Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 20)

Medical Errors

According to Kaiser attention to medical errors escalated over five years ago with the release of a study from the Institute of Medicine (IOM), which found that between 44,000 and 98,000 Americans die each year in U.S. hospitals due to preventable medical errors (Kaiseredu, 2010). Hospital errors are the fifth and eighth leading cause of death, killing more Americans than breast cancer, traffic accidents or AIDS. Serious medication errors occur in the cases of five to 10% of patients admitted to hospitals. These numbers may understate the problem because they do not include preventable deaths due to medical treatments...

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Backwardness Of Developing Regions Like Pakistan

One of the most important factors for the backwardness of developing regions like Pakistan is the low level of industrial development. In order to test the effect of growth of industrial sector on the overall growth of GDP of Pakistan, we use Kaldor’s three growth laws. These three laws show the relationship between growth of manufacturing sector and growth of GDP, growth of total productivity of labor and growth of employment in industrial sector. For this we use the data of Pakistan from 1980 to 2010.Structural change in favor of industrial activities would almost certainly will help to accelerate the...

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Knowledge Attitude And Practice Of Pain Management

General researches that address pain management after cardiac surgery have been conducted. However, few studies that focus on the nurses working in cardiac setting have been carried out. Therefore, this study will target nurses working in Cardiac Critical Care Unit. It will mainly explore nurses’ knowledge of pain management and identify factors that may impede and facilitate effective post operative pain management following a CABG survey. In order to do this, Data will be collected through semi-structured interview by employing convenience sampling where by a sample of 10 nurses will be considered. In addition to this, to obtain optimum...

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The Practical Application Of Scientific Or Engineering Knowledge

The purpose of this literature review is how technology is used and helpful to an organization. This literature review deals with the existing drivers for outsourcing and factors that are contributing to its success. In addition, literature review will give us an opportunity of knowing about findings of the others on this topic or related topic, what type of research they had conducted to get to know the topic more deeply, their valuable suggestions and how this all is linked with current study. Also, in this chapter we are going to focus on the following points or themes: how technology...

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Effectiveness Of Expatriate Remuneration In Multi National Organisations

An expatriate (in abbreviated form, expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country and culture other than that of the person's upbringing or legal residence. The word comes from the Latin ex (out of) and patria(country, fatherland)....

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Us Sub Prime Crisis On South Korean Economy

US sub-prime crisis was the consequence of an explosion of the house price bubble in the US economy. Out of fear of imported inflationary impacts in the nation, the US government decided to augment its market rate of interest that triggered people who had initially borrowed from the banks at sub prime rates, walk out of their agreements with the financial institutions. This widespread behaviour among the mass resulted to an eventual bankruptcy of many financial institutions in the USA. The financial crisis that engulfed the economy by the middle of the 2000s, however, was transmitted to the rest of...

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Literature Review On Electronic And Internet Banking

This chapter will consist of six sections. First of all the we will give a brief definition of bank, followed by the history of the internet, next will be the definition of Internet banking, then electronic banking as a new distribution channel, next comes the advantages of internet banking after that we will talk about the consumer acceptance of E-banking, section seventh will focus on problem consumer faced with internet banking, then internet banking in the world, in section nine e-banking in Mauritian context and finally the empirical analysis....

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Analysing The Triple Bottom Line Concept

The concept of Triple Bottom line is just a popular concept that has been applied in the understanding of social duties among companies that are looking forward for the incorporation of non monetary values in their businesses. Its notion has become of much fashion in management, investing and management over the last few years. It has been explained that the ultimate success of corporations ought to be measured not just by the use of traditional financial bottom line, but need also to be measured by on the ethical and environmental factors. In fact most individuals have accepted that, organizations have...

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Impact Of Stock Prices In South Africa

The world market for oil prices is controlled by the simple economic supply and demand curve. When supply and demand are equal the oil price will be at equilibrium, however when the supply is greater than the demand then this results in a downward shift in the supply curve and a decrease in the price of oil. The opposite will be applicable when the demand exceeds the supply, you will find that the price of oil will increase. Any movement in the price of oil results in uncertainty in the stock market. This leads to the stock market and the...

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Literature Review About The Basel Ii Norms

The review of expansion in the Nigeria banking and financial system shows that the banking sector has undergone remarkable changes over the years, in terms of ownership structure, the number of institutions, as well as the level of operations. This is mainly motivated by the deregulation of the financial sector in order to obey the rules of international standards. As at the end of June 2006, the number of insured banks stood at 25 with different sizes and degree of soundness (Adams J. A. 2005)....

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Relationship Between Capital Structure And Pakistani Banks Finance

This study has been conducted to see the relationship between Capital Structure and Profitability of Pakistani Banks. All these banks are regulated by statutory body of State Bank of Pakistan. Sample data has been collected for 15 banks and 5 years data (2003-2007) has been used for analysis. Capital structure has been proxied by Gearing Ratio and performance has been measured by ROE and ROA which are dependant variables. Common Effect model has been used for investigating the relationship between capital structure and profitability. Result of this analysis shows that Gearing has negative effect on both ROA and ROE. Further...

