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Crime can be said to be an act of breaking the set rules (law) of a particular given environment. Different nations have established various set of guideline to promote; well being of the society, unity, peace and indeed facilitate smooth running of the authorities. However, it should be noted that a crime in one nation might not be a crime in another country and thus this has always called for an international set of rules that should apply globally. For instance smoking marijuana in Jamaica is a normal practice whereas this is a great offense in United States and other part of the world. Criminology therefore, seeks the understandings of how transforming society, economy, and perception of people in regarding to laws and orders enforcement.
It has been argued that behavior can be controlled and in many ways without having to adopt into criminal justice system of a given nation. During early age, when courts, constitutions, formal laws, police, lawyers and judges were unknown, personal application of criminology method was greatly utilized, not only to promoted peace and harmony but also to foster (positive) behaviors in the society. Likewise in the 21 century personal application of criminology has been employed in many scenarios where society needs to shape the attitude of the individuals and indeed create particular social norms.
In these scenarios we are dealing with case where by a parent of a 16 years old boy arrives at his home at unusual time and finds the doors of his house open. When he enters in the house and to his surprise he finds his son's friend in the kitchen drawer. The boy explained he was looking for a paper and a pencil to so that he can leave a note to his friend (the son of house owner). Contrary, on the counter next to suspected boy there was a lock - pick, Jewelry and the smell of marijuana was all over. The owner of the house told the boy to leave immediately which he does. This paper therefore intends to provide way the forward.
According to Krohn some theories that are often used in criminology to help get an understanding for why crimes are being committed are differential association and control theory. He said that these theories are based on the basis that criminal behavior is a learned thing in which people learn to be criminals through other individuals. Through social interaction the people learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior. He explained another popular theory by William's Glassier also supported that by describing that behavior is caused by what a person needs most any given time and not by any outside stimuli. Since the rule of law has been introduced to almost all environments globally, there has been a question of "at what age does an individual termed as a child?" this is due to the fact that the case in this paper can be termed as juvenile crime and thus this case stimulates a lot of option to be considered.
Assuming I am the parent involved, the first action will be, telling the culprit that stealing is a vice and crime, and the action could land him in jail if he will not stop the habit. I would have explain the fact to him that; drug are harmful to his health. The next step would have been to call my boy not only to witness the behavior of his friend but also to find out whether he has been influenced too. It would be vital to establish whether my boy knows whether his friend is a thief and he take drugs. This would be important because, if I discover my boy has the same habit I will make arrangement of taking him to rehabilitation and indeed caution him to stay away from the friend. It is also very important to inform the parent of the found boy, in order for appropriate action to be taken as already the victim may be a drug addict and thus prompt action would be vital. My boy deserve a punishment for letting a visitor move around my house without being monitored and moreover I will advise him on choosing nice friends and warn him of mingling with the victim (his friend who was caught in the house). It would be vital if both children are educated that stealing is a vice and taking drug might lead to someone being sentenced in jail or death due to impact of taking them.
I ought for these decisions because, according to Krohn (1979) there many ways of fostering social cohesion and behaviors. He added that material conditions are fundamental to social cohesion such as: income, health, education and housing. In addition, he argued that Relations between and within communities suffer when people lack work and endure hardship and communication. Krohn also said that the third dimension refers to the positive interactions, exchanges and networks between individuals and communities, or "active social relationships". Such contacts and connections are potential resources for places since they offer people and organizations mutual support, information, and a need to trust each other at all time.
By letting my boy know what his friend did, will assist to help him know that: when he has visitors he should always monitor them and direct them through since he is there to represent his parent when he is not there, that he should be careful when choosing and monitoring what they do, This incidence will also allow me know whether my child take drugs too (whether it is a habit they have been doing together as friends), and indeed, I will let them (my boy and his friend) that stealing is bad and drugs are harmful. By doing these, the children will change their behavior and my boy will also know once someone makes a mistake there is a punishment. By informing my son's friend parents about their children, this would be seen as a positive act and thus good social cohesion may grow and this children may feel afraid of misbehaving since they will understand they been observed by the society (parents from two sides probably). In addition, since the boy didn't know that his friend will burglarized to their house he will apologize and likewise these is expected from the parents of the victim boy these shows that neither neither the boy or the family of the boy found in the house still advocated for vices like stealing and indeed for drugs.
It has been discussed that; Criminology is interested in looking to a crime especially those in relation to society. Researching on this king of crime causes crime factors for its occurrences. It has been discussed one way in which these is accomplished is through causation studies. This method helps criminologist identify a way to prevent crime and help determine underlying source of the crime. It has been discussed that some theories that are used in criminology makes understanding of crime being committed different from one another. For instance the differential association and control theory. These theories are based on the basis that criminal behavior is a learned activity in which people get to know criminals through other individuals. It is through social interaction that people learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior. Another way of testing causation in criminology is by use of longitudinal data, this has the goal of qualifying g trends in behavior and describing the progress of life event.
Personal application of criminology is very fundamental aspect where other method may not be applicable as evident in this case of juvenile crime it may be an option. Personal Application of Criminologyif well employ may promote harmony, and indeed good social norms in the social and thus low crime and this is the reason why it has been used even in 81centruy and remains functional.
- Akers, R. L., Krohn, M. D., Lanza-Kaduce, L. & Radosevich, M. (August 1979). Social Learning and Deviant Behavior: A Specific Test of a General Theory. American Sociological Review, 44(4), 636-655.
- Deflem, M. (2006). Sociological Theory and Criminological Research: Views from Europe and the United States. Elsevier. ISBN0762313226.