Literature Review Examples

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Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 20)

Study On Monetary Policy And Stock Market

This paper critically analyzes the relationship between monetary policy and the stock market. It looks into the existing literature on the subject and tries to investigate the various issues raised. The issues analyzed and investigated in this paper include: the effect of stock price volatility on monetary policy decisions, the effect of monetary policy decisions on stock price volatility and the direction of causality between the two. We look into both components of monetary policy: Federal funds rate and Money supply and their individual relationships with monetary policy. We use the augmented Taylor rule, Generalized Method of Moments test, simple...

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Study On Off Shore Banking And Finance

An offshore financial centre (OFC) is usually a small jurisdiction that provides financial services to non-residents. According to International Monetary Fund (IMF), Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) can be defined as financial centers where offshore activity takes place....

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Study On Profit Versus Cash Flow

Free cash flow is the amount of cash that a company has on hand after it has paid all of its expenses, together with investments. Free cash flow is crucial since it permits a company to chase opportunities that enhance shareholder value. Exclusive of cash, it is hard-hitting for the company to build up new goods, make acquisition, pay dividend and reduce debt....

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Study On Scandals And The Stock Market

Equity markets today are important participants in economic activity. They are an important source of funds to corporations that utilize them for trade and capital expansion hence, contributing positively to a nation’s GDP. Investors are the key players of equity markets. They are the risk-takers who invest in stocks of listed corporations, unsure of the realized gains to be obtained in the future on these stocks. However, an estimated assessment of the degree of risk borne is always done before purchase. These shareholders give huge sums of their earnings to these corporations in anticipation of their utilization in profitable ventures,...

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Study On Security Analysis For Making Investment

Security analysis is a pre-requisite for making investments. In the present day financial markets, investment has become complicated. One makes investments for a return higher than what he can get by keeping the money in a commercial or cooperative bank or even inan investment bank. In the finance field, it is a common knowledge that money or finance is scarce and that investors try to maximise their return. But the finance theory states that the return is higher,if the risk is also higher. Return and risk go together and they have atrade off. Most of the investments are risky to...

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Study On The Catagories Of Hedge Funds

Hedge funds have gained a lot of popularity in the last decade and are one of the fastest growing industries. The main aim of most hedge funds is to reduce volatility and risk. It also attempts to preserve capital and deliver positive returns under all market conditions. Not all hedge funds are same therefore it is important to know the difference between them. It differs in terms of its risks, investment returns and volatility among the different hedge fund strategies. The strategies which are correlated to equity markets deliver consistent returns and have low risk while the ones that are not...

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Study On The Definition Of Uk Banks

Bank is not someone or a group of person who lends and collects the money and interest back. According to United Kingdom court of appeal bank is a person who has these three elements in it....

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Study On The Determinants Of Interest Rate

We may not always realize it, but interest rates play an important role in our everyday lives and can greatly affect our buying power. Consequently, the overall trend of interest rates can have a major effect on our investments, thus, as an investor it is important to pay close attention to different trends in interest rate. Major shifts in direction, be increase or decrease, should cause you to review present investments as well as point towards potential investment opportunities. The term interest rate could mean anything from the State Bank of Pakistan (from now onwards SBP) funds rate to any...

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Study On The Development Of The Bond Market

Finance plays an increasingly important role in economic growth and development of nations around the world. These roles are in many different forms, they include but not limited to channelling savings towards investment. The level of sophistication of a financial system is important and to a large extent determines the level of overall growth and development of that economy. The financial system contributes to economic growth performance through several mechanisms and channels – mobilising savings, allocating funds to their most productive uses, monitoring productive uses i.e. investments, transferring and sharing risk (see World Bank (2001)). In modern economies,...

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Study On The Development Of The Cds Market

“A credit default swap (CDS) is a bilateral agreement designed explicitly to shift credit risk between two parties. In a CDS, one party (protection buyer) pays a periodic fee to another party (protection seller) in return for compensation for default (or similar credit event) by a reference entity”. (ISDA, 2010)...

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Study On The Different Types Of Interest Rates

Interest rates have always been a fascination for scholars. This is even more so when the way the interest rates of countries are linked is mentioned. Over time, this has led to a lot of material on the...

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Study On The Equity Premium Puzzle For Uk

This paper tries to explain the equity premium puzzle using behavioural finance explanations following the explanations given for myopic loss aversion (Benartzi and Thaler 1995) and disappointment aversion (Ang, Bekaert and Liu, 2005). This paper is a replicate of the paper of Fielding and Stracca (2007) calculating United Kingdom’s (UK) myopic loss aversion and disappointment aversion instead of United States (US). The data used in this paper is from the Barclays Equity Gilt study 2009. Following the simple specification about myopic loss aversion and disappointment aversion produced at the main paper and applying it for the different...

