Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 12)

Case Study Of Dell Computers Ecommerce Information Technology

The purpose of this report was to examine an organisation that has different types of electronic commerce interfaces. We chose DELL Inc Which was founded by Michael Dell in 1984....

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Sponsored Childcare In An Organization

In this paper, I will explore whether employer-sponsored childcare has any effect on attracting and retaining employees in order to make recommendations to organizations that provide employer- sponsored childcare benefits....

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Manufacturing Transport Logistics

There is a requirement for a horizontal cooperation between teansport and logistics as the logistics sector is gaining momentum at a faster rate in today’s world....

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Recognising The Ethical Problems In Businesses

Ethic is important to the business organization as well as the whole community. Ethics should be implemented ideally throughout all aspects and operations within organisation. With successful implementation of ethical management, organization can enhance the efficiency in the long run. Unfortunately, many organisations cannot perform ethical management due to human nature and other inappropriate management control systems. Business organisation with successful ethical management can achieve superior performance because they can attract and retain those high quality staff, customers, suppliers as well as investors. However, establishing the ethical organisation needs time and effort. It cannot be achieved automatically,...

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Literature On Knowledge

The previous chapter has underlined the significance of this study. This chapter will cover the literature of the study. Literature reviews are secondary sources get from available work such as journals, books, thesis, and other reports....

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Production Efficiency And Agriculture Productivity

The research by (Taylor, Drummond, & Gomes, 1986) related to effectiveness of subsidized credit programs in improving the productivity of traditional farmers in developing countries the credit program known as PRODEMATA. The empirical results suggested that PRODEMATA had no desire impact on technical efficiency and a slightly negative effect on allocative productivity (it was defined as a theoretical measure of the advantage or utility resulting from a planned or actual choice in the distribution or distribution of resources)....

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Credit Card Adoption

The purpose of this chapter is to provide a review of the researchers that has been published in areas related to the topic. This chapter will begin with a discussion of dependent variable which is usage of credit card among IPTA and IPTS students. Along the way of discussion, some important issues and benefits are discussed to support the dependent variable. After that, it followed by the independent variables that affect the usage of credit card among IPTA and IPTS students which are demographic, knowledge, kind of purchases and attitudes. Furthermore, sub-variables also included under one of the independent variables....

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Literature Review Of Macroeconomic Variables And Stock Returns

Literature review is an analysis or summary of previous researches towards a particular topic. The purpose of performing literature review is to evaluate related literature in order to guide and support the current writing, and to define each variable involved in this study. The focus area of this study is to examine the volatility of macroeconomic variable that creates the variation in stock returns is the same for industry and firm....

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The Debt Financing Decisions Of Smes In Mauritius

Capital structure has always been one of the main topics among the studies of finance scholars. Its importance derives from the fact that capital structure is tightly related to the ability of firms to fulfil the needs of various stakeholders. The last century has witnessed a continuous developing of new theories on the optimal debt to equity ratio. The first milestone on the issue was set by Modigliani and Miller, whose model argued on the Irrelevance of the capital structure in determining firms’ value and future performance (1958). However, many authors have successively proved that a relationship between capital structure...

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Framework Of External And Domestic Debt

Government is an institution holding mandate from its people to manage state daily life. To perform this function, government is supported by financial resources which managed trough state budget. The budget covers both revenues and expenditures. However both sides are not always in the balance position. When government outlay is greater than receipt, financing either from external or domestic sources are needed. In the past, to cover budget deficit, governments may ask central bank to print money. This choice is no longer utilized because it creates excessive inflation impact and gives pressure on countries balance of payment. Domestic financing...

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Study On The Risk In Sub Prime Mortgages

Soros (2009) emphasized that the overall financial system has been built on false premises. Although credit crisis do not arise out of defaults in mortgage loans alone; they are mostly the product of credit at various points in the financing system (Cudahy, 2009). The financial crisis was aggregated by highly leveraged credit derivatives that were not well understood by both lenders and borrowers (Markowitz,2009)....

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Dividend Payout And Effects Of Firm Characteristics

One of the most fascinating topics in Finance literature both in theoretical and empirical dimensions is the dividend policy of the firm. Extensive research has been done in many facets of this topic. First the dividend irrelevance proponents challenged the norm that dividend payouts impact the value of the firm, contending that there is no relationship between the dividend policy of the firm and the value of its shares. Miller and Modigliani (1961) were first to propound this theory under the assumptions of perfect capital markets. Thereafter most literature on dividend payouts have taken root from the...

