Definition Of The Dust Bowl History Essay
For eight long years the dust had been blowing on waste plots and the southern plains of America. It came in a form of haze from the South and in huge black dust walls from the North. The simple things as going out, eating meal, and just grooving the life suddenly disappeared. Children used to wear special dust masks when they were going to and from school. Women hung wet sheets over windows in a desperate attempt to stop the dirt, farmers watched helplessly as their crops dying out and blowing away by the black walls of mud and dust.
The Dust Bowl of the 1930s lasted about 10 years long. Its main area of impact was on the Southern Plains. The Northern Plains didn’t suffer so badly, however, the drought, dust and agricultural oblivion were nota surprise anymore. To be honest, the agricultural decline did really help to calm down the depression all over the world that was only increasing day by day.
Poor agricultural maintenance and years of constant drought eventually caused a Dust Bowl.
One of causes of the Dust Bowl was the extensive way of leading the agriculture. The extensive method meant the expansion of the sown areas, but in that moment the country did need an intensive way. They had to improve the areas that were already sown, so they could avoid the second trouble, which was a direct consequence of the extensive way of leading the agriculture and that is soil dry up.
Soil dry up was definitely one of the most important and serious problems that had been worrying all the citizens of U.S.A. As it was mentioned, the soil dry up was caused by the expansion of the sown areas. The farmers could not supervise and work so many lands, so many of the fields and lands did not get as much water and fertilizers as they needed, so many of the lands slowly began to dry up. The soil was loosing it fertile features and hundreds of lands became useless for farming.
The Great Depression that was prospering in these years ruined the whole economic base that was in America in at that time, so the country didn’t even have any means to overcome such a disaster. Thousands of workers lost their jobs and means to live further. Since that time, all Americans realized that all the country and it citizens are in big trouble and danger. These times were called the Black Years.
The consequences of the Dust Bowl were merciless and horrible. The whole sown areas were covered in dust and mud. The fertile soils were ruined in a moment. The whole agriculture of America was dying out. The agricultural decay was a fatal blow for the American economy. Crops, wheat and hay were the necessary nourishment for the domestic animals that provided meat and the fat to the citizens of America. But Dust Bowl blew all the nourishment processes up, so the agricultural decay entailed the hunger and starvation.
One of the effects was an urbanization process. That was occureing all over the country. The main reason for that was the dry out of farmlands and die out of the fertile soils. So when the farmers realized that their main business is in danger of disappearance they rapidly started to move in the direction of big cities where they could find some shelter and a chance to get any work to live out somehow.Unfortunately the movements of the large crowds of people eventually overpopulated the biggest cities and the problem of the global urbanization in the land went out of control.
Of course one of the worst consequences was theoccurrence of the Dust Bowl by itself. The destructions caused by it were not restorable, especially in such a hard time for American economy. The giant clouds of dust that were carrying the fragments of buildings, fences, even some animals that were not capable to struggle against the dust storms. Storms were ruining everything hat was on their way. Most of the small villages were just wiped out. So the people had to find a new shelter. And mostly it caused the large processes of urbanization that finally lead to an overwhelming of the cities. The process of the urbanization and overwhelming was dangerous because in many big cities there wasn’t just enough food to feed all the newcomers from the villages, so the starvation from which many people wanted to rescue came into the big cities. These irreversible processes were so harmful that the city governments established the limits on the newcomers, so it would help to distribute people equally throughout the country.
Memories of the victims of the Dust Bowl:
1) In 1931, rain stopped falling on the Midwestern and Southern Plains. The soil was already in bad shape. Farmers had cleared, plowed, and overplanted great stretches of land. Ranchers had allowed livestock to overgaze.
2) Without grasses or trees to hold in moisture, the soil was dry. As the drought grew worse, winds whipped the powder-dry soil into huge storms of dust. The area soon became known as the Dust Bowl.
3) In 1929, the worst economic collapse in U.S. history had plunged millions of Americans into sudden and severe poverty. By 1932, about a third of the workforce was jobless.
4) For "Dust Bowlers," conditions were desperate. They heard that
California was everything their dust-covered farms were not. It was a place of lush farmland and acres upon acres of groves bursting with oranges and other produce. Stay or go? Those who went found that things were different--but not always better.
5)"The Dust Got So Bad"
In 1933, Alvin Bryan Laird started his own farm in Oklahoma, growing cotton. Times were hard--but soon turned much worse. Looking back, Laird said:
I made a little money in 1933--had a good crop... Then in 1934 I farmed again, but had a drought. If you never lived in that country, you don’t know
Don't know the trade." A Street expression used whenever one party lacks knowledge of a trade or receives conflicting instructions from the other party.
