Unemployment types and its causes and costs
Unemployment in India.
India is a nation with the massive problems unemployment. Unemployment may be designated as an idle man's suit and ready for action. It is a prerequisite for voluntary and involuntary unemployment idleness. Some properties were identified as follows:
The incidence of unemployment is significantly higher than in urban areas to rural areas.
The unemployment rate for women than for men.
The incidence of unemployment is much higher among educated women in the overall unemployment.
There is more unemployment in agriculture than in industry and other important areas.
Economists and sociologists, scientists have divided into different types of unemployment. In general,
Unemployment can divided into two ways:
Various types of unemployment
predominate in this type of unemployment a person is not the work of his own desire to wage limits, or work. Or he wants higher wages, or does not. There is a social problem to social disorganization. Social problems and strengths, as a revolution, a social revolution, class struggle, a financial or economic crisis, awar between nations, mental illness, political corruption, risingunemployment and crime, etc. threaten the proper functioning ofsociety. Social values are often regarded as the dynamic forces of society. They contribute to the soundness and stability of social order. But due to rapid social changes come new values andreduce some of the old values. At the same time, people are notable to reject the old and accept fully the new total. Here the conflictbetween old and new, the inevitable result that leads to social disorganization imposed in the situation. In economic terms, this is voluntary unemployment.
In such a situation, the person who is unemployed is not to say anything. This means that a person is separated from the provision of employment without pay, although it is able to earn his salary and also try to win. Forms and types of unemployment are to Hock.
Cyclical unemployment - This is a consequence of the economic cycle, which is part of the capitalist system. In such a system is more unemployment and depression, when he took a large number of unemployed. Since the economic crisis is the result of the economic cycle, unemployment is a part.
Ex: The Government of India has no doubt about its responsibility to their citizens not in the last 50-odd years. There for government need in many areas and with economic liberalization process began. The decentralization process should be much greater strength as a functionally and financially, to devolutapanchayats.Lack of transparency and accountability has hampered our economic development at all levels. Of poverty problem exists because a series of leaks in the system. New laws must be developed to ensure greater accountability. Institutions such as the Planning Commission in the new constitutional bodies that governments do to their inability to develop programs tube changed. An effective system of incentives and disincentives should be imported. Support non-governmental organizations and individuals in the private sector to combat poverty absolutely necessary, because the state is not only that.
Sudden unemployment - If the point at which workers, there is a change, a large number of unemployed. Whatever happens in industry, trade and business, where people work in a job and suddenly, when the job is complete, you will be asked to leave?
Ex: Many multinational companies in the Philippines reduced full-time and tens of thousands of people lost their jobs due to the collapse of exports in electronics and clothing. Recent estimates of the Ministry of Labor and Employment in the Philippines, during the first half of 2009 could be up to 300,000 people without jobs. The situation is similar for immigrants, many of whom return to their country of origin
Unemployment due to the fact that some industries - in many cases, closing a business, factory or industry a. Here, several factors may be responsible for resolving disputes between partners, companies can be a great loss or business can be useful and so on.
Ex. The cumulative effect of the migration of firms from Nigeria to other countries is enormous, resulting in unemployment. The aspect of unemployment by gender in Nigeria is also a concern, as the statistics showed that the number of employed women three times more than their men folk. For Nigeria to overcome the challenge of unemployment, attention to women who are unemployed. Measures should be taken instead of the government for the people (mostly unemployed) to explore opportunities, argues that the agricultural sector to create new jobs. Country excessive dependence on oil should be stopped.
Other sectors such as agriculture, tourism, etc., should be explored to create job opportunities. The government should also have funds for firms (public and private), including textile firms, cars, etc., unemployed for several years, the liability of employees are supported closed. Nigeria should learn from developed countries. United States as the global financial crisis had GM engines, one of the largest employers of labor in America shortly before the collapse in the light of the economic crisis. The U.S. government does not know the exact impact of the closure of the (unemployment), to inject the amount of money and purchased cars manufactured by the company to save them from destruction.
The rate of unemployment caused by the deterioration in business and industry - a variety of industries, trade or business, there are sometimes worse. This deterioration is due to several factors. The effectiveness of employers, a sharp drop in profits in contests, etc.are some factors that lead to a worsening economy and society.
Ex. Number of unemployed in Russia amounted to 5.2 million, 6.9% of the workforce in the country, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Zhukov said the agency RIA Navistar reported the news.
He said that Russia now has the level before the crisis of unemployment and said earlier this year, the number 6.8 million.
For the region, Zhukov, there is an increase of 16 in unemployment lessons of the Russian Federation. "In general, will struggle," he added.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Health and Social Development, before the crisis would be reached in March 2011, while the increase in the near future, the unemployment rate. Department says that could end of this year, the number of unemployed is reached6000000, and in January 2011, it was 6.4.
Earlier this year, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev called unemployment "Russia is only a social problem" and called on governors doing their best to create new jobs and retraining for the people.
Many companies have reduced staff due to the global financial crisis, but now the Russian economy recovered and showed good results.
Seasonal unemployment - some industrial and economic actors in a particular season, the concern for the workers. If the season ended, the workers are unemployed. Sugar industry is an example of this type of seasonal unemployment.
