Literature Review Examples

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 17)

Purpose Of Succession Human Resource Planning

According to Borade (2011), the Human Resource Management (HRM) emphasizes the question about “What is the purpose of succession Human resource planning of organization?” This question asked how is the human resource planning in the human resource management is the function with the organization that matching internal and external supply of people with job opening anticipated in the organization over a specified period of time....

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Real Estate Investment And Portfolio Investment

Real Estate Investment business deals with immovable property, such as land, and everything else that is permanently attached to it, such as buildings. C.F. Sirmans et.al. 2003, in his paper observed that there has been a lot of efforts by researchers and academicians in studying and attempting to model the benefits of establishing diversification strategies for portfolio investments. All previous works concentrated on combination of different stocks into a single portfolio. With the passage of time research has been extended into analyzing individual factors (like bonds, currencies, real estate, international stocks); recently researchers did make some new in-roads...

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Reason Behind Employee Turnover

Labour turnover and absenteeism is a vital issue in an organization especially in the clothing industry. It is mainly causes of employee dissatisfaction in workplace. Every organization needs to give focus on how to change employee mind from job dissatisfaction to job satisfaction. Other wise organizations are badly effected by this. High labour turnover and high absenteeism causes low productivity and efficiency. My aim is to find out the reason behind employee turnover and absenteeism and focuses on factors increases the turnover and absenteeism ratios which are the main barrier of organization development. So organization needs to find out the...

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Recent Literature On Operational Risk In Banks

The purpose of this chapter is to survey the recent literature on operational risk in banks. The starting point is to define financial risk and risk management in order to have an overview of risks in the financial sector. Then the chapter continues to define operational risk which is the central theme of this study, and then it proceeds to examine the importance and classification of operational risk. Furthermore this chapter will discuss the characteristics of operational risk and the operational risk process....

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Recognising The Ethical Problems In Businesses

Ethic is important to the business organization as well as the whole community. Ethics should be implemented ideally throughout all aspects and operations within organisation. With successful implementation of ethical management, organization can enhance the efficiency in the long run. Unfortunately, many organisations cannot perform ethical management due to human nature and other inappropriate management control systems. Business organisation with successful ethical management can achieve superior performance because they can attract and retain those high quality staff, customers, suppliers as well as investors. However, establishing the ethical organisation needs time and effort. It cannot be achieved automatically,...

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Reform Of Small And Medium Enterprises In Vietnam

After twenty-four years of reforming policy, along with the development of the national economy, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam have remarked contributions in creating employment, increasing GDP, and raising the nation’s volume of exports. However, SMEs have been restricted development by lack of management experience and financial resources, and due to uncertainty within the business environment. As a result, SMEs often faced obstacles during their operations. This research examines the relationship between financial management and probability to grow and survive of SMEs to determine whether financial management practices impact on SMEs’ growth and survival....

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Relation Between Traditional Finance And Behavioral Finance

This research Studies the relation between Traditional Finance & Behavioral Finance. Extensive literature investigates the reactions of the investors in different situations & personality traits. Traditional Finance focuses on the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH). The EMH proposes that competition between investors seeking abnormal profits drives prices to their correct value. In contract, Behavioral finance assumes that, in some situations, financial markets are informationally inefficient....

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Relationship Between Capital Flight And Foreign Direct Investment

Since 1993 foreign direct investment acted as largest source of finance for the developing nations which reached up to 38% in 1995. While on the other hand in developing countries its contra account is also very much active that is the capital flight. According to Kuczynski (1992) around USD 300 billion of residents of Latin America alone are invested abroad. According to Classens and Naude (1993) six out of ten countries were experiencing the highest average annual rates of capital flight during the period of 1981 - 1991 and the eight out of ten countries also suffered from high ratio...

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Relationship Between Capital Structure And Pakistani Banks Finance

This study has been conducted to see the relationship between Capital Structure and Profitability of Pakistani Banks. All these banks are regulated by statutory body of State Bank of Pakistan. Sample data has been collected for 15 banks and 5 years data (2003-2007) has been used for analysis. Capital structure has been proxied by Gearing Ratio and performance has been measured by ROE and ROA which are dependant variables. Common Effect model has been used for investigating the relationship between capital structure and profitability. Result of this analysis shows that Gearing has negative effect on both ROA and ROE. Further...