What a drought means. We got hall in June. It hailed the cotton out, and we had to plant it over and didn't see another drop of rain--not a sprinkle--until in September.”
6) When Oklahoman Clara Beddo Davis was 12, her father's savings were wiped out in the Depression. They were penniless
and there were 12 children to feed. Then, Davis remembered, came the dust storms.
That dust came in from Kansas through northern Oklahoma and the sky was just as red as it could be. The dust got so bad that you couldn't even see the houses across the street, and it would come in through the windows and everywhere.
7) The worst dust storm was the massive "black blizzard" of April 14, 1935. It swept across the Plains with dust clouds so dense, that they covered the sun. Many people in stricken areas got “Dust Pneumonia”
Dust pneumonia describes disorders caused by excessive exposure to dust storms, particularly during the Dust Bowl in the United States. A form of pneumonia, dust pneumonia resulted when the lungs filled with dust, inflaming the alveoli
from inhaling windblown soil. Some people and livestock suffocated to death. Survivors, including Viola Lillian Maxwell Mitchell, found ways to protect themselves.
8) I put a wet rag over my face to keep from breathing it down my lungs. The rag would be muddy on top, just like you put mud on it. It was terrible. And all the crops would blow out, and dirt would pile real high up against your house.
9) "We Sold Everything We Had"
Mitchell was one of the countless Dust Bowlers driven from home by drought and dust storms. In April 1935, her family headed for California.
We sold everything we had and got in this old Model-T Ford truck that my brother had, and 16 of us started out. There was my mother and dad, their seven children, the man that lived with my parents, and my husband and I and our four babies.
Many Dust Bowlers traveled old Route 66 (see map), which crossed long stretches of desert. Enginesoverheated
along the way to pay for food and fuel was tough, as Jack Bryant discovered. These verses ate from a song that Bryant wrote about the experience.
10) "Hungry and Desperate"
Dust Bowlers poured into California by the thousands. Trying to stem the tide.
State officials tightened the borders. Talmage Lee Collins said of his crossing:
11) We had to go through a border check. Back in them days, they were quite fussy. They checked all of your clothing... Crossing the border from Arizona into California was actually more severe then than crossing the border into old Mexico.
Some Dust Bowlers found low-paying jobs picking crops. But a flash flood or cold snap
I saw and approached hungry and desperate mother. She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables
Frozen vegetables are commercially packaged vegetables that are sold in the frozen section of the store, usually packaged in either rectangular boxes or plastic bags.
ruined by a cold snap from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food... The pea crop at Nipomo had frozen, and there was no work for anybody.
12) California life was tougher than Dust Bowlers had expected. Their poverty and twangy accents were hard to hide. No matter where they were from, people called them 0kies. Some people shouted "0kies go home!" or posted "No 0kies Allowed" signs. Mildred Lenora Morris Ward recalled the prejudice.
13) At first I was glad to be here because at that time I thought that it would be so easy to work. All you had to do was just go and ask for it, and you'd get the work. I didn't realize what it was really like.... [In Oklahoma] we were kind a looked up to and at least respected. [Then to] come out here to this, where we were nothing.
14) "Times Got Better"
In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt launched the New Deal, a government program to help Americans during the Depression.
15) The Civilian Conservation Corps
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), established in 1933 by the U.S. Congress as a measure of the New Deal program. The CCC provided work and vocational training for unemployed single young men through conserving and developing the country's natural resources.
A very speculative grade assigned to a debt obligation by a rating agency. Such a rating indicates default or considerable doubt that interest will be paid or principal repaid. Also calledCAA. It was one of the new agencies. Besides providing jobs, the CCC helped Dust Bowlers plant trees and establish ways to protect and enrich the soil. Late in 1939, it rained at last.
For Dust Bowlers and other Americans, things began to turn around. Talmage Lee Collins, for one,finally found
"Finally Found" was the debut single from the Honeyz. This was their most successful single in the UK and worldwide, securing a number 4 position in the UK singles chart and achieved platinum status in Australia Tracklisting
16) Peace in Bakersfield, California
“Bakersfield” redirects here. For other uses, see Bakersfield (disambiguation).
Progressively, times got better... I'm very well satisfied with myself as far as my fitting into a lifestyle and everything. I haven't set the world on tire, but I started with nothing, and I've got a comfortable home and a comfortable living coming in.
In some years the DUST BOWL disaster eventually ended and the American government started the long process of the country restoring that lasted 2 decades until America found it bygone power and glory. But the price paid for the present power by the ancestors was too big and the effects of the Dust Bowl is just one more prove of it.
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