History Essays

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The Differences Of The American And British Manufacturing Methods

During the first half of the nineteenth century American small arms manufacturers, along with a number of other industries developed a method of production that is now referred to as the American system of manufactures. This method of manufacturing called for the production of interchangeable parts through the use of specialized machinery and a comprehensive measurement system. The resulting parts were easily assembled, high quality products without the extensive adjusting that was common with in the British industries. As of the early 1850s, these methods had only been adopted by government armouries and a few manufacturers producing under military...

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How The South Responded To Progressive Impulses

While progressivism has largely been identified as a northern movement, often completely overlooking the south, Arthur S. Link argues that the southern states were in fact the scene of “a far-reaching progressive movement.” [1] Progressivism was broadly accepted as growing from the roots of the populists, drawing on their ideas of increased and improved public services, eradicating political corruption, health and education reform, regulation on big business’s with particular emphasis on the railroad monopolies and reducing inequality. Richard Hofstadter contests this idea though, saying, “The progressive era was urban, middle-class and... differed from populism” [2] ....

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Conflicts In Nepal And Sri Lanka

Conflicts in Nepal and Sri Lanka have both been the poor men’s fight; marginalised Nepali population outside of the government service delivery in Nepal fighting the state apparatus controlled mainly by upper caste groups; and ethically isolated Tamils fighting a separatist war in Sri Lanka that were pushed to the fringes by the politically powerful Sinhalese....

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Irish Rebellion

The Irish Rebellion of 1641 is one of the most important events in the history of Ireland. ...

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Taking Maneuver Warfare To The Next Level

Adversaries had always learnt to adapt, often more apparent and extensive than what we wishfully assumed in our regular war-games and exercises. Paris learnt this lesson in 1941 within a matter of 6 weeks when they saw the Germans emerging from the back of Maginot Line instead of the much anticipated direction. Hence, before we chart out any development plans, our considerations should always stem from our adversaries to anchor our forecast firmly in domestic context....

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The Preservation And Reutilization Of Industrial Buildings

Industrialization was a major chapter of the world development affecting culturally, socially, economically as well as architecturally the life of the previous pre-machine 20th century citizens. Industrial revolution had a great impact taking over the whole world, but its great growth also demanded a constant increase of factories shaping the industrial character of the era. The urban environment was now introduced to new building typologies with factories forming areas which acting like poles of interest, areas were working and living was combined. This radical development involving the rise of big cities resulted to a pattern described as industrial buildings equal...

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Nero A Monster In The Making

Nero, Rome’s ancient emperor, was born in Antium in 37 AD. He was the son of Agrippina and Gnaeus Domitius Anenobarbus. When he was only 3 years old his father died, and he was later raised by his mother in very harsh conditions. Afterward when Nero took the throne, he started becoming a very cruel leader. Nero killed many innocent people, took away senators' property, cruelly taxed the people of Rome to build his Golden Home, and he was blamed for the burning of Rome.  All of this, along with much more, shows that Nero was a terrible emperor of...

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Was There A Laboratory Revolution In Nineteenth Century Medicine

The essay title asks not if there was just a laboratory ‘reform’ or ‘development’ in nineteenth century medicine, but if there was a laboratory ‘revolution’. So the term ‘revolution’ must first be qualified and did the changes that the laboratory underwent within the nineteenth-century meet the requirements of the term? What impact did the changes have upon medicine in regard to its practical, surgical and therapeutic practices?...

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Historical Progression Of African Americans

      In Unit One, life for African Americans was altered due to Lincoln’s proclamation of emancipation. The social/cultural issue they faced was without economic dependence, effective freedom would not be heard of. In response to that issue they wanted to be literate, build black churches, and still wanted to work for the land owners that were white. The outcome was the black churches were controlled by freed slaves, the blacks were trained to be teachers, and the agreements of sharecropping were between the African Americans and the white land owners....

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American Society In The Industrial Age

American middle-class culture took elements of romanticism (the optimism about human potential, the quest for personal improvement, the passion for competition) and tempered them with self-control...

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Canadas Special Relationship With The United States

In 1867, Canada had Confederation and they became a dominion but before that Canada was a British colony. Canada had their own government, but most of the powers that they exercise were still controlled by British. The foreign policy of Canada has usually been described in terms of ‘Middle Power’ status - States whose roles in international affairs are defined by their functional capabilities are sometimes designated middle powers. Canada that demonstrate perfect middle power characteristics, such as interests in multilateralism and peacekeeping often claim the same title. States of medium size, capable of moderate international influence which are perceived...

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Egypt The Overlooked Palestinians Of Lebanon

In January 2004, Egyptian politicians wrote legislation for a “Four Freedoms Agreement,” which would grant both Sudanese and Egyptians the freedom of movement, residence, ownership and work in either country. It would allow Sudanese nationals to live indefinitely in Egypt while no longer having to seek refugee status to remain in the country. The agreement would not enable Sudanese refugees to benefit from educational, medical, or social benefits entitled to native citizens. However, as of 2011, the agreement has yet to be ratified by the Egyptian government....

