The Evolution Causes Of World War I History Essay
There were about 5 main causes to World War I, but this chain of events that led to the fighting could be led to continued debate and discussion. The countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle, thus if one country was attracted then the others were bounded to defend them. Imperialism is when a country increases their power and wealth by bringing additional territories under their control. As the world entered the new 20th century, an arms race had started. Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies. Nationalism led directly to the war due to the nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but the extension of the war in Europe. The immediate cause f the World War I that made all the previous reasons come to play was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungry.
2. The socio-cultural impact of World War I on the U.S.
World War I had huge effects on America including highly productive industry that preceded the Great Depression, jobs given to woman, which helped pass the nineteenth amendment, and a new kind of diplomacy and antiwar sentiment that affected America’s entrance into World War II. Not only did the American public feel these effects, but also the loss of so many men in the war affected all of America and the all of the world. Although, America suffered some bad effects of the war, certainly it was nothing compared to Europe, where nations were divided and reformed, and entire countries scourged by warfare. Certainly, World War I was devastating to America as well as the entire world.
3. Woodrow Wilson's rationale for engaging in World War I (note the theme of an
Individual’s right of God-given freedoms).
In 1916 President Wilson took a stronger stance toward foreign affairs by increasing the size of the military and issuing a warning to the Germans:
“Unless the Imperial Government should now immediately declare and effect an abandonment of its present methods of submarine warfare against passenger and freight-carrying vessels, the Government of the United States can have no choice but to sever diplomatic relations with the German Empire altogether.”
4. The cultural milieu of Roaring Twenties and its impact on the Great
After WWI Americans were seeking to enjoy the newfound peace that was established after the war. The Roaring Twenties was named because Americans were making more money and spending more money. They also focused on more fun activities and many people had more money because they even invested in the stock market. As well as having more money, Americans had more free time because the labor movement in America succeeded in reducing the typical workday to only eight hours.
5. The causes and consequences of the Great Depression and its socio-economic
impact on American society.
The effects of the Great Depression was huge across the world. Not only did it lead to the New Deal in America but it was a direct cause to the rise of the extremism in Germany leading to WWII. There were basically 5 major causes or consequences of the great depression, the stock market crash of 1929, Bank failures through the 1930’s, reduction in purchasing Across the board, American economic policy with Europe and the drought conditions in the Mississippi Valley in 1930.
6. Evaluate the socio-economic effects of the New Deal and its legacy to American
The New Deal and its legacy had the largest impact on American society since the founding of the United States. The New Deal altered the political and social nature of the nation as well as preserved the fundamental capitalist nature of the American economy.
7. The lingering consequences of the Treaty of Versailles that gave rise to the
Dictatorships of the Axis powers.
The treaty of Versailles radically altered the Geography of Europe, and the clauses that resulted in the areas of land being taken from Germany. The treat blames Germany for the first world war and as a result of the Germany was also help accountable for the cost of the war and the treaty dictated that compensation would have to be paid to the allies.
8. The evolution of events that brought the U.S. into World War II (note the
theme of "God-given freedoms for all people").
In March of 1940 the lend lease act was passes stating that Roosevelt could direct air to whomever he wanted. This also meant the US was no longer neutral which then the Us ended up contributing 42 billion dollars to the war effort by 1945. Roosevelt saw fit to aid the French and British troops with arms after Hitler invaded and took over Europe. The attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan also triggered a declaration of war and was the official entry of the US into the war on December of 1941. Though the US had already unofficially entered the war with Germany since US naval forces were attacking German naval units in the Atlantic.
9. The socio-economic and cultural impact of World War II on U.S. society
The economic and cultural impacts brought US citizens to new cultures, languages and ideas. The German autobahn seen by Eisenhower influences his idea for American highways. It also open foreign markets to American good and vice versa.
10. World War II's legacy to American history, including its social, economic, political, and cultural impacts.
June 28th the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated.
July 28th Austria declares war on Serbia.
August 1st Germany declares war on Russia
August 3rd Germany declares war on France, then invades Belgium on August 4th.
August 4th Britain declares war on Germany and the Germans defeat the Russians in the Battle of Tannenberg.
The German submarine blockade of great Britain begins in February.
April begins the Dardanelle Campaign where the British land in Turkey and withdrawal from Gallipoli in January of 1916.
