Report On Terrible Working Conditions Animation Essay


Jimmy Hoffa was born in Brazil Indiana, February 14, 1913. His ancestors were primarily Irish-American and Pennsylvania Dutch. Jimmy's father, John was a coal driller that died of lung disease when Jimmy was seven. After his father died, the Hoffa family moved to Detroit, where Jimmy remained most of his life.

It all began when Hoffa started a union through his employment when he worked for a grocery chain as a teenager; the grocery store paid poor wages and had terrible working conditions.

The workers were unhappy with this situation, and tried to start a union to improve their lot. Although Hoffa was young, his courageousness and openness in this role impressed fellow co-workers, and he climbed to a leadership position. After being fired from the grocery chain, partly because of his union actions, Hoffa was drawn in with Local 299 of the IBT (International Brotherhood of Teamsters), in Detroit.[1]

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The IBT organized firefighters and truckers throughout the Midwest. Then spread nationwide across the United States. The union used secondary boycotts, quickie strikes, and other means to leverage union strength at any company, it then moved to organize workers, and then used contract strain at other companies. This process took a number of years from the early 1930's, and eventually brought the Teamsters to be labeled as one of the most powerful unions in the United States. Hoffa played a key role in the expansion of the Teamsters union.[1]

When Hoffa took hold over the Teamsters in 1957, no union was larger or more successful than the IBT.[2] By the end of Hoffa's career, the membership of the IBT stood at more than two million, making it the largest labor union in the history of the united states, and nearly all those members enjoyed wages, hours, and working conditions far superior to those of workers in similar occupations before the growth of the union.[2]

In 1964 Hoffa was convicted in two separate trials of jury tampering and defrauding the union's pension fund, Hoffa had become an outsider to the Teamsters' high command when he entered Lewisburg Penitentiary in March 1967. His union problems began in less than a month, when he and his successor, Frank Fitzsimmons, disagreed over a political appointment. The increasingly bitter war between the two old friends lasted until Hoffa died, and it was to be carried on by Hoffa's supporters even after he was gone.[3] During Hoffa's trial the government informant was present at a number of meetings between Jimmy Hoffa, and his attorney. The informer was invited into the meetings during wich Hoffa talked freely about his actions. The informer relayed to the FBI what Hoffa had said, and that information helped lead to Hoffa's subsequent indictment and conviction.[4]book

Interestingly enough Hoffa had some white house ties. Nixon had formed a quid pro quo alliance with Hoffa during his 1960 presidential campaign against John Kennedy, brother of Hoffa's archenemy. Until he resigned to manage his brother's campaign, Robert Kennedy was chief counsel to the Senate Rackets Committee, which investigated the Teamsters in general and Hoffa in particular. The extraordinary pressure Kennedy placed on Hoffa personally during the committee's hearings, combined with rumors that Bobby Kennedy would become attorney general if his brother was elected, led Hoffa to put his union at Nixon's disposal. According to Ed Partin, a former Hoffa aide turned government informant, in September 1960 the crime boss of Louisiana, Carlos Marcello, contributed $500,000 to the Nixon campaign through Hoffa and his associates. Within a few weeks after the alleged payoff, Nixon, then the vice president, managed to stop a Florida land fraud indictment against Hoffa.[3]

Jimmy Hoffa disappeared on July 30 1975. Following his disappearance, the police and his family began looking for Jimmy. The FBI and his family started looking in cornfields that were nearby only to find nothing at all. At week's end an FBI laboratory technician was analyzing some stains found in a car belonging to the family of reported Mafia Leader Anthony ("Tony Jack") Giacalone; there was some fear that the spots might be Hoffa's blood. Other efforts included the hypnotizing of people who had talked to Hoffa shortly before he disappeared, in the hope of coaxing some leads from their memories of the recent conversation. Some believed that Hoffa may have been kidnaped or have simply disappeared for dark reasons of his own, but the public has learned that federal authorities believe the cocky, stubby union leader has been murdered. The suspected reason: to prevent him from disrupting the lucrative deals between the Mafia and the Teamsters, because after Hoffa was imprisoned Fitzsimmons started to wheel and deal with some Mafia,that involved the teamster's $1.3 billion pension fund. Federal officials theorize that the Mafia grew nervous as Hoffa, released from jail in 1971, tried to regain the Teamster leadership from Fitzsimmons, who by then did not want to give up the job. Not that Hoffa had been above working with the Mafia when he was in power, but he was no man to push around. "The Mafia clans had smooth sailing with Fitzsimmons," explains one Justice Department official. "They didn't want Hoffa rocking the boat."[5]

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After five years of investigating the Hoffa case went cold, until 1993. Don Frankos was former mobster that came out in a book stating while he was in prison for murder, he participated in a numerous amounts of mob murders outside of prison with the use of fake furloughs that he had gotten from a corrupt prison officer. Frankos had said that, during one of those fake furloughs, he had taken part in the murder of Jimmy Hoffa. Chuckie O'Brien (Hoffa's god son) lured Hoffa to a house that was owned by a mobster. Once in the house Hoffa was shot Frankos with a .22 caliber suppressed pistol, they then dismembered the body, and left it in a meat locker in the basement for a long period of time. After the long debate was settled on how to get rid of the body, a hitman came and sealed the body in an oil drum and buried it underneath Giants Stadium.[6]

In 2004, Charles Brandt, published the book I Heard You Paint Houses. The title is based longo used by hitmen and their employers. "House painting" alludes to homicide, and "doing my own carpentry," means disposing the body. Brandt encountered a series of confessions by a guy named Sheeran regarding the Hoffa murder. He claimed Sheeran had contacted him because he wanted to ease feelings of guilt. Over the course of many years, he talkd to Brandt by phone (which Brandt recorded) during which he admitted his role as Hoffa's killer, he claims that he was acting on behalf of the Mafia. He claimed to have used his acquaintance with Hoffa to lure him to a fake meeting in Bloomfield Hills. He then drove him to a home in Detroit, where he shot him twice before running and leaving Hoffa's body in the house. Brandt says that Hoffa's body was cremated hours after Sheeran's departure.[7]

In 2004, authorities in Detroit took floorboards from the Detroit house where Sheeran said that Hoffa had been shot. However, in February 2005, the FBI Crime Lab stated that, while there had been some male, human blood in the floorboards, the blood failed match Hoffa's. It was later exposed that the DNA evidence was destroyed when the wrong Luminol was used to find the stains of blood.[8]

In 2006 Kuklinski put out a book claiming that he was a large part in Hoffa's disappearance. He stated that he and three other men had met Hoffa for some lunch at the Machus Red Fox, they invited Hoffa in to their van and when Hoffa got in, Kuklinski struck Hoffa knocking him out, and then stabbed him with a knife in the head. Kuklinski then transported the body back to Jersey, where it was shoved in a 50 gallon drum. The drum was put in to the trunk of a car, and sent to a scrap metal yard where it was crushed into a small block. He then stated that the block was sold to Japanese automakers so that it could be melted down to make new cars. [9]

The Hoffa mystery is both puzzling and fun, mixed with a little bit of fact and myth. There is evidence of Hoffa being murdered, and that is what many believe. Some believe that he is still alive, it will all remain a mystery until the day we know all the facts, a day that I think will never come.