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Study On Continued Growth Of Sponsorship Expenditures

Research by IEG (2008) reported continued growth of sponsorship expenditures worldwide. The emphasis of sponsorship as an element of the marketing communications mix is growing as a result of both increases in the number of sponsoring companies and the total amount spent on sponsoring (Javalgi, Traylor, Gross et al,1994; Meenaghan, 1991). Recent literature also found a growth trend in sponsorship over traditional advertising that began in 1990 (Cornwell, 2008). Ha (1996) mentioned that marketers are finding it more difficult to differentiate products and services through traditional media like advertising which is characterized by considerable clutter,...

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Literature Review On Theory And Concept Of Profit

The studies on the determinant of bank’s profitability has been done since a long time ago. Compared to the studies on the determinants of Conventional bank’s profitability, the studies on determinant of Islamic bank’s profitability is still relatively new. Among of the studies that examine the determinants of conventional bank profitability is such as the studies by Dermirguc-kunt & Huizinga (1998), Vong & Chan (2006), Fadzlan & Royfaizal (2008), Masood, et al., (2009) and Rasiah (2010 ). While the studies on the determinants of Islamic banking profitability is such as the studies by Harun (1996 & 2004), Bashir (2003), Alkassim...

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Influence Of The Colonial Legacy On Institutions

The topic I have chosen for the project of “Development and Transition” is Institutions and History. I struggled for quite a long time in deciding this topic, and indeed, if it were not for time constraints, I would have preferred to choose a topic from later lectures, which seemed to present a deep and focused exploration into some particularities of the functioning of markets and institutions in developing countries. I am more familiar with, and interested in, topics relating to finance and microfinance, and in the last term, we studied the module of macroeconomic analysis which placed a great deal...

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Occupational Stress Of Nurses

In the years to come stress would find more place in our lives. One has to adopt specific skills to combat stress. Stress management is of paramount importance in organizational and individual practice. From the study it is evident that if stress management programmes are incorporated in the health care profession people who are working at various levels will be able to recognise the stress factors inherent in their work place. They will learn to develop various preventive methods for mitigation of these stressors. This would help to arrest the decline in job performance, burnout, high absenteeism, reduction of efficiency,...

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Study On The Different Types Of Interest Rates

Interest rates have always been a fascination for scholars. This is even more so when the way the interest rates of countries are linked is mentioned. Over time, this has led to a lot of material on the...

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Influencing Factors And Efficiency Of Chinese Stock Market

China achieved an extremely rapid economic development in past 10 years, it remained over 8% increase rate of GDP from 2000 to 2009 and this kind of tendency is continuing (chart 1). The quick development of economy in China has be an interesting issue for debate. Several factors attribute to the development of economy and one of these factors, development of finance, is highly considered since it provide large capacity and flexibility for corporative finance in capital market. Many researchers have studied the relationship between growth of economy and development of finance and positive interaction has been found. For example,...

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The Economic Recession And Effects On Uk

Before proceeding it is important to explain what an economic recession is and clarify the point at which the recession officially hit the UK....

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Literature Review On Criteria Of A Stock Brokers

The purpose of this chapter is to focus and review again on the previous research which had done in this topic. With this chapter in the project, it can help the reader to get a clear picture or to have a better understand of this study. In this chapter, it consist of the statement and the result of prior researches which examine what affect the selection key criteria of a stock broking company. From the previous research, it is found that five independent variables of the selection key criteria of stock broking companies are affected by:...

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Branding Activities Affect The Consumers Buying Pattern Marketing

Brand is an influential tool to focus the consumers to buy the particular products. Some people named it as equity because it adds values to the products. This study explains the factors that contribute to brand equity and the consumers’ buying behaviour which is based on the four aspects of brand equity namely brand awareness, perceived quality, brand loyalty and brand association....

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Evidence That Earnings Outperform Historical Cash Flows Finance

Prior studies have provided evidence that earnings outperform historical cash flows in predicting future cash flows. Later researchers reveal that the major accrual components of earnings each possess significant explanatory power in predicting future cash flows and they augment, rather than replace, the predictive ability of aggregate earnings. The degree of relationship of Earning, Sales & Cash Flows with Share Price is the Primary goal of this study though Prior study focused on predictive abilities of Cash Flow, Sales and Earning where as this study also predicts the abilities of Variables by Using share price as the dependent variable and...

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The Approval Of Mortgage Loan

Mortgage loan is a loan secured use to finance by real property. It is usually used with specified payment periods and interest rates according to the agreement of the mortgage loan made between the two parties. Mortgage loan also can know as amortized loan. Under legal agreement, the mortgagor (borrower) gives the mortgagee (lender) a lien on the real estate as collateral for the loan. However, the home loan and mortgage are often used interchangeably. So, the mortgage is really an agreement that makes the home loan work- the commercial bank would not lend you some hundreds of thousands...

