A Review On The Port Installations Architecture Essay


The move of the port installations to Punta Langosteira (the outer port) will enable a complete, original and functional re-thinking of the space made available. The existing industrial port´s reformation project aims at improving the sea front by introducing a cluster of creative and cultural industries (cultural quarter) in the city centre, as a catalyst for the city and the three phases of the port.

From this starting point the idea is to reuse land that up to now was reserved for the port's industrial activities and make it accessible for residents to enjoy as new leisure areas. Commercial and culturally lead, green corridors and broad streets will all be projected to let people come into direct contact with the sea.

The site is Battery Quay, Calvo Sotelo North and South Quay, at the southern end of the gardens Méndez Núñez and the Rosaleda, separated from them by the adjoining buildings. The rebuilding foreseen will open the gardens up to the sea and will enable people to walk freely up to the water's edge, turning the only dock that is perpendicular to the city's facade into a magnificent viewing point.

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Taking into account the whole of the docks, the Port of A Coruña has as a whole 219.6 acres for the different services. Due to the scale of the port, the process of regeneration has been divided into three different phases.

Phase One: Battery Quay, Calvo Sotelo North and South Quay (22 acres)

Phase Two: San Diego Quay (98.8 acres)

Phase Three: Fishing basins, Marina and Antedársena basins (98.8 acres)

The convention centre will be carefully thought out on the master plan for as to where it will be situated, and then the rest of the buildings will be arranged accordingly and unify to make a Cultural Quarter (22 acres). The Cultural Quarter will contain a convention centre, a public library, an exhibition space, a commercial centre, a hotel, a sport centre, and a market place.

The Convention centers will be the key building to the Cultural Quarter with enough open space to host public and private business and social events for its surrounding population area, and offer new opportunities to other businesses around Galicia and Spain. Enough floor area, and lecture halls, will be provided to accommodate several thousand attendees and rent space for meetings such as corporate conferences, industry trade shows, entertainments, an exhibition space and a concert hall.

Proposed Location:

Battery Quay, Calvo Sotelo North and South Quay

Outside Advisers/clients to be used as sources of Reference:

La Coruña city council, and Port authority


Since the project of the new Outer Port Facilities in Punta Langosteira, will be finished in 2012, all existing industrial activities in the port of A Coruña will be transferred during 2010 onto the new outer port, starting with Battery Quay, Calvo Sotelo North and South Quay, therefore providing additional land to the city centre.

The port of A Coruña, as focal point of the whole City, is vital to the promotion of European City objectives. One mark of the European style of civilization is the concentration of civic, cultural and commercial life in city centers, in a manner and style related to the individual and not to the car.

The port will create a pedestrian friendly cultural quarter, and consolidate its position as a service and business hub, which will become a haven for tourists, business men and with new uses for citizens. The surrounding area around the port contains a unique identity and character with a contrast between new and old architecture. The scale and location of the port in relation to the city also highlights its importance and provides a safe and welcoming environment and contributed to turning A Coruña into a cosmopolitan and forward-thinking city.


Over the centuries, the coastline of A Coruña, a city that looks out directly onto the Atlantic Ocean, exerted an irresistible attraction on Celts, Phoenicians and Romans. In the 2nd century, they built the Tower of Hercules, today the world's only working Roman lighthouse, the pride of the city and declared as a World Heritage Site.

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In the 9th century, the city suffered successive waves of attacks by the Norman pirates. During the middle Ages the population settled on the site that today is known as the Old Town. In 1208, Coruña received its city charter from King Alfonso IX, who also conferred a series of royal privileges on the city.

A year after the Spanish Armada called in at the Port of A Coruña on its way to invade England, the corsair Francis Drake, a loyal servant of Queen Elizabeth I of England attacked the city, which was valiantly defended by the people of A Coruña, led by the local heroine María Pita. During the French invasion, A Coruña was the only city that stood up to the invading troops. Particularly worthy of mention is the Battle of Elviña, which took place on 16 January 1809 and during which General Sir John Moore was fatally wounded whilst defending the city. Today his remains are buried in San Carlos Gardens.

The 17th and 18th centuries were marked by intense trading activity with America and numerous Spanish and European ports.

The 19th century was a time rapid economic, cultural and urban development, reflected in the gallery windows that line Avenida de la Marina, the Modernist buildings and the Kiosco Alfonso... in the 20th century, the city became a hive of activity, focusing on culture, progress and the future.

