business

The business dissertation below has been submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

THE ROLE OF BRAND IN DEVELOPINING CUSTOMER LOYALTY

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Nature of Assignment

· My project is about “The Role of Brand in the Development of Customer Loyalty”.

· It's the part of MBA and it is the requirement of my institute, “THE UNIVERSITY OF WALES”, for the completion of our degree.

· The purpose of project is to determine the role of brand in the development of customer loyalty. After completion of this project I can easily understand that how brand helps in the development of customer loyalty.

· I am doing work on this project to collect data and other relevant information to build a relation between role of brand and customer loyalty and to prove that brand plays an important role in the development of customer loyalty.

· It is my project which is being supervised by a senior person allocated by my institute.

· In order to make my project more reliable field data will also be collected and analyzed.

· Data from the pre-research on this topic will also be studied to make my project well designed and easily understandable.

· From the company point of view my research work will be helpful to understand the relationship between brand and customer loyalty.

1.2 The Rationale for this Study

* Literature review has proved that customer loyalty affects by brand.

* Different work on this topic has been done which is in chapter# 2.

* It is a moralize agreement that brand affects customer loyalty.

* I will try to test this claim that the role of brand in the development of customer loyalty with the help of this project using primary and secondary research.

* In UK context it would be useful contribution towards this field.

* This research will be helpful in understanding the role of brand in the development of customer loyalty.

* In local environment findings from this project will be used in number of groups including companies, scholars and also researchers.

1.3 Brand

In marketing, a brand is a collection of feelings toward an economic producer. Feelings are created by the accumulation of experiences with the brand, both directly relating to its use, and through the influence of advertising, design, and media commentary. A brand is a symbolic embodiment of all the information connected to a company, product or service. A brand serves to create associations and expectations among products made by a producer. A brand often includes an explicit logo, fonts, color schemes, symbols, which are developed to represent implicit values, ideas, and even personality.

Concepts

Some marketers distinguish the psychological aspect of a brand from the experiential aspect. The experiential aspect consists of the sum of all points of contact with the brand and is known as the brand experience. The psychological aspect, sometimes referred to as the brand image, is a symbolic construct created within the minds of people and consists of all the information and expectations associated with a product or service. The nicest approach to brand building considers the conceptual structure of brands, businesses and people.

1.4 Brand Loyalty

Brand loyalty is the ultimate goal a company sets for a branded product. Brand loyalty is a consumer's preference to buy a particular brand in a product category. It occurs because consumers perceive that the brand offers the right product features, images, or level of quality at the right price. This perception becomes the foundation for a new buying habit. Basically, consumers initially will make a trial purchase of the brand and, after satisfaction, tend to form habits and continue purchasing the same brand because the product is safe and familiar.

Brand loyalists have the following mindset:

* “I am committed to this brand.”

* “I am willing to pay a higher price for this brand over other brands.”

* “I will recommend this brand to others.”

Importance of Brand Loyalty

There are three main reasons why brand loyalty is important:

Higher Sales Volume - The average United States Company loses half of its customers every five years, equating to a 13% annual loss of customers. This statistic illustrates the challenges companies face when trying to grow in competitive environments. Achieving even 1% annual growth requires increasing sales to customers, both existing and new, by 14%. Reducing customer loss can dramatically improve business growth and brand loyalty, which leads to consistent and even greater sales since the same brand is purchased repeatedly.

Premium Pricing Ability - Studies show that as brand loyalty increases, consumers are less sensitive to price changes. Generally, they are willing to pay more for their preferred brand because they perceive some unique value in the brand that other alternatives do not provide. Additionally, brand loyalists buy less frequently on cents-off deals - these promotions only subsidize planned purchases.

Retain Rather than Seek - Brand loyalists are willing to search for their favorite brand and are less sensitive to competitive promotions. The result is lower costs for advertising, marketing and distribution. Specifically, it costs four to six times as much to attract a new customer as it does to retain an old one.

1.5 Customer Loyalty

When a consumer finds that a particular brand is delivering the best products and services for him and that brands solves his problems with their products, he begins to identify that brand with a certain quality and develops a loyalty for it. In fact, if you have a customer who is committed to your brand, chances are that he will choose your product or service over the others that are available in the market.

Customer loyalty plays a major role in making your business successful. If you are capable of retaining as much as 5% of your old customer base, then your business can grow up to 75%. Another great thing about your old customers who rely on you is that they will tell their friends, family and acquaintances about your products and services. In this manner, your business will get the best kind of advertising possible. Similarly, a customer who does not like your products might do some negative marketing for you, so you need to be on your toes and ensure that all your customers are satisfied with you. This will help you convert your prospective customers to your clients.

