Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 21)

Literature Review On Inflation And Stock Returns

This chapter focuses on the literature review aspect of this study. It reviews issues around inflation and stock returns....

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Literature Review On Determinants Of Dividend Policy

The roots of the literature of determinants of dividend policy relate to the linter (1956) who conducted a traditional study on how U.S. managers formulate dividend decisions. He developed a compressed mathematical model supported on survey of 28 well recognized industrial U.S. firms which is measured to be a finance standard. In the perception of him the dividend imbursement model of a firm is prejudiced by the existing year earnings and year before dividends and after that the work was polished by the Fama and Babiak (1968) theory test of a number of alternate models for clearing up dividend behavior...

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Financial Liberalization And Economic Growth In Emerging Markets

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of financial liberalization on the economic growth in emerging markets. It is found that economic growth responds differently to each financial sector’s liberalization. Liberalization in banking sector improves banking system efficiency, and stimulates investment, but also raises the proportion of non-performing loans. Stock market liberalization reduces cost of capital and promotes efficient capital allocation. Nevertheless, informational asymmetry in stock market increases the probability of market failure. Capital account liberalization leads to greater capital accumulation, higher employment and technology transfer, but also causes volatility, current capital account deficits and high inflation....

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Study On The Determinants Of Interest Rate

We may not always realize it, but interest rates play an important role in our everyday lives and can greatly affect our buying power. Consequently, the overall trend of interest rates can have a major effect on our investments, thus, as an investor it is important to pay close attention to different trends in interest rate. Major shifts in direction, be increase or decrease, should cause you to review present investments as well as point towards potential investment opportunities. The term interest rate could mean anything from the State Bank of Pakistan (from now onwards SBP) funds rate to any...

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Development Of Beijing Randd Service Industry

Along with the development of knowledge-based economy and the specialization of the division of labor, enterprises increasingly engage in R&D activities by integrating the external R&D resources. The trend of R&D externalization have been quite clear, and firms using external resources to conduct R&D, consequently, leads to the development of the R&D service industry, namely those who provides R&D services to the clients....

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Internationalization As A Key Determinant Of Success

The aim of this dissertation is to determine why the proper use of the internationalization process is a key success factor for multinational enterprises in emerging economies and the necessary factors that influence this process. I would like to argue that without the process of internationalization of products of multinational firms in emerging economies, the survival of such a firm is highly unlikely. I am interested in the operations of McDonalds and SubWay in China and how internationalization helped in the survival of these multinational firms....

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The Sri Lankan Retail Market Marketing

1. Today the field of marketing performs in a very competitive world, which is like a battle field fighting with each other to attract customers in the forms of new company or due to a lapse of customers. Many different of customers are needed in order to sustain the brand as well as the company in the market....

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International Staffing Different From Domestic Staffing

Recruitment and Selection in Multinational Firm – Why International Staffing is different from Domestic Staffing?...

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Relationship Between Fdi Growth And Trade

In this fast changing world economic landscape, virtually every country developed and developing, large and small alike have sought Foreign Direct Investment to facilitate their development. Foreign Direct Investment is usually undertaken with the intention of exercising control over an enterprise rather than merely attaining a passive voice in corporate affairs. Thus, foreign direct investment can exert a more profound influence on a country's growth, industrial structure, employment and trade patterns than other capital flows. These investment flows almost always take place through transnational corporations, the main actors in the global economy. The foreign content of their total output, assets...

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Nonperforming Loans Of Bank Toward Macroeconomic Variable

Over the last decade, the world banking industry suffered due to economic downturn. It is widely accepted that the percentage of nonperforming loans (NPLs) is often associated with bank failures and financial crises in both developed and developing countries. In other words, the aggregate rate of nonperforming loans (NPLs) is commonly used as soundness indicators....

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The Issues Of Organization And Strategy Business

An organizational structure is the hierarchical concept in entity’s subordination which collaborates in an attempt to attain a defined goal. In this concept, entities are classified into clusters. Organizations differ in their structural styles, based on defined objectives and ambitions. Structure is the concept that allows for responsibilities allocations among varied processes and obligations to the varieties of entities such as workgroups, individuals, branches or even departments (Maguire 2003, p. 143). For example, when allocating responsibilities to individuals, considerations are given to work orders, time limits, permanent employments, program orders or work contracts. Organizational strategy on the other hand involves...

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Macroeconomic Financial Leverage And Financial Crisis In Nigeria

This study consistutes a first empirical analysis on the relationship between Financial Leverage in the Macro economy, Global Financial Crisis and Oil Price Volatility for the Nigerian Economy employing the Financial Soundness Indicators as developed in 1998 by the International Monetary Fund, World Bank and European Central Bank for Country-Specific and External Factors for the period 1970 to 2010. By employing current data, this study carries out, Cointegration Technique, The Vector Error Correction Mechanism (VECM), Granger Causality, and Exponential Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedascity (EGARCH) methodology. The results provide evidence of an equilibrium relationship between Macroeconomic Financial Leverage and the Financial...

