Prevention among children is important
Prevention among children is important because they are more sensitive to the demands for food advertising, they are naturally attracted to sweet tastes. Many of the children was accustomed early on to an imbalance of power, including in the womb, if the mother had an unbalanced diet. This is particularly difficult to thwart the bad habits they are older, it takes more time and patience for them and their entourage. Due to modern lifestyle, it becomes difficult for parents to contribute to good nutrition for their children: working hours of parents doing that they are often less available; expulsion of the grandparents for professional reasons, they cannot keep children home from school and send them to "food culture" This is why nutrition education is very important to the school; for obese children, a family care, psychological and medical should focus on building self-esteem and address psychological issues.
There are many associations that are fighting against obesity in U.S.. Associations such as: Stop Obesity Alliance (Alliance against obesity) is based in Washington DC. In California, the Education Code provides for physical education classes in public schools: 200 minutes of exercise at least every 10 days in primary school, 400 minutes in the secondary. In addition, the states of Florida, Arkansas and Pennsylvania have recently launched education programs for parents on childhood obesity through schools, for example, schools in Arkansas to send families a letter warning them of obesity of their children since 2003. schools have introduced more fruits and vegetables into the menus and increased the sugar-free drinks. Nonetheless, the governor of Arkansas, Mike Huckabee and Bill Clinton announced in 2006 that soda producers have agreed to replace sugary drinks in vending. This policy has helped to arrest the progression of obesity in children. Cadburry Schweppes, Pepsi and Coca-Cola have announced they will withdraw their sodas from schools in the fall 2008. Coca-Cola has also launched a new drink which would lose weight called Enviga The McDonald's partly responsible for obesity on both the size of its menu and business practices (Source: Film Super Size Me) and hypocritically decided to give a good image to finance the fight against obesity and diabetes with a donation of two million dollars at the Scripps Institute. The release of the book Fast Food Nation in 2002, has relaunched the debate on obesity in the United States. In 2004 the documentary film Super Size Me Morgan Spurlock American highlights the dangers of fast food that cause the increase of obesity. The health authorities of the City of New York have decided to ban industrial fats in restaurants 24 000 account that the city. They also require fast food restaurants to display large calories on their menus. In Chicago, a proposed ban fats derived from industrial hydrogenation are under consideration in 2006. The fast food chain Kentucky Fried Chicken announced in October 2006, the replacement of these fats with a soybean oil in its 5 500 U.S. restaurants from April 2007. The fast-food restaurant in Manhattan is required to display calories on their menus. The City of Los Angeles plans in September 2007 to propose a "two-year moratorium on building new fast food restaurants in neighborhoods south of the city."
There are also some anonymous programs that are being borned to fight and help kids with obesity's disorder. A program by the name of "all you can eat" which is a game of fun and nutrition for example is a good game. As we said earlier parents have to make theirs kid eat healthy if a game will do so why would they not want to give it a try. Another program is "we can" which has a goal of enhancing children's activities and nutrition
The best way to significantly affect the prevalence of obesity is to prevent it. Therefore, the issue of obesity should be addressed during every well-child examination. Parents should know that both bottle- and breast-fed infants can be overfed, although overfeeding is more common in infants fed by bottle. Parents should be taught to respect their child's appetite and to understand that it is not necessary for an infant to finish every bottle. Breast feeding and delaying the introduction of solid foods may decrease the risk of future weight problems.29
Skim milk can safely replace whole milk after two years of age.29 Food should not be used for non-nutritive purposes such as comfort or reward. Children should not be offered sweets as a reward for finishing a meal, as this teaches them to place a higher value on dessert foods and may make desserts more desirable to them.30 Family meals should be oriented toward a healthy diet with 30 percent or less of calories derived from fat. Finally, parents should limit the amount of television that the child is allowed to watch and should encourage active play in its place
Obesity is easier to prevent than to care for, and avoidance focuses in large measure on parent education. In formative years, parent education should center on promotion of breastfeeding, identification of signals of satiety, and tardy beginning of firm foods. In early childhood, education should include proper nutrition, selection of low-fat snacks, good train and activity lifestyle, and monitoring of small screen performance.
Jill Zeman, "Ark. schools' obesity reports produce benefits", Boston Globe, 02/06/2006
Barness L, ed. Pediatric nutrition handbook. 3d ed. Elk Grove Village, Ill.: American Academy of Pediatrics.
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