The sea, a constant figure in the history of the city of A Coruña, is the first thing that strikes you when arriving in the city by sea, land and especially by air. The stunning views of the tidal estuary are truly unforgettable, but there is much more to discover.

Old Town

As in every city, the "Old Town" is an absolute must. Corners rich in history, squares where time seems to have stood still, such as Las Bárbaras or Azcárraga, lined with ancient trees... you can also admire splendid examples of Romanesque art in the churches dotted around this quarter.

Churches like the Collegiate Church of Santa María del Campo, a superb example of the Ogival Romanesque style; the churches of Santiago, San Francisco, the convents of Las Bárbaras and Santo Domingo are all true works of art; emblematic streets named after ancient guilds that transport us back in time to a medieval and Baroque city.

In the Old Town you will find fascinating antique shops, situated in a unique location totally in keeping with the objects they sell, as well as traditional taverns and delightful restaurants. When night falls this area is transformed into one of the hubs of the city's nightlife.

From the Sea Promenade

The Sea Promenade is the ideal point from which to start exploring the city. It's more than 13.5 kilometers, which make this the longest promenade in Europe, encircling the city from San Antón Castle to El Portiño. It has a bicycle lane, tram, road and pedestrian walkway. Starting from San Antón Castle, you will be able to admire the marina with its mooring berths and services, as well as the yachts and sailing ships that create a colorful sight all year round.

A city to have fun in

A Coruña has always been noted for its outgoing and extrovert character. Locals love to get out and about, enjoying an evening stroll, a shopping trip, going for tapas or meeting friends for a drink at the street cafés in winter as well as in summer. In keeping with Spain's long-standing tradition of social gatherings in cafés, the city's residents love to meet to chat and discuss everyday events.

The city of glass

It's well worth taking the time to explore the city centre. Leave your car and enjoy a stroll around the streets, because this is a city that is made for walking.

The centre forms the hub of the city's economic, commercial and cultural activity, with its busy port and cruise liner dock. The perfect starting point and an absolute must on every visitor's itinerary is Plaza de María Pita, site of the City Hall and watched over by the statue of local heroine María Pita and the eternal flame.

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Yet perhaps A Coruña is best-known for its glass façade that looks out onto the sea in Avenida de La Marina, gallery windows which are probably the finest example of this typical element of Galician architecture. The colonnades offer numerous street cafés and restaurants.

Back to the sea

A unique location -a peninsula jutting out into the majestic sea- has provided this city with its principal source of wealth: the port, one of the most important in Europe. Yet the port has not only determined the economic development of this city, but has also contributed to forming its open, tolerant character, and the welcoming nature of its inhabitants.

The freshest fish and shellfish straight from the Galician tidal estuaries, much appreciated throughout Spain, are delivered daily at first light to A Coruña's fish market. Fishermen and shellfish gatherers take part in the auction: a complex language and signaling system, crates of fish, a smell of salt, fish and shellfish. Voices are raised in an attempt to get the best price. Sights and sounds that are definitely not to be missed.

Several slogans have been used to define A Coruña: "the City of Glass"; "the City where no one is a stranger"; "Balcony over the Atlantic"... but perhaps the one that best sums up the essence of this city is "A Coruña: a city to come back to".

Site (physical context)

Site choice

All the docks cover a surface area of 219.6 acres, including city, fishing and industrial functions. There is a clear division between the north docks, mainly for urban use, and the south docks, which are more focused on large premise use. Due to the scale of the port, the process of regeneration has been divided into three different phases.

Phase One: Battery Quay, Calvo Sotelo North and South Quay (22 acres)

Phase Two: San Diego Quay (98.8 acres)

Phase Three: Fishing basins, Marina and Antedársena basins (98.8 acres)

The selected site

The location of the site is on phase one, which is of the upmost importance to the regeneration of the port, a key starting point for A Coruña, to becoming a European city, by introducing a catalyst (cultural quarter) for the city and adjacent communities.

The location profits from superb permeability and connectivity. The Rosaleda and Mendez Nuñez gardens rest beside the adjacent listed and governmental buildings along the battery Quay. The buildings are the government delegation office, the marine military command head quarters, customs main office, the police head quarter, and Galicia's port authority head quarters.

Site information

The site is also located between the transatlantic quay where large cruises moor (54.575 passengers last year) and Linares Quay (950 fishing boats last year) which holds A Coruña´s fish market which opens at 5am, at this time of day the site gathers a particular and traditional smell of salt, fish and shellfish.