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European Colonialism And Racism

The topic of the book is ‘we wish to inform you that we will be killed tomorrow with our families: stories from Rwanda’. It's not only about what happened in Rwanda to those 800,000 people of Tutsis killed in 1994 by the Hutus. It is also about European colonialism and racism. It is about Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is about non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations that operate under United Nations mandates and charters as well as United Nations peacekeeping. It is about strategic communications and it is about stability operations....

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Public Sentiment Against The Conflict In Vietnam

The involvement of the United States in Vietnam was, by far, one of the most unpopular conflicts in modern American history. Early public opinion was that the conflict in Vietnam was a colossal mistake for the United States and that the decisions by American policymakers consistently held errors in judgment and was influenced by wrong information. This popular belief fuelled a popular anti-war movement among many young Americans who thought that the economic and human cost was too high to be arbitrarily pursuing violence in a third world country. The government chose to escalate military participation in...

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The Role Of Trade Union

Trade unions are unique organisations whose role is variously interpreted and understood by different interest groups in the society. Traditionally trade unions role has been to protect jobs and real earnings, secure better conditions of work and life and fight against exploitation and arbitrariness to ensure fairness and equity in employment contexts. In the wake of a long history of union movement and accumulated benefits under collective agreements, a plethora of legislations and industrial jurisprudence, growing literacy and awareness among the employees and the spread of a variety of social institutions including consumer and public interest groups the protective role...

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Significant Causes Of The Opium War

However, this prosperity and balance of trade came under severe threat when Britain discovered growing on the hills of India, a product that many Chinese people craved for and would shift the balance of trade in its favour – opium. In the ensuing war, the Chinese perceived cultural superiority did not reflect in its glaring military inferiority to the British technological and tactical military superiority (Schaffer Library of Drug Policy, 2010). China was heavily defeated in the war that also brought shame to Britain (CNN, 2009). In the British Parliament, William Ewart Gladstone criticised the government for a war he...

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Why Roosevelt Introduced The New Deal

Hoover had not done a good job; he failed to deal adequately with the economic Depression and many people were poor and now lived in Hoovervilles. The presidential election took place against the backdrop of the biggest economic depression in American History. Franklin D Roosevelt’s campaign promised the Americans “A New Deal”. The New Deal was the title given to a sequence of events and promises that Franklin D Roosevelt initiated between 1933 and 1938. Franklin D Roosevelt was a Democratic candidate who came from a privileged background; however this did not affect the way in which he understood the...

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The Indian Cultural Landscape

While talking about the architectural identity of India one has to go through the shift in political, cultural and commercial aspects in the country over the years. In India, architecture before the colonial period was creation of power structures like forts, palaces and places of religious importance and housing settlements. Architecture was based on political and cultural point of views and main aim of the power structures was glorification. Materials used were mostly stone and vernacular materials for construction purposes....

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Running Head The Importance Of

The National Blood Service became a national service in 1993. Prior to 1993, there were 14 blood centres in England all collecting testing and distributing blood and blood products. In October 2005, the service was re-named The National Health Service – Blood and Transplant (NHSBT) and became established as a Special Health Authority when merging with UK Transplant. There were numerous synergies and clear opportunities to cut duplication and to reduce costs to the NHS. NHSBT consists. (NHSBT Intranet, 2010)...

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The Naval Blockade Of Cuba

Since the morning of October 16, 1962, it has been clear that Robert F. Kennedy’s involvement in the Cuban missile crisis was the definitive factor in the prevention of war. In the months precluding October, U.S owned U-2 spy planes discovered that the Soviet Union were building surface-to-air missile launch sites. Suspicion was also raised from reports that there was an increase in the number of Soviet ships arriving in Cuba, which the United States government feared were carrying weapons. President John F. Kennedy and his own Intelligence Department watched on with great alarm, and seemed to tolerate the arms...

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Kennedy Doctrine United States Relations

President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States from 1961 to 1963. During his inaugural speech, Kennedy said, Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty (bartleby.com, n.d.). In his inaugural speech Kennedy was letting the world know that the United States will not let communism win. As Roskin stated, “these doctrines are just variations on the first, the Truman...

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The National Question In Sudan

It known that the national question arise as a result of the feeling of national oppression whether from direct occupation or oppression of one ethnicity to another one within single country, also one of important elements which can contribute in arising the issue is the treatment of a segment of citizens as second-class citizens. The national question has its own characteristics within one country which can be different from other countries....

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What Is The Location Hiroshima

Hiroshima is one of the popular tourists’ destinations in Japan. Even though people do not know where Hiroshima is, they know the name, “Hiroshima”, because of World War II. After the atom bombing, scientists said that it would take for long time until trees and plants would grow again in Hiroshima. However, next spring, the vegetation started to grow again. It was encouraging people. Hiroshima citizens helped each other and Hiroshima could rise from the ashes. Due to the history, Hiroshima citizens have local patriotism. (Matsumoto, 2009). Today, the Peace Memorial Park is known as a World Heritage site. Hiroshima...

