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The Wither Literature In Age Of Cybernetics English Language Essay

Effortless and high-speed access to internet through mobile phones and computers has made man impatient, edgy and hungry for knowledge. No one has time to stop, to read and to enjoy. The busy life of man leaves him no time for leisure and hobbies. In this fast-paced world, knowledge has more scope with minimum use of words. Somehow, words seem not as importance as they used to be. Books, newspapers, journals have taken a back-seat in this electronic-age. Cybernetic reading is displacing linear, closed, solitary reading. It is transforming the process of literary reading and hampering it. The ideas linked with reading such as innovation, creation and imagination are long lost. The ideal reader for such type of reading is continuously exposed to inter- textual ties and virtual ties of mass media and that of information technology. People, especially kids today have a short attention-span. Immense reading and long detailed descriptions are not comprehensible anymore. In cybernetic culture, hypertext will survive as an art form only by offering pleasures of virtual immediacy, spontaneity, intricate movement, rich web of texts in various media and interactivity for the reader.

Literature has undergone several changes over a passage of time. Through the ages, it has flourished. In the age of cybernetics, literature has adapted and re-defined itself. The blogging sites have given opportunities for upcoming, amateur writers. They are getting more and more popular. SMSes have created room for urban quotations and poems. This too has given rise to slang and its abuses the language to the core. Twitter is budding largely because of wanna-be writers. Flash fiction and micro-fiction has sidelined long elaborative patterns of writing. 6 word novel is a new field for writers to experiment. These new and recent trends are such unimaginable concepts! All of these are changing the trends of literature in terms of reading and writing.

“After she died, he came alive” by Rebecca James and “One gun, two shots, three dead” by Marcy are six word novels. This is a new fashion of writing which is challenging and interesting form. It is comparatively easier to write a long and detailed novel but writing a novel as short as six words is difficult. Hundred years ago no one would have thought of writing a novel in six words. Listening to this, Dickens would roll in his grave. A six word novel leaves the reader curious and thoughtful. The meaning can be very interpretative as well as subjective. It requires a lot of creativity and imagination. Flash fiction too is an “in” thing. It has restricted words and the idea has to be flashy and catchy. The famous example is Aesop’s Fables. It is loved by all due to its concise form of writing and implied morals. We have very famous writers like O’Henry, Ernest Hemingway, and Anton Chekov as flash fiction writers. Twitter fiction refers to original, self-contained works of fiction in each tweet published by Twitter users. Twitter fiction is being classified into certain new literary genres, which are given new names by combining the name of the different genres with the name of the application. Therefore, Thrillers become Twillers, Haikus become Twaikus and Short Stories become Twistories or Twisters. As an expression of postmodern literature, twitter fiction shares characteristics of micro-fiction (printed), such as brevity, multiple meanings and inter-textual ties.

Literature is the art of writing. The above mentioned are new trends and ways of not only enhancing but also re-altering art. They are diverse, exigent and very spontaneous forms and unlike the conventional. They are liked by many others they give you the pleasure of knowledge and quench your curiosity. They definitely create new and different genres of literature. These forms are accepted since they are popular.

Of course, these new trends are fascinating and interesting but they are degrading the classics and the conventions of literature. Literary purists are put off by internet slang, which is now growing stronger day-by-day. On Twitter, classics written by Charles Dickens, J.D. Salinger and Jane Austen are among the novels which have been smashed into sentences by readers of micro-blogging site. For example, on Twitter, The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger is: “Rich kid thinks everyone is fake except for his little sister. Has breakdown.” Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen has become: “Woman meets man called Darcy who seems horrible. He turns out to be nice really. They get together.” Dante's Inferno is boiled down to: "I'm having a midlife crisis. Lost in the woods. Should have bought my iPhone.” These are non-formal free form styles of writing and they often neglect grammatical errors, wrong use of vocabulary and have little respect for the great works of literature from which some of them copy. These are shorter than short stories, flashier than flash fiction and now they have become “Twititure.” Flash fiction offers chances to new and upcoming writers. It demands short and concise words. It has become common among readers and writers as well. SMS and Facebook degrade the language, vocabulary, form and conventions of writing too. Urban words and slangs are becoming common. Phrases like ‘ash hole’, ‘zombie Jesus’, ‘directionally challenged’, ‘pen you in’ don’t make sense nor are they valid language.

Grammar is lost and has almost disappeared in today’s scenario. SMS languages have ruined the role of vocabulary and spelling. Spellings with missing vowels are now growing famous. The fast-paced life is short-lived for literature. No longer do we want to learn the details of any book, grammar or even poetry. Somehow, Classics are now growing old fashioned and boring. Anything that is short and interesting is definitely catchy for today’s generation. We want to know everything now but not in depth. Literature is a form of art, if not studies in depth; it won’t carry any weightage to the content. The subject in itself is losing its importance and charm. Somehow, it is getting disrespectful. It is almost lost in the thin air of negligence and ignorance. The decisive moment of literary life will be that of reading. Mankind is beginning to understand how to dismantle and reassemble the most complex and unpredictable of all its machines: Language. Today’s world is far richer in words and concepts and signs than the world that surrounded primitive man. The changing face of literature is an uncontrollable factor, whether it’s good or bad is undetectable and unknown.