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The Effects Of Dividend Policy

This chapter discusses the theoretical and empirical literature on dividend policy. Section 2.2 reviews the theoretical literature of dividend policy beginning with the irrelevance proposition by Miller and Modigliani, followed by agency cost argument. Then, Section 2.3 discusses the empirical literature which is arranged in chronological order while Section 2.4 concludes the chapter....

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Implementing The Lean Principle In Malaysian Construction Industry

A study into the effects and barriers of implementing the lean principle in Malaysia construction industry...

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International Human Resource And Management Policies

This dissertation tries to find the different factors considered by an employee for his career growth, reliability and job satisfaction as an expatriate. It also inputs the research on how the employers have made the necessary improvement in International Human Resource Management strategies for facilitating their expatriate workforce. In the present world of Globalization various organizations are in much need of a good team of expatriates for proper functioning and maximizing their profits for their International business performance. The performance of any International organization is highly dependent on their workforce. Experienced workforce play a key role in development and reliability...

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The Effectiveness Of Corporate Payout Policy

The purpose of this Study is to critically evaluate the corporate payout policy. The research will identify the factors that have led to corporate organizations focusing on share repurchases rather than dividends. The research will analyze the theories of corporate payout policy and the associated literature will be reviewed. The study will evaluate the corporate payout policy of IBM and will suggest possible recommendations. The study will gather data and will evaluate the reasons for the importance given to share repurchases by corporate organizations with specific reference to IBM. The paper will gather information through various online resources such as...

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The Determination Of Islamic Banking Profitability

The development of Islamic banking and finance in the world showed that consciousness of Muslim to avoid Riba’ that implemented by Conventional Banking System. Islamic Bank is seen as a good substitution for conventional bank especially for muslim to avoid them from the element of Riba’, Gharar and Maysir. The implementation of Islamic bank showed that the large moving of people especially for Muslim countries to Islamic bank. This showed by the increase amount of Islamic bank establishment over the year....

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General Investment Climate Of Pakistan

Analyzing the literature review critically was highly essential for my research in order to find accurate relationships and importance of each particular aspect of the study. In order to do this, I researched a number of articles in order to enhance my knowledge and to fully understand my research topic. I went through many papers, some of them broadly highlighted the investment climate and the cement sector and then there were some important papers that narrowed down my research topic. A lot of data was gathered to theoretically and statistically back my research topic. The overall investment climate is highly...

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Challenge Faced By Private Higher Education System

In a competitive business environment, mergers and acquisitions can be identified as a financial tool which is applicable to increase the long term profitability for improving the business operations. Merger is the situation where the company will merge or join with the target company. In most cases, the target company is smaller or weaker or in a middle of instability company to the main company. Sometimes there is the possibility of reverse taking over process where the target company is bigger than the current company. Hence, in the process of acquisitions the current company will purchase either the share...

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Reviewing The Determinants Of Equity Risk

Last decade has witnessed significant progression in capital theory and its application to corporate finance, Portfolio analysis and investment policy. More recently a growing body of work has undertaken the analytically testing the positive inference of the theory. The study of risk has engaged a central position of corporate finance. The term risk has variety of meanings in business and everyday life. Risk was to describe any situation where there is uncertainty about what outcome will occur. The purpose of studied was to investigate the determinants of equity risk through analysis of firm’s fundamental characteristics, specially, firm size and...

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Energy Efficiency And Manufacturing Performance

Since energy is vital for eradicating poverty, improving human welfare and raising living standards (Vera and Langlois, 2007), energy consumption is giving increasing concern as the twenty-first century unfolds. Lea (2007) claimed that the world consumes in six weeks the amount of oil that was consumed in an entire year in 1950. Although energy is an indispensable input in every sector of an economy, industrial sector has emerged as the largest consumer of energy among different sectors (Bala-Subrahmanya, 2006A). It accounts for almost 32% of the total energy use at the global level (Nagesha and Balachandra, 2006)....

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Monetary Policies And The Stock Market

Monetary policy is the regulation of the interest rate and money supply of a country by its Central Bank or Federal Reserve in other to achieve the major economic goals which include price stability, full employment, economic growth etc.   The stock market on the other hand is often considered a primary indicator of a country’s economic strength and development. History has shown that the economy of any country reacts strongly to movements in stock prices. Recent happenings even confirm this as the latest economic recession was preceded by a crash in the stock market....

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Corporate Governance And Capital Investment Decisions

Through various studies over the years, different scholars and financial analysts have been able to establish a relationship of cash flow on firms’ investment spending. It was significantly proven by (Modigliani & Miller, 1958) that a firm’s financial status is irrelevant for real investment decisions in a world of perfect and complete capital markets, after controlling for the cost of capital....

