Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 17)

Study On The Sugar Industry Of Pakistan

1.1 Overview of the Sugar Industry of Pakistan...

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International Transmission Of Stock Prices Movements

This study uses a Cointegration analysis and Vector autogressive models to investigate the transmission of stock price movements among U.S, Japan and India. The results of Johansen cointegration test indicate that stock price indices of the three countries are not cointegrated, thus suggesting that there is not long run relationship between the three markets. The results from Pair-wise granger causality suggest the important and dominating role of the two developed markets of U.S and Japan over the developing markets of India and the existence of two way causation between the U.S and Japan. In contrast Indian stock markets have very...

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Hrm Activities In Balance Scorecard Approach

I have adapted more empirical view for the final finding which is correlated with my research aims and objectives. The data I used is in combination with the literature review to find same similarities with the other different author’s works. For this purpose I have collected and analysed the secondary data or previous studies. My research area is mainly related to Human resource management activities in balance scorecard approach. It is sociological in nature and can be best fit and suitable for both quantitative and qualitative analysis....

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How Can Hrm Improve Business Performance

With specific reference to the acquisition and development of employee skills, how can Human Resource Management improve business performance?...

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Six Step Approach On Hrt Prescription

This dissertation aims to highlight the benefits associated with the prescription of HRT despite the risk of breast cancer. Since there was considerable amount of literature available around this topic, it was important to bring together relevant studies which are specifically related to the research question. The literature needed directly depends on the research question as varied questions will need varied evidence (Aveyard and Sharp, 2009). Hence with a clearly focused and narrowed question the evidence needed brought up would be relevant and specific (Aveyard and Sharp, 2009)....

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Impact Of Export Finance Schemes In Pakistan

I have checked all the record regarding this research and find some literature regarding export finance. This research was conducted on the Investor’s perspectives. This research also studied about the major financial institutions which provide the finance facility to the exporters....

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Analysis Of Credit Crunch In Corporate America

Credit crunch, also known as a credit squeeze, finance crunch or credit crisis, is a reduction in the general availability of loans, or credit or a sudden tightening of the conditions required to obtain a loan from the banks, leading to various linked crash phenomenon [1] . A credit crunch generally involves a reduction in the availability of credit independent of a rise in official interest rates. In such situations, the relationship between credit availability and interest rates has implicitly changed, such that either credit becomes less available at any given official interest rate, or there ceases to be a clear relationship between interest rates and credit availability. Many times, a credit...

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Challenges And Trends Of Business Worlds

In 21st century business are facing new challenges and trends in the business world. In this dynamic environment employees are the best resource for any organization that helps it to meet the challenges and overcome the problems. Most of the organization did not develop a separate department to produce affiant and effective human resource so that this human resource turns the organization into a tycoon in business world. In most organizations personal departments have been transformed to the human resource while maintaining the same old staff and not implementing the human resource philosophies. There is only change of name where...

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Review Of The Corporate Dividend Payout Policy

Corporate dividend policy is one of the most debated topics in corporate finance. Many researchers have devised theories and provided empirical evidence regarding the determinants of a firm’s dividend policy. The dividend policy issue, however, remains still unresolved as due to the fact that there are so many variables depending upon the type of company, its financial conditions, its industry etc that no single formula could be applicable. Clear guidelines for an ‘optimal payout policy’ have not yet emerged despite the voluminous literature. We still do not have an acceptable explanation for the observed dividend behavior of companies....

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Study On Factors Affecting Dividend Payout Policy

Dividend policy in the firm has been the major issue for understanding how managers set dividend and change dividend given to stockholders. The extant literature on dividend payout ratios provides firms with no generally accepted prescription for the level of dividend payment that will maximize share value. Black (1976) in his study concluded with this question is that what the corporation should do about dividend policy. It has been argued that dividend policy has no effect on either the price of a firm’s share or its cost of capital. If dividend policy has no significant effects, then it would be...

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Fluctuation In Share Prices And Interest Rate

Over the years, banking sector of Pakistan showed massive growth and potential. The performance and strength indicator represents significant improvement in the success of banking system of Pakistan. The banking sector of Pakistan had faced pressures from 2008 onward after gigantic amount of growth. Such as the liquidity crisis and solvency hitch had significantly affected the performance of banking and economy. The financial institution possibly managed the situation well devoid of any trouble. The adequate amount of liquidity had vacant to fulfill the requirement. Since the banks were working in a very tight market conditions and enforced to pay attractiveness...

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The International Trade And Income Convergence

International economics considers trade as an engine of growth as well as the solution of global income inequality through fair distribution of income among the trading partners. One of the main economic arguments for promoting international trade, in the broader sense economic globalization, has always been the “gains from trade” arising out of specialization and economies of scale. Based on this underline concept, World trade has grown at an average of 6 percent per year from 1950 to 2002 (WTO 2005) that was the causes of the growth of world economy about 3.5 percent per year from 1960 to 2000,...