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Signals From Implied Volatility Index Changes

An investor requires a prediction of the direction of the underlying asset price movements to devise a profitable trading strategy. In most of the techniques used for forecasting a point estimate of the expected return or its volatility is calculated. The point estimate, though useful, does not give the extremes of the estimate, which can be useful in evaluating the possible losses or gains for the asset. In this paper, we use machine learning based methods for quantile regressions to calculate an extreme interval estimate for the expected volatility in index return and use the inverse relationship between volatilities and...

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Tobacco Industry And Tobacco Control In Nigeria

Worldwide, tobacco smoking has been shown to be the most significant cause of preventable, premature deaths in economically developed countries, and is rapidly achieving this status outside the developed world[1]. An estimated 1.3 billion people worldwide currently smoke tobacco, mostly in the form of cigarettes[2]. About 15 billion cigarettes are smoked daily worldwide[2]. The number of smokers is growing, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where cigarettes are marketed aggressively with little or no government control. Estimates in 2000 indicate that about 5 million deaths that occur each year are attributable to tobacco smoking, an average of one person every...

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Is The Small Firm January Effect An Anomaly

The main target of this paper is to find evidence of January effect especially in small size firms and to look for proper explanation for this phenomenon from existing literature. The structure of the paper divided into three parts, first introduce the January effect and review the first literature based on this issue by Donald Keim. The second part is some empirical evidence of January effect including different explanations for January, data base on this topic and some other study in international capital markets. The last part is based on the different aspects to the January effect to make a...

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Enabled Research Through Use Of Ecommerce

The main issue of e-commerce research is transaction safety, no matter from consumer or business point of view. For consumer research, it is important to know why people shopping on the vertical platform instead of physical and why they trust information from the Internet (Gefen, Karahanna, & Straub, 2003; Pavlou & Fygenson, 2006; Rodriguez-Ardura & Meseguer-Artola, 2010). Rodriguez-Ardura & Meseguer-Artola (2010) summarized e-commerce of B2C adoption researches into macro and micro perspective. They found that macro orientation studies tend to reflect the environmental dynamic but ignore factors to do with the e-commerce technology per se. Micro-level studies is the very...

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The Merger Between Orange And T Mobile Companies

To evaluate and discuss the concepts of the M&A among corporations, their types and the reasons underlying behind these mergers....

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Literature Review On Poverty In Malaysia

According to 2010 CIA World Factbook estimates in 2009, Malaysia has population of 25,715,819. The unemployment rate has increased from 3.325% in year 2008 to 5% in year 2009. Malaysia has successfully eradicated poverty where it is evident from the sharp decline in the percentage of poverty, which decreased from 49.3% in 1970 to 6.1% in 1997 to 6.0% in 2002 and less than 5% in 2007....

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Determinants Of Dividend Policy Evidence From Bahraini Firms

A percentage of corporate earnings that is paid as dividends to shareholders.  decision is a critical decision area and its one of the most important financial policies decision, not only from the viewpoint of the company, but also from that of the shareholders and others such as the employees and regulatory bodies. As the dividend literature suggests, if these decisions are handled efficiently, this is expected to be reflected in value of firms. More importantly, analysis of dividend policy is useful in enabling policymakers to identify the success or failure of policy initiatives or, alternatively, highlight different strategies undertaken...

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Stakeholder Management In A General Sense

The aim of this chapter is to review the existing literature relevant to stakeholder management in a general sense and then to focus on publications which cover stakeholder issues related to large scale construction/development projects. By following this sequence I can give an outline in stakeholder management in general and then focus on the topics relative to my investigation....

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Best Practice Of Benchmarking In The Aerospace Industry

The business environment has evolved dramatically over recent decades, which has caused almost every aspect of an organisations management practices to change accordingly (Anderson and McAdam, 2004). Successful companies in every industry engage in a range of practices, with the objective of achieving high levels in performance and in the pursuit of business excellence (Ahmed and Rafiq, 1998). This has lead to the emergence of Benchmarking as a methodology for continuous improvements and gaining a competitive advantage (Anand and Kodali, 2008)....

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Factors Considered In Designing An External Debt Strategy

Wijnbergen (1989) basically talks about the factors that are considered in designing an external debt strategy. The research question of this paper is what are the tradeoffs between various factors involved in formulating a debt strategy? How could debtor countries achieve high output growth without jeopardizing their credit worthiness? This paper is on the external debt crisis of developing countries with special reference to turkey and has also discussed about various strategies that could be used along with their drawbacks. To reduce its’ fiscal deficit a country has three options either it could go for domestic debt or external debt...

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Testing The Weak Form Efficiency Market Finance

Over the two last decades, extensive studies and research has documented the existence of weak form efficiency market and their possible explanations (Brooks 2007). Many researchers have carried out research on stock markets using different data and time scales to prove the international evidence of this efficiency (Brooks and Kim 2008). Therefore, this essay will cover a wide range of literature, models and theories related to this subject area with the aim of evaluating previous work and forming the theoretical framework on which this essay is based....

