Literature Review Examples

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 19)

Socio Cultural Approach To Learning About Customers

Customer satisfaction can be defined in various ways. According to Kotler et al. (1996), satisfaction is “the level of a person’s felt state resulting from comparing a product’s perceived performance (or outcome) in relation to the person’s expectations.” In brief, satisfaction level simply is a function of the difference between perceived performance and expectation (Stahl, 1999)....

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Source Of Information On Components Of Consumer Confidence

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential impact the consumer’s trust source for information has on factors of consumer confidence. The study here uses the consumer’s perceptions of existing business conditions, buying conditions for consumer durables and their personal finances as independent variables and consumer confidence as the dependent variable. ‘Sources of Information’ is used as the moderator and the moderating influence of ‘Sources of Information’ on the relation between each independent variable and the dependent variable is then investigated....

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South Birmingham Primary Care Trust Management Styles

Primary Care Trusts (PCT’s) are NHS organisations that focus on the health and wellbeing of a regional population. PCT’s control a large proportion of the NHS expenditure since they are responsible for providing services to the local population based on the required needs....

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Sovereign Wealth Fund Investments And Implications On Countries

Sovereign Wealth Funds, Investment vehicles of Governments are increasingly seen in action through acquisition of either natural resources like oil and gas fields or equity holdings in MNCs. While the reasons for establishing a SWF may vary from commercial to strategic ones, SWFs’ influence on the countries and corporate is substantial. Since they mostly stay invested for a long-term they do not pose threat of pulling out in the short term and creating huge volatility in the financial markets. Since their investment corpus run to billions, by staying invested for a long time, they have a stabilizing effect on the...

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Sponsored Childcare In An Organization

In this paper, I will explore whether employer-sponsored childcare has any effect on attracting and retaining employees in order to make recommendations to organizations that provide employer- sponsored childcare benefits....

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Sponsorship And Organisation Of Mega Events

The growth in the holding of mega events is an important contemporary phenomenon. Such events involve the participation of thousands of people, the viewership of many more through local and global television broadcasts and the direct involvement of three categories of individuals and organisations, the holders of these events, their sponsors and their organisers....

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Spot And Future Prices Of Indian Commodity Market

Since the introduction of Future trading in the commodity exchanges in India, it has reduced the volatility in the market. It has not only discovered the Future spot price of different commodities however it has provided an opportunity to hedge the risk against the adverse price movement in the commodity. The present study explains the relationship of future and spot price of different commodities Gold, Silver Channa, Zeera, Zinc, and Natural Gas including the crude oil and their inter-relationship. It also examines the relationship between the future and spot price of two commodity exchanges in India. It finds out...

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Stakeholder Management In A General Sense

The aim of this chapter is to review the existing literature relevant to stakeholder management in a general sense and then to focus on publications which cover stakeholder issues related to large scale construction/development projects. By following this sequence I can give an outline in stakeholder management in general and then focus on the topics relative to my investigation....

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Stakeholder Management Within The Construction Industry Personal Reflection

The purpose of this paper is to reflective on various personal experiences I have had in my professional career to date, where I was involved in different relationships between various stakeholders in the context of the construction and engineering industry as a construction project manager working for main contractors in particular in the Middle East from 2007 to 2009, overall I have approximately 10 years experience in stakeholder management within the construction industry in various roles....

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Stakeholder Perspective On Improving Board Performance

Traditional accounting research in corporate governance around the world and Nigeria in particular is dominated by the Anglo-Saxon model, reflecting the dominance of agency theory, thus making previous studies limited and incomprehensive. To narrow this gap, this study intends to extend the current literature by broadening the theoretical framework in the perspective of stakeholder theory (Freeman, 1984; Sikka, 2008; and Fassin, 2009), which incorporates both shareholders and non-shareholding stakeholders, in an attempt to offer more inclusive approach and strengthen the existing governance structure in Nigeria. This will suggset having employees, creditors and other debt investors sit on board for advisory...

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Stakeholders In Project Development

The need for project to be completed on time, cost and quality cannot be over emphasised as it brings satisfaction to all the stakeholders particular to the project. On the other hand, the failure of project; not completed on schedule will be will result in a dissatisfaction among the entire stakeholders. However, the non-completion of projects on schedule can be attributed to the deficiency and sometimes non-concrete involvement of the project stakeholders as well as poor adoption to project risk management processes throughout the project lifecycle. This is mostly the problem in Nigeria and with contribution of other factors; the...

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Stock Price Reaction To Merger And Acquisition Announcements

Mergers and Acquisitions are seen as an important exercise in corporate restructuring. India is emerging as one of the top countries in M&A deals. In an efficient market M&A announcements will have an immediate effect on the stock price of that firm. Investors can earn significant returns during an M&A deal. Event Study Methodology is used to find the effect of an event on a specific dependent variable. Here the merger or acquisition announcement is an event and the underlying stock price is the dependent variable. The event study will study the change in stock price beyond expectation which we...