The site is composed by three quays, Battery, Calvo Sotelo North and Calvo Sotelo South Quays all quays have rail tracks.

Battery quay is 277m long, with a draught of 11m and with two width of 23-55m. Its use is for general goods, bulks and contains a roll-on/roll-off ramp, with installations for the supply of water and electricity. The load and download installations are prioritised for Pneumatic fluidities of cement and aluminium which are stored in seven cylindrical tanks. The quay also holds three commercial buildings Unión Fenosa Substation, Cement Silos Tudela Veguín and Aluminium Silos Alcoa Inespal and five official governmental buildings.

Calvo Sotelo North Quay is 220m long, with a draught of 11-13m and a width of 20m. Its use is also for general goods, with two electrical gateway cranes of 6tm and one electrical gateway crane of 16tm. There are nautical and fishing installations an official building which is the Port Authority Vigilance Service and one commercial building, Tide graph of the Geographic and Property Values Institute.

Calvo Sotelo South Quay is 420m long, with a draught of 7-10m and a width of 40m. Its use is also for general goods, with four electrical gateway cranes of 6tm and one electrical gateway crane of 16tm. There are also nautical and fishing installations with a Cold-store Fruit Terminal Installations for the supply of water and electricity. The load and download installations are prioritised for Pneumatic fluidities of cement, oils and fats pumping and vegetal oils pumps which are stored in thirteen cylindrical tanks. The site has two large warehouses and five commercial buildings Cement silos, Oil silos, Oils and fats silos, Transformation house of union FENOSA and Port authority transformation House.

All the properties (except the listed governmental buildings) along the three quays are prefabricated warehouses; each individual building will be dismantled and taken over to the new outer port by the end of 2010. The only remaining buildings on the site will be the five listed government buildings, four cylindrical tanks and six cranes of 6tm.

Visual impacts

The combination of all three quays creates an impressive visual impact due to the sheer size of the site. There are several visual impacts between the scale of the buildings in the city centre and the narrow streets in relation to the vast spacious plane along the site with large monstrosity structures such as the cranes and oil tankers, and vessels that berth along the quays. When walking along the city you feels warm, sheltered, and safe but when you walk along the quays it's completely the opposite you feel intimidated by the surroundings, alone, small, cold, and lost when facing towards the Atlantic Ocean. These feelings are all generated by the characteristic beauty of the site, such impressive feelings caused due to the different scales and vast visual gaps towards the city, port and the Atlantic Ocean.

Identification of any existing hazards

Ground conditions and hazards

All three quays were built in 1927, a fixed platform, on pilings. Since the purpose of the quays are for storage areas with warehouses, and its objective is to unload and reload vessels as quickly as possible, the site is kept in good conditions, and any repairs are dealt with as soon as possible, to reduce delays during the loading and unloading of the vessels.


Maximum tidal movement/range: 4,50 m

Quay walls with respect to the 0 of the maximum tidal run: 6.50m

Significant wave height with a return period of 50 years: 11 m

If there were waves of up to 11m in the harbour area, waves would be a hazard on the site. Since there was a slight possibility of any tidal hazards, the quays were constructed with a slight tilt from the centre of the quay towards the water edge to force the water to run off back into the Atlantic Ocean.

Given the current use of the port is industrial the current air quality, noise, and light pollution are slightly high. Although most of the noise pollution created on site are inside the warehouses, with 80+ db (A) the main road that runs along the back of the site with 65 db (A) and the areas where they load and download goods with 55 db (A) and some areas with less than 45db (A). The site creates no waste of residues, and small amounts of light pollution since works are done during the day. The air quality is slightly higher since the fish market is next to the site.

Environmental Factors


Wind pattern

Prevailing: N.E.

Dominant: S.

The site´s climate is temperate maritime and heavily determined by the Atlantic Ocean; however it does display some characteristics of a Mediterranean climate. Autumn and winter are often unsettled with temperature averages of 13 °c and up to 19 °c and unpredictable, with strong winds and abundant rainfall off up to 600mm, coming from Atlantic depressions and it is often overcast. The ocean keeps temperatures mild, and frost and snow are rare. In summer, it is quite dry and sunny with only occasional rainfall; temperatures are warm off up to 22°c but rarely uncomfortably hot due to the sea's cooling influence during the day. Spring is usually cool and fairly calm.

