Economics Essays

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Economics Essays Page 439

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Economic Growth Through The Investment Climate Perspective

The investment climate reflects the many factors that shape the opportunities and incentives for firms to invest productively, create jobs and expand in a given geographical location. A good ‘investment climate’ is not just about generating profits for the firms, with competition playing a key role in encouraging innovation and productivity. However other costs and risks should be borne by governments which must use policies to ensure that the benefits of productivity improvements are shared with workers and consumers....

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Effective Logistics Essential To South African Economy

Logistics has a major impact on the South African Economy. Logistics costs have been increasing from year to year and a lot of South Africa’s infrastructure has room for improvement. Logistics cost entail cost of logistics activities which include procurement, materials handling, packaging, warehouse management, inventory control, order processing, logistics communications, transport, reverse logistics, customer service, demand forecasting and plant and site selection. South Africa competes globally in the free-market and this gives it more initiative to improve its logistics costs because we are a developing country competing against developed countries. Logistics and supply chain management should add value through...

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The Welfare Or Social Security

The polarisation of wealth and poverty has been always a controversial issue in most countries. ...

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International Trade And Lcds

International trade can play a powerful role in the economies. ...

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Impacts Of Fdi In China Between 1999 And 2008

This paper provides summarizes of FDI in China in the past decade until 2009, It describes the overview of the Economic growth, the sources and the benefits and costs to China and foreign companies. Moreover, the paper analyses the potential impact of China to compare with other countries....

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Almost Half The Things You See Around You Are Because Of Globalization

Just look around you, wherever you are, what are you surrounded with? What do you see? Believe it or not almost half of the things you see around you are because of globalization which has brought upon an increase in international trade, foreign direct investment as well as increase in free trade. Globalization has brought upon an increase in the mobility of goods and services. Hence as much as it threatens the smaller firms it is still the best alternative way of countries to depend on each other in terms of trade, services and relationship, it is also good for...

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Assess The Potential For Diaspora Organizations

Different interpretations have been provided by researchers, academics and scholars to convey what diaspora connotes. However the use of the term Diaspora has changed over time. Over the past decade or so, the term has featured as a means to view the outcome of international migration and the changing of state boundaries across populations (Baubock and Faist, 2010). Historically, Diaspora has been used to refer to specific peoples who were possibly expelled from their home land (Judge and De Plaen, 2011). In recent times however, the term has been espoused by range of actors to connote a group of identified...

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Market Economy Investors

A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services take place through the mechanism of free markets guided by a free price system.[1][2] In a market economy, businesses and consumers decide of their own volition what they will purchase and produce. Technically this means that the producer gets to decide what to produce, how much to produce, what to charge customers for those goods, what to pay employees, etc., and not the government. These decisions in a free-market economy are influenced...

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Japanese Economy Executive Summary

This paper discusses the reasons for its economic success in the 1980s and stagnation and decline in economic power in the 1990s and 2000s....

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Budgetary Revenue Analysis Of The Main European Countries

Revenues following the application of the tax system in a country are the main source of funding for the state budget. At the same time, the role of economic leverage of taxes and tax rates should not be minimized. Putting together the two attributes, as well as the effective coordination of their application determines what S. Paul Samuelson wrote in L'Economique, in 1972, namely that fiscal policy goals are: to help alleviate the economic cycle oscillations and encourage maintenance of a modern economy ensuring a high degree of labor employment....

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The Basic Concepts Of Economics

The influx of wealthy foreigners has made a big impact on the demographic landscape in Switzerland. The Credit Suisse report said that more people have left Zug since 2006 than any other canton, but the population has been rising thanks to its international attraction....

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The Innovations Of Chinese Smes After Financial Crisis

Chinas phenomenal growth over the past few decades has raised many questions and some of which critics argue include that if China is to succeed as a superpower of the world, then it must innate a way out of a global recession....

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Global Financial Crisis Analysis

A recession is a contraction phase of the business cycle. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) terms the global economic growth of 3 percent or less as "equivalent to a global recession". Comprehensively, it can be viewed as a significant slump in economic activity, spread across the globe, puncturing every level of the economy, lasting more than a few months, which is marked by sinking GDPs, real income and employment, and strangled finances....

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Effect Of Low Saving Rate

We highly acknowledge your help and frequent support to us for this term report and we are looking forward to discuss this report with you and having your response on our hard work. We are immensely grateful to you for providing us the opportunity to understand the theory and concepts of Economics. We would also like to thank all the people who directly and indirectly helped us in making this report....