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Stock Price Reactions To Merger And Acquisition Announcements

Mergers and Acquisitions are seen as an important exercise in corporate restructuring. India is emerging as one of the top countries in M&A deals. In an efficient market M&A announcements will have an immediate effect on the stock price of that firm. Investors can earn significant returns during an M&A deal....

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Strategic Ownership Dividend Policy And Price Drop Ratio

In this proposed research, we suppose that ex-dividend day price behavior is motivated by tax heterogeneity between dividend and capital gain and also size of dividend yield (dividend policy). Furthermore, it supposed that dividend policy is a function of tax heterogeneity between dividend and capital gain and strategic ownership. Based on literature review, it is assumed that price drop ratio on ex-dividend day motivated by dividend policy and while dividend policy caused by strategic ownership, so we can assume that ex-dividend day price behavior is motivated by strategic ownership. Cross-sectional data will be use to investigate the effect of...

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Strategic Responses To The Current Global Developments Finance

The problem statement of our research methods is mainly focused on the corporate world, which has recently hit by the global recession that had led to many organizations restructuring their business processes and taking effective strategic responses to overcome it. These necessary measures have been taken in order to sustain in the current market and overcome financial distress. The main objective of this research is to carry out investigation whether major organizations have developed a strategic response to the current global developments. HSBC, one of the banking giants is also one of the organizations that have been hit by global...

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Strength Of An Organisation

The strength of any organization is its people. If people are attended to properly by recognizing their talents, developing their capabilities and utilizing them appropriately, organizations are likely to be dynamic and grow fast. Ultimately the variety of task in any organization has to be accomplished by the people. Some of them have capabilities to do certain tasks better than other tasks, and some of them may not have capabilities to do the task assigned to them. In any case one of the important process goals of any dynamic organization is to assure that its people are capable of doing...

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Structural Frame Construction And Cladding Of Superstructures

This study covers structural frame construction along with the cladding and finishes for this particular element of design. The areas of structure and cladding technology included in this study are as follows:...

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Study About Fluctuations In The Stock Market

Share or stock market also at times called as equity market in recent times has evolved beyond anyone’s expectations. The equity market is a public entity including the network of economic transactions for the purpose of the trading of a firm’s stock and derivatives at an agreed price. Normally these stocks and derivatives are listed and traded in a stock exchange where the stocks are exchanged over the counter of the firm’s stocks. These stock markets are for the public where they can buy or sell trading stocks of the companies which can be considered as a giant auction....

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Study Of Domestic And Foreign Banks In Pakistan

This research study is conducted to compare the performance of domestic and foreign banks in Pakistan in terms of profitability. We have analyzed and compared the profitability of domestic and foreign banks working in the Pakistani market from financial period of 2003 to 2008....

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Study Of Factors Affecting Use Of Plastic Money

Plastic money business has definitely been growing in Pakistan. Although credit card was introduced in Pakistan almost two decades ago when Habib Bank, the largest bank in Pakistan at that time, launched its gold card, but people hardly knew about this card because of its limited issuance. Approximately a decade ago, Allied Bank of Pakistan had launched its Master Card. In 1994 Citibank had launched its VISA Card and that was considered the turning point in the history of Plastic Money in Pakistan. Citibank did a good job in educating people about the use of credit card and through their...

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Study Of Functions Of Human Resource Management

“ Human Resource Management demonstrate a fresh approach to handle the process of labour. Some they say that the term HRM packages again only and relabeling of "developed" management of employees. The critics look HRM as rhetoric to cover the consequences of the liberation and to reduce: 'A cover for the face less acceptable for the attitude of the trade'. Most of the key articles of the model of HRM they are utilized organizing theories of conduct, like motive, creation of team and leadership.” (Bratton, J., Gold, J.(2000), Page 16-17, )....

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Study Of Obstetric Fistula

Maternal morbidity and mortality is an issue that requires attention worldwide this is because of the important role women play in the family and society at large. One of the major reproductive health challenges facing women in sub Saharan Africa is obstetric fistula (Stanton et al, 2007). In developed countries obstetric fistula is almost nonexistent due to the improvement in emergency obstetric care facilities (Creanga and Genadry, 2007). In contrast, women in developing countries are still suffering from the scourge of this medical condition (Tinuola and Okau, 2009). This view was supported by Tebeu et al, 2009 who revealed that...

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Study Of Recycling Of Construction Materials

This chapter is literature review on the study of recycling of construction materials in construction industry. This study was undertaking more specific subjects on the application, benefits and concept of recycling of construction materials. Therefore, it was study further on the application, benefits, procedures, barriers of recycling of construction materials, and the strategies to enhance recycling. The literature recourses were search from the reference books and journals article that getting from the internal research and library....