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Study On The Functions Of Commercial Banks

Commercial banks are major players in the banking system. They are the largest and most important suppliers of funds in the banking system. Commercial banks initially placed under supervision of the BNM in 1959. Prior to the inception of BNM, commercial banks had only to comply the companies Ordinance 1948. The Banking Act 1973 was subsequently replaced in 1989, banking and financial Institutions Act 1989 (BAFIA), which combines the Banking Act 1973 and Finance Companies Act 1969 in a single law (BNM, 1999)....

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Study On The Pressures Faced By Financial Markets

Rapid globalization and free trade in recent years have created so many significant changes to the world economic environment. Financial markets are also facing big pressures of the globalization process as well as other markets. With effective, fair and stable financial markets, all economies in the world will benefit from and they tend to maintain these characteristics of the markets in their best capacity. However, the recent financial crisis, which started late 2008 in the US banking system, hit the global financial markets severely, especially banking sectors....

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Study On The Progress Of Asset Management

Financial Economics has made significant progress in asset management, the coordination between firm's cash inflows with cash outflows by matching the maturity of income generated by assets with the maturity of interest incurring debts. People now little about the maturity structure of firm’s assets and liabilities, because willingly obtainable and thorough information regarding a firm's liabilities and liabilities like commitment were not easy and time overwhelming to gather in our country, while many papers had explained how imbalances in the maturity period of asset and liability structure could be the main reason of currency and financial crises in the emerging...

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Study On The Relationship In Credit Risk

Credit risk is an investor's risk of loss coming from a borrower who cannot make payments as promised. It is also called as default. Another term for credit risk is default risk.The correlation in credit risk has been examined using credit default swap (CDS) data. The noticeable risk factors at the market levels, industry, the macroeconomic variables and firm cannot fully explain the correlation in credit default swap spread changes, out of which 30 % couldn’t be accounted. Finding suggests that both statistical and economical corruption is significant in causing correlation in credit risk. Thus, it is important to...

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Study On The Risk In Sub Prime Mortgages

Soros (2009) emphasized that the overall financial system has been built on false premises. Although credit crisis do not arise out of defaults in mortgage loans alone; they are mostly the product of credit at various points in the financing system (Cudahy, 2009). The financial crisis was aggregated by highly leveraged credit derivatives that were not well understood by both lenders and borrowers (Markowitz,2009)....

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Study On The Risks Of Energy Sector Companies

The energy industry is a sector that provides directly or indirectly services and products to the world and people. The industry itself is a key player who dominates the upstream energy sector to a considerable degree. The industry itself is a key player who dominates the upstream energy sector to a considerable degree. The energy companies play an important role in this modern day because society has developed a dependency to gas and oil services. We can see that this sector is a key in this 21st century because that gives us a lot of services and products that we...

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Study On The Stock Prices Of Oil Sector

The stock market is an important part of the economy because it organizes the resources and channels them to useful investments, in order to perform this role it must have proper association with the economy. Capital markets are important elements of a modern market based economic system as they give out the channel for flow of long term financial resources from the savers to the borrowers of capital....

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Study On The Sugar Industry Of Pakistan

1.1 Overview of the Sugar Industry of Pakistan...

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Study On The Types Of Credit Risk

The seminar paper firstly describes from the core what is Credit, what risk it bears and what are the types of risks arising from credit extension. Default Risk, Credit Spread Risk and Downgrade Risk has been described. The next thing is the Credit Risk Management; which focuses on overall management of risk arsing due to counterparty and provides guidance as to how one can mitigate risk by using sound practices and principals as laid down....

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Study On Unit Trust Companies In Malaysia

As we all know, the number of unit trust companies in Malaysia is increasing year by year, since 1981 when the Skim Amanah Saham Nasional was launched by Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB). At that time, only 11 fund being launched and the total units subscribed by the public swelled to an unprecedented level because of the overwhelming response to Amanah Saham Nasional (ASN)...

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Study The Effect Of Holidays On Stock Return

Jacobs and N. Levy (1988) calendar anomalies have long been part of market tradition. Studies of the day-of-the-week, holiday and January effects first began to appear in the 1930s and although academics have only recently begun seriously to examine these return patterns, they have found them to survive close study. Calendar regularities generally occur at cusps in time the turn of the year, the month, the week, the day and the Holidays. They often have significant economic impact. For example, the "Blue Mon- day" effect was so strong during the Great Depression that the entire market crash took place over...