1.6 The Role of Brand in the Development of Customer Loyalty

In order to keep your old customer base alive and loyal towards your brand. You need to have something unique about your brand. If you are able to have a unique feature that your customers love, then chances are that your customers will stick to your company and even tell others about it. The key is to develop this USP or Unique Selling Point in order to entice the customers and keep them loyal. If your customer is aware of your USP and benefits from it, you will get a brand loyalty that will be enough to keeps your business booming.

Customer loyalty is more than simple repurchasing, however. Customers may repurchase a brand due to situational constraints, a lack of viable alternatives, or out of convenience. Such loyalty is referred to as "spurious loyalty".

True brand loyalty exists when customers have a high relative attitude toward the brand which is then exhibited through repurchase behavior. This type of loyalty can be a great asset to the firm. Customers are willing to pay higher prices, they may cost less to serve, and can bring new customers to the firm.

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

To determine the role of brand in the development of customer loyalty some articles have been studied. After studying these articles we came to know that how much research has been done by different persons on this topic. Previous research putts light on different kinds of factors related to development of customer loyalty that how customer loyalty can be measured and how properly or effectively brand can be managed and implemented. And what models can be used to make a particular brand more successful.

Previous research also explains that what factors are responsible for the decline of a brand. So we came to know about loyalty that a customer's loyalty can be determined by studying that how repetitively customer make purchasing of products of a particular brand when some others alternatives are available to customers.

Several studies have been conducted in this area following are the list of some key articles and a brief description will be given following.

2.1 Summaries of Articles

1st article is about Brand Loyalty which is being studied by Nancy Giddens, Agricultural Extension Value Added Marketing Specialist.

Brand Loyalty has been proclaimed by some to be the ultimate goal of marketing. In marketing, brand loyalty consists of a consumer's commitment to repurchase the brand and can be demonstrated by repeated buying of a product or service or other positive behaviors such as word of mouth advocacy. True brand loyalty implies that the consumer is willing, at least on occasion, to put aside their own desires in the interest of the brand. Brand loyalty is more than simple repurchasing, however. Customers may repurchase a brand due to situational constraints, a lack of viable alternatives, or out of convenience. Such loyalty is referred to as "spurious loyalty". True brand loyalty exists when customers have a high relative attitude toward the brand which is then exhibited through repurchase behavior. This type of loyalty can be a great asset to the firm: customers are willing to pay higher prices, they may cost less to serve, and can bring new customers to the firm. For example, if Joe has brand loyalty to Company A he will purchase Company A's products even if Company B's are cheaper and/or of a higher quality.

This article is about decline of brands by James Surowiecki. The truth is we've always overestimated the power of branding while underestimating consumers' ability to recognize quality. When brands first became important in the US a century ago, it was because particular products - Pillsbury flour or Morton salt - offered far more reliability and quality than no-name goods. Similarly, many (and arguably most) of the important brands in American history - Gillette or Disney - became successful not because of clever marketing, but because they offered something you couldn't get anywhere else. (Gillette made the best razors; Disney made the best animated movies.) Even Nike first became popular because it made superior running shoes. Marketers looked at these companies and said they were succeeding because their brands were strong. In reality, the brands were strong because the companies were succeeding.

Over time, certain brands came to connote quality. They did provide a measure of insurance - which in turn made firms less innovative and less rigorous. (Think of the abominable cars General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler made in the late 1960s through the 1970s - remember the Pinto? - in part because they assumed that they had customers for life.) That sense of protection is eroding in industry after industry, and instead of a consumer economy in which success is determined in large part by name, it's now being determined by performance. The aristocracy of brand is dead. Long live the meritocracy of product.

This article is about customer engagement by Richard Sedley. Customer Engagement refers to the engagement of customers with one another, with a company or a brand. The initiative for engagement can be both consumer- or company-led and the medium of engagement can be on or offline. A customer's degree of engagement with a company lies in a continuum that represents the strength of his investment in that company. Positive experiences with the company strengthen that investment and move the customer down the line of engagement.

This article is about Brand Engagement by Watson Wyatt. Brand Engagement is a term loosely used to describe the process of forming an attachment (emotional and rational) between a person and a brand. It comprises one aspect of brand management. What makes the topic complex is that brand engagement is partly created by institutions and organizations, but is equally created by the perceptions, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors of those with whom these institutions and organizations are communicating or engaging with.

As a relatively new addition to the marketing and communication mix, brand engagement sits in the space between marketing, advertising, media communication, social media, organizational development, internal communications and human resource management

This article is on Brand management by Neil H. McElroy. Brand management is the application of marketing techniques to a specific product, product line, or brand. It seeks to increase the product's perceived value to the customer and thereby increase brand franchise and brand equity. Marketers see a brand as an implied promise that the level of quality people have come to expect from a brand will continue with future purchases of the same product. This may increase sales by making a comparison with competing products more favorable. It may also enable the manufacturer to charge more for the product. The value of the brand is determined by the amount of profit it generates for the manufacturer

3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research methodology will be discussed in the following section.