The site is heavily influenced by the climate, sun light and day light since there are no adjacent buildings for shelter or reducing the strong winds that penetrate the site freely from the south or north east.

Design factors and opportunities and limitations of the site


The site will contains 5 grade 1 listed buildings, 4 grade 2 listed cylindrical tanks, the rail tracks and 6 cranes which will be left once all the existing installations are moved to the outer port. All listed buildings contain private gardens surrounding the property, consent will be necessary to incorporate their land to the site and allow a visual and pedestrian permeability on the site. Urban design policies in the Local Development Frame Work (LDF) will be taken into account during the designing stage.


The glass galleries on the Marina Avenue run perpendicular to the site, this architectural language will play an important role within my design. The facade treatment will implement different combinations of voids, solids, colour, and texture to merge itself with the existing language of the city. Galicia´s have always said that windows are picture frames.

Site Access

At the moment the site has a restricted access for vehicles unless you are an employee, but pedestrian access is allowed on the port except the areas which are privately own by companies, such as warehouses.

The site contains two main access roads; one is located on Lineras Rivas Avenue for large lorries, cranes, and trucks and the other access point is on the transatlantic quay for private vehicles.

There is an existing rail tracks that runs through the whole of the port and into each individual quay, which is currently used to move the cranes along the quays and to transport shipping containers, and goods directly to the goods station of RENFE in San Diego (the station inside the port). From this station depart the two available lines to Madrid (Santiago-Ourense-Zamora and Lugo-León-Palencia), with connections to Ferrol, Vigo and Portugal.

The main train station of A Coruña is San Cristobal a 10 min ride by bus (line1) from the port and has regular long-distance lines to Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Irún, besides regional connections to the rest of Galicia.

The harbour entrance is orientated to the north, with a width of 800m and a depth of 21m and a maximum registered current of 0 knots.

Pedestrian access is located every 300m through electronic gates; the gates are open every day from 5am till 5pm. All the gates along the port have bus stops with line 1 which takes you around the city centre; bus frequency is every 20 min to provide easy access to the port.

The site is only 20m away from the ferry/cruise terminal; direct access is possible by car and walking.

The port also has its own fire station, police head quarters, petrol station and a small hospital.


An outline brief

The move of the port installations to Punta Langosteira (the outer port) will enable a complete, original and functional re-thinking of the space made available. The existing industrial port´s reformation project aims at improving the sea front by introducing a cluster of creative and cultural industries (cultural quarter) in the city centre, as a catalyst for the city and the three phases of the port.

From this starting point the idea is to reuse land that up to now was reserved for the port's industrial activities and make it accessible for residents to enjoy as new leisure areas. Commercial and culturally lead, green corridors and broad streets will all be projected to let people come into direct contact with the sea.

Cultural quarters are a way of explicitly linking the growth of creative industries with urban regeneration objectives.

The convention centre will be at the end of Calvo Sotelo North and South Quay facing towards the Atlantic Ocean, the rest of the buildings will be arranged accordingly and all unify to make a Cultural Quarter (22 acres). The Cultural Quarter will contain a convention centre, a public library, an exhibition space, a commercial centre, a hotel, a sport centre, and a market place.

The Convention center will be one of the key contributors to the economic and cultural vitality of the Cultural Quarter with enough open space to host public and private business and social events for its surrounding population area, and offer new opportunities to other businesses around Galicia and Spain. Enough floor area, and lecture halls, will be provided to accommodate several thousand attendees and rent space for meetings such as corporate conferences, industry trade shows, entertainments, an exhibition space and a concert hall.

A Coruña´s city and business opportunity

A Coruña's current population consists mainly on ages between 40-80+, most of the towns around A Coruña are dyeing due to the rapid reduction of fishing industries in small towns, the project aims at improving the current population in A Coruña and offers a business opportunity. These opportunities consists of four integrated elements all of which are present, a need, the means to fulfill the need, a method to apply the means to fulfill the need and a method of benefit.

As a modern, functional Convention centre, it's destined to become the new hub for the financial operations of the regional business community. It will also enhance the cultural and social fabric of A Coruña and become a major tourist attraction.

Creative workers will tend to congregate in mixed-use neighborhoods with opportunities to work, live and socialize in one environment. The density of communication and interaction in this environment allows people to rapidly share ideas, learn and generate a worm community.