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Study Of Sales Growth And Debt Financing

The determinants of corporate borrowing was an empirical research, hence a terrific amount of prior researches focused on to explore the determinants of corporate borrowing, since 1960s. Corporate borrowing decision effects was remained as an area of growing interest for researchers in the last three decades, as the presence of the a phenomenon has been evidenced even in the most developed capital markets of the world (Guedes and Opler, 1996). In addition, the sales growth was defined as a pinpoint determinant for firm financial decision towards firm sales growth opportunities and financial debt capacity, in the same studies....

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Study Of The Dollar To Pound Exchange Rate

Purchasing power parity (PPP) states that in the absence of transaction costs and barriers to trade, the nominal exchange rate between two countries should equate the aggregate price levels of the respective countries. Since its formal introduction in 1918 by Gustav Cassel as a means of stabilising the exchange rates of the major countries after WW1, PPP theory has been extensively scrutinised and investigated by researchers to determine its relevance as a practical theory in exchange rate determination. Starting with the testing of the most basic relationship of PPP in the 1970s till the recent use of more advanced econometric...

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Study Of The Insurance Sector In Bahrain

This chapter will specify some aspects of Bahrain’s economy and what attracts foreign and local investors to invest their capital in this country; along with some important features and statistical data regarding the insurance industry. Finally, the literature review will discuss a number of corporate governance factors from an insurance perspective and some previous studies related to this topic will be covered....

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Study Of The Seasonality In Indian Stock Markets

Seasonal variations in production and sales are a well-known fact in business. Seasonality refers to regular and repetitive fluctuation in a time series which occurs periodically over a span of less than a year. The main cause of seasonal variations in time series data is the change in climate. For example, sales of woolen clothes generally increase in winter season. Besides this, customs and tradition also affect economic variables for instance sales of gold increase during marriage seasons. Similarly, stock returns exhibits systematic patterns at certain times of the day, week or month. The most common of these are monthly...

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Study On Abnormal Returns Based On Different Things

Today, financial markets are counted among the highest regulated markets of our economy. Market integrity plays a crucial role in respect to the efficiency and the integration of financial markets. The public confidence in financial markets, especially after the undergone financial crisis, can only be obtained with a high degree of transparency. Market abuse therefore strongly harms the integrity of financial markets and public confidence in securities and other financial instruments. Insider trading is often considered as market abuse on the part of corporate insiders as they are in possession of qualitatively better and reliable information about their companies’ future...

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Study On Continued Growth Of Sponsorship Expenditures

Research by IEG (2008) reported continued growth of sponsorship expenditures worldwide. The emphasis of sponsorship as an element of the marketing communications mix is growing as a result of both increases in the number of sponsoring companies and the total amount spent on sponsoring (Javalgi, Traylor, Gross et al,1994; Meenaghan, 1991). Recent literature also found a growth trend in sponsorship over traditional advertising that began in 1990 (Cornwell, 2008). Ha (1996) mentioned that marketers are finding it more difficult to differentiate products and services through traditional media like advertising which is characterized by considerable clutter,...

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Study On Corporate Governance And Investor Protection

Corporate governance and investor protection are key drivers of market development. In fact, companies around the world share the same imperatives: the ability to raise new capital, the efficiency of resources allocation, the growth of firm value, and the availability of information to all decision-makers…These imperatives should drive countries and firms in advanced economies to adopt the same and the most efficient corporate rules and structures. But a simple look at corporate ownership structure around the world shows that there are significant differences in corporate governance structures and ownership concentrations. In the United States and in the United Kingdom for...

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Study On Factors Affecting Dividend Payout Policy

Dividend policy in the firm has been the major issue for understanding how managers set dividend and change dividend given to stockholders. The extant literature on dividend payout ratios provides firms with no generally accepted prescription for the level of dividend payment that will maximize share value. Black (1976) in his study concluded with this question is that what the corporation should do about dividend policy. It has been argued that dividend policy has no effect on either the price of a firm’s share or its cost of capital. If dividend policy has no significant effects, then it would be...

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Study On Free Cash Flow And Capital Spending

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between free cash flow and capital-spending; evidence from the Automobile industry of Pakistan. Capital spending is strongly and positively associated to the level of free cash flow, and free cash flow's influence on capital spending increases as firm size decreases and as insider ownership increases....

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Study On How To Effectively Manage Risk

In recent years, the issue of how to manage risk has been a source of concern in many financial institutions around the world due to the present economic uncertainty and business environment which was caused by the failure and weaknesses in corporate governance which did not serve their purpose in the prevention against excessive risk in a number of financial service companies (Actuaries, 2008). It is therefore important to understand the term risk, risk management and why it matters in financial sector especially to managers facing these challenges....

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