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The Royal Bank Of Scotland

It is a known fact that the world is going through one of the most toughest times ever faced in the form of economic downturn. While the debate on the real cause of this phenomenon continues, it is by far proved that de-regulation of economic policies which were supposed to keep a watch on the economic progress and avaoid another era of “Great Depression”, was the real cause of the entire saga. Though the saga still continues and nobody ever knows when the eceonomy can actually get back on track, this dissertation majorly focuses on the role of de-regulation in...

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Relationship Between Dividend Policy And Operating Cash Flow

Dividend policy in the firm has been the major matter for recognizing how managers set dividend ratio and change dividend given to stockholders. The existing literature on dividend payout ratios provides firms with no generally accepted prescription for the level of dividend payment that will maximize share value. Black (1976) in his study concluded with this question is that what the corporation should do about dividend policy. It has been argued that dividend policy has no cause on either the price of a firm’s share or its cost of capital. Thus, extensive studies were done to find out various factors...

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Measurement Of Efficiency And Productivity Of Utilities

Utility services are a vital part of our everyday lives. Everybody uses some form of energy or utility at various stages during the day and every good produced in this country has involved the use of energy and utilities. Demand for energy is set to increase significantly in the near future. Energy comes from burning fuels such as coal, gas and oil. These fuels are non-renewable and finite and so therefore it is important that we make efficient use of them now and for future generations. If there is an improvement in efficiency and productivity in the utility industry, then...

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Highlights Of Singapore Banking Development

Since early 1980s, financial institutions around the world have undergone transformations led by globalisation, deregulation, and privatization, supported by the information technology advancement. Similar developments were found in Singapore banking industry. These are in relation to Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As) that targeted at improving the competitiveness and efficiency of local banks....

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Walt Disney Nestle Nike Toyota Management

The focus of this project is to clarify and enhance the understanding of corporate social responsibility as well as the extent to which corporations adhere to the ever increasing demands emanating from stakeholders (consumers, employees, governments, environmental activists etc) for socially responsibility....

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Return On Education And Human Capital Externalities

This chapter examines the theoretical and empirical literature on return to education and human capital externalities. The purpose of the review is to highlight issues that require attention in the analysis of the impact of education on earning and externalities. In addition the review aims to identify areas widely covered in the literature and find out issues to be addressed in this thesis....

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Strategic Responses To The Current Global Developments Finance

The problem statement of our research methods is mainly focused on the corporate world, which has recently hit by the global recession that had led to many organizations restructuring their business processes and taking effective strategic responses to overcome it. These necessary measures have been taken in order to sustain in the current market and overcome financial distress. The main objective of this research is to carry out investigation whether major organizations have developed a strategic response to the current global developments. HSBC, one of the banking giants is also one of the organizations that have been hit by global...

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Literature Review About The Efficiency Market Hypothesis

Many previous researchers have studied in the field of seasonal regularities, particularly for the day of the week effect, January effect, the quarter effect and holiday effect. Some of them considered the seasonal effect is the divergence from the theories of asset pricing behaviour and it could be evidences of market inefficiency (see Lakonishok et al. 1995). Another researcher such as Fama and French (1993) thought that seasonal effect was just anomalies for temporarily exist in the market and the market is still efficient according to the market efficient hypothesis. Other researchers focus on explanation of earing abnormal profit from...

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Financial Crisis Effects On Indian Real Estate

This study endeavors to evaluate the extent to which the Indian real estate has been affected by the financial crisis that has enveloped the entire world. This chapter of the study attempts to understand how the financial crisis emerged to devour the global economy, with special emphasis on its impact on the Indian economy. The initial portion of this segment gives details about the financial crisis worldwide, and then explains its effect in the Indian context and for other countries. Finally, the impact of this crisis on the Indian real estate industry will be discussed in the last...

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The Budget Deficit And Interest Rate Fluctuation

Ari Aisen and David Hauner in their research (Budget Deficits and Interest Rates: A Fresh Perspective, 2008) explain that there is an on – going relationship between the budget deficit and interest rate fluctuation that an economy bears due it. It is claimed that there is a a highly positive relationship present in the interest rate hiking and the presence of the fiscal and monetary deficits in the economy. It is explained in the research that deficits in an economy is most of the times financed by domestic resources by various sources including printing more money by the Central...

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Innovations Of Chinese Small And Medium Enterprises

China’s phenomenal growth over the past few decades has raised many questions and some of which critics argue include that if China is to succeed as a superpower of the world, then it must innate a way out of a global recession....

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Study Of Obstetric Fistula

Maternal morbidity and mortality is an issue that requires attention worldwide this is because of the important role women play in the family and society at large. One of the major reproductive health challenges facing women in sub Saharan Africa is obstetric fistula (Stanton et al, 2007). In developed countries obstetric fistula is almost nonexistent due to the improvement in emergency obstetric care facilities (Creanga and Genadry, 2007). In contrast, women in developing countries are still suffering from the scourge of this medical condition (Tinuola and Okau, 2009). This view was supported by Tebeu et al, 2009 who revealed that...