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Growth Of The It Industry In India

Information technology has emerged as the most powerful tool for all round development of the world today and has been recognized as a driving force for the next century. Indian IT is booming and emerging steadily on top of the global information technology market. The IT industry in India is already a major drive of the Indian economy. IT will make remarkable changes in social, cultural, scientific, technological and economic fields in the 21st century. Information Technology has become an integral part of our life and no section of society can afford to ignore its impact and advantages. The importance of...

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Emerging Markets Growth And Commodity Prices

Emerging markets can be described as the market of those developing countries that have high expectation of growth. In those countries investments can be a high risk but can give a high return. The growth in emerging markets gives a major contribution in the rise of price. For the last few years it has been seen that commodities prices all over the world are unstable and is affecting the balance of trade....

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The Contribution Of Higher Education To Economic Development

Education is widely accepted as one of the leading instrument for promoting economic development. But what level of education that contributes most to development: Primary, secondary, or higher education? Knowledge-based competition within a globalizing economy is prompting a fresh consideration of the role of higher education in economic development and growth. Previously it was often viewed as an expensive and inefficient public service that largely benefited the wealthy and privileged. Now it is understood to make a necessary contribution, in concert with other factors, to the success of national efforts to boost productivity, competitiveness and economic growth. Viewed from this...

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Competition Law And Monopsony

Can a buyer be the biggest bully? The classical theory of monopsony answers this question. It envisions a market scenario with only one buyer, who can use his leverage to reduce the quantity of product purchased, thereby driving down the price that he has to pay. Seldom does a monopsonistic situation arise in the market, so much so that little has been thought till date about the potential adverse impact of such a scenario on market competition. Another reason for the antitrust analyst’s apparent neglect of the power on the buyer’s side of the market may be that such power...

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Impact Of Foreign Aid Finance Economic Development Ghana

The socio economic conditions of Ghana have traversed different periods of good performance and severe economic recessions. From 1970s through to the early 1980s, the economy was largely devastated from decades of economic mismanagement and exogenous shocks, such as the severe drought of 1983, falling cocoa prices and rising oil prices in the world market. These factors resulted in years of declining output, rising inflation and dwindling foreign reserves. Acute lack of imported spare parts crippled the transport fleet and prevented repairs of basic infrastructure to support the economy....

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What Were The Causes Of The Financial Crisis

The severity of the crisis has led to its comparisons with the “Great Depression” of the 1930s and research suggests that there exist profound similarities between them. These similarities include sharp falls in the house prices, fall in equity and fall in employment levels (Reinhart, Rogoff, 2009) [2] ....

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Significance And Determinants Of Fdi And Pinv

Foreign investment does not limit to FDI. There is also Private gross fixed capital formation, (private investment for short). According to the CSO, the difference between FDI and Private Investment is that the former accounts for takeovers while the latter accounts only for new capital formation....

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Fundamental And Technical Analysis Of Cement Industry In India

People invest in stocks to make their money grow. And to help investors identify the suitable and the appropriate way to invest, there are various modes of analysis. A number of approaches have been developed over time. One most important analytical approach among them is EIC analysis (E for economy, I for industry and C for company). EIC analysis is also sometimes referred to as Fundamental Analysis or the Top Down approach to Fundamental analysis. . In this approach, the investment decisions are taken on the basis of the strength of the economy, industry and company. The major objective of...

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Oil And Energy In The United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates (UAE) is ranked third largest economy in the Middle East and encompasses seven various emirates. UAE economy depends on natural gas and oil and globally it is ranked seventh in terms of these natural resources. UAE is one of the members of OPEC and is known to have great influence on the organization because of its reliability in the supply of oil and gas in the world market. UAE has resorted to alternative source of energy to meet the increasing demands of energy in the country such as nuclear and solar energy....

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Problems Of Chinese Economy After The Global Crisis

The global financial crisis in 2008 influenced Chinese economy greatly. Many problems of Chinese economy have been exposed from this crisis. Among these problems, the insufficient of domestic demand and the lagging of financial reform are the two big problems. This essay will firstly describe that the global financial crisis exposed the deep problems of China's economy. Then it will explain the two main problems faced by the Chinese economy. Following these, it will put forward some recommendations to solve these two problems....

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A Lasting Panacea To The Global Economic Crisis

The global economic crisis experienced in the last half decade has left all the key economic players bruised or adversely affected in someway - Households have lost most of their savings, Businesses like important financial institutions have gone bankrupt and Governments are spending huge national savings in an attempt to ease the crisis and curtail rising unemployment levels. Today, renowned economists have pointed to signs that these efforts aimed at mitigating the crisis are yielding favourable results and predict that the global economy is on its way to a slow recovery, yet, many have argued that these results appear temporary...