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Leadership Capabilities Of The Chosen Leader

The aim of this work is to analyse and review the leadership capabilities of the chosen leader. The report is based on an analyse of the capabilities supported by both relevant articles, theories and also business literature. The report is organised in the following way; In the first part the author gave the full background of the leader to indicate events which influenced and even formed the features of character. Next the work is directed to describe leadership of the chosen character in the context of theories. The third part includes the description...

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What Really Happened To Roanoke

Years before the first major American settlement of Jamestown was established, Sir Walter Raleigh, a European, was sent by Queen Elizabeth I to land on Roanoke Island, in what is now North Carolina. Upon arriving, Raleigh attempted to befriend the native’s in order to be able to set up a colony there. Eventually there was another expedition made with a different group of people who would permanently live on this new land we now call America. Many people know this story, and that it ended in the utter disappearance of a large group of settlers. The only clue that the...

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The Us Strategy In The Region

1. As mentioned earlier, it has been brought out by Director of the General Logistics Department of PLA that “ We can no longer accept the Indian Ocean as only an Ocean of the Indians”. When viewed from a neutral perspective this statement stands to logic. The fact still remains that with its key strategic location India is in a position to dominate the SLOCs of the IOR. With the quantum of trade passing through the IOR and the inherent instabilities in the region it is but natural for any country to be concerned about the safety of its interests in...

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Education In Pre Colonial Pakistan

Islam originally came to the Indian Subcontinent in the 7th century CE, but was institutionalized as the state religion by the Muslim rulers in the 11th century. Although Islam was the state Religion, it was not imposed on the population, which at the time was predominantly Hindu or its aligned religions. The ruling class was largely Muslim, but non-Muslims participated in the administration as well. Education, in those days, was imparted as per religion. Each Muslim community was centered on the local Mosque which was often accompanied by a Madrassah. One of the hallmarks of Madrassah system especially in South...

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Analyze A Countrys Strategy In A Dispute

The Cuban Missile Crisis was the term given to the 14-day period in October 1962 that was set in motion when the United States discovered that the Soviet Union had secretly installed their missiles in Cuba capable of hitting targets across a large part of the U.S. Many consider it as the closest the world has ever come to the brink of nuclear war....

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Civil Rights Movement As A Unified Event

The civil rights movement was an epic stand by the African Americans against racism and discrimination by the whites. The movement united all the blacks across cities, towns and villages to tackle and counter racism. The blacks lived in hardship and had a poor lifestyle due to lack of opportunity and a deficient economy. African Americans always thought they were inferior and the whites were superior. This changed when leaders such as Malcolm X and Martin Luther King stepped up to educate and inspire the African Americans to fight for their rights and battle for freedom....

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The Emergence Of Buddhism In Traditional China

Ancestors were spirits in the afterlife, there was a strong belief in the continuity of life even after death. The Chinese, i.e., the Kings, had a high god deity, Di, that much reverence was given to, as well as nature gods. The god Di had to be pleased so as to help the people (royalty) on the earth plane – in much the same way Christians pray to God in today’s world; the nature gods were deities who were to be appeased as well. They were revered so as not to bring for example, famine and drought;...

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The Anoiting Of Soul

In the older tradition the Judges are above all saviors who rid their groups or tribe of oppressors. (Jagersma. P 76). These words Judge (Nagid) and king (Melek) are two confusing words in the anointing Saul by Samuel. Some people say Saul was anointed Judge while others say that he was anointed king. In this paper I will first define these two words. After that, I will go on to explain the rise of the monarch in Israel. Then I will explain the anointing of Saul by Samuel. In the same paragraph I will also explain how Saul became the...

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Study On History Article Of Ww1

Definition of World War I according to www.dictionary.com : A war which was between the associates of(Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from the following years of 1914 to 1918....

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History Of Leonardo Da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci, a man who possessed extraordinary wisdom, has revolutionized ideas in both art and science. Among the many branches of science and art Leonardo da Vinci studied, his work in painting, geology, engineering, and anatomy are some of da Vinci’s most famous work. Even today da Vinci’s work is still looked upon as a great accomplishment....

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The Colonial History Of Telecommunications In India

India officially came under the British rule in 1757, when Robert Clive led the forces of the East India Company and defeated the army of Siraj-ud-daulah, the Nawab of Bengal (Lal, 2008). In 1848, James Andrew Broun Ramsay, Marquee of Dalhousie (1812 – 1860), also known as Lord Dalhousie, was appointed the governor - general of India by the East India Company. His mission was simple: to unify India, a land of numerous kingdoms, and control it. Under his enthusiastic support, the first telegraph lines in India were laid in 1851 by the British government. These were mostly installed near...

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Kashmir Art Promotion General Historical Perspective

The history of carpets can be traced to the earliest traces of Human civilization if taken into consideration in its crude form. There are several theories on origin of carpet or Qaleen like the rug weaving technique may have taken a shape in the Caucasion region of China and techniques of weaving there might have influenced the techniques which have remained dominant in adjoining territories. The colour combination and acquisition of dyeing material in Kashmir must have been largely localised because of the use of specialised dyes extracted from the local minerals and herbs by skilful craft men. [

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