3.1 Theoretical Framework

The dependent variable, customer loyalty of branded casual wear companies depend upon two independent variables which are price and awareness. Most of the people in Pakistan belong to middle class and they prefer to buy products of low price with good quality.

So poor quality of these companies has affected its sale as well as customer loyalty.

We know that awareness of any product plays an important role to increase or decrease the customer loyalty.

The quality and comfort of branded products are close to local brands. Similarly the awareness of the branded casual wearing is low because of less impressive advertisement.

So, it is clear that the sale and customer loyalty is low because of high price and unawareness.

3.2 Research Objectives

Following are the objectives of this study:

1. To determine the importance of branding in creating customer loyalty.

2. To identify the characteristics of a brand that help in brand loyalty.

3. To investigate the reasons for brand preference.

4. How brand loyalty can be developed?

5. What makes the customer loyal?

6. To make recommendations for developing customer loyalty through branding.

3.3 Operationalization

Customer Loyalty

In this, we will measure the customer loyalty whether the people are buying it or not and why. We have price and awareness as an independent variable and we will measure customer loyalty for different types of the branded casual wearing.

Awareness

Awareness is an independent variable and we will measure it by the following indicators:

i) By asking the people whether they are aware or not.

ii) If yes, then from which media vehicle they became aware of it e.g. Newspapers, Magazines, T.V, Radio, Bill boards, word of mouth etc.

Methodology Used

To perform this task, research was conducted in such a way that reflected the awareness towards branded casual wearing. The primary source of data collection was used and the instrument for data collection was personally administered "Questionnaire". This questionnaire was administered personally due to sampling information, administrative control, and helping the respondents in answering technical questions. The population of the research consists of ultimate consumers. Therefore "Convenience Sampling" technique was used.

3.4 Research Design

The purpose of this research was to establish the relationship between independent variables high price & awareness and the dependent variable customer loyalty.

This is a field study because it examined the relationship between the variables. For this purpose questionnaire was developed to get response of the people. Neither the variables were controlled nor was artificial setting created for the study. The unit of analysis for this study is an individual and tool of data collection is questionnaire.

For data collection we have used convenience sampling technique.

Procedure Used

Standardized questionnaire was designed for consumers. The questionnaire was developed in order to make it comprehensive, so as to enable the researcher to collect all needed information from consumers. The questionnaires was distributed and filled in by the consumers.

Methods of Data Collection

Population consisting of people who are using the branded casual wears were considered for the collection of data. Survey questionnaire was thus used to collect data from respondents in different areas and University of the Central Punjab.

Tool for Data Collection

Tool to collect data was survey questionnaire which was very carefully designed. It consisted of all the types of questions i.e. dichotomous questions and multiple choices. So as to acquire in depth knowledge from the consumers about the research problem. After preparation of questionnaire, it was shown to kind teacher for changes in it.

Pre-testing

After developing and getting it approved, 5 copies of the questionnaire were filled out by the senior students of the University. The respondents faced only few problems which were then replaced and made it easier and comprehensive.

After pre-testing 50 copies were again distributed among the public and students.

Sampling Techniques

We have selected the samples which gave maximum representatives of target market. These samples gave more reliable and accurate information because they are end users of branded casual wears and can provide better information about research problem.

Nature of the Study

The research study was applied research because it was performed to find solution of problem. "Why customer loyalty of branded casual wears is lower".

After finding solution of problem, companies implement it to rectify problem situation.

Purpose of Study

The research has two main purpose first purpose is aimed at to be completed as a requirement of course. Second purpose was to study the impact of important factors that affect customer loyalty of branded casual wears.

Some of important factors to be studied were:

* Demographic factors like age, income occupation

* Quality

* Price

* Brand name

* Availability

* Advertisement

All these factors were studied to find out all possible ways to maintain and to improve factors such as availability, quality, price, advertisement etc.

Study Setting

This is a field study because it examined attitude and behavior of the people towards low demand for branded casual wears. For this purpose we had surveyed different areas and got filled in the questionnaires from students. Variables were neither controlled nor manipulated and no artificial setting was created for the study.

Time Horizon

The data for this research was collected over one month period.

Field Work

We had 50 sample sizes. We went to the commercial and business areas to fill this questionnaire. The areas consisted of Green heith markets and white city commercial markets.

During our field work, we faced a few problems like negative responses from the respondents. Some of the persons hesitated & refused to fill questionnaire. But we faced all problems boldly as a good researcher.

3.5 LIMITATIONS OF THE RESEARCH STUDY

Our research has following limitations:

1) Lack of time

2) Cost for collecting data.

3) Sample size is small.

4. ANALYSIS OF SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE, INTERPRETATION OF DATA AND TABULATION REPRESENTATION

TABLE NO.1

Do you prefer branded clothes?