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Mergers And Acquisitions In Banking During Financial Crisis

Further, it will examine mergers and acquisitions in banking industry and the formation of financial conglomerates. The main purpose of this study is to assess the impact of the mergers on the value of the newly formed companies....

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Development Of The Government Bond Market In Nigeria

Finance plays an increasingly important role in economic growth and development of nations around the world. These roles are in many different forms, they include but not limited to channelling savings towards investment. The level of sophistication of a financial system is important and to a large extent determines the level of overall growth and development of that economy. The financial system contributes to economic growth performance through several mechanisms and channels – mobilising savings, allocating funds to their most productive uses or investments, monitoring and appraising productive uses or investments, transferring and sharing risk (see World Bank...

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Review On The Organisational Behavioural Study

The organisational behavioural study has evolved over the past few decades and it has emerged that a deep theoretical insight has opened up many doors for the organisations to flourish and reap profits .The effective implication of theories and models developed through research and analysis, in organisations, to hone conflicts and problems arising within the organisation in its normal course of business in the practical nature. Normally, most of the businesses resort to form groups and teams for various tasks to be carried out. The nature of the groups or teams and the task assigned may vary from department to...

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Relationship Of Sub Sector Indices And Crude Oil

The global crude oil price has been seen a sharp increase in recent years and has been widely reported in the daily newspaper or TV news. For example, popular business and financial US based website Bloomberg has been constantly providing breaking news headlines like “The crude oil hits to level of $ 120 per barrel” or “Crude Oil Increases to 25-Month High as Commodities Gain”. Besides, video clips are uploaded on the website with commentary by senior investment analyst on the last traded crude oil price with prominent TV host. It has been noted that rising crude...

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How South Africa Managed To Mitigate Financial Crisis Finance

South Africa was too some degree insulated from the international financial crisis in late 2007. Many Eeconomists believe that the international crisis was largely a consequence of liquidity and credit problems experienced by many businesses. This paper highlights the importance of credit as well as the types of credit offered at different stages in the economy. The theories reviewed included the Hyman Minsky’s theory and the 2/28 adjustable rate subprime mortgages theory. The analysis confirmed risks associated with credit within the economy....

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Literature Review On Different Infection Control Measures Nursing

Good hygiene practice in hospitals and in operating theatres is mandatory to minimise nosocomial postoperative infections. Health care-associated infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The personal and financial consequences of avoidable infections are enormous in personal...

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Profitability Performance And Macroeconomic Factors

Financial performance of a commercial bank can be measured by profitability. Based on Codjia (2010), financial performance will look at the statement of an accounting summary that details a business organization's revenues, expenses and net income. A corporation may prepare a statement of financial performance on a monthly, quarterly or annual basis (Codjia, 2010). Bank profitability and bank interest margins can be seen as indicators of the (in) efficiency of the banking system, as they drive a wedge between the interest rate received by savers on their deposits and the interest paid by lenders on their loans...

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Patients Of Major Head Surgery

Most of the patients who had undergone any major head surgery will require an effective protection of their wound. After surgery, some patients especially post-traumatic injury have a high risk of falling due to neurological impairments, weakness, post-op seizures and agitation or confusion and re-injure their head. This is more important if part of the patient’s skull is removed (craniectomy). Appropriate protective headwear during the acute period post-op can be worn and reduce the chance of injury. While effective protection for the head and face is a priority for these individuals, headwear should also provide unobstructed vision and adequate...

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Definition Of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours

According to Organ (1990), Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCB) are beyond the scope of formal job description, incentives or contractual sanctions. However, this work-related activities that performed by the employees will increase the organizational effectiveness. Bateman and Organ (1983) states that Organizational Citizenship Behaviours also not specifically included in the job description and may be considered as extra-role behaviours. Besides, Moorman and Blakely (1995) argue that although the OCB are adding merit to the organization but the managers also having difficulties in eliciting the employees’ performance due to the behaviours are voluntary by the employees....

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Research Into The Differing Investor Behaviors

Investing is to allocate money or capital into stocks, bonds, unit trust, savings for the purpose of obtaining an income or profit. Investment comes together with the risk of loss of the principal sum. The investment that has not been analyzed in detail can be risky because the possibility of losing money is not within the investor’s control. In finance, investment is the commitment of funds by buying securities or other paper financial assets in the money market or capital markets....

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Literature Review About Small And Medium Enterprises Finance Essay

Small and Medium Enterprises form an important part of the economy and it plays an important role in the growth of both the developed and developing economies. The contribution of SME towards national income and creation of employment is enormous. In recent years SMEs have also played a significant role in making their presence felt in international markets. Many SMEs are now involved across the value chain from production to export of goods across the globe. Despite these advantages which SMEs offer and the potential which SMEs have there are many barriers and risks which SMEs face in today’s market....

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