A Study Of Aristotles Ethics Of Happiness Philosophy Essay
In the Nicomachean Ethics, by Aristotle, book one and two, argues that happiness or living well is the attainment of the highest good, which is guided by proper function and virtue, while this may work for some; therefore not for all. If there are several virtues, the best amongst them all will be the happiest, an excellent person with a good living and good living life. Aristotle Ethic describes what makes a person’s virtue character if happiness is to be possible. The correct way to approach in studying such controversial subjects as ethics or politics, which discuses about what is beautiful or just, is to work from higher people of good up bringing, and whom had experience in life. A part of virtue must involve reason in thought and speech as an aspect of human living.
All aim at some good in their life’s, and some aims are not advanced to achieve the highest, but make their achievements of the higher aim to make it possible. There is only one high aim in life; happiness. What is less unfortunate for one person who can have the highest achievements, where the world on the other hand lacks of divine achievement? The way to associate with happiness is how people think of happiness. The refined and active way of politics, which means how one aims at honor and the higher divinity of who that are wise, know, judge, honor political people and they intent to put in consideration.
Money is a necessary; in life to aim for happiness itself and to achieve higher goals. To lead to happiness one must concern, honor pleasure, intelligence, and every virtue. A person of self-sufficiency; someone with a family, friends and a community would make life very choice worthy. “And as in the Olympic Games it is not the most beautiful and the strongest that are frowned but those who compete, so those who act win, and rightly win, the noble and good things in life.” (Aristotle Book I/6) Happiness is a part of work and function of humans, they good things that are from ones soul are indeed the goods, the good things of the body and their functions, are consistent with the definition of all happiness. Behaving courageously will make the virtuous person happy and will be one part of living a good life. Therefore a person who has been brought up poorly and exhibits the vice of cowardice will fine happiness in the avoidance of danger and will have a negative view of a good life.
Virtue cannot be thought in a classroom or by means of argument. According to Aristotle, through ethics people are not to learn from, but to explain what good is, why it is good, and how we need to build society and institutions that set the goodness. Virtue is then learned from constant practice that is from young age. Now to understand this much clearer, we must look at the word arête, which is rendered as “virtue”, this means “excellence,” so a good car racer can exhibit in arête in racing without implying any sort of moral worth in racing. It is very obvious to one that excellence in racing cannot be learned by reading about racing and hearing reasoned arguments for how to be a great racer. Becoming a good racer requires steady practice: one learns to race by a lot of practice in racing. And according to Aristotle, there is no essential distinction between the kind of excellence that marks a good racer and a kind of excellence that marks a good person generally. So teaching of virtue can be only being important after the practice of it. All the virtues come from a unified character; no good person can exhibit some virtues without exhibiting them all.
We say that his ultimate supreme good is happiness, but hold different opinions on how one is to know when one has attained it. According to Aristotle, there are different goals in a human life, but all these goals must be guided by one best end. A life that lacks of desires and objectives, does it even exist? With proofs of Aristotle’s hypothetical reasoning; yes, Aristotle’s reasoning’s are based on psychological and ontological not on logical and factual grounds. Although we do not consciously think about it, nor specifically seek it, there is an ultimate supreme good that we strive towards.
Children must be thought from infancy to control their desire for pleasure and to be prepared to face the inevitable moments of pain that are part of life. Even thought pleasure is not the aim of every human action, because not every pleasure is good. Pleasure comes in many different forms of activity, and pleasure or pain belongs to an activity, therefore pleasure and pain may be found in an activity as bad or good. “We must take as a sign of state…It is on account of the pleasure that we do bad things, and on account of the pain that we abstain from noble ones.”(Aristotle Book II/2-3) Self-discipline and self control are perfected by practicing them. Good habits facilitate good actions and while good actions reinforce good habits.
Every human activity aim at some good and every activity aims at some end. Human actions are not determined by or dependent on chance. “… We must examine the nature of actions, namely how we ought to do them…” (Aristotle Book II/2) Humans find the appropriate means to attain their goals. To find out why we do the matter we do, one must find out the end of that action. Every action has a different well; as economy to wealth, medicine to health, shipbuilding to boat, and strategy to victory. Every action has a purpose, as making love is only desired for its own sake, where deliberate actions are for the sake of achieving or making. Human actions are very well coordinated, one builds from basic and to a higher ends. Furthermore goals are better than w hat produces them.
Living in the mean is never a sure road to individual happiness or success. One must always strive to the good in every part of their life. To balance ones life, one must practice. Making a habit of doing good things for the right reason and at the right time is how someone can start towards loving what good is. Happiness is gained throughout a lifetime and which is true for everyone. The neutral desires are things we need, things that we cannot live without. The acquired desires are what we want but do not need. Therefore what we need is good for us, but what we want is good, but not always good. “There are also three other means, which have a certain likeness to one another, but differ from one another...” (Aristotle Book II/7) The needs of every human being are the same; but as far as the humans wants it defers. Every human being has their right to pursue their own happiness; and every human being has a right to demand that other respect and to not violate the pursuit of happiness which includes the society. Overall, understanding the good and desiring what is best for you, not necessarily what is found, what is desirable will become pleasurable to you, leading to a life of happiness.
Human have physiological needs: food, shelter, drink, bodily comfort, physical pleasure, and according to Aristotle, happiness. Saying yes to our wants and saying no to our needs requires virtue. For example, one can really want to have a party (yes), and while one may have to study for their exam, which is a no.
In conclusion Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics is able to offer an explanation of how we justify our actions as moral and how we should live. Aristotle wants people to not strive for excess as well as to not accept deficiency. The mean is presented as the objective target, which the person aims and by the way he/she chooses to deal with his/her emotions and actions.
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