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The Different Forms Of Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an activity in which an investor resident in one country has a lasting interest in, and a large influence on the management of an entity resident in another country (OECD, 2003). It involves either ‘greenfield investment’ or merger and acquisitions (M&As). The former represents generating a wholely new enterprise and it exerts more positive effects, while the latter represents amending the ownership of existing enterprises and it has a lower positive effect or even a negative externalities. FDI can also be defined as other kinds of financial transactions among enterprises, such as reinvestment of the...

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Globalization And Its Effect On Economic Growth

It is the general consensus the world over that globalization has brought about an unprecedented explosion in the global economy, especially in emerging economies such as Asia. Although it has been argued that globalization has given rise to some negative effects like exploitation of labour, job insecurity, local industries being taken over by foreign multinationals, influence of multinationals on political/government decisions, and the erosion of local cultures due to influx of foreign cultures. However, the benefits of globalization are numerous and helpful to modern society. To date, it has been the most successful anti-poverty and prosperity movement in modern history....

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The Rapid Growth Of Emerging Markets

In the recent year, emerging market economies are growing rapidly. Especially China, Brazil, Russia, India are the well known emerging market in the world. As these markets are well known in the world, but still have many potential markets which are emerging, such as Philippines etc. They have a large potential to improve sustainable development and economic growth. However, emerging market is facing various challenges, such as economic impact, political systems threat and the lack of technology. Thus the selected emerging country is Philippines....

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Economic Overview Of South Africa Sector Wise

South Africas economy is the largest in Africa and is 24 of its GDP in terms of PPP. In South Africa one fourth of the population is unemployed and real unemployment rate is 40%. SA has an advantage in agriculture, mining and lots of manufacturing products. It has moved from a primary and secondary economy to an economy driven primarily by the tertiary sector which contributes 65% of GDP. SA’s economy is very much diversified within sectors like mining, agriculture and fishery, financial and business services, food-processing, clothing and textiles, vehicle manufacturing and assembly, telecommunication, energy, real estate, tourism, transportation,...

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Pricing Strategies And Discrimination For The Firm

This is a case of applying international price discrimination. Publishers take advantages from textbook demand characteristics that allow it to charge different prices for similar textbook in United State and in India unrelated to the cost of the product or supply. Consumers in separate market demand charged at different prices for identical textbook bought. Somehow, international publishers distribute its textbooks around the world and tend to charge much higher for customers living in wealthier countries than in poorer nations....

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Aim Of Eliminating All Barriers To The Movement Of Goods

The Single European Market (SEM) programme was established with the ‘aim of eliminating all barriers to the movement of goods, people and capital within the European Community’ (Baldwin, 1992) thereby fostering European integration. Integration affects growth via its effect on physical capital, human capital and knowledge capital. This essay seeks to examine the effects of the single market programme on some of the European Union’s (EU) poorer members since their accession to the EU. This is done in light of Robert Solow’s growth model. The essay examines the growth rates of these economies since their accession....

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The Economy Of Singapore

The Republic of Singapore is located in the southeast of Asia, 137 kilometres north of the equator; it has an area of 710 km² and a population of 5, 183, 700 people. It is made up of 63 islands and it has been urbanised and more land has been created for development....

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Housing Insecurity And Homelessness In Canada

Canada has long had an international reputation for high quality of life. However, for a growing number of Canadians, homelessness has become a grim reality and obtaining shelter a daily struggle (Frankish, 2005). While there is increasing awareness of a housing crisis in Canada, there is little discussion of how housing issues, especially housing insecurity, are related to the health of Canadians. In addition, according to an article by Toba Bryant, housing issues have not been high on the agenda of most health researchers in Canada and both provincial government and federal governments have withdrawn from the provision of public...

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The Development Of It Cluster In India

Since the liberalisation of the Indian economy in the early 90s, there has been a high level of foreign direct investment. Although the large domestic market was an attraction, what propelled the rising foreign interest is the growth performance of the Indian economy (Balatchandirane, 2007). In the late 90s, offshore outsourcing of service has drawn attention as an economic driver that has foster the growth of emerging economies such as India, Philippines as well as Uruguay (Kenney, 2003; Ramamurti, 2004). India found an opportunity in the information technological (IT) revolution and unlike other developing countries, India is demonstrating a high...

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Causes Of Economic Balance

In order to find out how much has the growth in international trade since 1980 changed the world economy from bi-polar to tri-polar, this article references from the background of international trade expansion, economic expansion factors and regional balance to analysis the case of status of emerging economies in the global economy. In order to find out the factors that MNE’s and developing countries changed their practices, this article from the role of labour costs and productivity in determining investment and other factors to analysis the case of fdi in China....

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