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The Applications And Uses Of Transformer

A transformer is an electrical device which is used for changing (transform) the a.c. voltages. It is based on the principal of mutual induction. A transformer is essentially an a.c. device. It cannot work on d.c. . A transformer changes only a.c. voltages/currents....

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The Role Of A Performance Appraisal

The concept of Performance management is a core concept in organization’s human resources management in the sense that it centers every organization goal of performing. In this regard, performance management is defined by Murphy and Margulies (2004) as a systematic process that organization involves its workforce in scope of members of a group or/and as individuals to improve organization’s effectiveness in order to accomplish organization’s goal and mission. The range of activities that encompasses performance management include developing the capacity to perform, setting expectations and planning work, periodically rating employees performance, monitoring workforce performance, rewarding employees’ good performance and performance...

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Literature Review Of Ulcer Prevention

The nurses role in the prevention of pressure ulcers in Ireland....

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Impact Of Political Instability On Pakistan Stock Market

The topic of my research is Impact of political instability on the performance of stock market of Pakistan. To my opinion, political instability is a situation where by a country is currently going through political turmoil. It may also involve the death of people within that country, change of regimes and nature of the government. And as a result of political instability, in many cases the country deteriorates in terms of its economic progress. I would be highlighting the impact of major political instability incidents over the recent past in Pakistan and its impact on the Pakistani Stock Market. This...

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Evolving Stock Market Efficiency In Kazakhstan And Russia

Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) continues to be controversial and debatable even in the 21st century. In the financial world many researchers have garnered ever greater empirical evidence of inefficiency, greatly discrediting EMH; however it plays a significant role in modern finance and therefore gives us an incentive for future research. There is a wide consensus that on the early stage stock markets in transition countries are obviously not weak-form efficient, due to the lack of information, irrational behaviour of participants and an overall lack of financial development. However, regulations, market structure and learning processes could create the framework to become...

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History Of Fundamental Analysis As A Trading Mechanism

The history of fundamental analysis as a trading mechanism began with Benjamin Graham in 1928. Graham published his first book, Security Analysis in 1934. This book defined the framework of Value Investment and is now in its fifth edition....

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Learning English Among Suburban Secondary School Students

This chapter reviews the literature on attitudes towards learning English language deemed relevant to the research objectives. This includes an overview of the attitude definitions, related studies on this research, the determinant of language attitudes, motivation concepts and the respondents’ exposure to English....

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Pakistani Multinational Corporatations Instill A Strategic Culture

This study demonstrates the extent to which Pakistani multinational corporatations instill a strategic culture. Why this culture is vital and how HR management practices and decisions making can play an integral role towards achieving organization’s strategic goals. Most of Pakistan’s corporate culture is not in line with international accepted and practiced SHRM. However, SHRM exists because of its increasing adaptation of western management style and American influence. There are many obstacles in the holistic implementation of SHRM in multinational corporatations in Pakistan. Political expediency, religious, cultural and ethnic barriers, unethical practice and limited practical knowledge are few of the impediments...

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Socio Cultural Approach To Learning About Customers

Customer satisfaction can be defined in various ways. According to Kotler et al. (1996), satisfaction is “the level of a person’s felt state resulting from comparing a product’s perceived performance (or outcome) in relation to the person’s expectations.” In brief, satisfaction level simply is a function of the difference between perceived performance and expectation (Stahl, 1999)....

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Reason Behind Employee Turnover

Labour turnover and absenteeism is a vital issue in an organization especially in the clothing industry. It is mainly causes of employee dissatisfaction in workplace. Every organization needs to give focus on how to change employee mind from job dissatisfaction to job satisfaction. Other wise organizations are badly effected by this. High labour turnover and high absenteeism causes low productivity and efficiency. My aim is to find out the reason behind employee turnover and absenteeism and focuses on factors increases the turnover and absenteeism ratios which are the main barrier of organization development. So organization needs to find out the...

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Review On Delivering Project Leadership

As Turner and Muller (2005, p.49) surprisingly noted, most literature on the factors of project success have failed to acknowledge the useful role as played by any project leader in the implementation of projects. Instead, these literatures have stressed that results are all that matters in project implementation (Juli 2010, p.70). Though the authors of these literatures might be having a valid argument, it should be noted that what these works have failed to point out is that project leaders are individuals responsible or accountable to these project results. However, on a positive note, it should be acknowledged that in...

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