A Study About Netherlands Architecture Essay

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The culture of Americans comes from a conglomeration of many different cultures that were either here or emigrated from other countries. I have a large portion of my bloodline from Dutch heritage residing the Netherlands.

In researching how the Dutch people are I have found that a large portion of the values that I have been taught are actually Dutch ideals. These are values like humility, friendliness (Although they are reserved publically making them sometimes seem unfriendly to outsiders.) and downplaying being flamboyant with wealth. They have a very high value on hard being a hard worker, and independent. Of the values that Dutch people are taught that have not been a focus during my upbringing are honesty, and modesty. I was taught that it was acceptable to broadcast your wealth and that it is sometimes necessary to be dishonest to get what you want.

Dutch value punctuality, privacy, and education which are all signs of a higher value of self-control they posses. They sometimes come off as pushy because they have strong opinions and will vocalize them. They will publicly debate things they value as injustices if they believe that the subject is important enough.

I'm not sure why my Dutch ancestors left The Netherlands but research suggests that the reason most Dutch people left their home was because of the opportunities that were available in the United States. Often people left other countries due to some sort of struggle with the government or poverty, but the Dutch had a comparatively good home in The Netherlands to some of the other countries in Europe. Still ?Most Dutch came to America simply because they calculated that the future promised more prosperity for them and their children in America than in Holland. The Dutch were ever "family, faith, and farming" advocates. And the Dutch ? as opposed to the Puritans ? enjoyed the materialistic and creature comforts in life that their hard-earned money bought. I believe that if my ancestors left the Netherland due to some adversity, then my family would have been able to tell me about it.

When thinking of landmarks of the Netherlands the windmills the country is so famous for always come to mind, but there are other landmarks too. Koninklijk Paleis (Royal Palace) another popular landmark was originally created to be used as a town hall in the mid 17th century. Koninklijk Paleis is now mostly used as a tourist attraction.

European fashions are popular in the Netherlands, and in keeping with the high value of organization the Dutch have usually wear neatly kept, stylish clothing. The traditional wooden shoes are nearly never worn anymore by anybody except farmers. Farmers wear them because they protect the wearer?s feet from moisture and dirt better than leather shoes do. Some of the more iconic characteristics of the Netherlands geography come from the fact that ?a large portion of the land has been reclaimed from the sea. The Netherlands has a mostly flat geography, and 27 percent of it is below sea level. (http://geography.about.com/od/specificplacesofinterest/a/dykes.htm)  Of famous people from the Netherlands Vincent van Gogh is one of the most recognizable. Van Gogh is known internationally as a major contributor to modern art.

The Dutch practice Agriculture in a number of ways. Major Agricultural crops include potatoes, wheat, and corn. Potatoes are grown in almost all of the areas that have sufficient farmable land, and the farmers that grow potatoes as a crop use large machines to do their farming. These machines include large tractors for plowing the lands, massive harvesters for when their crops have grown and shakers to rid the dirt off the potato crops. Other technology used to farm potatoes includes the irrigation systems that water the crops and manure spreaders to fertilize the land.

The division of labor that is used on potato farms is based on skill. The owners of the farm, people who set up irrigation systems and large equipment operators are all skilled workers. The people who are unskilled do minor labor tasks around the farm such as sorting out quality potatoes from bad ones, and the people who clean the potatoes.

Industrialism exists in The Netherlands in the form of car, clothing, chemical and electrical machinery manufacturers. The technology used in car manufacturing includes factories where they build them, which have robots, forklifts, and computers that all combine in the process of manufacturing a car. The division of labor in car factories is done by skill. The skilled employees of the car factories are the Managers that are in authority, forklift mechanics, robotic programs, marketers, advertisers and computer information analysts. The skilled workers have experience in the field based on number of years, and or the amount of education they have received. Unskilled workers in a car factory include line operators, janitorial workers, and forklift operators.

Some level of horticulture is practiced in the Netherlands. They are known for their flowers but they also use horticulture to harvest grapes, apples and cherries. Flowers are the Netherlands most famous use of horticulture. The Netherlands actually hosts the largest flower market in the world in Aalsmeer. In 1995, Dutch growers produced over 8 billion blooms and the flower auctions collectively traded more than 5.4 billion guilders (about $3.2 billion) in cut flowers and potted plants, contributing over 4 billion guilders annually to the Dutch balance of trade.

