Converting Abandoned Buildings into Communities for the Homeless

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VISUAL COMMUNICATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS.....................................................i

PREFACE / ABSTRACT SUMMARY.........................................ii

GLOSSARY..............................................................iii

INTRODUCTION..........................................................1

1. THEME................................................................1

2. PROJECT BACK GROUND...............................................1

3. PROBLEM STATEMENT.................................................2

4. AIM AND OBJECTIVE....................................................3

5. RESEARCH STATEMENT................................................3

6. STUDY DEFINED.......................................................3

7. RESEARCH............................................................4

7.1 SCOP.................................................................4

7.2 Types of research that will be done.......................................4

8. DESIGN................................................................5

9. CHAPTER OUTLIN......................................................5

CONCLUSION............................................................6

BIBLIOGRAPHY..........................................................7

PREFACE / ABSTRACT SUMMARY

This paper will be discussing the following topic of how to convert abandoned buildings in the Pretoria CBD into partially sustainable commentaries for the homeless. This document will function as its proposal.

GLOSSARY

  • Abandoned property: “Assets such as cash, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, uncashed checks, land, life insurance policies and the contents of safe deposit boxes that have been turned over to the state after several years of inactivity.” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • CBD: Central Business District. (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Economical: “(of a person or lifestyle) careful not to waste money or resources.” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Innovative: “featuring new methods; advanced and original” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Repurposing: “adapt for use in a different purpose.” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Revamping: “give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Functional: “designed to be practical and useful, rather than attractive” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Development: ”an event constituting a new stage in a changing situation” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Partially: “only in part; to a limited extent” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Sustainable: “able to be maintained at a certain rate or level” (Oxsford, 2012)
  • Converted: “change the form, character, or function of something.” (Oxsford, 2012)

INTRODUCTION.

In the last 20 years the number of abandoned and unused buildings in Pretoria CBD have gone up significantly, along with the number of homeless people found in the area. Based on the available information and statistics on the number of unused or abandoned buildings; as well as the number of homeless citizens found in the Pretoria CBD. (News, 2012 )

The research paper therefor will aim to prove that by making changes to these buildings both of these above mentioned issues can be resolved in an economical and innovative way.

1. THEME.

This paper revolves around the theme of reapplying, reusing and revamping old abandoned rundown buildings to create new functional and usable space.

2. PROJECT BACK GROUND.

Form the beginning of time shelter has been one of humanities primary needs. Since then the human race has progressed a staggering amount in both science and technology, but still seem to struggle with this fundamental need. As a result homelessness has become a prominent problem around the world. Other countries have come to realise that this problem deserves a solution and yet South Africa or more specifically Pretoria has not yet addressed the issue.

3. PROBLEM STATEMENT.

Pretoria has always been one of the main centres of South Africa’s work force yet it holds one of the highest number of unused buildings as well as homeless people in the country.

This is alarming because when looking at the economic growth together with its continues building development in and around Pretoria in the last 20 years it is hard to understand why whilst the city grows its homeless seem to be withering away along with its unused buildings. (Pretoria, 2013)

In the last 20 years business that used to be located in the Pretoria CBD have moved out to the outskirts of the city as well as to the surrounding residential areas; leaving a staggering amount of unused buildings behind. It is assumed that because of this many people lost their jobs; or job opportunities became minimal and as a result people could not afford their lifestyles or any form of a lifestyle and so became homeless. This resulted in buildings that used to be considered prime property being left to illegal occupation and decay.

In an article released by the SA Commercial Prop News 19/02/2012.It is said that 20.8% of the buildings in the Pretoria CBD are empty, unused or illegally used. Further research has also shown that 25% of the population in the cities are homeless. (Tshwane, 2015)

Consequently this paper will therefor discuss how these abandoned and unused buildings can be converted in to partially sustainable communities for the homeless which will create solutions for both of the above mentioned issues. (News, 2012 )

4. AIM AND OBJECTIVE.

As seen in the previous paragraph it is an obvious cause for concern when looking at the amount of abandoned and unused buildings in and around the Pretoria CBD. The percentage of homeless people in this area is also disconcerting.

There for the aim and objective of this research paper is to find and convert these abandoned buildings into partially sustainable communities for the homeless; where they will be fed, clothed and housed while getting training in basic skills such as, reading housekeeping, gardening, cooking, hospitality and security. This will be done by providing them with a save environment where they will be given with the necessary training and living conditions which will enable them to advance in live.