Response Frequency %age

Yes 41 82%

No 9 18%_

Total 50 100__

According to our analysis 82% respondents preferred branded clothes while 18% respondents out of our selected samples did not prefer branded clothes. So our analysis shows that majority of the people prefer branded clothes.

TABLE NO.2

Brand is important for which item of clothing?

Items Frequency %age

Shirt 10 20%

Jeans 22 44%

Casual wears 18 36%

Total 50 100%

20% of respondents preferred branded shirts, 44% of respondents' preferred branded jeans while 36% of respondents preferred branded casual wears. So according to our analysis its clear that majority of people prefer branded jeans.

TABLE NO.03

Why do you prefer branded clothes?

Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly Disagree Total

High Quality 24 (48%) 18 (36%) 6 (12%) 2(4%) 50

Comfort 26 (52%) 15 (30%) 8 (16%) 1 (2%) 50

Durability 25 (50%) 18 (36%) 5 (10%) 2 (4%) 50

This graph shows that 48% respondents are strongly agreed, 36% respondents are agreed, 12% respondents are disagreed and 4% respondents are strongly disagreed that they prefer branded clothes due to high quality.

52% respondents are strongly agreed, 30% respondents are agreed, 16% respondents are disagreed and 2% respondents are strongly disagreed that they prefer branded clothes due to comfort.

50% respondents are strongly agreed, 36% respondents are agreed, 10% respondents are disagreed and 4% respondents are strongly disagreed that they prefer branded clothes due to durability. So majority of people prefer branded clothes due to comfort.

TABLE NO.04

Which of the following element is important for your choice of the branded item?

Elements Frequency %age

Product features 31 62%

Price 14 28%

Promotion 04 08%

Placement 01 02%

Total 50 100_

This graph shows that 62% respondents preferred product features, 28% respondents preferred price, 8%respondents preferred promotion and 2% preferred placement for the choice of branded items.

So our analysis shows that product feature is the most important element for the choice of branded items.

TABLE NO.05

Approximately, how many times do you buy your clothes?

Buying Period Frequency %age

Once a week 02 04%

Once every 2 weeks 00 00%

Once a month 08 16%

At the beginning of season 10 20%

During the sales period 00 00%

During the Christmas Festivities 00 00%

As the need arise 15 30%

Occasionally 13 26%

Rarely 02 04%

Others 0 00%

Total 50 100%

This graph shows that 30% respondents are used to buy clothes as the need arises.

So majority of people go to buy clothes as the need arises.

TABLE NO.06

From where do you usually buy clothes?

By the use of Frequency %age

Catalogues 05 10%

Magazines 07 14%

Internet 03 06%

Open Market 35 70%__

Total 50 100%_

Above graph shows that 70% of respondents prefer to buy from open market. 6% respondents through internet, 14% respondents use magazine and 10% respondents use catalogues to buy clothes.

So majority of people go to buy clothes from open market.

TABLE NO.07

How influential is advertising in your purchase of branded wears?

Advertising Frequency %age

Very Influential 09 18%

Influential 22 44%

Slightly Influential 10 20%

Not Influential 07 14%

Don't Know 02 04%_

Total 50 100__

Above graph shows that 18% of respondents are much influenced, 44% are influenced, 20% are slightly influenced, 14% are not influenced by advertising to purchase branded clothes while 4% of respondents do not know about it.

So our analysis shows that majority of people are influenced by advertising to purchase branded clothes.

TABLE NO.08

If a company wants to advertise to you, which of the following medium would be most effective in gaining consumers?

Medium Frequency %age

TV 24 48%

Radio 00 00%

Magazines 10 20%

Newspaper 01 02%

Billboards 11 22%

Internet 03 06%

Others 01 02%

Total 50 100%

48% respondents told that T.V is the most effective advertising media. So our analysis shows that majority of people are influenced by advertising through T.V.

TABLE NO.09

How influential is a celebrity endorsement in your decision to purchase branded clothes?

Celebrity Frequency %age

Very Influential 05 10

Influential 15 30

Slightly Influential 13 26

Not Influential 12 24

Don't Know 05 10

Total 50 100

30% respondents told that they are influenced by a celebrity to make their decisions to purchase branded clothes. So our analysis shows that branded clothes should be advertised through a celebrity.

TABLE NO.10

How influential are other consumer's opinions of a brand in your perception of that brand?

Other Consumer's Opinion Frequency %age

Very Influential 14 28

Influential 19 38

Slightly Influential 12 24

Not Influential 02 4

Don't Know 03 6

Total 50 100

This graph shows that 38% respondents are influenced by other people's opinion. So company should achieve more and more market reputation.

Table No.11

When buying clothes, you:

Buying clothes Frequency %age

Go directly in a particular shop 31 62

Go round in various shops 19 38

Total 50 100.00

62% respondents go directly to purchase branded clothes in a particular shop while 38% respondents go round in various shops. So a company should have more physical outlets to capture market.

