Can The Phenomenon Of Esp Philosophy Essay
Have you ever seen the future. Well, Im sure that either you or someone you know has had a paranormal experience; this could be either seeing the future or even a distant event. The most common "vision" or "paranormal experience" that the human being goes through is when you dream something, and it all eventually comes true. These events may include things such as a conversation, a question or even a phone call. The experience seems amazing to us but at the same time it has a positive mystery side to it, but at the end it happens to all of us. What is it? How does it work? Is it a magic power?Â This strange events or experiences may be identified by a great amount of people to be extrasensory perception (ESP.) what is ESP? ESP is what may be called a six-sense, it's a six sense as it goes beyond the five senses that we have, vision, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. What makes ESP different from the other five senses is that its unlimited, it can vary from small experiences to huge experiences, from one part of the world to another. The greatest difference that this "sense" has is that it is mostly experiences rather than sensations.
In the other hand we have people which believe that such a thing does not exist, and that they match perfectly with simple science.
Most of the people that believe in ESP do it because they have either had personal experiences or they have heard anecdotes about it. If you have a dream that eventually becomes reality, in great detail, you might believe that you're a psychic. If you have heard ESP stories from friends or family, you may now find harder to reject the fact of the ESP phenomenon.
An example of a recorded ESP is found in a novel written by Morgan Roberts in 1898. The novel is about a humongous luxury liner called the Titan. He says the story came to him when he was in a sort of trance. The story describes a ship going through some dense fog on a late April night, which then crashes into an iceberg which leads the ship to sinks causing the death of hundreds of people. Fourteen years later, a ship called, the Titanic, is created. This ship resembles the ship described in the "fictional" story, and the same event that happens in the story is also turned into reality, and it all happens under the same conditions, at the same time of the year the book takes place.
Extrasensory perception is a term used to describe not one but many hypothetical mental abilities. These abilities can be referred to as psi. Psi comes from the Greek alphabet, psi means psyche meaning "mind, soul".
The types of ESP include:
Telepathy which is the ability to read someone else's thoughts.
Clairvoyance which is the ability to "see" situations/events happening somewhere else.
Precognition which is the ability to see the future.
Retro cognition which is the ability to see events that happened in a distant past.
Mediumship which is the ability to recognize/channel dead spirits.
Psychometric the ability to read information about a person or a place by having some sort of physical contact.
One theory suggests that ESP is partially like our ordinary senses as it moves energy from one point to another. This theory says that ESP energy takes the form of electromagnetic waves; such as light, radio and X-ray energy, but "ESP waves" have yet to be discovered. Nevertheless this theory can be discarded as it makes no sense in some scenarios. First of all this theory only applies to telepathy and not to precognition. As if the information was to travel as electromagnetic energy it implies that it must be sent by someone else, which implies travelling from mind to mind which would make it telepathy.
Secondly, this theory is not coherent with what we know about human kind and the universe. IN the majority of telepathy cases we can see that ESP works totally independent of distance. This means that the power of the "psi signal" suffers no change once however, it doesn't matter if it's transmitting from one mind to another mind that are in the same room or from minds that are on opposites sides of the globe. In the world as we know it there are no waves that behave this way, which makes no sense for ESP to be different. In addition to this there have been no organ or something found in the human body that allows the receiving of this waves.
The only way in which this theory can make sense is if it defies the universe as we know it. Well, according to the theory, in addition to the physical world that we live in we also exist in another dimension which is not governed by our law of time and space. The theory suggests that time and space work completely differently in the other reality, which opens the door for the "us" living in the other dimension to know about events o people's thought before it even happens in the world we know. The theory also says that we are unaware of the existence of this world but every once in a while our mind is able to acquire that information from the other dimension.
Lastly the theory is meant to make no sense with the world as we know it. In other words the theory should be seen as concepts that defy the world as we know it. The theory should be seen as concepts such as a God or an afterlife, something that is believed and it's hypothetically real but it doesn't make sense with the physical laws if the universe. Instead of a God this theory relies on the existence of a soul that transmits the information.
As many things in this world, ESP is easy to explain from an anecdotal point of view but when it's time to back that information up with scientific evidence. Most scientists believe that parapsychologists positive lab results surge from problems in the testing. They believe that the researcher accidentally influenced the decision that the subject to pick the right target. This is certainly a possibility, if the experiment is not well controlled.
The major problem with ESP experimentation and research is that it really isn't reproducible. One scientist may get a group of results that another scientist doing the same exact experiment but with different test subject won't.
The experiment that I would perform to see if ESP can be observed during a Ganzfeld experiment. The Ganzfeld effect is a phenomenon where a person is unable to see anything after staring at any featureless, monochrome for a few seconds. This is the normal reaction from the human brain when it lacks of any stimuli. It's believed that the earliest show of this was with arctic explorers. When everything they saw in the environment was all white, due to the atmospheric conditions and the ice all they would see was darkness.
The human brain needs continuous and changing input from the eyes to process information, if this is not the case the brain cuts the signals from the eye. When the experiment is performed nothing is going wrong neither with the eye nor with the brain during the process and its reversible. The portion of the brain that is hold responsible for this reaction is the Reticular Activating System. An example is; when you wear something on your arm, such as a watch, you feel it's presence during a short period of time which is when you just put it on. As time goes by the sensation it's transferred to the back of your mind. This is due to the apathy of the brain in the stimulus, as it's no longer relevant for the brain to feel it.
The eye sight is not the only thing that must be deprived when performing the experiment. All sense should be completely isolated from reality except smell and taste.
The Ganzfeld effect is indeed very interesting as it's such a simple experiment but it's at the same time, an effective tool of sensory deprivation. The effects of sensory deprivation include; hallucination, extreme relaxation, and time distortion. This can be described as turning on the screen saver in your brain. Nevertheless they prolonged deprivation of the senses may lead to the loss of identity or depression. When all the senses are involved in the Ganzfeld experience, it's called a multimodal Ganzfeld in which the side effects include dreamlike experiences and hallucinations.
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