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Relationship Between Corporate Governance Mechanisms And Firm Performance

This study is a contribution to other studies conducted to examine the relationship between corporate governance mechanisms and firm’s performance, understand how to minimize the agency costs effectively and design the appropriate organizational structure. This research is conducted to distinguish between good and bad corporate governance which is a crucial step in building the market’s confidence and attracting positive investment flows to the institution and the economy....

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Relationship Between Dividend Policy And Operating Cash Flow

Dividend policy in the firm has been the major matter for recognizing how managers set dividend ratio and change dividend given to stockholders. The existing literature on dividend payout ratios provides firms with no generally accepted prescription for the level of dividend payment that will maximize share value. Black (1976) in his study concluded with this question is that what the corporation should do about dividend policy. It has been argued that dividend policy has no cause on either the price of a firm’s share or its cost of capital. Thus, extensive studies were done to find out various factors...

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Relationship Between Fdi Growth And Trade

In this fast changing world economic landscape, virtually every country developed and developing, large and small alike have sought Foreign Direct Investment to facilitate their development. Foreign Direct Investment is usually undertaken with the intention of exercising control over an enterprise rather than merely attaining a passive voice in corporate affairs. Thus, foreign direct investment can exert a more profound influence on a country's growth, industrial structure, employment and trade patterns than other capital flows. These investment flows almost always take place through transnational corporations, the main actors in the global economy. The foreign content of their total output, assets...

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Relationship Between Fiscal Deficit And Economic Growth

Now a days public debt is the internationally occurs. It is major part of the fiscal sectors of major economies. In the view of modern economist the public dent is not major issue, but the problem is the mismanagement and inappropriate use of the public debt. The modern theory of public debt differentiates the basic relationship between the economic growth / stability and the debt growth / sustainability in the country. The inappropriate debt organization and a consistent and unlimited growth of the debt to GDP ratio may lead negative impression in the macroeconomics and are the major macroeconomics indicators...

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Relationship Between Profitability And Debt Ratio

Capital structure choice is one of the important financial decisions that can affect firm’s value. Capital structure has been studied by many scholars during past five decades, which in turn generated some theories and various finding in this area of corporate finance. Definitely, Modigliani and Miler (1958, 1961) theorem of capital structure had a significant contribution on developing capital structure literatures .They proposed two approaches of capital structure under certain assumptions , based on Modigliani and Miler (1958), there is no differences between debt and equity financing under perfect market assumptions, and so capital structure decision...

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Relationship Between The Financial System And Economic Growth

The literature review gives an overall idea about the importance of financial markets, most precisely, stock markets to growth throughout history. The theoretical review is divided into different parts, section 2.1 talks about the financial system and growth in general, 2.2 illustrates different studies about stock markets and growth, 2.3 gives provides different indicators of stock market development, 2.4 provides different empirical studies which were done on stock market development and growth and finally, section 2.5 gives a summary of the review....

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Relationship Between The Information Asymmetry And Risk Perception

Investing is to allocate money or capital into stocks, bonds, unit trust, savings for the purpose of obtaining an income or profit. Investment comes together with the risk of loss of the principal sum. The investment that has not been analyzed in detail can be risky because the possibility of losing money is not within the investor’s control. In finance, investment is the commitment of funds by buying securities or other paper financial assets in the money market or capital markets....

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Relationship Between Trading Volume And Stock Index Return

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the trading volume and stock index return in China and UnitedStates, one of them is the largest and fastest developing socialist country around the world, the other one is the most developed capitalist country in the world. The differences and similarities between these stock markets can be used as a consideration in China financial system reform. The data is chosen from Shanghai Stock Exchange Composite Index and SP500 index,which are the typical stockindices ofChina and United States. The period of the daily data is from 1, March 2009 to...