Table No.12

How would you rate the following statements?

Strongly Agree

Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

I wear only well known brands

6

30

9

5

I buy clothes depending on their colors

8

31

6

5

I buy styles that suit me rather than what is fashionable

15

31

3

1

I only buy the style that my friends wear

3

15

23

9

I only buy the latest fashion as long as they suit me

16

20

12

2

I create my own fashion rather than follow it

4

27

14

5

I tend to stick to classic styles that won't date

1

26

19

4

I wear only clothes that are widely available

1

21

23 5

I hate going round for clothes and I let others buy my clothes

2

25

14

9

I search for sales and low prices

18

12

10

10

30 respondents out of 50 are agreed that they wear only well known branded clothes,

31 respondents are agreed that they buy clothes depending on their colors,

31 respondents are agreed that they buy styles that suit them rather than what is fashionable.

23 respondents are disagreed that they only buy the style that their friends wear.

20 respondents are agreed that they only buy the latest fashion as long as they suit them.

27 respondents are agreed that they create their own fashion rather than follow it.

26 respondents are agreed that they tend to stick to classic styles that won't date.

23 respondents are disagreed that they wear only clothes that are widely available.

25 respondents are agreed that they hate going round for clothes and they let others buy their clothes.

18 respondents are strongly agreed that they search for sales and low prices.

Table No.13

How important would you rate the following factors in influencing the choice of clothes purchased?

Almost Always

Sometimes

Rarely

Never

Fashion Magazines

8

20

11

11

Beauty Magazines

6

10

14

20

Television

18

13

15

4

Radio

9

13

14

14

Newspapers

10

25

7

8

Billboards

9

33

8

0

Cinema

8

15

8

19

Promotional Leaflets

3

20

10

17

Internet

17

12

15

6

Others

0

0

0

0

Majority of people are influenced by fashion magazines, T.V, news paper, billboards, promotional leaflets and internet while they are not influenced by beauty magazines, radio and cinema to make the choice of branded clothes.

So a company should focus to advertise through T.V and billboards.

TABLE NO.14

Do you think that wearing branded clothes would reflect?

Strongly Agree

Agree

Disagree Strongly Disagree

Confidence

32

17

1 0

Superior Image

14

29

5 2

Exclusivity

13

32

5 0

Snob Appeal

11

28

9 2

32 respondents are strongly agreed that wearing branded clothes show level of confidence, 29 respondents are agreed that wearing branded clothes reflect superior image.

32 respondents are agreed that branded clothes reflect exclusivity and 28 respondents told that it's a snob appeal.

So our analysis shows that majority of people purchase branded clothes due to high level of confidence, superior image, exclusivity and snob appeal.

TABLE NO.15

Criteria used for the selection of specific brand?

Selection Criteria Frequency %age

Well known brand name 24 48%

Brand shows the quality 18 36%

Brand offers incentives 08 16%

Total 50 100%

The graph and its analysis show that criteria used for selection of specific brand is well known brand name.

TABLE NO.16

Which brand is preferred by customer?

Preferred Brand Frequency %age

Offer more services 10 20%

High price with high quality 26 52%

Low price with high quality 14 28%_

Total 50 100%

52% respondents told that only that brand is preferred which provides high quality with high price. So a company should mainly focus on high quality.

TABLE NO.17

What attracts you more to select a specific brand?

Attraction Frequency %age

More advertisement 06 12

Market reputation 11 22

Existing customer's satisfaction 33 66

Total 50 100

66% respondents told that existing customer's satisfaction attracts more to select a specific brand. So majority of people are influenced by existing customer's opinion.

TABLE NO.18

Why most people prefer local brand?

Attraction Frequency %age

Less price 26 52

Easy availability 6 12

Same features like imported brand 18 36

Total 50 100

This graph shows that most of the people prefer branded clothes due to less price.

TABLE NO.19

Local brand captures market due to

Attraction Frequency %age

Offer more then one product under one roof 04 8

More retail outlets in every market 27 54

Not properly defined prices 19 38

Total 50 100

This graph shows that local brand capture market due to more retail outlet in every market.

So companies of branded clothes should have their retail outlets in at least famous markets.

TABLE NO. 20

Please indicate your top 3 favorite brands with 1 being your most preferred brand, 2 being your second and 3 being your third.

_____ Old Navy

8%__ Hang Ten

22%_ Next

_____ Versace

_____ Lerner

_____ Dollhouse

_____ Lucky

4%___ Diesel

4%__ DKNY

_____ Lee

_____ Polo

_____ Tommy Hilfiger

14%__ Nike

42% Levi's

_____ Express

_____ Seven

6%__ Gap

_____ Abercrombie and Fitch

_____ Other, please specify brand name: _____________________________________

Levi's, Next and Nike are the most preferred brands.

