Sociology Essays

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Sociology Essays Page 114

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Women Are Poorer Than Men

In recent years, focus has been on discovering if poverty is ‘gendered’, that is to say to what extent women may be more at threat of poverty than men. In this essay I shall be discussing how women are affected by poverty and what factors lead to women being poorer than men. Peter Townsend et al (1987) have argued that there has been a ‘feminisation of poverty’, this term may be understood in various ways, it may refer to the increased risk of poverty or the increased visibility of women’s poverty it may also refer...

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Early Days Of Industrialization

This essay will be divided into two sections. The first section describes the concept of three features of risk society which are reflexive modernization, individuation and sub-politics. The second part illustrates one of the features by giving one example....

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Issues Of Deviance And Social Control

Deviance is a term used by society to define behaviors that differ from the everyday social norm, this means that majority of people in a society must agree or conform to a certain action or behavior. In 1906, William Sumner came up with the concept to categorize “norm” into three different groups: folkways, mores, and laws. He defines ‘folkway’ as the simple day-to-day norm which was based on customs, traditions and mannerisms. If one were not to follow the way of ‘folkway norm’ it would probably cause others to believe that they are strange or abnormal but would not cause...

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Social Change In Our Society

Ever society is subject to change. These social changes occur due to many reasons and factors, but we may note a number of social changes taking place in our society in the recent period, which is, mainly, due to the rapid technological advancement and progressions....

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Attitudes Towards Modernization Among Management Students

We live in a changing world and change is inevitable. The use of new technology, tools, adoption of new values and practices in organizations are all aspects of change and modernization. There is, however, a paradox in the attitudes of various generations towards change. The generally urban-ward movement, particularly among the young, has spelled greater independence for them with diminishing parental control and influence on their lives which may pose many undesirable consequences on their behavior. Such changes along with the rapid development in information technology and the spread of mass media play an important role in shaping their behavior....

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The Socialisation Of The Established Societies

It is indeed true, that as human we are socialised into the already established society to which we develop in. Many factors in this society impact the entity we become (personality, morals and emotions), the status and roles we hold in that society. Clearly, the agents of socialisation and the structure of a society, “socialises” us. Socialisation, “the process by which people learn the characteristics of their group- the knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, norms and actions taught appropriate to them;” [1] is a major part of our development as human beings, and is evident through fictional characters, that...

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Examining The Growth And Effects Or Robotic Technology

Robotics technology is increasing at a fast rate, providing us with new technology that can assist with home chores, automobile assembly and many other tasks. Robotic Technology has changed the world around us and is continuing to impact the way we do things. Robotic technology transformation from the Past to Present surrounds almost everyone in today’s society, and it affects both our work and leisure activities. The definition of the word robot has a different meaning to many people and most people have their own definition and meaning for the word robot. According to the Robot Institute of America,...

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The Social Science Theories For Social Work

Haralambos and Holborn (2008) mention in their book:”deviance refers to those activities that do not conform to the norms and expectations of members of particular society”. From this point of view, deviant behaviors refer to the activities which violate the general values or principles that are accepted by most people in one community....

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Why Does Gender Pay Inequality Persist

With the increasing trend of the remarkably importance of the gender pay equality during the past few decades, organisations and many commentators have been paying particular attention to the relative trends, legislations, news, economy and global labour market as a whole to address the persistence of the gender pay inequality occurred nowadays. Pay equity is defined as “a particular strategy for reducing or eliminating the wage gap between or among groups such as women and men, or various ethnic groups” (Thomas 2006). It was mentioned in the CONSAD Research Corporation’s paper (2009) that there have been significant increase for women...

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Animal Rights Is The Concept

Animal rights is the concept or idea that all or some of nonhuman animals are entitled to possession of their basic rights, lives and should be afforded same consideration and similar interests as human beings. Advocates of animal rights oppose the assignment of fundamental protections and moral value on basis of species membership. They argue that it is irrational and prejudice to assign moral values on species membership. Advocates of animal rights have a common agreement that animals should no longer be categorized as property, used as clothing, food, entertainment or research subjects. Animals just like human have moral rights...

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How Pro Social Courteous Acts Affect Door Holding

This study examined how pro-social courteous acts affect further acts of politeness. It questioned whether pro-social courteous acts promote the initiative to be more polite. Prior research has shown that gender can influences the act of door holding in a naturalistic setting. This study observed males and females to see if the door was held for them and, in response, if they continued this behavior. Observations of 305 college aged participants found that males are more likely to carry out the continued behavior of door holding while females have a higher rate of holding the door when it was not...