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Studying The Capital Structure In Different Sub Periods

Capital structure that shows the debt to equity financing of a firm for its assets. Capital structure of financial firma and non-financial firms differ drastically. A firm can go for different ways of financing like debt and equity. It is very rare to find a firm that completely finances its assets either by using debt or either by equity. Usually there is a mixture of both debt financing and equity financing in a ratio that maximizes the overall value of firms. This has originated different capital structure theories that explain the variation in capital structures of firms over time, across...

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Studying The Functions Of Commercial Banks

Commercial banks are major players in the banking system. They are the largest and most important suppliers of funds in the banking system. Commercial banks initially placed under supervision of the BNM in 1959. Prior to the inception of BNM, commercial banks had only to comply the companies Ordinance 1948. The Banking Act 1973 was subsequently replaced in 1989, banking and financial Institutions Act 1989 (BAFIA), which combines the Banking Act 1973 and Finance Companies Act 1969 in a single law (BNM, 1999)....

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Success And Failure Of Expatriates Affects Job Performance

Business`s today have opportunities to compete globally than ever before due to the rise and influence of free trade agreements such as North-American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that does not only eliminate barriers for goods and services across borders but also know-how and the mobility of factors of production which includes expatriates among member countries. In conjunction, globalisation calls attention for an increasing need of expatriates so as companies that have established their firms in other parts of the world through joint venture, foreign direct investment, and what note could be managed, coordinated and controlled effectively as in the home...

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Success Factors For Effective Credit Risk Management Procedures

According to (Wikipedia, 2009) the financial crisis from 2007 to 2010 is considered by many economists to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was triggered by a liquidity shortfall in the United States banking system and has resulted in the collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments, and downturns in stock markets around the world. In many areas, the housing market has also suffered, resulting in numerous evictions, foreclosures and prolonged vacancies....

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Supply Chain Problems At Sea Ports

A supply chain takes take care of the movement of materials which flow from the supplier to the customer. There are a long number of processes such as purchasing, manufacturing, transportation, demand supplying and Supply Chain Management. It is basically a well planned system which involves a sizeable number of organizations, technology, people, activities, information and resources which are utilized in transporting either a service or a product from the supplier to customer. The supply chain mainly consists of getting the end product delivered to the customer....

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Supply Chain Risk And Vulnerability

Over the years, many companies have reduced their business cost and expanded their product lines through an aggressive supply chain strategy. Low cost-cost country sourcing, multi-tiered supplier networks and business process outsourcing are among supply chain initiatives that companies have employed. The benefits of these initiatives are apparent, companies are able to reduce cost of goods, develop new markets, and free up resources to focus on core value adding processes (PWC, 2010). However, these benefits are often accompanied by greater supply chain complexity and exposure to new risk. All supply chain are vulnerable to one type of risk or another...

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Teachers Commitment At Fatima College

An investigation of the psychological contract in Fatima College and its impact on teacher’s commitment....

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Technology Acceptance Model

User’s attitude towards and acceptance of a new information system is important on successful adoption of the information system” (Davis, 1989)....

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Test Of Purchasing Power Parity In Hong Kong

There is two forms of purchasing power parity. The first one is according to the theory of law of one price which states that, the cost of an identical products sold in different countries should be the same expressing a common currency. The other one is the relative version of PPP, assumption of transport costs and imperfect competition are being considered in this version....

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Testing Factors Affecting The Investors Risk Preferences

The purpose of Behavioral Finance field of study is to explain why market participants make systematic errors. The market participants can be institutional investors or individual investors....

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Testing Of Uncovered Interest Rate Parity In Malaysia

Uncovered interest rate parity (UIRP) provides a crucial theoretical concept for many models in international finance and international monetary economics. Though theoretically sound, the problem, however, is that UIRP does not seem to hold up well empirically. Typically, econometric tests not only reject the null hypothesis, but also find significant slope coefficients with the wrong sign. In this paper, we argued the validity of UIRP violation that has been so widely documented as a coincidence or not. Variables used in this study are spot exchange rate and interest rate. Using quarterly data span from 1998Q1 to 2010Q3, we run conventional...

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Testing The Two Forms Of Purchasing Power Parity

There are two forms of purchasing power parity. The first one is according to the theory of law of one price which states that, the cost of an identical products sold in different countries should be the same expressing a common currency. The other one is the relative version of PPP, assumption of transport costs and imperfect competition are being considered in this version....

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