Analyze both the arguments for and against juvenile probation. When should parole or probation be available to a juvenile offender and when should it not? What new policies could be adopted to help ensure that juvenile probation or parole are successful? Explain in at least 200 - 250 words. Respond to at least two of your classmates' postings. Probation is a subject of substantial turmoil. It is viewed by some as a valuable rehabilitative vehicle but by others as a hindrance to the criminal justice system. Juvenile probation is given out more than any other type of juvenile rehabilitation or punishment. It serves as a sanction for juveniles adjudicated in court, and also as a way of diverting status offenders or first-time offenders. Some communities may even use probation as a way of informally monitoring at-risk youth and preventing their progression into more serious problem behavior. Many believe that probation is very beneficial to the juvenile and argue that it provides basic values such as community protection, public safety, youth accountability, competency development, and individualized assessment and treatment. Juvenile probation has been shown to reduce the amount of recidivism among young offenders and keep them from entering the already overflowing adult criminal justice system. There are many different services that can be implemented when a juvenile is on probation. These are services such as drug monitoring, restitution and victim impact, mental health counseling, house arrest, and alternative school options. On the other hand many feel probation services are too lenient on juvenile offenders and feel that some offenders are too dangerous to be released into the community. It has also been noted that the enforcement of the conditions of probation often are sporadic, ineffective due to high caseloads. I think that juvenile probation is a very good idea, but I also think it varies greatly from a case to case basis. Some kids benefit greatly from the structure and services probation can offer them. However there are the other offenders which need more intensive and structured criminal rehabilitation.
Compare and contrast the purposes and outcomes of a juvenile trial vs. an adult criminal trial. Explain the ways in which justice is sought in both, and provide your personal opinion of whether or not the juvenile trial and disposition system are the best way to handle juvenile offenders from both a social and criminal justice perspective. Explain in at least 200 - 250 words. Respond to at least two of your classmates' postings. The juvenile justice system has incorporated significant differences from the adult justice system counterpart. These differences include a different language, such as delinquency rather that crimes, adjudication rather than trial, disposition rather than sentences, a lower standard of due process, less formal court proceedings, and separate juvenile laws. Judges hear most juvenile cases because juveniles are not given the right to a trial by jury. Juveniles also do not have a right to a public trial or to bail. However, the fundamental elements of due process apply in a juvenile proceeding as they do in the criminal trial of an adult. They also have the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses; the right to be released before trial; and the right to assert the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination. Finally, the state is required to prove its charges beyond a reasonable doubt, just as in the trial of any adult on a criminal charge. Under most state laws, juvenile offenders commit "delinquent acts" instead of "crimes". The purpose when handling juvenile cases is to rehabilitate, not punish, whereas with adults the primary purpose is deterrence. I think that its important to have a somewhat separate system for juvenile offenders. When you have young first time offenders, I believe rehabilitation is essential. When you put juvenile offenders into the adult system, they may never make it back out. If these offenders aren't given proper treatment they almost always seem to offend again and again.
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