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Gap Year Abroad Before University Reduce Ethnocentric Attitudes

This book is concerned with social discrimination, the difference in personality types in individuals from comparable social background and the rise and adoption of the ‘authoritarian’ personality type. Adorno et al. conducted a large psycho-social survey within the USA in order to investigate and understand the socio-psychological factors that influence and allow the authoritarian type of personality to ‘replace’ those who harbour a more individualistic and democratic type of personality. The authors have ultimately combined positivism with critical theory in order to explain and exemplify how ethnic prejudice stems from personality structures. The methodology of the study involves the use...

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The Effects Of Multi Culturalism In The Us

The relationship between Blacks and Whites has been an enduring issue throughout much of the history of the United States. Although other significant types of intergroup conflict have occurred in the United States, and the population of other “minority” groups (i.e. Latinos) is approaching that of Blacks, racial conflict has historically occupied center stage (Macrae, Stangor & Hewstone; 1996)....

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What Is Emotional Management And Labour

In recent years, there has been a significant growth in the range of activities involving emotion work, also known as emotional labour. From the sales associate who is trained to make a good first impression to the physician who is coached on bedside manner, every one in some way or the other, learn how to manage their feelings in the workplace. This interest in emotion has inspired Hochschild to write about emotion management in her book The Managed Heart, which has also introduced the term "emotional labour". More and more organisations have the belief...

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Caste As A Consideration For Sri Lankan Marriage

In the modern day Sri Lankan society, the concept of caste with its pre-historic background plays different roles is human life, and its role becomes dominant at the juncture of the typical Sri Lankan marriage....

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Institution By Various Sociological Perspectives

In this essay I intend to discuss the family as a social construct and institution. I will be critically discussing the different forms of the family, and the role of the family within society from four sociological perspectives. The perspectives that I intend to review will be, the Functionalist, New Right, Marxist, Interactionist and the Feminist approaches...

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Reasons To Dress Modestly

Modesty is an attitude of polite and decency in dressing, grooming, speaking, and manners of behaviour. If we are modest, we do not draw unneccessary attention to ourselves ( The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 2012 ). This term is also used often on women than men, usually for describing a mode of dressing that intended not to encourage the opposite sex. For a person that dress modestly, he or she would not reveal certain parts of the body by considering the time and place....

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Social Production Of Sex And Gender

What does Judith Butler mean when she writes about “sex” and “gender” as socially produced and productive? How does this position relate to “queer theory”? Judith Butler states in her book Gender Trouble that, “There is no gender identity behind the expressions of gender; that identity is performatively constituted by the very ‘expressions’ that are said to be results.” (Butler, Gender Trouble, 1990, p33). Butler explores the notion of performativity and how sex and gender identities are socially constructed as well as culturally, in many ways, including through discursive practises. In this essay I shall look further...

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The Nature And Nurture Fields Of Thought

A debate has been brewing in the field of education and philosophy for hundreds of years. Many intellectuals have pondered over this subject and have taken one side or the other, but to this day no definite answer exists. The battle of nature versus nurture, or rationalism versus empiricism, has so long been debated and has been addressed in so much literature that one would be hard pressed to find an educator who hasn’t thought about this topic and considered the merits of each school of thought. This debate affects how educators view their students as well...

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Analysis Of Scientific Revolution

The scientific revolution has been argued over centuries. There are two opposing points of view: one is that the scientific revolution did not happen in the history; the other one is that it has happened. This essay summarized the points of view of the predecessors about the scientific revolution. In the end, this essay provided a holistic interpretation of the scientific revolution from historical aspect, cognitive aspect, theoretical aspect and social aspect....

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The Use Of Sociological And Psychological Perspectives

Sociological perspectives enable ‘social workers to step back from taken for granted assumptions about social life and encourages them to critically unpack these assumptions, to develop skills which enable them to link issues in their own lives.............to the bigger picture’ (Cunningham and Cunningham, 2010:7). Using psychological perspectives ‘makes an especially important contribution to understanding human growth and development’ (Ingleby, 2006: ix). Both these disciplines are characterised by competing paradigms or models of thought and it is important for social workers to develop a good understanding of the varying ideas in order to be able to apply them for the benefit...

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Women Employees In The Uk

The purpose of this document is to demonstrate that woman employees facing problem in the workplace and identify which theories are protected their career developments...

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The Thinking Formations For The Family

Sociologists find the use of the term ‘traditional family unit’ problematic as it defines the term family which from the readings from Poole and >>>> which discuss the family, it would seem to be an extremely arduous task as family cannot be defined properly as the family is ever changing. There has been a “loss of function, following industrialization, in that the family no longer performed the functions that it had in preindustrial times.”(Poole 24) which means that the family mould is not longer a full time working husband a wife who holds down the house and 2 children or...