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Relationship Marketing Impact On Consumer Buying Behaviour Marketing

Relationship marketing is high-touch, person-to-person communication. And it is the most powerful and time-consuming marketing technique. The philosophy or foundation of relationship marketing is the belief that strengthening ties with existing clients heightens customer satisfaction heightens our abilities to serve clients. (Claycomb; 2001) it can be seen that the customer market is increasingly gaining greater importance and thus there is the need to focus on building or fostering relationships (Lindgren; 2005). Customer loyalty, as we conceptualize it, focuses on a customer’s repeat purchase behaviour that is triggered by a marketer’s activities....

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Relationship Of Sub Sector Indices And Crude Oil

The global crude oil price has been seen a sharp increase in recent years and has been widely reported in the daily newspaper or TV news. For example, popular business and financial US based website Bloomberg has been constantly providing breaking news headlines like “The crude oil hits to level of $ 120 per barrel” or “Crude Oil Increases to 25-Month High as Commodities Gain”. Besides, video clips are uploaded on the website with commentary by senior investment analyst on the last traded crude oil price with prominent TV host. It has been noted that rising crude...

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Relatives Of People Who Have A Mental Illness

Tanner (2000) stated that professionally delivered services are only a small part of the lives of people who have relatives with a mental illness. He said that it is necessary to recognise the full extent of what is happening within the family itself....

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Religious Denunciation In Contemporary Fiction

In this essay I will focus on sexuality and the transformation that religious views of sexuality have undergone over time. Sexuality and religion have an allergic fascination for each other. I will show how this double fascination is still with us and is readable in the shocks surrounding contemporary representations of same-sex desire, if no longer of ‘normative’ heterosexual relations. This makes a nineteenth-century novel such as Awful Disclosures which presents themes on religion and sex seem less a historical curiosity than might be hoped. I will use this one novel in order to tie together my argument, focusing on...

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Remittances And Savings Reflections From Kyrgyzstan Finca

Remittances – the portion of money migrants send back home to their relatives and families – change lives оf millions of people in developing country, providing essential financial support. For many years, migrant workers worked in the shadows of globalization while their remittances went uncounted by governments and aid agencies. Over the past ten - fifteen years the true size of their contribution – over US$300 billion a year – has been revealed. Moreover some remittances researchers and experts conjecture that unofficial flows of remittances could be even larger than the formal transfers....

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Report On Maritime Safety Through Enavigation

It has widely been accepted that more than 80% of all high consequence marine disasters have been the result of human error. Accidents related to navigation continue to occur despite the development and availability of a number of ship- and shore-based technologies that promise to improve situational awareness and decision-making. Some of the currently used technologies are:...

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Research Into The Differing Investor Behaviors

Investing is to allocate money or capital into stocks, bonds, unit trust, savings for the purpose of obtaining an income or profit. Investment comes together with the risk of loss of the principal sum. The investment that has not been analyzed in detail can be risky because the possibility of losing money is not within the investor’s control. In finance, investment is the commitment of funds by buying securities or other paper financial assets in the money market or capital markets....

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Research Methods In Finance Asset Pricing Models

Since the development of the Capital Asset Pricing Model (hereafter CAPM), there has been several attempts to develop an alternative and superior asset pricing model in order to determine expected returns with a higher degree of accuracy. The motivation for this derives from the statistical and therefore theoretical rejection of the CAPM in a strict sense. According to statistical tests by Miller and Scholes (1972) the low beta measured was significantly inconsistent with the higher explained variable, which suggested that the market portfolio was not mean-variance efficient. Methodically, benchmark errors have been pervasively problematic in statistical tests due to the...

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Research On Capital Structure In Developing Countries

Capital structure aims to yield the lowest cost of capital basically it refers debt to equity ratio of the firm. To determine the optimum capital structure the capital amount should be fixed with change in the debt ratio. (Kim, 2006). This research analyses the study of capital structure theory of developing countries with different institutional structures. This study demonstrates the capital structure determinants across the countries and analyses two factors one firm-specific factor and other country specific factors in the context of leverage choice. The investigation includes detection of trade-off theory and pecking order theory which describes the financing choice...