TABLE N0.21

Please measure your satisfaction level with your selected brand: (Check one for each)

Very Satisfied

Somewhat Satisfied

Neither Satisfied nor Dissatisfied

Somewhat

Dissatisfied

Very Dissatisfied

Don't Know

Colors/Washes

28 (56%)

06 (12%)

09 (18%)

02 (4%)

04 (8%)

01(2%)

Durability

41 (82%)

6 (12%)

02 (4%)

01 (2%)

Cut/Style**

33 (66%)

9 (18%)

8 (16%)

Stitching**

44 (88%)

2 (4%)

01 (2%)

03 (6%)

Sizing

46 (92%)

4 (8%)

Comfort

47 (94%)

03 (6%)

Pricing

9 (18%)

12 (24%)

29 (58%)

56% respondents are very satisfied with colors, 82% with durability, 66% with cut style, 88% with stitching, 92% with sizing and 94% with comfort of selected brands while 58% are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with pricing of selected brand.

TABLE NO.22

AGE GROUP

Age group Frequency %age

Years

0-15 0 0

16 - 25 27 54

26 - 39 19 38

40 - 51 03 6

Above 52 01 2

Total 50 100.00

People ranging from 16 to 25 years prefer more to wear branded clothes.

Table No.23

Gender

Sex Frequency %age

Male 39 78

Female 11 22

Total 50 100.00

This graph shows that out of 50 respondents 39 were male which contribute 78 percent and remaining 11 were female which were 22 percent.

5. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The findings and recommendations are discussed in this concluding chapter. The discussion is organized by study's objectives listed below for easy reference.

1. To determine the importance of branding in creating customer loyalty.

2. To identify the characteristics of a brand that help in brand loyalty.

3. To investigate the reasons for brand preference.

4. How brand loyalty can be developed?

5. What makes the customer loyal?

6. To make recommendations for developing customer loyalty through branding.

5.1 Importance of Branding In Creating Customer Loyalty

82% of sample respondents preferred branded clothes while 18% respondents out of our selected samples did not prefer branded clothes. So our analysis shows that majority of the people prefer branded clothes. So this analysis supports our research objective that branding is important in developing customer loyalty because majority of people preferred branded clothes. Those who did not prefer branded clothes were those who are price conscious and not focusing on quality and other features provide by branded clothes.

5.2 Characteristics that Help in Developing in Brand Loyalty

48% respondents are strongly agreed, 36% respondents are agreed, 12% respondents are disagreed and 4% respondents are strongly disagreed that they prefer branded clothes due to high quality. This analysis supports our research objectives that there are certain characteristics of brand that help in the development of brand loyalty

Our research has proved that quality is one of the important characteristic which develops brand loyalty. This analysis has also proved another research objective that there are certain reasons for brand preference. Our research shows that majority of people prefer branded clothes due to high quality.

52% respondents are strongly agreed, 30% respondents are agreed, 16% respondents are disagreed and 2% respondents are strongly disagreed that they prefer branded clothes due to comfort. So according to this analysis our research objective that how brand loyalty is developed satisfies that brand loyalty can be developed by providing good quality.

50% respondents are strongly agreed, 36% respondents are agreed, 10% respondents are disagreed and 4% respondents are strongly disagreed that they prefer branded clothes due to durability. So majority of people prefer branded clothes due to comfort. This analysis also supports our research objective that characteristics of brand helps in the development of customer loyalty.

Table 16 shows that 52% respondents told that only that brand is preferred which provides high quality with high price. So a company should mainly focus on high quality. This analysis also supports our research objective that characteristics of brand helps in the development of customer loyalty .Those who do not prefer quality or any other characteristics of brand are those who are unaware about the characteristics which a particular brand offers.

Table 21 shows that 56% respondents are very satisfied with colors, 82% with durability, 66% with cut style, 88% with stitching, 92% with sizing and 94% with comfort of selected brands while 58% are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with pricing of selected brand.

5.3 Reasons for Brand Preference

Table 7 shows that 18% of respondents are much influenced, 44% are influenced, 20% are slightly influenced, 14% are not influenced by advertising to purchase branded clothes while 4% of respondents do not know about it. This analysis answers to our research objective that an organization should focus more on advertising to make their customer more loyal.

So our analysis shows that majority of people are influenced by advertising to purchase branded clothes.

48% respondents told that T.V is the most effective advertising media. So our analysis shows that majority of people are influenced by advertising through T.V.

30% respondents mentioned that they are influenced by a celebrity to make their decisions to purchase branded clothes. So our analysis shows that branded clothes should be advertised through a celebrity

Table 12 shows that

30 respondents out of 50 are agreed that they wear only well known branded clothes,

31 respondents are agreed that they buy clothes depending on their colors,

31 respondents are agreed that they buy styles that suit them rather than what is fashionable.