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Ehrenreichs Study

Sociology Essays - Ehrenreich's Study - Ehrenreich's study of the lifestyle and experiences of lower-paid workers has come in for both praise and condemnation from critics, for a number of reasons which are explored in more detail below. ...

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La Signora Delle Camelie

Nel 1848, a Parigi, uscì la prima edizione de La dama delle camelie e il libro fece chiasso, sia per il nome dell'autore, figlio del notissimo romanziere Alexandre Dumas, sia per l'argomento del racconto. ...

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The Terms Gender Order And Gendered

Central to the studies of gender are the terms sex and gender, but when looking more directly at these ideas, the terms gender order and gendered become prominent. In this essay I will attempt to identify and explain these key terms, but it must be considered that these terms are in essence socially constructed and fit the society, time and opinion in which they are used and therefore are very changeable....

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The Digital Divide Affecting Communities And Continents

The launch of the internet at the end of the last century marked the shift from a production based economy to an information based one. Internet access is essential to participate in the knowledge economy at the heart of the Information Society (Molina, 2003). The internet has the ability to make time and space irrelevant, by going beyond national borders as well as transforming the feeling of place, time and belonging, making room for a new society like no other before (Petcu, Gherhes, David & Suciu, 2010). The proverb ‘every stick has two ends’ comes into mind as Castells (2001)...

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Social Networking Social Media

Social media refers to an online platform that is meant to enhance building of close social relationships for people who share similar political, economic and religious backgrounds. Other factors that become common to people in social networks are family backgrounds, activities and real life connections. Social network services are online thus providing users the capability of exchanging emails and instant messages via the chat. Examples of social networking sites are facebook, twitter, tagged, MySpace, Ning, Orkut among others. The most interesting aspect of social sites is the fact that there is no limit as to the maximum number of sites...

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Organic Mental Disorder

Dementia derives from Latin de meaning 'out of' and mens meaning 'the mind'. ...

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Differences In Western And Eastern Society

Now day, the similarities and differences of western society and eastern society prove to be worthy of discussion. According to Oxford Dictionary (2007; 1453), the society means “the community of people living in a particular country or region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations, and an organization or club formed for a particular purpose or activity” Admittedly, Britain and China are the model representation in western society and eastern society because both of them have a long history, and they both are the places with the full legendary stories. Similarly, because of two countries’ inter flow in Qing dynasty...

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Charles Darwins Theory Of Sexual Selection

Darwin’s theory of sexual selection suggests that desirable members of the opposite sex possess reproductively valuable assets over which members of the same sex compete. Gender differences typically exist when it comes to which reproductively relevant resources are valued by men and women. Females seem to increase their reproductive success by choosing a man of high status with sufficient resources, thereby able to provide material security to successfully raise offspring. Males, on the other hand, increase their reproductive success by choosing women who are receptive, fertile, and possesses characteristics suggestive of being a good mother (Singh, 1993). Research suggests that...

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Gender Equality In New Social Security Policy Turkey

When we examine social security policies in the world and in Turkey, gender equality is generally identified as one of the goals in social security policies. Although men and women generally have different needs such as jobs, health or education, the policies try to make men and women to reach equally those services. However, gender relations, sexual division of labor, gendered forms of citizenship and political participation shape the social security policies. Reforms in social security can cause the social reproduction of gender hierarchies or a rearranging impact on gender inequalities although their main purposes to spread equality....

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The Relationship Between Science And Technology

How do we define science? According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of science is "knowledge attained through study or practice," or "knowledge covering general truths of the operation of general laws, esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method [and] concerned with the physical world."...

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The Sex Ratios Of India

India’s growth story has been incredible. The stock markets are doing well. Corporate India is optimistic about India being able to sustain the current growth rate for a considerable period of time. Indian companies are making their presence felt through cross-border mergers and acquisitions. Services and manufacturing sectors are booming. Growth in agriculture may be sluggish as compared to the other sectors, it growing nonetheless. Urban India believes that India is going to surpass the United States of America in a span of fifteen years. However, fundamental problems like malnutrition and corruption still plague our country. But the urban, educated,...

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The Sampling Strategies Are Identified

Tikanga refers to the way of doing correct and right things. The traditional and customs that have been handed down through the passages of time. It refers to how researchers enter the research community, negotiate their study and methodology, conduct themselves as a researcher and as an individual, and engage with the people requires a wide range of cultural skills and sensitivities. Researchers have to be respectful and culturally appropriate when engaging with indigenous communities....

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