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Foreign Banks Market Entry Into India

This research is objectively aimed at drawing a comprehensive analysis of the Indian Banking regulatory issues which International banks have to comply with in order to have market entry in India and the hurdles posed specifically by the regulatory aspects prescribed by the Central Bank of India....

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Effect Of Targets Listing Status On Acquirers Returns

The term “listing effect” was firstly brought up by Faccio, McConnell, and Stolin (2006). They use this phrase to describe the previous research results which states that when acquiring publicly held targets, bidders achieve zero or negative average cumulative abnormal returns (CARs) in the announcement period, while when acquiring privately held targets, bidders achieve positive CARs. The privately held targets include both stand-alone companies and subsidiaries of other firms (Chang (1998), Fuller et al. (2002), Hansen and Lott (1996), and Moller et al. (2004)). The relevant issues have been examined by a large amount of literature in the finance area....

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Dissertation On The Risk Management Concept

Risks are everywhere and in any activity. Many pharmaceutical companies are currently looking to better understand, anticipate, and be able to mitigate business risk in order to deliver the rewards of risk taking, and to minimize the frequency and impact of risk on the downside. Some of them use Enterprise Risk Management concept (ERM, developed by COSO) to establish an effective corporate management system. In the present paper, we analyze the integrated approach that is used by the company as the foundation of risk management within a company....

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Focusing On Internet Banking

The rapid growth of the internet has had a significant impact on the business world including the banking industry. The internet offers an alternative channel to distribute products and services to customers. One emerging channel is internet banking or online banking. It allows customers to conduct several kinds of electronic financial transactions such as transferring funds between accounts, checking monthly statements, paying bills, applying for loans, etc. via a telecommunication network by using a personal computer (Parsons and Oja, 2009). Internet banking service benefits both banks and their customers. For the bank, it helps to reduce operational costs by...

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The Sociological Processes Of Exchanging Goods And Services

Sociological process of exchanging goods and values between individuals or group of people is called marketing (Simkin, 2000). Social network marketing is otherwise referred to as internet marketing. Different methods of internet marketing are available in recent times. The quicker and wider reach of the social network marketing feature is the most important advantage of this marketing feature (Gay et al, 2007). Although numerous people are aware about the social marketing feature, its existence to people has been familiarized by numerous advertisements made by it in various forms....

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Human Resource Activities And Performance Effectiveness Business

Compensation is the total reward received by an employee in exchange for services performed for an organization. It can include both direct pay (salary and wages) and indirect pay (benefits programs). Negotiation is a dialogue intended to resolve disputes, to produce an agreement upon courses of action, to bargain for individual or collective advantage, or to craft outcomes to satisfy various interests. It is the primary method of alternative dispute resolution....

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Behavior Of The Electricity Market And Investment Plans

To meet its obligations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union (EU) introduced the first cap-and-trade mechanism for carbon dioxide emissions in the world starting in 2005. Launched in 2005, the EU ETS works on cap-and-trade principle by putting a cap or an upper limit on the total amount of CO2 emissions per annum, which can be emitted by industries, power plants and other installations in the system. Within this cap, the emitters receive emission allowances, which indicate the maximum allowable CO2 emissions. However, these emission allowances are tradable within the EU, and if...

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Empirical Analysis Of Legal Insider Trading

Today, financial markets are counted among the highest regulated markets of our economy. Market integrity plays a crucial role in respect to the efficiency and the integration of financial markets. The public confidence in financial markets, especially after the undergone financial crisis, can only be obtained with a high degree of transparency. Market abuse therefore strongly harms the integrity of financial markets and public confidence in securities and other financial instruments. Insider trading is often considered as market abuse on the part of corporate insiders as they are in possession of qualitatively better and reliable information about their companies’ future...

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Real Estate Investment And Portfolio Investment

Real Estate Investment business deals with immovable property, such as land, and everything else that is permanently attached to it, such as buildings. C.F. Sirmans et.al. 2003, in his paper observed that there has been a lot of efforts by researchers and academicians in studying and attempting to model the benefits of establishing diversification strategies for portfolio investments. All previous works concentrated on combination of different stocks into a single portfolio. With the passage of time research has been extended into analyzing individual factors (like bonds, currencies, real estate, international stocks); recently researchers did make some new in-roads...

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The Real Drivers Of Dividend Distribution

With the use of the anti-directors rights index constructed by La Porta, Lopez-de-Silanes, Shleifer & Vishny (1997) this paper shows that countries operating under the common law legal system offer better protection to investors. Furthermore, companies in countries with a civil law background pay higher dividends to shareholders than those in a common law system. Using a sample of 2770 companies over 39 countries, this paper concludes that dividend payouts depend majorly on the legal system in operation....

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Time Series Analysis Autocorrelation And Granger Causality Test

Predicting the future outcomes of any indicator have had been considered one of the essential most analyses in any forecast measures, so its importance is parallel to no other forecast. The primary objective of any forecast is to identify the trends and patterns of changes in a set of variables to determine the possible future outcomes based on the previous trends the variable has been subject to as well as the influences on the behavioral pattern brought on the variable by other variables. Autocorrelation is the identification of weather the variable is self-correlated through the time continuum it exists in....

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