Unemployment problem is very large. Several issues are causing the problem. Age, disability, individual factors such as disability, there are limits to the population. External factors include technical and economic factors are included. There is a large increase in population. India will also add annual population. For more than five million people every year to get hired to determine if you qualify. Business Center vagaries of economic cycles and globalization may vary. Often convince the economic downturn is located close to the spirit industry employees unemployed. Technological advances will contribute to economic growth. However, unplanned growth and the control technology is wreaking havoc on the employment opportunities. Computerization and automation technology was unemployed. Strikes and lockouts are an important part of the developed countries. These industries often because we are facing economic output are lost. The employee's salary or wages after the strike occurred during the period, they are experiencing financial difficulties. You are permanently or temporarily unemployed. Is considered insults to the social uses a small increase in the youth of today are not ready. Our education system, its flaws and education can not really irreplaceable contributions of businessmen ready. Unlike open-employed youth, will not be too crazy, though they are difficult to follow any government agency. Many employment policy and program implementation and monitoring of production, absence of proper planning, however, required to start the year failed to achieve the goals of our country, the beginning of the year. Last UPA government and the rural employment guarantee scheme, villages and people living on the minimum employment to come. It’s dry, people focus more on making themselves for employment opportunities in the business to reduce jobs, a way to create a flood of natural disasters, and so to respond because the serious cases, it is worth is a program of productivity and employment of the type to support the production facility to work for the construction of the income of poor people, instead of raised, some of which can be accelerated back to protectionist measures, sustainable rural areas, and want to move the focus from the creation speed of privatization.
Yes. Pride, poverty and the global leader in innovation for research in Bangladesh since. Only the last 10 years to solve the root as well as his outstanding contribution, over 10% did not succeed in reducing poverty, poverty causes the production of Nobel Prize winners. Mr. Mohamed Shaheed with the United Nations (a citizen of India in Dhaka, but at the beginning of training), Professor Sen., we can see how poverty has changed. He showed that poverty is not lack of funds. This is essentially a law and it is the lack of presence and dignity. Professor Yuen, in particular, can show the world's poor.
The history of poverty, but it is definitely on the decline in Bangladesh. National report describes three main themes. 40 percent in 2005 to 58.8 percent in 1990 - First, it made significant progress in poverty in Bangladesh shows that. Regardless of rejection of statistical methods, is an important and powerful. Trends in poverty reduction, the government attached high priority to poverty reduction will reflect the results of. Bangladesh in 2005, poverty, and his (PRSP) reduction, the Millennium Development Policy contains a strategy for poverty reduction.
Second, the report seeks to factor behind the reduction is possible in all one thousand and one subtle. The report, poverty, education, migration and access to microfinance in the fight against, to emphasize the important role of agricultural productivity. National Food Policy, Basic Education Development Program and the Overseas Employment Policy, are all closely related to Props Related - - it shows several pro poor development policies and poverty reduction is effective in targeting the poor.
Both government and non-governmental organizations and development partners across, and in between - And third, it is poverty in the title refers to the role of development cooperation is to reduce Bangladesh. Under the influence of a joint program of the vulnerable group development (VGD) program, UNDP and UN-HABITAT urban poverty in Bangladesh and the government to show the project was implemented jointly. National, sub-global partnership for development of the national reports and locally focused.
Related to the costs of unemployment:
a. cost to the tax office:
Any person, who is unemployed, said the cost of revenue compared to the island to compensate for the increase:
2. Loss of tax revenue for the unemployed
3. For special arrangements for the unemployed
b. wasting precious resources: labor market, unlike some materials can not for the future work usse.unused resources should be saved for all time lost
c. Inequality of income distribution: The gap in living standards between the level of unemployment and labor force expanded during the particularly high unemployment rates.
US unemployment hits 9.8%
The U.S. Department of Labor said unemployment in the country seven-month high of 9.8 percent in November, up 9.6 percent in October.
Polls showed economists and Wall Street expects 160,000 jobs were added in November. However, the rental sector has attracted only 50,000 jobs.
This is a radical change from October, when the economy added 172,000 jobs jobs.
Retail employment has lost 28,000 jobs in October, while production of salaries and wages slipped 13,000 jobs. The public sector has lost 11,000 jobs.
The unemployment rate in the United States was 10 per cent in November 2009.
Data for Carolina unemployed LAG nation as a whole. Unemployment rate in North Carolina dropped to 9.6 percent in October from 9.7 percent in September.
As mentioned earlier, the unemployment rate fell in the metropolitan area of Charlotte to 10.2 percent in October from a revised 10.6 percent in September, according to the NC Commission of job security. The Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton metropolitan area had an unemployment rate of 11.7 percent, against a revised 11.9 percent in September.
In Mecklenburg County, the unemployment rate fell to 9.8 percent in October from 9.9 percent in September.
Unemployment in South Carolina dropped to 10.7 percent in October from 11 percent in September, according to the Ministry of Employment and Labor SC.
York County unemployment fell to 13.5 percent in the October rate of 16.3 percent in September. Lancaster County fell to 14.2 percent from 15.7 percent, while the Chester County, down 16 percent from 17 percent. The unemployment rate in Chesterfield County fell to 12.9 percent from 14.8 percent.
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