King Romulus Of Ancient Rome History Essay
So the mother chose to set them a drift in a flooded river Tiber in a trough so as to protect the boys, with the hope that some one will find the boys and love them/ protect them. Young Romulus and his brother Remus were subsequently found by a she wolf that miraculously did not kill them but ended up adopting them; feeding him and his brother with her own milk with the help of a woodpecker. These two animals (the wolf and the bird) were sacred to the Mars their father. Romulus and his brother were later discovered by a shepherd by the name of Faustulus who brought them home and adopted them. Together with his wife Acca Larentia they raised the boys on their own. Some sources state that Faustulus wife was called Loba that meant a wolf which was lupus in Latin and its she who suckled the twins and not the real wolf the animal. (Gilfond,1967, 36) Romulus and his brother were raised by the Faustulus family till the time when they reached maturity and they were courageous, daring and highly spirited in the carrying out of there daily duties. Romulus however was wiser and political than his brother and this was seen through his discussion with the neighbors concerning grazing fields and hunting. It is this disposition that naturally made him to command rather than obey. This made him to be the endowed to both his age mates and the poor who became beloved to him. Romulus however despised to a higher degree the king's officer whom he saw as having no courage as compared to him hence he cared little in displeasing them irrespective of there anger or threats (Guzzo,2007, 98).
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Romulus together with his brother valued exercise and hunting whilst defending the land against brigands and avenging for those who have been wronged. These are the action that made him to be famous across the land of Latium. Of particular concern is when he was 18 years, where a quarrel broke out between Numitor shepherds and Amulius shepherds. Numitor shepherds drove away leading to Amulius men to be enraged. Romulus and his brother grouped together the shepherds and went after the stolen cattle of which they not only recovered the stolen cattle but also captured several deprived men and slaves. This clearly showed the extent of the young Romulus braveness and temperament (Ihne 2009, 127). While Romulus was away making sacrifices to the gods, some of the captured Numitor's shepherds attacked Remus and his friends and a battle broke out that lead to the capture of him Remus where they took him to Numitor for Punishment. For fear of Amulius, he took him to the king for deliberations and the kings ruled that Numitor was the aggrieved party and that he should take him and do whatever he wants with him. When the news of his brother capture reached Romulus, on returning from his sacrifices. He quickly set out to raise an army that would march towards Alba Longa. Faustilus on realizing the resultant of these actions quickly ran to the king Amulius palace and narrated to him the developing events plus the long hidden truth about the two twins but stated that they lived a little far from Alba Tonga as herders. The king out of panic sent a friend of Numitor to his place to see if the allegations are true and on reaching here he found Numitor hugging Remus thus confirming the allegation that he was his grandson. Romulus army that was marching to the was divided into 200 man divisions and Remus acted quickly by inciting the citizens to revolt against king Amulius who out of sheer confusion was seized by the people and put to his death (Fitzgerald. 2009, 198).
Romulus and Remus were then offered a joint crown for the Alba Longa leadership to which they rejected and restored the crown to Numetor there grandfather where he became the ruler of Alba Longa and honored there mother Rhea Silver. Romulus and Remus then left to found there own city where they left Alba Longa with fugitives, runaway slaves plus all others who wanted to rejuvenate there lives. Romulus then decided to find a town of there own where they could be there own rulers. To them the place where the she wolf had found them was idea. Romulus then decided to build a new city on the Palatine hill. But his brother Remus objected to him stating that Aventine hill was better. They both decided to use spiritual omen to decide the site where gods favored. Remus consistently continued to receive the favorable signs. This prompted him to go a head and built the new town to the continued objection of his twin brother. (Creighton, 1888, p.156). These actions lead to a dispute between the two where Remus started to rebuke Romulus workers and irritating him by jumping over his workers while jeering at them; stating that thy were too slow. This prompted an angry Romulus to kill him in the dispute that followed. When looked at the tragedy of the Remus, one can see that the fight was about whom among them was favored to lead or be the king, and where the new town could be built was to result into the new king hence the dispute. To appease the spirits of his dead brother, Romulus invents the festival of Lemuria to appease the Remus ghosts. The new city that is built on Palatine hill was later renamed Rome after Romulus himself. Its first citizens were fugitives and outlaws that he quickly gave them a settlement at Capitoline Hill. The city was greatly reorganized by Romulus who proved to be an able and efficient administrator due to his decisive political and military action and through divine intervention that saw the city grows into a powerful city. He went ahead and introduced the Roman Legions and the roman senate. The Roman Legion was the fighting army of the early days Rome while the Roman Senate is the early forms of democracy where the citizenry represent themselves. (Creighton, 1888, p.207)
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Rome's population grew quickly and fast and the population had settled in five of the seven hills that make up Rome i.e. Aventine, Capitoline , the Caelian , the Quirinal Hill and the Palatine hill. The filling up of the city with foreign men made Romulus to foresee a problem; that of shortage of women as they were not enough women for all the men. To resolve its problem king Romulus resorted to abduction of Sabine women. (Sabine was an Italian tribe that was bordering Rome). This he did by publicly declaring a festival, the Consualia where he cleverly invited many Sabine women to come and join them. They came in masse together with there daughters as they were the guest of King Romulus. He sat among his senator clad in purple and the signal for the onslaught on the virgins was his raising and folding of his cloak and throwing it around him again.