When flower horticulturists in the Netherlands plant their flowers they use shovels to plant the seeds. It takes a few days work to get some of the largest flower gardens planted. When the flowers have bloomed they use hand held cutters to cut the stems of the flower the arrange them into pots and various decorative bouquets. They also have simple buckets filled with water to water the flowers.

In the flower gardens the division of labor is done by skill. It is usually the owner of the flower shop who does the combining of the different flowers into bouquets. The owner is the most skilled worker in the garden. The unskilled workers in the garden would be the people who plant the seeds with their shovels and trowels.  The same people who plant the seeds are usually the same ones who gather the flowers once they bloom, and do so using hand powered cutters then bringing them to the person who is responsible for putting them into bouquets.

The Netherlands is known for their use of sheep in their clothing, but other animals are raised too. The raising of cows, pigs, and goats are other examples of pastoralism. The people of the Netherlands use products from animals in their clothing and for food. They also use the animals themselves as a food source such as the use of butchered cows and pigs for their meat.

The method of raising animals in the Netherlands is done using pastoralism. When a sheep pastoralist is growing sheep they use fences to keep the sheep from running off, they also make common use of barns to protect the sheep from weather when they are not on the pasture. To hydrate the sheep they use troughs filled with water, and the sheep feed themselves with grass from the pasture.

The main use of sheep in the Netherlands is for their fur. The fur on a sheep is cut off by farmers by gathering a sheep with sufficient fur growth then the fur is cut of using razors and scissors, cleaned with brushes that have metal pins that stretch the wool, then spun into yarn using large machines.

The division of labor on the wool farms is done by skill. The person who owns the farm is the highest skilled person on the farm and is usually the most experienced. The owner is the one who supervises the other workers on the farm as they tend to the more simple tasks designated for less skilled individuals. The less skilled workers on the farms do tasks such as filling the water troughs and gathering sheep to have their fur cut.

As in many other areas of the world the people of the Netherlands use Electronic Information Technology as a major subsistence strategy. Electronic Information Technology is used extensively in the Netherlands to keep track of information such as banking, in libraries, education records, and tourism.

Banking makes a heavy use of Electronic Information Technology. The banks in the Netherlands use computers hardware, software, cash registers, debit cards, money counters, and the internet. The Banking is done with electronic and physical mediums where people wanting to spend money and cash checks can go to a bank teller who then counts the money using their hands or a money counter, inputs the amount of cash withdrawn or deposited into a computer which has software that keeps track of account balances. The computer is connected to the internet which enables other banks in to keep track of the persons account. When the person has the money deposited  they can spend the money in their account at stores and their money will be withdrawn accurately from their checking account.

The division of labor at banks in the Netherlands is done by skill. The most skilled people in a bank are the Managers. These people have accountant degrees and years of experience in the banking field. The unskilled workers of the banks are the bank tellers who usually have a degree in accounting but lack the experience of the more skilled managers. Other unskilled workers include security guards that protect cash when it is being transported, or janitors that clean the bank. Unskilled bank workers usually have a limited education only a few years experience.

Every field I have discussed combines a few or all of the subsistence strategies I have discussed. An example of this is the potato farmers who use agriculture as their main subsistence strategy, but they combine other ones to a lesser degree. For instance the potato farmers will use Electronic Information Technology to keep track of the amount of potatoes that they grow for different seasons, then compare the different growths to try and improve their crops for the next season.

The Netherlands employs a Centralized political system because they yield their sovereignty to a centralized monarchy as well as a democracy. The monarchy of the Netherlands is given power by birth but is not a major force of power in the Netherlands, and is mostly for ceremonial purposes. The monarchy has a minimal amount of power over the legislator. The monarchy normally just submit bills to the legislator. The holders of the power in the Netherlands are the family of the monarchy which is simply legitimized through religion. The democracy of the Netherlands is legitimized by elections which are done locally using Electronic Information Technology. The people who are allowed to vote are all citizens of the Netherlands above the age of 18.

The police force of the Netherlands is divided into divisions that are run by a Head Commissioner who manages the forces. There are many Head Commissioners throughout the Netherlands that all run a single district. The districts are divided into regions. The amount of individual police forces in the area is relative to the amount of crime and population in the area. There are about 55,000 police employees serving in the Netherlands. There is also a royal police force in the Netherlands known as the Royal Marechaussee. The Marechaussee force was created by King William the 1st to protect and administer the will and people of the monarch, but they are now used as border police, military police and for guard duties.