A sustainable city is a livable city, particular and created by its inhabitants, in tune with its local climate, culture and operations. The creation of a generic solution is therefore only possible on a very abstract level, and the generation of a method for a sustainable city only interesting and valuable when applied to a real world scenario. The master plan´s concept will be developed for an approach to sustainable decision making for program (density, type, distribution etc), mass, logistics, and quality of environment. Applying this necessarily becomes a process rather than just a set of rules.

Expectations on the quality to be achieved

The architectural approach to design the convention centre will be a softer, more fluid, sculptural manner.

The project and master plan will create a beautiful working environment, for employees and new/existing communities, and take advantage of its location, not only physically but also visually and increase its natural beauty with green spaces, green corridors, hard and soft landscapes, open activities and direct access to the water edge.

The internal program and structure has to be carefully planned out so that all internal and external spaces relate to each other in an orderly manner, so that the pedestrian flow is simple and large groups can move through the building easily.

Due to the location of the site and its exposure to the Atlantic Ocean, salt, weathering, erosion, wind, solar, north and south facing facades special considerations will be made on the quality of the materials and finishes to prevent additional future costs.

The building has to have a sharp high quality finish. The visual impact is very important for the building as it will be representing the city worldwide. It's important that the convention centre, and the cultural quarter has a strong relationship with the city, so that they become a single community.

The master plan will be arranged so that buildings provide a sense of protection like in the city centre, and the open spaces will try to represent the current feeling of the site, with vast open spaces.

A great event is all in the details.

A diagrammatic analysis of the functional areas and their relationships

The main entrance leads you straight onto a convention square/ exhibition space and the administrative offices. The ball room/concert hall is located near the entrance due to its program and opening times. This type of arrangement creates an entrance hub were after working hours the convention centre could close its main sectors of the building and still run smoothly when the ball room is in use. Beside the main entrance is the main foyer, lounge and business centre. The business centre is composed of several levels of open plan floors for companies and spare office space for daily rental space, the business centre would be open 24/7 therefore it needs to be close to the entrance hub. The building program contains three routes: the first route leads to the main auditorium, the second route leads you to the main restaurant, and the third route leads you to the main exterior exhibition space/public square.

The first route is linked by a short gallery walkway that leads you to the main auditorium foyer and auditorium. On the gallery walkway there is direct access to the hotel or accommodation units. A small (national) ferry terminal could be incorporated to the hotel along the Calvo Sotelo north or south quay, additionally, there will be 6 loading docks, offering direct drive-on access into exhibit halls.

The second route is linked by the main gallery walkway that leads you to the main restaurant which will hold up to 200 seats, with a private access point. The restaurant will be buffet or a la carte. The main gallery walkway also leads you to the exhibition halls 1-4; one of the four exhibition halls will have a system of movable walls to convert a single hall into two individual halls. Each hall will have its own services such as toilets. The second auditorium is next to the main restaurant which is also linked by the main gallery walkway, above the second auditorium there is a terrace meeting room, and two day restaurants and four breakout blocks to relax prior or after each convention. The breakout blocks will have views towards the city centre, or the Atlantic Ocean to create a peaceful environment to relax in.

The third route takes you onto an exterior exhibition space/public square were anyone can attend any convention. There will be permanent sculpture pieces set on the exterior space.

The convention centre will offer large contiguous exhibit spaces. The structure of the building needs to be carefully studied, streamlined columns will be used to reduce the maximum number of columns and provide a column-free space in selected areas. One of the exhibit halls will have to provide a flexible space, glass-enclosed with sweeping views of the city centre, harbour, and the Atlantic Ocean with an industry standard event floor, so that the room becomes flexible for any type of event, and activity ranging from upscale receptions to exhibits.

The building will also feed form all the surrounding buildings such as the main hotel, the public library, the sport centre, the commercial centre, an exhibition space and the market place/square.

The master plan will have restricted access for vehicles, and motor cycles only. Except police, ambulances, fire brigade, disable vehicles, and all other services to the buildings such as maintenance, deliveries etc. There will be a main parking hub to service all buildings, the parking hub will be sheltered and the roof will become part of the landscape. The hub will be connected with a frequent tram line that runs through the site and stops in each individual building, the tram will use the existing rail track line on the site.