While the men attention was focused elsewhere, Romulus men rushed in and in the ensuring melee, abducted their women while permitting the men to escape unharmed. [The raping of the Sabine women (Carrying off)]. A total of 700 Sabine women were kidnapped. (Guzzo. 2007, 132)These actions made the Sabine men to be angry leading their king Titus Tatius to declare war on the Rome and Romulus. At the peak of the fighting between the two groups, the Sabine women revolted. With time they had grown fond of the Roman men and in one of there latest battle the Sabine women ran in between the fighting men, some carrying small children ;begging and pleading with them to stop the war and live together as one nation.
This action by the Sabine women moved their Sabine fathers and brothers together with there Roman husbands thus leading Romulus to stop the war. A conference was made and an agreement was made between Romulus and Titus to rule the region as joint kings. These actions lead to the doubling of the size of Rome where 100 new men were chosen from the Sabine citizens and made to be members of the Senate. The Roman Legions were also doubled to 6000 infantry of 600 Calvary from 3000 Calvary of 300 men. The rest of the people were arranged into three voting tribes i.e. the Ramnenes (from Romulus), Tatienes (from Tatius) and Lucerenses (from the grove that many took refuge from). Each of these tribe was lead by a tribune it is these tribes that made up the Curiate Assembly that became one of the oldest legislative assembly. (Gilfond.1967, 146). It is these actions lead to the combination of Sabine and Roman people into being one the partnership was conducted for five years till when Titus was killed in a battle by some foreign ambassadors making Romulus to be the king. He introduced laws that prohibited murder and adultery. When his grand father died, the people of Alba Longa freely made him to be the king of the land believing him to be the rightful owner of the crown. He won the peoples favor by devolving the governance of the city to the people. As a king of the greater Rome he was the commander in chief of the army and the city's chief judicial authority. As he was ageing he continued to rely less and less on the senate that was rendered tooth less and a mere institution for a show. It could only meet when he had called for it and when it meet there's was just to sit and watch him issuing his proclamations. This inevitability let Romulus to continue ruling on his own taking Rome through hard and good times. Romulus died in the 38th year of his regime, with a supernatural disappearance. This disappearance occurred as he was conducting a public sacrifice at the Goats Marsh in front of the senate and the people of Rome. In the process the sky suddenly became dark and a thick cloud of rain and thunderstorm begun to fall upon the earth (Fitzgerald.2009, 165).
The people were terrified and fled in fright and in the ensuring whirl wind Romulus was carried to heaven as his body were never found either dead or alive. Divine honors were decreed on him as one who has been transformed to another world. A man by the name of Prolucus took oath before the public and proclaimed that he saw Romulus caught up in heaven in his arms and heard him shouting that he should be styled and worshiped by the name of Quirinus. The people continued to revere and worship him as Quirinus. After his 'death' , Numa Pompilius succeeded him as the second king of Rome. As a god, Quirinus he joined Jupiter and Mars in the Archaic Triad where later works of art depicts him as being bearded while wielding a spear. He died when he was 54 years old in the year 717 BC and he is considered as the founding father of the modern day Rome with the impact that it has on the worlds culture for hundred of years.
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