23 respondents are disagreed that they only buy the style that their friends wear.

20 respondents are agreed that they only buy the latest fashion as long as they suit them.

27 respondents are agreed that they create their own fashion rather than follow it.

26 respondents are agreed that they tend to stick to classic styles that won't date.

23 respondents are disagreed that they wear only clothes that are widely available.

25 respondents are agreed that they hate going round for clothes and they let others buy their clothes.

18 respondents are strongly agreed that they search for sales and low prices.

Majority of people are influenced by fashion magazines, T.V, news paper, billboards, promotional leaflets and internet while they are not influenced by beauty magazines, radio and cinema to make the choice of branded clothes. So a company should focus to advertise through T.V and billboards.

Table 14 shows that 32 respondents are strongly agreed that wearing branded clothes show level of confidence, 29 respondents are agreed that wearing branded clothes reflect superior image.

32 respondents are agreed that branded clothes reflect exclusivity and 28 respondents told that it's a snob appeal. So our analysis shows that majority of people purchase branded clothes due to high level of confidence, superior image, exclusivity and snob appeal.

Our analysis shows that criteria used for selection of specific brand is well known brand name. Most of the people prefer branded clothes due to less price.

Table 22 shows that People ranging from 16 to 25 years prefer more to wear branded clothes.

20% of respondents preferred branded shirts, 44% of respondents preferred branded jeans while 36% of respondents preferred branded casual wears. So according to our analysis its clear that majority of people prefer branded jeans.

5.4 Developing Brand Loyalty

62% respondents preferred product features, 28% respondents preferred price, 8%respondents preferred promotion and 2% preferred placement for the choice of branded items.

So our analysis shows that product feature is the most important element for the choice of branded items.

5.5 Determinants of Customer Loyalty

Table 20 shows that Levi's, Next and Nike are the most preferred brands.

5.6 Recommendations for Developing Customer Loyalty through Branding

30% respondents are used to buy clothes as the need arises.

So a company should create an artificial environment to create a desire.

The majority of people (70%) buy clothes from the open market, 6% respondents through the Internet, 14% respondents use magazine and 10% respondents use catalogues to buy clothes.

According to analysis 38% respondents are influenced by other people's opinion. So company should achieve more and more market reputation. It supports our research objective that branding is an important factor from the organization point of view and customer loyalty can be developed by advertising on TV and associating brand with celebrity, so a company should achieve more and more market reputation by using an effective media for advertising and using a model or celebrity in advertising.

Table 11 shows that 62% respondents go directly to purchase branded clothes in a particular shop while 38% respondents go round in various shops. So a company should have more physical outlets to capture market.

66% respondents told that existing customer's satisfaction attract more to select a specific brand. So majority of people are influenced by existing customer's opinion.

Local brand captures market due to more retail outlet in every market. So companies of branded clothes should have their retail outlets in at least famous markets.

5.7 RECOMMENDATIONS

* Maximum focus should be to maintain the quality level of branded clothes to make the customer more loyal.

* Attention should also be given to increase and maintain the level of comfort and durability to increase the customer's loyalty.

* Continuously work on innovative designs in order to retain customers.

* Price of the branded clothes should be reduced to develop a customer loyalty.

* In order to make customer loyal and to keep in touch with customer company should focus on advertising using effective media.

* Emphasize on celebrity endorsement

* Company should develop a good image in the minds of customers by continuous focusing on its core competencies so that it may have a good word of mouth.

* A company should have more physical out lets at least in running markets to capture market completely and to make sure of availability of its products.

* More focus should be on identifying and satisfying the needs and wants of target customers.

References

* Miller & Muir (2004) The Business of Brands, ISBN 0470862599 - Examines how brands can create value for businesses

* Dick, Alan S. and Kunal Basu (1994), "Customer Loyalty: Toward an Integrated Conceptual Framework," Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 22 (2), 99-113.

* Recommended text book “Marketing Research” by Naresh K. Malhotra,Fifth edition.

* Nancy Giddens, Agricultural Extension Value Added Marketing Specialist, Missouri Value-added Development Center, University of Missouri; and Amanda Hofmann, Student Research Assistant.

* James Surowiecki (jamessuro@aol.com), a staff writer for The New Yorker, is the author of The Wisdom of Crowds.

* Birkin, Michael (1994). "Assessing Brand Value," in Brand Powe.

* P. Kotler, 'Marketing Management ' (Prentice-Hall, 7th edn, 1991)

* http://www.articlesnatch.com/

* http://wikipedia.com/

Questionnaire

1. My project is about “The Role of Brand in the Development of Customer Loyalty”.

2. Our project is the part of MBA and it is the requirement of our institute, “University of Wales”.

3. The purpose of project is to determine the role of brand in the development of customer loyalty. After completion of this project we can easily understand that how brand helps in the development of customer loyalty.