List of major rooms in the convention centre

  • Convention square
  • Administration offices
  • Main foyer, lounge
  • Business centre
  • Gallery walkways
  • Ball room/concert hall
  • Hotel
  • Ferry terminal
  • Exhibition hall 1A -1B
  • Exhibition hall 2,3,4
  • Auditorium foyer
  • Main auditoriums
  • Auditoriums 2
  • Main restaurant (seating 200+)
  • Day restaurant 1
  • Day restaurant2
  • Breakout block 1-4
  • Terrance meeting room

There will be one main entrance and two secondary entrances. All the rooms are spread over 3 floors, and linked by a main gallery walkway.

Analysis of the brief with relation to the site

The benefits for A Coruña

The master plan will generate a sustainable process and rules which will later be applied to the convention centre and the rest of the Cultural Quarter buildings.

The proposal will offer a quality cultural quarter that embraces the city with a dedicated cluster of creative and cultural industries, and public spaces. Adding character to the city of A Coruña with new opportunities to work and socialize in one environment. The project will consolidate A Coruña´s reputation as a cultural destination while providing an iconic architectural image for the city.

Phase 2 and 3 will be primarily social/private housing offering the city and the cultural quarter with a new housing community near the city centre. All three phases will cultivate, adapt and create a balance community to the changing needs of the city of A Coruña, and Galicia.

The Cultural Quarter:

  • Enrich our cultural life by attracting internationally acclaimed performances and exhibitions;
  • Nurture local arts talent and create more opportunities for arts groups;
  • Enhance international cultural exchange;
  • Put a Coruña on the world arts and culture map;
  • Provide state-of-the-art performance venues and museums;
  • Offer more choices to arts patrons;
  • Encourage creativity;
  • Enhance the harbour front;
  • Attract overseas visitors; and
  • Create jobs.

Design issues

Existing projects and the themes of the solutions, which identify the architectural qualities of the project

West Kowloon Cultural District: An icon for culture and leisure

A new cultural district for Hong Kong

The West Kowloon Cultural District (WKCD) will be a landmark development that enhances Hong Kong's position as a world city of culture. The new cultural district will bring together a vibrant mix of performing and visual arts. The 40-hectare waterfront site will be both a showpiece for urban design and a meeting point for the local and international arts communities.

In this cluster of venues and open space, long-term commercial, community and cultural partnerships will encourage a lively arts scene for generations to come. Based on the principle of "partnership", the WKCD will be "community-driven" and "people-oriented".

A grand canopy, providing shade and shelter for the facilities below, will make the complex a new Hong Kong icon. With its sinuously flowing form, this feature was, in February 2002, chosen by an international jury from over 160 entries as the winner of an international concept plan competition. It was adopted as the basis for inviting proposals from the market in September 2003. By June 2004, five proposals had been received, three of which met the basic requirements. These proposals are now being assessed.

The core facilities

  • Three theatres with at least 2,000, 800 and 400 seats respectively;
  • A performance venue with at least 10,000 seats;
  • A cluster of four museums at least 75,000 square metres in size;
  • An art exhibition centre at least 10,000 square metres in size;
  • A water amphitheatre;
  • At least four piazzas; and
  • A canopy covering at least 55% of the development area.

Other highlights

The district will integrate commercial and residential development into the arts, cultural and leisure facilities. This integrated approach will ensure more visitors and bring benefits to all the sectors involved.

The district will have at least 20 hectares of parkland and public open space, an area larger than Victoria Park.

The waterfront promenade will be 50% longer than the promenade from the Tsim Sha Tsui clock tower to the Hong Kong Coliseum.

An automated people mover will link the major facilities within the district while public transport will link the district with the business heart of Kowloon.

Information gathered from:



San Diego Convention Centre

The San Diego Convention Center is the primary convention center in San Diego, California. It is located in the Marina district of downtown San Diego near the Gaslamp Quarter, at 111 West Harbor Drive. The center is managed by the San Diego Convention Center Corporation, a non-profit public benefit corporation.