To achieve this an abandoned building will be converted in to a suitable “compound” where they could get all of the above. This will also decrees the amount of wasted built environments in and around the Pretoria CBD.

5. RESEARCH STATEMENT.

The purpose of this paper is to explore how abandoned buildings in the Pretoria CBD can be converted in to partially sustainable communities for the homeless.

6. STUDY DEFINED.

Research will be done on how an abandoned building in the Pretoria CBD can be renewed and repurposed through design whilst keeping the original structure intact to a curtain degree.

It is widely believed that just like you are influenced by the people you surround yourself with just so the interior space you surround yourself with can have a significant influence on you. Therefor this paper will also discusses how this new design can influence people in to having a more positive and optimistic outlook on life.

7. RESEARCH.

The following will discuss what research will be done for this paper and what the methodology will be to do said research.

7.1 SCOP.

The research that will be done for this paper can be divided in to 4 categories namely, how did it come to be that there are so many abandoned and unused buildings in the Pretoria CBD, how can one redesign and convert these buildings into renewed functional environments, why did the percentage of homeless people rise in the last 20 years, how and why does an interior space influence a person’s physiological outlook on life, and lastly how can these two problems be solved by one solution.

The following will be researched under each of the above mentioned categories.

  • History.
  • Influencing elements.
  • Definitions of terminology.
  • Similar instances in other countries.

7.2 Types of research that will be done.

For this research paper it is thought that the best methods of research will be interviews, questionnaires, case studies, research on written works as well observation in the field.

8. DESIGN.

For the design of the final project an abandonde building in the Pretoria CBD will be chosen. Because this building will be used as a save haven or compound for the homeless, where they will be given a chance to learn practcal skills in the hopes of joining the workforce, the building will have to be modified and designd acording to the skills that will be taught. Also the building will be partually sustainable in the sense that it will be designd to cater for the homless in the ways of food (vegdable garden) and so forth.

This building will be redisigned using the design elemants as well as the knowlage that has been gather through the reasearch paper. The building will be designd in such a way that it will create a positive outrlook on life for its resadints.

The building itself will be modefied and made practical and functional for its uses, which are sheltering, educating and toa surtian digree feedng the homeless. As of yet the building has not yet been chosen so the amount that the building will be catering for is unclear at presant. It sould also be known that the building will not be a place where permanat living will be provided but will rather funvtion as a type of halfway hous for the homless.

9. CHAPTER OUTLIN.

  • Title page.
  • Table of contents.
  • Reface / abstract summary.
  • Glossary.
  • Introduction.
  • Chapter one: How did it come to be that there are so many abandoned and unused buildings in the Pretoria CBD.
  • Chapter two: Why did the percentage of homeless people rise in the last 20 years.
  • Chapter three: How and why does an interior space influence a person’s physiological outlook on life, and lastly how can these two problems be solved by one solution.
  • Chapter four: How can one redesign and convert these buildings into renewed functional environments.
  • Chapter five: Conclusion.

CONCLUSION

This proposal has fully explained the topic chosen for the research paper. It has wholly discussed the justification of this topic as well as the issues that inspired it, the history and background behind it, the methods of research that will be done and finally the chapter outline for the research document.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Batanda, J. B., 2012. Mail & Gauirdian Africas best read. [Online] Available at: http://mg.co.za/article/2012-10-18-deep-read-sleeping-on-the-street [Accessed 18 03 2015].

News, S. C. P., 2012 . SA Commercial Prop News. [Online] Available at: http://www.sacommercialpropnews.co.za/property-types/commercial-property-offices/4335-decentralisation-in-tshwane-municipality-sees-growth-of-office-nodes.html [Accessed 18 03 2015].

Pretoria, U. o., 2013. Sensory Architecture. Beyond Appearances, 1(1), p. 7.

Tshwane, C. o., 2015. City of Tshwane General and Regional Overview. City of Tshwane General and Regional Overview, 1(2011), p. 23.

Unknown, 2013. Tirhuni Auctioneers. [Online] Available at: http://www.eprop.co.za/provinces-cities/item/13656-thoughts-on-pretoria-s-urban-decay.html [Accessed 18 03 2015].

ZUYDAM, L. V., 2014. IOL news. [Online] Available at: http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gauteng/spotlight-on-pretoria-s-homeless-1.1704828#.VQtSqWdO5Ms [Accessed 18 03 2015].

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