April to May the Germans use gas in the second Battle of Ypres. The German sub Lusitania is sunk losing 1,198 men including 128 Americans.
Oct. 14, Britain and France declare war on Bulgaria.
Febuary is the Battle of Verdun where the Germans and French each lose about 350,000 men. In March extended submarine warfare begins and by May British-German sea battle of Jutland where the British lose more ships, but German fleet never ventures forth again.
The Battle of the Somme where the British lose over 400 thousand men, the French lose 200 thousand men and Germans about 450 thousand men.
August 27 - Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary on and Bucharest is captured by December.
April 6th the U.S. declares war on Germany and the sub warfare reaches its peak.
Oct-Dec the Italian Front the Battle of Caporetto and the Italians retreat losing 600 thousand prisoners and deserters.
November, The Battles of Arras, Champagne, Ypres. There was also the first Large British tank attack.
Dec 7th - U.S. declares war on Austria-Hungary.
Dec 15th - Armistice between new Russian Bolshevik government and Germans.
Mar-Jun is the Great offensive by Germans.
September is the British offensive in Palestine.
October 4th the Germans ask for an armistice. British armistice with Turkey and the German Kaiser abdicates.
November 11th the Hostilities cease on Western Front.
The Japanese army occupied Manchuria and without knowledge of the Japanese government. The Chinese government under Tschiang Kai Shek did not put up any resistance and when the Chinese protested with the League of Nations, the Japanese left the League of Nations. The great powers did not do anything about it.
Italy conquered Ethiopia. This is also the time the League of Nations imposed economic sanctions, and Italy left the League of Nations.
German troops entered the demilitarized German areas on river Rhine. The German Generals and diplomats had been warned of doing this because of a military counter from France would have meant a disaster for Germany. Hitler ended up getting lucky.
Japan began to conquer all of China because of a provoked incident.
Hitler demands unification of Germany and Austria under the Slogan “Heim ins Reich meaning home into the empire.
Prime ministers Chamberlain, Daladier, Mussolini and Hitler decide on Sept 29th to separate several peripheral areas with German population and integrate them as part of Germany.
March 14th a declaration of independence of Slovakia was made public in Berlin.
Lithuania retreated from the Memel areas under threat of war and Italy occupied Albania by April, 7.
March 21st, Hitler demands that the city of Danzig be integrated into the German empire.
German troops entered Poland on September, 1. The Russian invasion began on September, 17. By the
End of September, Poland was occupied completely.
Sept 3rd, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany though the French hid behind the Maginot Line.
Soviet Union incorporated the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and waged war against Finland in the winter of 1939.
April 9th, Germany occupies neutral Denmark.
May – June the German airborne troops and tanks cross the French Maginot Line through the neutral Netherlands and Belgium to conquer half of France within 1.5 months.
In the United Kingdowm, Winston Churchill replaced Chamberlain as prime minister on May, 5th. He could promise his people nothing better than "blood, sweat and tears".
England’s new RADAR technologies prevent Germans victory in the air.
Both sides try to obstruct strategic supply in naval warfare with heavy warships and subs. More ships were destroyed during WWII than any war before it.
The battle of North Africa was won by British troops.
June 22nd Hilter began war with Russia.
Dec 7th, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
German troops conquered the oil fields in the Caucasus region.
Winter offensive of the Red Army surrounded the German armies near Stalingrad. Hitler is forced to retreat and by the end of January 200 thousand German troops had been eliminated.
American and British air raids destroy most of the German cities.
July 10th, Allied troops land in Italy and Italy changes sides. Fascist dictator Mussolini was removed from office and arrested, but the Germans liberated him.
January U.S. president Roosevelt and U.K. prime minister Churchill agreed in Casablanca that the war would last until Germany would surrender unconditionally.
In November, Roosevelt and Churchill accepted Stalin's plan to annex eastern Prussia and Germany should be divided.
June 6th allies landed in northern France and then in southern France on August 15th. By the end of August, allied troops had reached the Swiss Border.
April 30th, Hitler commanded resistance to his armies but when the Red Army reached Berlin he commuted suicide.
May 8th Germany capitulated and the second World War II came to an end in Europe.
August, Japan in a desperate position, was not willing to end the war. U.S. atomic bomb releases on Hiroshima on August 8th and Nagasaki August 9th changed this: on August 15th World War II was over.
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