The convention center offers 57,200 m² of exhibit space. As of 2009 it was the 24th largest convention facility in North America.[1] It was designed by Canadian architect Arthur Erickson. Capacity for the facility is 125,000. [1]

The center's most distinguishing feature is the Sails Pavilion, a 90,000 square foot exhibit and special event area. The Sails Pavilion's roof consists of distinctive Teflon-coated fiberglass "sails" intended to reflect San Diego's maritime history, as well as to advertise the center's proximity to the San Diego shore. The Pavilion was originally built as an open-air facility under the roof. However, the center found it hard to convince potential users to book an open-air facility, so the Pavilion area was enclosed in glass, greatly expanding the usable area of the center.[2]

  1. Reid, Calvin (July 27, 2009). "Soldout in San Diego: Another Booming Comic-Con". Publishers Weekly (Reed Elsevier Inc.). http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6673130.html. Retrieved 27 July 2009
  2. By Wright, Gordon Publication: Building Design & Construction Date: Monday, January 1 2001 "Buttoning up". http://www.allbusiness.com/construction/nonresidential-building-construction/7460303-1.html

Information gathered from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Diego_Convention_Center

David L. Lawrence Convention Center

The David L. Lawrence Convention Center (DLLCC) is a 1,500,000-square-foot (139,000m2) convention, conference and exhibition building in downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Completed in 2003, it sits on the southern shoreline of the Allegheny River. It is the first LEED-certified convention center in North America and one of the first in the world. [1] It is owned by the Sports & Exhibition Authority of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. [2]


Designed by Rafael Viñoly Architects, P.C., Dewhurst MacFarlane & Partners and Goldreich Engineering P.C., the $354 million riverfront landmark contains 29,100m2 of exhibit space 22,000m2 of which is column-free, 7,100m2 of additional exhibit space, 2,940m2 ballroom, 51 meeting rooms, two 250-seat lecture halls, teleconference and telecommunications capabilities and 420m2 of retail space. The architect, Viñoly, began the design with a goal in mind of achieving the status of a "green" building. In 2003, the building was awarded Gold Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification by the U.S. Green Building Council. [1]

The convention center is home to prominent conventions, such as Anthrocon, the Pittsburgh RV Show, Pittsburgh Boat Show, Pittsburgh Home and Garden Show, Piratefest, and the acclaimed Pittsburgh International Auto Show.

  1. "David L. Lawrence Convention Center.". David L. Lawrence Convention Center. http://www.pittsburghcc.com/cc/. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
  2. "HISTORY". www.pgh-sea.com. Sports & Exhibition Authority of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. 9/1/09. http://www.pgh-sea.com/history.htm.

Information gathered from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_L._Lawrence_Convention_Center

Barcelona International Convention Center (CCIB)

The International convention center is located in the city centre of Barcelona and was completed in 2004; with a floor are 67000 m². The architect is Mateo Arquitectura, lighting designer Biosce & Botey, structural engineer Brufau, Obiol, Mayo & Ass and the client is Barcelona´s council.

This multi-purpose cultural building includes a very large auditorium, a multi-functional performing space, exhibition spaces, meeting rooms, and a restaurant and foyer, in addition to technical services, loading docks, storage spaces, and car parking on two levels. It was part of the controversial 2004 Universal Forum of Cultures in Barcelona and has 45 translucent halls, spread over 3 floors, 2 mezzanines and a basement. The CCIB and the neighboring building Forum Auditorium (by Swiss architects Herzog and De Meuron), are linked to each other by a 20-meter-wide underground walkway. Mateo 'explains': "I have gone back to loving the precision of iron: normal, but monstrous, banal but not domestic, superhuman. The mega structure is seen proudly in the East façade, opposite the elegant neighboring triangle. The bones are covered in the rest of the building."

Information gathered from: http://www.mimoa.eu/projects/Spain/Barcelona/International%20Convention%20Center%20(CCIB)

Vancouver Convention Centre West

The Vancouver convention centre has a harbour front location and breathtaking views; the Vancouver Convention Centre offers one of the most beautiful settings in the world. The addition of our new West Building has tripled our capacity, for a combined total of 43,800 m² of meeting, exhibition, ballroom, and plenary theatre space.

Both the East and West Buildings are designed as a series of modules to offer the highest degree of flexibility. This new combination also allows us to hold simultaneous events, each with their own separate access and function space. Add first class cuisine, the most advanced technology and an exceptional sustainability mandate and your event is sure to be nothing less than remarkable.


Inspiration can come from almost anywhere. That's why we've tried to instill as many inspiring experiences into our facility as we can. Not only will your meeting take place in one of the most unique settings in the world, but the building itself has been designed from top to bottom to open minds and feed imaginations.

A number of sustainable practices and environmentally-conscious design features make the Vancouver convention centre one of the greenest convention centers in the world.

Information gathered from: http://www.vancouverconventioncentre.com/thefacilities/