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The Effective Uses Of Mobile Communication

Mobile communications affect almost every aspect of the personal and professional life of the users such as students in universities, either directly or indirectly (Katz and Aakhus, 2002). Smart phones, such as Iphone, Blackberry and Android based devices, available to students today are a pinnacle of mobile phone development (Beale, 2005). These smart phones, not only give the student the ability to make phone calls (Schrott and Glückler, 2004), but also enables a host of other functions (Adams, 1995), such as use of social networking sites, file sharing, community building, shared spaces, email clients and other functionalities (Beale, 2005). Mobile...

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The Dynamics And Determinants Of Dividend Policy

Corporate dividend policy is one of the most debated topics in corporate finance. Many researchers have devised theories and provided empirical evidence regarding the determinants of a firm’s dividend policy. The dividend policy issue, however, remains still unresolved as due to the fact that there are so many variables depending upon the type of company, its financial conditions, its industry etc that no single formula could be applicable. Clear guidelines for an ‘optimal payout policy’ have not yet emerged despite the voluminous literature. We still do not have an acceptable explanation for the observed dividend behavior of companies....

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Price Earning Ratio And Corporate Growth

From the investor point of view the price earning ratio was the most easiest way to judge either the company was producing the good profit or not and people think that if the price earning ratio was increasing so the companies growth was increasing to, but in real have no significant relation with each other, price earning ratio and growth, in past many researches have done study the behavior of growth with different variable like p/e ratio, dividend payout ratio, e/p ratio and many more. In this research p/e ratio used to test relationship between the p/e ratio and growth...

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Effective Site Waste Management Plan

To fulfill the object of the topic for Site Waste Management Plan (hereinafter referred to as SWMP), the first part in this chapter 2 literature review is defined what is construction waste and follow by the types of materials waste contribute on construction site. . Hereafter, the next part will be continuous by the factors cause of site waste in the construction industry. For the last part will carry out on what is SWMP and the benefits of site waste management plan applying in construction industry and also for the guide to formulating a site waste management plans....

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Behavioural Foundations Of The Dynamic Capabilities Framework

Almost 15 years have passed since Teece et al (1997) conceptualized the notion of Dynamic Capabilities (DCs) as an extension of the widely acknowledged Resource Based View of the firm (Barney 1986, Dierickx & Cool, 1989; Peteraf, 1993; Penrose, 1959; Wernerfelt, 1989)...

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Infection Control Practices

This coursework contains the full 6,000-word summative essay on the Literature review on the infection control practices in the Nursing Homes most particularly in the United Kingdom. It is well known that the elderly population has a substantially increased incidence and severity of many infectious diseases (Hampton, 2003). The student will focus on the infection control and prevention issues most specifically to person- to-person transmission and a little regarding food –borne transmission. In fact, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.5 million nosocomial infections occur in long-term care residents per year, which translates to an average...

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Examining The Effectiveness Of Health Supplements Health

The prevalence used of health supplements especially multivitamins and minerals in many developed counteries are widened eventhough their effectiveness is unclearly determined (Rock , 2007). Based on the data collected by National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000, 52 percent of US adults reported taking a dietary supplement in the past month and 35 percent is reported on regular use of a multivitamin-multimineral product. Marketing data from Nutrition Business Journal of year 1997 till 2001 show a dramatic increase in supplement sales and estimated total approximately $ 18.8 billion in 2003. In Malaysia, according to the data published by...

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The Determinants Of Euro Portfolio Bias

A voluminous literature in finance and economics documents considerable potential gains from diversification of portfolios internationally. In one of the earliest work, Grubel (1968) establishes that the mean-variance of an internationally diversified portfolio is much larger than the portfolio with purely domestic assets. Subsequent research such as, Levy and Sarnat (1970), Solnik (1974b), van Wincoop (1994), Obstfeld (1994) and Canova and Ravn (1996), provides similar evidence in support of an internationally diversified portfolio for high returns and low risk motives....

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Response To Changing Business Environment

These are exciting times for the bond markets in the GCC. Rarely a day goes by without a mention of the bond markets. Even as the region is still coming to terms with the after effects of the financial turmoil the need for a developed bond market has come to the forefront. A lot of activity is being done by the authorities in the region to establish a stable bond market. A stable bond market is an important component in the economic architecture of any country as they provide additional liquidity and more importantly brings in a sense of discipline...

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Literature Review Of Australian Private Equity And Capital

Private Equity has been considered as a fast developing investment which offers investors a high return because it is focusing on investments in high growth potential companies. By providing financial and management aid, Private Equity increases the value of the firm; followed by an exiting process, a high investment return is achieved....

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Importance Of Ethics To Business Organisations

Ethic is important to the business organisation as well as the whole community. Ethics should be implemented ideally throughout all aspects and operations within organisation. With successful implementation of ethical management, organisation can enhance the efficiency in the long run. Unfortunately, many organisations cannot perform ethical management due to human nature and other inappropriate management control systems. Business organisation with successful ethical management can achieve superior performance because they can attract and retain those high quality staff, customers, suppliers as well as investors. However, establishing the ethical organisation needs time and effort. It cannot be achieved automatically, because the human...

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