Study On The Qin Dynasty Anthropology Essay


The Qin dynasty was the First Emperor in China and he had a major army. During this time the Confucius philosophy was banded because Qin dynasty thought that it was threat to his regime and destroyed all the writing works about Confucius philosophy. During this time he also built the Great Wall of China.

  • Great Wall of China
  • This was built along the northern side of China during the time of the Qin dynasty. It is 1, 500 miles long wall and was built by using 700,000 workers. The main purpose of this wall was to protect China from outside enemies. The Great Wall of China was built during the time of Qin dynasty.

  • Varna
  • This is a Neolithic grave site located near the Black Sea. It was discovered around 1971. In this site, around 200 graves were found. Some of the graves indicated high standing individuals, and some graves were empty except for grave goods. From this site, archeologist found lots of gold artifacts.

  • Otzi
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    Otzi also well known as the "Ice man". He was discovered in 1991 near the Italian Alps. He was located in a glacier at 10,500 ft. He is dated around 5,300 BP. Ice man belongs to the early Neolithic period. Some unique events led to the preservation of the body. After conducting the autopsy, archeologists found this individual is around 30 years old and had broken ribs, cuts, bruises and an arrow wound in the upper back of the body.

    Part -2

    Ancient Egypt and China are two of the world's oldest civilizations. These two civilizations took part in two corners of the world and both of them are totally different to each other. Both of the civilizations are unique, advanced and well developed, in comparison with other social structures of the world. Egyptian and Chinese civilizations have some recognizable similarities, such as both these civilizations were based on a river, built famous monuments, believed in the afterlife, had well-developed writing skills and had a good agriculture system.

    Ancient Chinese and Egyptian civilizations were located in two different geographical locations. Egyptian civilization was born near the Nile Valley, which was fertile swatch of land surrounded by desert. The Nile River flows towards North and it had predictable flooding. In the same way the Chinese kingdom was born from the Yellow River. China also had the Gobi desert as part of their kingdom. These two countries are still famous in the world because of the monumental architecture: In Egypt the pyramids and in China, the Great Wall of China. The Great Wall of China was built along the northern borders of China to protect China from enemies outside the country. This was built during the Qin dynasty period. This wall is 1,500 miles long and was built by 700,000 people. This Wall has been constructed and rebuilt during the Qin, Han, and Ming dynasty periods. The construction of this Wall began around fifth century and ended around sixteenth century. The Great Wall of China is known as the worlds largest man made construction in terms of surface and area. During the construction of this wall, numerous people died and most of the dead bodies are buried under the Great Wall. During the early stages of its construction, the wall was made of mud, bricks and stones. On the other hand there are lots of pyramids in Egypt but the Great pyramid of "Khufu" is the biggest one of all. This pyramid is one of the pyramids in the Giza complex which has two more pyramids. It is believed that this pyramid was built as King Khufu's tomb. Workers spent 20 years building it and used 2.3 million limestone blocks. It is well known as tallest man made structure of the world. The technique they used to build this is very sophisticated and advanced. Similarly ancient Chinese kings also built tombs. An example is the Qin dynasty's tomb. All these tombs has grave goods such as things they used in there life.

    The class system of the society in both of the civilizations has some differences. In China, there was an upper class and lower class. In the lower class there were two more subclasses such as horsemen and cattle herdsman. Servants in the nobility houses represented a higher class. The military formed as another special class. As part of the higher class in China and Egypt, kings acted as god and King superior. The King and the kings' successor always came through the family. People had to serve the king. However, Egyptian women had the same standing as the men, which was one of the key features in ancient Egyptian society.

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    Writing in both civilizations was very advanced because they used their own languages. In Egypt, they used Hieroglyph system, which was done in papyrus leaves. In the early days these hieroglyph writings were used more often for administrative work and religious purposes. In China, art and literature is well developed during this time. Starting from Confucius, there were many famous writers, scholars and poets.

    The agriculture of the both societies was based on the fertile soil around the river. The Chinese people grew rice and the Egyptian people grew wheat as their main crop. However, before farming, people around the Nile lived by fishing and hunting. Both of these civilizations had some unique and some sophisticated technology for agriculture. In Egypt the technology they used to build the pyramids and temples was amazing. One of the greatest inventions of ancient Egypt is the calendar. They used the calendar to keep track of the flooding of the Nile River which began in mid June and lasted until mid October. The technologies used by the Chinese people are more advanced than the Egyptian people. From their technology, they created some great inventions such as the compass, gun powder and printing. These inventions changed the life of the future mankind. ("Ancient Egypt" by David P. Silverman, General Editor, "China" by C.P Fitzgerald, "Chinese Civilization"- Eichhorn )

    "Ancient Egypt" by David P. Silverman, General Editor, "China" by C.P Fitzgerald and "Chinese Civilization"- What is going on here? Eichhorn describes Ancient Egypt and China. From these books we can identify the characteristics of each civilization. They also describe the unique features of these time periods. The people lived through some tough times but managed to survive. Both of the civilizations started without proper leadership but the moment they got the proper leadership these civilizations changed and developed their architecture, writing, agriculture and technology. The incredible findings in these civilizations are still one of the greatest discoveries of the world. China and Egypt are two different parts of the world that have two different cultures, but they left so many footprints in history that cannot be replaced by any other civilization on earth.

    Looks good but...

    You need citations for the beginning section and the beginning of your essay. If you use class notes, you need to cite her. --- (Prezzano, 2009) for in text citation and for the sources (which you need a sources page too!) is Prezzano, Susan. In class notes. December 2009.

    I hope this helps! Good luck on the rest of your finals and have a great time in France!