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Clifford stoll

Part I

Academic Summary

Clifford Stoll, an expert on computer security, talks about the isolating factors that current technology constantly offers in his article “Isolated by the Internet”. The article commences by explaining how the internet offers anonymity and the chance to become the person that one is too introverted to become. Stoll also mentions the new opportunities to develop relationships from the World Wide Web.

However, Stoll follows by stating the social and psychological implications of constant use of the internet and how extremely rare are the occurrences that one will develop meaningful relationships. Stoll also mentions that Carnegie Mellon University psychologists Kraut and Lundmark conducted a two year survey with 96 families of various backgrounds studying the effects of online behavior. The psychologists concluded from the study that for every hour spent online, depression increased by one percentile.

Furthermore, Stoll asserts that many psychological disorders stem from social isolation, and that the internet is a likely culprit of causing such social depravity. This leads Stoll to wonder whether many small relationships can compensate for the loss of a few close social ties. This leads Stoll to point out that there exist people that do enjoy the non-personal contacts within the information highway, for he mentions that online video games offer a release from reality and a distraction from depression. Stoll mentions of a gamer that thrives on Multi-User Dungeons and garners respect from the community, but lacks self-confidence to feel comfortable around women and feels that he doesn't belong among his peers at school.

Henceforth, technology allows people to make friends through distant connections instead of relying on nearby friends and family. As more people use the internet, the actual communities they live in become more silent. Professor Mary Baker of Stanford laid an example of the situation. When she was pregnant she got many emails with a friend from another country. Her isolation gave her an opportunity to make friends, but instead of one's nearby she befriended a woman from another country whom she had never met.

Therefore, current technology offers many isolating factors with modern society. Many social and psychological conditions can be caused by the overuse of the internet. People befriend people who are from the other side of the country instead of right next door. The chance of isolation and having an introverted persona becomes greater the more a person relies on technology and the World Wide Web. Technology can be a decisive tool in creating a successful life, but it must be used in the right increments in order to be beneficial.

Business

Clifford Stoll, a computer expert, talks about how current technology is capable of producing very lonely individuals in his article “Isolated by the Internet”. Stoll begins by explaining how the internet offers people a medium through which they can do what they want without the social consequences. Stoll further explains that the internet provides numerous chances to explore and create new bonds with people from great distances using the web.

However, Stoll does forewarn that the internet offers a great deal of isolation to those that invest a great deal of time using the infamous network. Stoll implies that this isolation can cause several psychological and social effects on an individual that spends long hours online. Psychologists Kraut and Lundmark of Carnegie Mellon conducted a 24 month survey documenting the effects of prolonged exposure to the internet among 96 various families. Stoll states that Kraut and Lundmark concluded that every hour spent on the internet led to a 1 percent increase in depression.

Likewise, Stoll concedes that the internet is a probable suspect for causing social isolation and long-term psychological effects. Stoll then instigates the argument if several small relationships can substitute for a few close social ties. Stoll in turn points out that many people enjoy the distraction that the internet has to offer, including video games that allow one to live out a false reality. A gamer is mentioned in the article and he states that Multi-User Dungeons are a way of life and that much respect can be gained from other players, but also tells of how little self-confidence he possesses and how school is a foreign place.

Yet, networks make it possible for people to make distant connections instead of relying on nearby companionship. As more go online, the actual communities they live in fall into a state of despair. Professor Mary Baker of tells an example of the situation. When she was pregnant she received many emails from a friend in another country. This loneliness gave her the chance to make friends, but instead chose to befriend someone from another country that she never met.

Stoll concludes that current technology offers isolation in our contemporary society. Many social and psychological side effects can be caused by the abuse of the web. People befriend people from miles away instead of their neighbors. The probability of isolation and depression become greater the more one invests in technology and the internet. Technology can be a useful tool, but it must be used sparingly.

High School

Clifford Stoll, a computer authority, tells of how today's technology is most likely to lead boredom and loneliness in the article “Isolated by the Internet”. Stoll tells the readers that how the internet offers an escape from the real world where one can do what they want and not feel social anxiety. The author also states that the web provides the chance to make many new relationships over distances rather than a few close companions nearby.

This is not to say that Stoll endorses longtime online exposure, as he agrees that the internet is most likely a primary cause of social isolation and depression. Psychologists Kraut and Lundmark of Carnegie Mellon performed a survey about online activities with 96 families of different backgrounds for two years and found some startling conclusions. The families that were part of the survey found that their inner circle of friends diminished over time and that for every hour spent online caused an increase of depression by 1 percent.

Concurrently, Stoll wholeheartedly agrees with the results of the survey and again forewarns of the psychological consequences of spending too much time on the internet. Stoll then states the inquiry of having many shallow relationships online versus a few close ties in person. Stoll recognizes that the internet offers a great distraction from the hardships of real life as he writes about an online M.U.D. gamer that is adored by his online community. However, Stoll writes that the same gamer feels socially awkward at school and has little self-confidence with the opposite sex.

Yet without technology, there would be fewer long distance relationships and as more people go online, the personal touches in the local communities go into decline, Professor Mary Baker of tells an example of the situation. When she was pregnant she received many emails from a friend in another country. This loneliness gave her many opportunities to meet friends, but she instead chose to befriend someone from another country that she never met rather than go out and make a friend that can share her joy firsthand.

Stoll ends the article by stating that current technology offers isolation in our modern lifestyle. Several mental side effects can be caused by the abuse of the internet and technology in general. People make friends from miles away instead of the people right before their eyes. The likelihood of depression becomes greater the more one wastes away their lives online. The internet is a vast wealth of information, but it also carries many subtle dangers

Part 2

Modern computers and networks are not the sole culprit; many people desire to be centered around this type of lifestyle at work and home around the clock. Many professions, such as a network programmer must often be available at all times in order to maintain the system in case of network crashes. Even jobs that do not revolve around technology will often find their occupants answering emails at all times of day, such as a high school teacher or business owner that comes home to maintain their website. This simply shows that the line between home life and work is now undecipherable (Stoll 396).

This isn't the fault of technology- so many people want high-tech careers and professions that they willingly latch onto jobs which demand twenty-four-hour availability. And so we find the Webmaster who's on call all night, just in case the file server crashes. The high school teacher that who answers student's emails all evening. The gardener who polishes her Web site when she comes home. For them, home is simply an extension of the workplace.

The web is constantly heralded as the best way to communicate to save time and maximize opportunity cost. Objectives like these are perfect for business, but seem to be quite foreign to a home environment. There may be proficiency in the kitchen, but efficiency is not meant to be a part of a relaxing environment such as a bedroom (Stoll 396).

The internet is widely promoted as an aid for speed, profit, productivity, and efficiency. These business goals simply aren't the aims of a home. Maybe there's such a thing as kitchen productivity, but efficiency doesn't make much sense in my living room, and exactly who considers profits in their bedroom?

Stoll, Richard. "Isolated by the Internet." High Tech Heretic. Random House, 1999. Print.

Part 3

Richard Stoll writes about the social isolation that occurs in society as a result of the internet being used for work and extracurricular activities. Stoll says that “Compounding the withdrawal of individuals from their close social circle, technology also blurs the line between the line between work and play”, which seems to explain the point of the entire article and why the readers should pay attention to what Stoll is explaining (Stoll 396).

In another instance, Stoll implies that the internet may actually decrease efficiency by the constant bombardment of tasks and email messages. Stoll finds that an individual that works online states that “Instead of encouraging me to concentrate on a single job, the constant stream of electronic messages makes me constantly flip from one task to another” and this shows that faster communication can overload an individual that has access to excess information (Stoll 307).