Age of Abstraction in Architecture

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To argue that the emphasis on a design's aesthetic and function should be the sole concern of the architect or designer.

1: Role of architecture in society

Human interactions in all of its scales from the smallest detail to its largest picture must be perfectly understood by an architect.

An architect is responsible for conveying the progress of civilization through the creation of spaces that have function for its inhabitants while using environmentally sound processes and materials. Moreover an architect must take into account the past, present and future of both building techniques and global cultures in order to convey a structural message that relates to past and present ideologies while gently leading the path for the future of human consciousness and cultural identity.

Nowadays we are greatly affected by our senses. What we see, hear, feel, smell and taste all have impacts on our psychological and cultural identities. Also the fact that we are being exposed to those sensations relates to a manifestation of current culture. Every piece of human culture has physical aspects that exist within the definite senses. Architects and those who design spaces must therefore take into account the physical multi sensory aspects of their creations in order to best understand the psychology of the space, acting in reference (or not) to the physicality of the culture that they are conveying. The creation of space is a physical manifestation of culture through the presentation of texture, color, timing, depth, light cycles, temperature etc. and though some of us might like to believe that ideas come from the core of a white cube everything we think and do has relation to the greater temporal scale. The mind is composed of little bits of culture that all intertwine leading us to extrapolate what we call consciousness, cultural identity. Therefore an architect helps to build the evolution of society by physically manifesting items of culture in the form of spatial constructs where representations of culture meet the human mind in a multi sensory locality. An architect has a physical sensory responsibility to the people who experience the constructed space while also acting as an artist and painting the picture that we call society.

Hence by saying that the role of an architect in the society is to develop spaces that suit the aspirations of the society and its people and thus he plays a major role in the evolution of a society itself.

2: Architectures and sustainability

Most people have now at least heard the term “sustainability”, thanks to increasing environmental awareness in virtually every sector of our society.

3:how will sustainiblity benefit our environment:

The interest in and awareness of green design has grown dramatically over the last several years. Much of this growth is due to a concern with global climate change, but the reason I do green design is because it simply makes more sense than the old way of creating buildings. Also, done correctly, it is a win proposition: the occupants of the building win with not only lower bills, but also a more comfortable indoor environment. The local neighbors and surrounding city wins due to a decrease in energy production demands and decrease in associated pollution. And finally, the world wins, due to the decrease in overall material extraction, transportation and pollution production

First, there are the environmental benefits of reducing the impacts of natural resource consumption.

Second, are the economic benefits. By improving a building’s energy, operation and maintenance performance, you increase the building’s value, occupancy, occupant productivity and sales.

Third, are the health, comfort and safety benefits, such as greater thermal comfort, better visual quality, improved indoor air quality, enhanced productivity and morale, and a deeper connection to nature.

Fourth, are the community benefits that result from minimizing the strain on local infrastructures and ecosystems and the improved quality of life.

In short, buildings are being designed and built that are beautiful, energy and resource efficient, comfortable, flooded with daylight, and that have healthy indoor environments, resulting in improved health and productivity, a deeper connection with nature, decreased pollution, and a return on investment.

Five points towards architecture written by Le Corbusier in a book called Programs and Manifestoes on 20th-Century Architecture is roughly contemporaneous and he states five theoretical considerations set out from many years of practical experience on building sites. These theoretical considerations include the supports, the roof gardens, free designing of the ground plan, horizontal windows and free design of the facades, although there is no way that the concept of open house is relate to aesthetic fantasies or striving for fashionable effects but concern architectural facts that show an entirely different kind of building / house from the dwelling house to palatial edifices.

The five points mentioned by Le Corbusier can be summarized as “supports”, “roof gardens”, “free design of the ground plan”, “horizontal windows” and “the free design of the façade” (Le Corbusier, 1926, pg. 99). These five points above can be considered to lead to a new architecture and create a friendly environment as stated by Le Corbusier.

One great example to embrace the space given when applying the concept of open house in a building / house is a roof garden;

A roof garden, as opposed to a garden planted at grade, is mentally disassociated with the surrounding landscape. One can appreciate the verdant roof terrace, but the feel is distinctly different than a grade level garden.

“The environmental transparencies at ground level and between courtyards are important in passively cooling the house. All the courtyards have differing material finishes and therefore differing heat gain and latency (water, grass, water, granite). As long as there are temperature differences between courtyards, the living, dining, and pool house become conduits for breezes that move in between the courtyards very much like how land and sea breezes are generated.” (Twisted Sifter, 2009).

there are other points where people don’t agree with this specific concept; open house, “creating a future for our city means we have to respond to people’s needs and aspirations. This takes patience, time and money — three things that, as a nation, we don’t invest in sufficiently.” (Crockett, 2013). There are people who can’t afford to build a building / house with the open house concept where it would be to their advantage in using this concept due to the environment; it takes a lot of money in building something with this specific concept of open house.

In my own opinion, I would say as a person who travels a lot I would say that no matter what the concept of open house is a great concept eventhough some might say that the main reason why they woudn’t have this great concept of open house is that there is exposure into the building / house but it really doesn’t matter as long as you can embrace the space and enjoy it aswell. So therefore, people should re-consider the fact that there is no concept more ideal than the open house concept.

The strongest argument in favor of the Open House concept is that it has been replicated in 20 other cities across the globe, from Chicago and Barcelona to Rome, Malaysia, Singapore and Buenos Aires.