Impact Of The Napoleons Wars In Europe History Essay
When Napoleon was a child he had showed his extraordinary military leadership. Then He was appreciated by officers, and took part in the France and the First Anti-France Coalition struggle. On November 9th, 1799, Napoleon launched the Brumaire coup and became the first ruling of the French Republic, the actual for the dictator. Next, this essay will describe the deeds of Napoleon in detail, and the impacts for Europe during the he became the ruler of the France.
Napoleon was above all a military man, and a great one. After coming to power in 1799, he sent peace feelers to Austria and Great Britain, the tow remaining members of the Second Coalition, which had been formed against France in 1798. When these overtures were rejected, French armies led by Napoleon decisively defeated the Austrians. In the Treaty of Luneville (1801). Austria accepted the loss of almost all its Italian possessions, and German territory on the west bank of the Rhine was incorporated into France. Once more, as in 1797, the British were alone, and war-weary, like the French (Mckay, Hill, & Buckler, 2006, p.714) Since he became the ruler of France had led his troops expedition in the European continent. Dring the fifteen years, a total of six times, Napoleon troops conquered the Anti-France Coalition and almost forth times of campaigns. At that time, France became the overlord to the European continent. Although in 1815 Napoleon was defeated in the Battle of Waterloo, and ended his military career, but during his administration of France, in the face of intense domestic situation and the severe external pressure. Napoleon carried out a number of reforms on politics, educational, judicial, administrative, legislative and economic. These reforms had some profound beneficial effects not only for France, but although for all of Europe.
After Napoleon was became the ruler of the France and he the establish the dictatorship military, in November 1799, France was in a state of war, with the second anti-French Coalition(it including :Tsar of Russia, Britain, Austria, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Naples) And finally UK lost the foothold on the Europe's mainland, and forced the Coalition had a peace talks with France. On 11th April, 1805, Russia and Britain had made the St. Petersburg Covenant, which laid a foundation for the third anti-French alliance's build. Napoleon's army did a series of actions to led the third anti-French Coalition disintegration, and the Position of France in Europe has been consolidated too. On September 1806, the United Kingdom, Russia, Prussia and Sweden formed the Fourth anti-French Coalition. After October, 1807, Napoleon defacto had controlled the entire Western and the Central Europe. In 1807, the French army marched through Spain and entered into Portugal. However, the French army's unrestrained actions cause the Spanish indulged in the strongly indignation status.
In 1808, the the uprising was outbreak in Madrid. Since then, the Spanish was began to against the French forces to occupation his land and began to have the French -Spanish War. In January, 1809, the British Government made Austria into the fifth anti-French Coalition. During this period, Napoleon had also encountered the national liberation struggle from the people of Europe who against the French ruling. Although all of these uprisings were squelched by French, but that has been proved that in Europe there had have the new force which was against Napoleon's oppression . All in all, A vast empire of Napoleon had been formed under the continuous aggression war . Since Napoleon defeated the fifth anti-French Coalition, the French ruled the most parts of continental Europe by directly or indirectly, and Napoleon empire's number of provinces was extended from the original 88 provinces into one hundred and thirty provinces, the population was reached seventy-five million. Austria and Prussia,The Major countries in Europe were surrendered to France, Russia also pander to France with wronged in order to protect themselves. Napoleon's popularity and influence were reached a peak.
During Napoleon became the ruler of France, the primary objective ruling on the main outline is to achieve stability, to overcome the confusion, and to consolidate the results of the France Revolution.
The Contents: ① to take a series of measures to strengthen
the bourgeoisie, and make the capitalist
economy have a good development.
②bulid the legal system: promulgate the code
which was safeguard to the bourgeoisie, and
the results will be written into law.
However, when he was campaigning he had also spread the French Revolution ideas and the developed the capitalist ideology.
Napoleon's Wars broke the feudal order in Europea countries , Spreaded the idea of the French Revolution. And rapidly implement the bourgeois' nature in the European countries. At that time, most of Europe countries were the absolute monarchy of the feudal serf system. "After Napoleon
defeated the third anti-French Coalition, he
occupied the left bank of the Rhine, and many
small ngguos, the areas were Universal adopted
with bourgeois reform, implemented the "Civil
Code", and canceled had been lest eight hundred
years of the Holy Roman Empire. Finally, the
Napoleon's Wars the Rhine area became the
world attention industrial place."
All in all, the Napoleon's war division the Germany from the more than three hundred small states combined into thirty major states, it was in order to create the conditions for national unity of Germany. This is a progressive phenomenon in history. Engels once wrote: "Napoleon swept the Germany Aojiyasi's stall, constructed the road of civilization, done the great contribution for them."（Engels, 1995, p.214) Napoleon through the wars to wash the Feudalism System Of Germany and Italy Asian countries and Poland, Belgium and other European countries, and created the conditions to develop the Capitalist System in Europe.
Napoleonic Code also is a major highlight of his career. And it still been used in today. Since two hundred years, France experienced the dynastic restoration, the Turmoils for four times volatility of the Republic and an empire, and the city of the King was changed, but the "Napoleon's Code" has always survived. These were fully demonstrates that the "Napoleon's Code" vitality. "Code" established legislative norms of capitalist society, and it is the first civil code for the bourgeois states. In later its spirit and principles were been followed by many European nations .
Napoleon had said that :"My fame is not built on the forty th victory of the campaign, and not because I make the small states surrender for me. Battle of Waterloo is enough to erase so many memories of the victory ... ... my code can not be annihilated for ever ... ... because the code is brief and clearly. My code is more Compendious and more effective than the other code which were written before ."
During the early modern era, European society experienced a series of profound and sometimes unsettling changes. The Protestant Reformation ended the religious unity of western Christendom, and intermittent religious conflict disrupted European society for a century and more. Centralizing monarchs strengthened their realms and bulit a society of sovereign, autonomous, and intensely competitive sates.(Bentley & Ziegler, 2003, p.664) And the Napoleon's wars and his all items of policy were also had benefits for the modern society's build. According to the statements on the above. If Napoleon defeated the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, he will further to send the French revolutionary ideas and the revolutionary system to the whole of Europe, so that the capitalist economic system will been develop more smoothly in Europe .
Engels, F. (1995).The Complete Works of Marx and Engels，
Mckay, J., Hill, B., & Buckler,J (2006). Napoleon's Wars and
Foreign Policy. A History of Western Society, p.714
Wang, H. (2005). The impact of the Napoleon's Wars in
Europe. Reteieved May 29, 2010, from
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