Word Count:1073

Key to the Essay

Key 1:

Thesis Statement:

Cybernetic reading is displacing linear, closed, solitary reading.

Writers Purpose:

To inform and to educate

Readership aimed at:

General public, students, teachers, analysts, cyber-buffs, readers, critics, evaluators

Summary:

Man’s easy access to technology had made him impatient for knowledge. Today’s busy life has left man with no leisure. The medium of reading has taken a back seat. In this process of evolution, creativity and imagination are lost. The ideal reader is now exposed to inter textual-ties and virtual-ties. Hypertext offers more pleasure to the readers than reading.

Rhetorical Analysis:

Causal analysis

Discursive

Expository

Exemplification

Linguistic Features:

Usage of jargons and hyphenated words

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical

Key 2:

Thesis Statement:

Changes in the trends of literature in terms of reading and writing

Writer’s Purpose:

To inform and to educate

Readership Aimed at:

General public, students, teachers, analysts, cyber-buffs, readers, critics, evaluators

Summary:

Blogging sites give opportunities to upcoming writers. Networking sites are growing popular. Flash fiction, micro-fiction and 6 word novel are new trends of writing that are challenging.

Rhetorical Analysis:

Causal analysis

Discursive

Expository

Comparison-contrast

Linguistic Features:

Jargons, short forms, colloquial language, use of numerical

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical

Key 3:

Thesis Statement:

6 word novel, flash fiction, Twitter fiction are the changing faces of literature.

Writer’s Purpose:

To inform, to entertain and to educate

Readership Aimed at:

General public, students, teachers, analysts, cyber-buffs, readers, critics, evaluators

Summary:

6 word novel is new fashion of writing. Flash fiction is flashy and catchy. Very famous example of flash fiction is

Aesop’s Fables. Twitter fiction refers to original, self-contained works of fiction in each tweet published by Twitter users. It has formed new literary genre such as ‘Twiller”, ‘Twaikus’ and ‘Twisters’.

Rhetorical Analysis:

Discursive

Expository

Exemplification

Comparison- contrast

Causal Analysis

Linguistic Features:

Use of quotations, proper nouns, jargons, colloquial words like “in” thing, new word creation of ‘Twiller”, ‘Twaikus’ and ‘Twisters’.

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical

Key 4:

Thesis Statement:

The new form of literature is not only very spontaneous and enhancive but also re-altering art.

Writer’s purpose:

To inform, to educate and to entertain

Readership Aimed at:

General public, students, teachers, analysts, cyber-buffs, readers, critics, evaluators

Summary:

The new trends are re-altering art. It is very spontaneous unlike the conventional. It creates new genres for literature and they are in demand.

Rhetorical Analysis

Discursive

Expository

Causal analysis

Definition

Linguistic features:

Use of hyphenated words

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical

Key 5:

Thesis Statement:

Literary purists are put off by the internet slang and Twitter fiction.

Writer’s Purpose:

To inform and to educate

Readership Aimed at:

General public, students, teachers, writers, readers, bloggers

Summary:

The new trends of writing are degrading the classics. Literary purists are put off by this change. Classics are now re-produced as sentences. It is shorter than any short story and flashier than flash fiction. SMS and Facebook poetry degrades the language, in form of the grammar and vocabulary. Slangs have become very common.

Rhetorical Analysis:

Comparison contrast

Causal Analysis

Discursive

Expository

Exemplification

Linguistic Features:

Quotations, proper nouns, short forms, use of slang, creation of new words

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical

Key 6:

Thesis Statement:

“The decisive moment of literary life will be that of reading.”

Writer’s Purpose:

To inform and to educate

Readership Aimed at:

General public, readers and writers, students and teachers

Summary:

Today, grammar and vocabulary has lost its importance. Literature being a form of art should be studied intensely. Language being the most complex mechanism is now being simplified. Today there are more words, concepts and signs than before. The changing face of literature is an uncontrollable factor.

Rhetorical Analysis:

Discursive

Expository

Causal Analysis

Linguistic Features:

Use of hyphenated words, use of short-forms,

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical

Overall Key to the Essay

Thesis statement:

Cybernetic reading is replacing linear, closed and solitary reading. There have been numerous changes in the trends of literature. The decisive moment of literary life will be that of reading.

Writer’s Purpose:

To inform, to educate and to entertain

Readership Aimed at:

General public, students, teachers, analysts, cyber-buffs, readers, critics, evaluators, bloggers

Summary:

Man’s easy access to technology has made him impatient for knowledge. Today’s busy life has left man no time for leisure. Cybernetic reading is replacing linear and solitary reading. Blogging, SMSes, networking sites, flash fiction, micro-fiction and 6 word novel are changing the face of literature. Grammar, vocabulary and conventional ways of writing are getting replaced in cyber literature. Literature being an art form needs to be studied intensely. Mankind is beginning to understand how to dismantle and reassemble the most complex and unpredictable of all its machines: Language. The changing face of literature is an uncontrollable factor, whether it’s good or bad is undetectable and unknown.

Rhetorical Analysis:

Causal Analysis

Discursive

Expository

Exemplification

Comparison- contrast

Definition

Linguistic Features:

Quotations, proper nouns, short forms, use of slang, creation of new words, use of hyphenated words, use of numerical, use of colloquial language, use of jargons

Authority:

Writer

Appeal:

Logical


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