Berlin: Springer.
  • O'Flaherty , & Coleman A., 1993. Transport planning and traffic engineering. Pulishers: Amsterdam : Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997
  • Abou Jaoude , R., 2013, June 14. Like traffic, Jal al-Dib tunnel plans at standstill. The Daily Star.

Paper Draft

Public Transportation Means

Transportation plays an important role in our lives and especially in our daily routine, including our home place, work, play, shop, go to university, go to school, etc. It has a reflective control over residential patterns or designs, industrial growth, social and physical movement. Someone should make a conscious decision in order to locate freeways, highways, bus stops, especially in “Zouk Mosbeh” where “Notre Dame University – Lebanon” is located. Transportation is a need and is no less a public rights and quality of life concern. Health, time, safety and the ease of access are the most momentous considerations in transportation planning. Are we able to do something in order to encourage people not to use private cars or to use them less by the intervention of public transportation means? To be honest, by explaining the causes, impacts, and solutions for traffic jam in Zouk Mosbeh we might be able to attain our goals, and reach out for a well determined solution that suites properly everyone.

Over the past decades, automobile production and the attempt for highway construction has gone viral, while urban mass transit systems have been disassembled or allowed to fall into disrepair. Hence, the end result has meant more traffic congestion, social disruption, pollution, urban sprawl, wasted energy, and residential segregation. The more we disregard this matter the more problems we will be facing later on. People have not received the same welfares from transportation progressions and investments. Moreover, some of the governmental policies in transportation, housing, environment, land use, and environment may have even subsidized to and exacerbated social inequalities. For instance, some communities accumulate profits from the expansion projects of transportation, while other communities endure a lopsided affliction and pay cost for the government. Generally, benefits are more disseminated, while costs or burdens are more localized.

Hence, having a freeway for us as students to reach Notre Dame University- Lebanon is not really a benefit, because not all of us own a car. A huge majority of students suffer in order to reach their university. For example, I as a student, suffer every day in order to reach my class on time. My journey starts by getting in a public bus and reach Zouk Mosbeh Bridge; afterwards as I reach my destination, I will have to wait for 30 minutes at least in order to find a cab that takes me to where my university is located. Moreover, you will have to pay double the price for the cab to take you to the secondary entrance of the university or else you will have to walk from the main entrance to reach the secondary one. For instance, the same process takes place as you leave university towards your home. Is this ethical? Do students who neither have a job nor have a car have to go through this process each and every single day? I believe that having appropriate public buses will better suit everyone.

Moreover, transportation is critical to livable, healthy and sustainable rural and urban communities. The transportation scheme influences, and in turn is influenced by, financial expansion decisions, real estate’s investment decisions, land-use patterns, and energy consumption patterns of the public and private sectors. The interests of those making transportation decisions, upper and middle class, educated authorities primarily, are served, while the needs, perspectives and interests of people, are left out of the decision-making procedure, working, poor and transit-dependent people, are not. The worthiness of social justice and ecological sustainability are not major priorities and primacies in the existing transportation system.

On the other hand, traffic jam causes health problems. We disregard these issues because we as users have no other solution for this matter. Each and every one of us definitely suffer from breathing problems, headaches, mental stress, unexpected sweating, tiredness, eye problem, etc… Our health is valuable without it we can no longer be able to achieve our daily tasks. Then why not try to solve this matter? Having several public buses will definitely have less impact on our health than having millions of private cars. Most important, time is precious why don’t we save it? We should be at least using our time for something useful, rather than spending it on road.

Also, in our Lebanese community, we have lack of planning of city road. How much numbers of cars can a low road space support? One of the major causes for our problem is that, city growth is unplanned; neither are stoppage or parking spaces, as well as insufficient and inadequate road space. Zouk Mosbeh is over populated due to the high migration from rural to urban areas. In addition, there is lack of law implementation, poor signaling system for drivers, and there is not enough traffic police to help reducing traffic jam. These are due to the lack of awareness of our government. As for the important establishments in Zouk Mosbeh, Notre Dame University, and Notre Dame School, is a major cause for traffic jam. The road before was for local residential users, and now it has to support students and instructors coming from everywhere in Lebanon. It is true that have such establishments would increase economic aspects, but there should be a solution for traffic jam in order to invite people in rather than letting them go.

Furthermore, there are environmental related issues due to the impact of traffic jam such as, air pollution, sound pollution, and noise pollution. How can we have a healthy everlasting world if we do not protect our environment? If we cannot restore our environment at an early stage, at least we should maintain it and prevent its destruction. Hence, if reduce fuel consumption, our environment will definitely last longer.

On the other hand, there are some procedures that could take place and solve traffic jam. First, public transportation means such as appropriate public buses will for sure solve all the above problems. Second, the government should implement strict law by not allowing high speed vehicles on road, and they should discourage private cars. For example, if the government

In fact, the government should control road side activities and create stoppage for buses. Also, there should be school, university, office time scheduling. This will spare time for everyone. If we all go at the same time, we will be spending time on road rather than in university or work. Last but not least, increasing pedestrian facilities is important. This would encourage people to walk rather than sit in a car doing nothing but sweating.

We are people who should take control of our lives. We should be wise enough to learn from our faults. A healthy life is a right for everyone so why don’t we try to earn it?

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