4. We request you for the cooperation for the successful completion of the project.

5. Expected Time to attempt the questionnaire is 7-10 minutes.

Q.1 Do you prefer branded clothes?

Yes ____

No _____

Q.2 Brand is important for which item of clothing?

Shirt
Jeans
Casual wears

Q.3 Why do you prefer branded clothes?

Strongly Agree

Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

High quality

Comfort

Durability

Q.4 Which of the following element is important for your choice of the branded item?

Product futures
Price
Promotion
Placement

Q.5 Approximately, how many times do you buy your clothes?
(Please tick where appropriate)

Once a week
Once every 2 weeks
Once a month
At the beginning of season
During the sales period
During the Christmas Festivities
As the need arises
Occasionally
Rarely

Others _______________________________________________

Q.6 What is the reason for your choice?

____________________________________________________

Q.7 From where do you usually buy clothes?

By the use of:

Catalogues
Magazines
Internet
Open Market

Others _____________________________________________

Q.8 How influential is advertising in your purchase of branded wears?

Very Influential

Influential

Slightly Influential

Not Influential

Don't Know

Q.9 If a company wants to advertise to you, which of the following medium would be most effective in gaining consumers? (Please check one)

____ TV ____ Radio ____Magazines ____Newspaper ____Billboards

____Internet ____Other, please specify _______________________________

Q.10 How influential is a celebrity endorsement in your decision to purchase a brand of jeans?

Very Influential

Influential

Slightly Influential

Not Influential

Don't Know

Q.11 How influential are other consumer's opinions of a brand in your perception of that brand?

Very Influential

Influential

Slightly Influential

Not Influential

Don't Know

Q.12 When buying clothes, you:

Go directly in a particular shop.
Go round in various shops.

Others ________________________________________

Q.13 How would you rate the following statements?
(Please tick one box for each characteristic)

Strongly Agree

Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

I wear only well known brands

I buy clothes depending on their colors

I buy styles that suit me rather than what is fashionable

I only buy the style that my friends wear

I only buy the latest fashion as long as they suit me

I create my own fashion rather than follow it

I tend to stick to classic styles that won't date

I wear only clothes that are widely available

I hate going round for clothes and I let others buy my clothes

I search for sales and low prices

Q.14 How important would you rate the following factors in influencing the choice of clothes purchased?
(Tick one box for each characteristic)

Almost Always

Sometimes

Rarely

Never

Fashion Magazines

Beauty Magazines

Television

Radio

Newspapers

Billboards

Cinema

Promotional Leaflets

Internet

Others ___________________________________________________________

Q.15 Do you think that wearing branded clothes would reflect:
(Tick one box for each characteristic)

Strongly Agree

Agree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Confidence

Superior Image

Exclusivity

Snob Appeal

Q.16 Criteria used for the selection of specific brand?

a) Well known brand name

b) Brand shows the quality

c) Brand offers incentives (discount, replacement)

Q.17 Which brand is preferred by customer?

a) Offer more services

b) High price with high quality

c) Low price with high quality

Q.18 What attracts you more to select a specific brand?

a) More advertisement

b) Market reputation

c) Existing customer's satisfaction

Q.19 Why most people prefer local brand?

a) Price

b) Less Easy availability

c) Same features like imported brand

Q.20 Local brand captures market due to:

a) Offering more than one products under one roof

b) More retail outlets in every market

c) Not properly defined prices

Q.21 Please indicate your top 3 favorite brands with 1 being your most preferred brand, 2 being your second and 3 being your third.

_____ Old Navy

_____ Hang Ten

_____ Next

_____ Versace

_____ Lerner

_____ Dollhouse

_____ Lucky

_____ Diesel

_____ DKNY

_____ Lee

_____ Polo

_____ Tommy Hilfiger

_____ Nike

_____ Levi's

_____ Express

_____ Seven

_____ Gap

_____ Abercrombie and Fitch

_____ Other, please specify brand name: _____________________________________

Q.22 Please measure your satisfaction level with your selected brand: (Check one for each)

Very Satisfied

Somewhat Satisfied

Neither Satisfied nor Dissatisfied

Somewhat

Dissatisfied

Very Dissatisfied

Don't Know

Colors/Washes

Durability

Cut/Style**

Stitching**

Sizing

Comfort

Pricing

• **Cut/Style= boot cut, hip huggers, loose fit, relaxed, etc…

• **Stitching= pocket design, thread color

Q.23Please rank these age groups in order of who wears branded clothes the most?

• ____ 0-15

• ____ 16-25

• ____ 26-39

• ____ 40-51

• ____ 52+

Name__________________________________

Email__________________________________

Age________________

What is your gender? ___Male ___Female

Occupation _____________________________

The Role of Brand in the Development of Customer Loyalty

 


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