The biggest type of reciprocity used in the Netherlands is negative reciprocity. This is done with a monetary system. The currency used in the Netherlands is the Euro, so money gained in the Netherlands is useable all over Europe. The Netherlands employs market exchange based on supply and demand, so when something is in demand the price of it goes up. Fresh grapes in the off season are more expensive than they are in harvest season because they are less available and harder to obtain. The Netherlands uses value added exchange in the economics. An example of the use of value added exchange is when a person goes to the store to buy an apple the store charges more for the apple than they do paid for it themselves. The store is making use of negative reciprocity to gain a profit. There are some aspects of socialism in the Netherlands. Things such as healthcare and road taxes are examples of socialistic practices. The healthcare in the Netherlands is very high quality but most people buy their own healthcare insurance, but there is subsidized healthcare for people who are considered low income.

If you are going to do business in the Netherlands it is important for you to be on time. The Dutch are organized so they feel that even being a few minutes late is extremely unprofessional. The Dutch value their relationships over time and expect honesty in people?s business practices. When someone in the Netherlands does business with you they are normally trying to get loyalty and repeat business.

Christianity is the largest religion followed in the Netherlands, so most of citizens are monotheistic and believe in the single god that Christianity does. The largest religion is Roman Catholicism, whose adherents make up to 31 percent of the population. The Dutch practice Christian holidays such as Christmas and Easter with traditions of the holidays consisting of religious rituals. The honesty and humility that Catholicism encourages is apparent in the hospitality that the Dutch exhibit in a private environment in their homes, as well as their business practices.

Monogamy is the marriage practice that is supported in the Netherlands, this is a result of the Roman Catholic religion that is the largest religion in the Netherlands. When people get married in the Netherlands they choose their partners by dating for normally years at a time. They normally marry in their economic class, and ethnicity because they have a hard time meeting and relating to people from other classes or ethnicities. When people get married they do so because they are in love with each other and once they marry they live in nonlocal dwellings. They still keep contact with their extended families but live with their nuclear families. Usually the visit or are visited by their extended families during holidays and special occasions. Decent is traced through patrialiange because when people get married they acquire the name of the male line. People refer to their kin by gender where siblings are Brothers being male and Sisters being female. Parents are ?Mother? which is female and ?Father? which male. Peoples siblings children are called Nieces for females and Nephews for males.

In the Netherlands there are upper, middle and lower class people who are divided by the size of their financial income. The largest class is the middles class which makes up more than half of the population of the Netherlands. The unemployment rate in the Netherlands is 4.2 percent.

I interviewed my brother who had spent a summer in Europe and visited Amsterdam for a weekend trip, and found that the most interesting thing to me that he talked about was the food. He talked about how they cooked really delicious home-style foods and that every restaurant he visited tasted like he had a meal that was made just for him.  He said that the old building even houses added a lot of character to the architecture that you don t normally see in the United States. My brother was actually able to visit the Heineken Brewery in Amsterdam although he was not able to get a tour. He said that the nightlife was actually pretty urban which came as a surprise to me because I was expecting to have a more conservative attitude. My brother suspected that it was because of the city and people he was staying with that he had this experience. He also noted that people ride their bikes far more often in Amsterdam than do here in the United States, which he said was because they don?t have to worry so much about parking. He said that there were restaurants that you could order Pot in, and that it was acceptable and legal to smoke it. I found it interesting that a culture that often characterizes itself with honesty and humility had such liberal views on drugs.

Bibliography

"Amsterdam Information Video Tour." YouTube.com. 26 Dec. 2006. Web. 4 Apr. 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/>.

"Amsterdamn Landmarks and Amsterdam Mounuments." World Guides.com. Web. 6 Apr. 2010. <http://www.world-guides.com/>.

"Economy of the Netherlands." Wikipedia.com. Web. 7 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page>.

"Floral Industry." Wikipedia.com. Web. 7 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page>.

"Geography of the Netherlands." Wikipedia.com. Web. 1 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page>.

Gormley, Myra Vanderpool. "The Duch Touch Upon America." Genealogymagazine.com. Web. 1 Apr. 2010. <http://www.genealogymagazine.com/index.html>.

"Royal Marechaussee." Wikipedia.com. Web. 3 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page>.

"Voting in National Elections - the Netherlands." AngloInfo. 8 Apr. 2010. Web. 5 Apr. 2010. <http://hollandsouth.angloinfo.com/>.

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