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Research On Leadership Styles In Professional Nursing

The health sector’s success relies mainly on the leadership of the nurses in command; this may be a nurse manager who is in control of a unit or a nurse executive who controls numerous units. To be able to successfully lead the others the nurses need to have the necessary leadership skills that will be employed to solve all the challenges (Mahoney, 2001). The effective leadership skills will be very useful in the decision making process in the health sector....

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Research On Small Project Management

Over the last few decades, knowledge has been gathered and improved, advancements have been made at an extraordinary rate, market competition has increased and clients are more educated and demanding. Change is affecting all and has pushed companies and persons into a new found world of speed, cooperation and looking for ways for improvement. In such an environment, opportunities occur so quickly that many times firms realize when they have passed. Developments in various areas of life (global, technical, economical, and social) have happened so rapidly in the last 10 years that a more turbulent business environment has been...

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Research On The Factors Affecting Corporate Liquidity

Liquidity was found to be one of the most important unresolved problems in the field of corporate finance (Brealy and Myers, 1996). In addition, the same studies found that the liquidity management was the pinpoint of determining both future investment opportunities and future capacity of external borrowing....

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Research Regarding Water Disputes

Various research regarding water disputes have been explored by scholars. These issuesKita selalu diwar-war mengenai kekurangan air yang sedang dan akan dihadapi oleh manusia di muka bumi ini.Namun dalam masa yang sama kita juga selalu di didedahkan dengan pertikaian mengenai air, kecuaian manusia terhadap pencemaran dan mismanagement pengurusan air. There is 263 transboundary water basin and 270 transboundary aquifers around the world. Those transboundary basin and transboundary aquifers share by two or more countries, which involve more than 145 countries. The basin and aquifers also have their own issues, which can cause water disputes between countries. In recent year, number...

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Resistance To Change

Senior and Fleming (2006) consider change as essential for an organisation. Change can be defined as the event that occurs when passing from one state or phase to another, in essence becoming different (Choudhry et al 2009, Anon, A 2010). Mullins (2005) affirms that change is an unavoidable element of organisational life. The most common forms of change across industries are cost reduction, redundancies, culture change, and performance management. Organisational change is a vast subject, within change there is understood to be resistance (***) and this shall be the focus of this report....

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Response To Changing Business Environment

These are exciting times for the bond markets in the GCC. Rarely a day goes by without a mention of the bond markets. Even as the region is still coming to terms with the after effects of the financial turmoil the need for a developed bond market has come to the forefront. A lot of activity is being done by the authorities in the region to establish a stable bond market. A stable bond market is an important component in the economic architecture of any country as they provide additional liquidity and more importantly brings in a sense of discipline...

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Retaining Generation Y In The Work Environment

Generation Y that closely referred to as millennial is latest member in the multigenerational workforce. In fact they are the newest and the last members of the workforce, born between 1982 and 2003. Although they grew up with technology and never knew a time without mobile phones and the internet, they have some values held by traditionalists like patriotic and willing to fight for freedom. They often think in bullet points and are ravenous researchers. Speed is important and they prefer rapid feedback. Moreover, they perform best when their abilities are identified and matched with challenging work....

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Retaining Talent Recognition And Rewards

Finding qualified workers is a difficult and tedious process. Every industry has been finding ways to attract and keep its workforce. One of the factors leading to turnover is by adopting bad retention management. Turnover is a perennial problem and to retain talents within the organization requires the process of attracting, career planning, skills upgrading, developing and motivating the staffs. Talent, sometimes also called high potential, high performer or high professional, being identified by the organization, requires training, development, presented opportunities, work challenges and appreciation. People with this special talent are normally in demand as their productivity and other value-added...

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Return On Education And Human Capital Externalities

This chapter examines the theoretical and empirical literature on return to education and human capital externalities. The purpose of the review is to highlight issues that require attention in the analysis of the impact of education on earning and externalities. In addition the review aims to identify areas widely covered in the literature and find out issues to be addressed in this thesis....

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