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Problem Of Primary Female Teachers Psychology Essay

It is very often said that the inherent strength of a society, a culture and a system I judged by the way its women are treated and the importance assigned to them by the society. The great socio-religious revolutionary saint, Swami Vivekananda used to observe that the country which had no respect for women-hood could never become great.

A nation cannot be progressed if the women are left behind. It I as same as a bird cannot fly on one wing, women’s empowerment is directly linked with overall development of the country. Educated women are very helpful to the family and as well as society and nation. God gives special abilities to women so they are grooving good habits and virtues among children.

When women became a teacher she doesn’t need extreme level training because she had a lot of virtues like co-operation, motherhood, curative nature. So she doesn’t face such difficulties. In primary schools teachers have to play important role for students better educational future so, in this section teachers must work full of their efficiency. Patel (1990) found that most of primary teachers have faced problem of work-load. Solanki (1994) found that all most 50% teacher in his study faced economical problems more than any other problems and that’s why they couldn’t get higher education. Raval (2003) found that municipal primary school teachers have more problems than self financed primary school teachers.

2. Variables

Type of Primary School : 1. Self Finance School

2. Municipal School

Educational Qualification : 1. Higher (Graduate and more)

2. Lower (H.S.C and P.T.C., S.C.C and P.T.C)

Age Group : 1. 25 to 35 years

2. 35 to 45 years

3. above 45 years

3. Objectives

Following objectives were made for the present study.

To study the social problems of female teachers.

To study the family problems of female teachers.

To study the economical problems of female teachers.

To study the individual problems of female teachers.

To study the educational problems of female teachers.

4. Research Questions

Following research questions have been made by the investigator for the study.

Which are the social problems of female teachers?

Which are the family problems of female teachers?

Which are the economical problems of female teachers?

Which are the individual problems of female teachers?

Which are the educational problems of female teachers?

5. Methodology

Sample

Investigator selected 150 female teachers from the eastern, western and middle zone of Ahmedabad City. Investigator selected 9 self finance school and 11 municipal schools from each zone. The sample was selected by stratified random sampling.

Method

Survey method used for present study.

Research Tool

Investigator used self made Questionnaire related to female teacher’s problems. Investigator also had an experience of primary teaching so she already knows which type of problem they have to face. Investigator met female teachers personally and discussed about their problems and with the help of their discussion made Questionnaire. In this questionnaire there were five areas that faced female teachers often they were as under.

1. Social Problem - 08 Items

2. Family Problem - 12 Items

` 3. Economical Problem - 07 Items

4. Individual Problem - 11 Items

5. Educational Problem - 08 Items

Total = 46 Items

Analysis and Findings

In this study investigator tabulated all data referenced to School type, Educational qualification and Age group. Investigator calculated percentage, mean, median, mode, S.K and Kurtosis for analysis.

Total Sample

Table No-1

Total Sample analysis

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

1200

505

42.08%

2

Family

1800

807

44.83%

3

Economical

1050

493

46.95%

4

Individual

1650

851

51.57%

5

Educational

1200

490

40.83%

Above Table No.-1 shown that 42.08% responses given to social problems, 46.95% response given to economical problem, 44.83% responses given to family problem, 40.83% responses given to educational problem and 51.57% responses given to individual problems so, female teachers had individual problems more than any other problem.

Self Finance Primary School

Table No-2

Self Finance School Teachers problem Analysis

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

600

257

42.83%

2

Family

900

413

45.88%

3

Economical

525

271

51.61%

4

Individual

825

465

56.36%

5

Educational

600

233

38.80%

According to Table No-2 56.36% self finance school female teachers had a individual problem. Second number they faced problem was economical problem which was 51.61%.

Municipal School

Table No-3

Municipal School Teachers problem Analysis

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

600

247

41.16%

2

Family

900

394

43.77%

3

Economical

525

222

42.28%

4

Individual

825

386

46.78%

5

Educational

600

257

42.83%

Table No-3 shown that 46.78% female teachers had individual problem and their social problem, family problem, economical problem and educational problem were 41.16%, 43.77%, 42.28% and 42.83% respectively.

Educational Qualification

Higher Qualification

Table No-4

Higher Educational Qualification Teachers problem Analysis

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

408

180

44.11%

2

Family

612

306

50.00%

3

Economical

357

195

54.62%

4

Individual

561

330

58.82%

5

Educational

408

166

40.86%

Table No-4 shown that 58.82% female teacher had individual problem and 54.62% and 50.00% response given to economical and family problem respectively.

Lower Qualification

Table No-5

Lower Qualification Teachers problem Analysis

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

792

333

42.04%

2

Family

1188

501

42.17%

3

Economical

693

296

42.71%

4

Individual

1089

521

47.84%

5

Educational

792

323

41.16%

Table No-5 Shown that 47.84% female teacher had individual problem and the percentage of other problem are almost same.

Age Group

25 to 35 Year

Table No-6

Teachers Problem Analysis (25 to 35 year age)

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

352

144

40.90%

2

Family

528

260

49.24%

3

Economical

308

869

82.79%

4

Individual

484

255

52.68%

5

Educational

352

162

46.02%

Table No-6 shown that in age group of 25 year to 35 year 82.79% female teacher had economical problems and 52.68% teacher had individual problem.

35 to 45 year

Table No-7

Teachers Problem Analysis (35 to 45 year age)

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

440

237

53.86%

2

Family

660

270

40.90%

3

Economical

385

169

43.89%

4

Individual

605

304

50.24%

5

Educational

440

151

34.31%

Table No-7shown 53.86% female teachers of this age group had Social problem and 50.24% female teachers had individual problems.

Above 45 year

Table No-8

Teachers Problem Analysis (Above 45 year)

Sr. No

Problem

Total Response

Given Response

Percentage

1

Social

408

187

45.83%

2

Family

612

287

46.89%

3

Economical

357

173

48.45%

4

Individual

561

293

52.22%

5

Educational

408

191

46.81%

In this age group 52.22% female teachers had individual problems and other problems they faced at same level.

6. Conclusion

In this study we came to know that most of primary female teachers had individual problems more and secondly they faced economical problems. So government and Trustees will have to take necessary steps to minimize those problems so they can work effectively it helps students, society and of course the Nation’s development.

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