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What is the significance of the High Court's ruling over NHS England's appeal on the cost implications of public administration?

PrEP, which is short for “pre-exposure prophylaxis” using the antri-retroviral drug Truvada. It has been shown to prevent HIV in individuals who are at a high risk of contracting this disease due to their lifestyle, and its di...

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The genetics of Haemoglobinopathies and G6PD deficiency. How do these diseases confer resistance to malaria species?

Sickle cell disease is a group of inherited disorders associated with finding of predominantly haemoglobin S (HbS) or HbS along with other β-globin gene variants such as HbC. Normal human haemoglobin consists of two α-globin ch...

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Colour blindness and gender

Colour blindness occurs in around 8% of the male European population, and around 0.5% of female Europeans. This inequality is due to the association of colour blindness with the X chromosome. Humans see colour using three diff...

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