Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 1)

Dividend Policy

Dividend policy has been the subject of investigation and debate for almost 50 years, most of it conducted in the United Kingdom. Before regression analysis was applied by John Lintner in 1956 to the behaviour of a small group of industrial companies, dividends were good and should be maximised by firms wherever possible. Lintner, who showed that firms adopted and tended to adhere to optimal long-term dividend pay-out ratios which were relatively stable, suggested that managers would only raise a firm’s dividend if they were confident that the firm’s future earnings could be maintained at a consistently higher level in...

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Strategic Responses To The Current Global Developments Finance

The problem statement of our research methods is mainly focused on the corporate world, which has recently hit by the global recession that had led to many organizations restructuring their business processes and taking effective strategic responses to overcome it. These necessary measures have been taken in order to sustain in the current market and overcome financial distress. The main objective of this research is to carry out investigation whether major organizations have developed a strategic response to the current global developments. HSBC, one of the banking giants is also one of the organizations that have been hit by global...

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Resistance To Change

Senior and Fleming (2006) consider change as essential for an organisation. Change can be defined as the event that occurs when passing from one state or phase to another, in essence becoming different (Choudhry et al 2009, Anon, A 2010). Mullins (2005) affirms that change is an unavoidable element of organisational life. The most common forms of change across industries are cost reduction, redundancies, culture change, and performance management. Organisational change is a vast subject, within change there is understood to be resistance (***) and this shall be the focus of this report....

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Change Management At Standard Chartered Bank

According to Industry Research Solution (2008), the banking industry in the United Arab Emirates has witnessed a strong economic growth, increased government support and growing loan segments to emerge as one of the largest and strongest banking industry in the Middle East. The industry became the undisputed market leader across Middle East when its total assets increased to a high of $336 billion in the years ranging 2006-2008. During this similar period, this industry recorded a combined and increased profit of an estimated $6.75 billion. This represented an increase of 25%. Experts have postulated that the favourable growth patterns experienced...

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Capital Structure Of Non Financial Firms

Capital structure shows the ratio of debt to equity financing of a firm to finance its assets. Capital structure of financial firma and non-financial firms differ drastically. A firm can go for different ways of financing like debt and equity. It is very rare to find a firm that completely finances its assets either by using debt or either by equity. Usually there is a mixture of both debt financing and equity financing in a ratio that maximizes the overall value of firms. This has originated different capital structure theories that explain the variation in capital structures of firms...

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Branding Activities Affect The Consumers Buying Pattern Marketing

Brand is an influential tool to focus the consumers to buy the particular products. Some people named it as equity because it adds values to the products. This study explains the factors that contribute to brand equity and the consumers’ buying behaviour which is based on the four aspects of brand equity namely brand awareness, perceived quality, brand loyalty and brand association....

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Enhancing The Role Of The Budget Division

Understanding and enhancing the role of the Budget Division, Ministry of Finance in the context of the capital expenditure processes for the promotion the Public Sector Investment Programme....

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Changing Nature Of Market Influence Commerce

The changing nature of the market had influenced the ways that many managers used to think. Many organizations now seek to cop with the change that occurs in the market place and in the management methodologies. This changing nature had derived the companies to lean to changing their old theories and to maintain new ways to run their businesses, and their institutions in many ways. However, the changes in the market nature are considered to be challenges for the companies and the managements, it also can provide them with new opportunities. That’s why it is important for the managers and...

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Impact Of Consumer Price Index On Stock Return Finance

The purpose of this study was to see the relationship between the Stock return of KSE-100 index and Consumer price index (CPI)....

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Health Literacy And Its Impact On Health Nursing

Health literacy is an expeditiously advancing area, and its meaning has broadened to cover a range of concepts (Jordan, Buchbinder and Osborne, 2010). Health literacy was relatively a newly emerged concept in health promotion research, various problems that are associated with the health literacy, like self care and its relation to health outcomes was identified by the researchers in the recent years (Speros, 2005) and created awareness among health care professionals and governments on the role played by health literacy (Jordan, Buchbinder and Osborne, 2010). Low literacy skills are common in the wealthy countries, and it’s quite high in developing...

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Job Satisfaction And Stress

In Chapter 2, it is consists of literature review, relevant theoretical models, conceptual framework and hypotheses development. Literature review also consists of discuss and evaluate of research studies which related to research topic. The purpose of the literature review is identifying secondary data from journal and articles which related to this research topic. By this, it can evaluate the factors that affect job satisfaction in education industry....

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Consistency Of Change In Envrionments

There is a famous saying stated by an unknown author – ‘The only thing that is constant is change’ (Berman, 2007). With the current changing customer requirements and external environment necessities, organisations which behave as closed systems and do not constantly change themselves to fit the market requirements and customer demands will fail in the long term (Harigopal, 2006). Organisational change is an ongoing process which brings the systems and procedures of the organisation in line with the factors prevailing in the external and internal environment of the organisation (Nemetz and Fry, 1998). As business management gurus argue, ...

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Efficient Market Hypothesis And Momentum Strategy

The Efficient Market Hypothesis has been regarded as a model so far, when the hypothesis was stated by Fama (1970). The theory states the rational behavior was proceed by the rational investors in the securities market and the investors’ decision was built on the expected theory, risk aversion and maximize the utility function. Since 1980s, plenty of empirical studies indicate that the investors’ behavior do not match the traditional theory in the real situation, in addition, most investors whose behavior is not rational at all, for example, investors usually make decisions with overconfidence, overoptimistic and cognitive bias which generate the...

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Business And It Alignmentory Versus Practice

Due to the continuing and increased capabilities of Information Technologies (IT), organisations consistently strive to be innovative in employing such capabilities to achieve their internal objectives and external strategic goals, i.e. finding ways of aligning the offered IT capabilities to their internal business requirements (functional alignment) efficiently, and to their external strategic goals (strategic alignment) effectively....

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Cash Flow And Profitability On Dividend Payout

The issue of dividend has been studied comprehensively in last few decades. Still it remained as one of the most debatable issue in the field of Finance. The contradictory nature and massive importance 0f dividend in finance had made it one of the most discussable topics for researchers. Researchers in the past enclosed many aspects of dividend; few among them are views about dividend, dividend payment effects on firm value, dynamics and determinants of dividend policy, and dividend movement of different markets....

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How Recent Economic Downturn Affected Investors Decisions

The recent economic downturn has spurred many to comment on the role of risk in the current financial crisis. Many financial commentators consider that the financial sector did not sufficiently consider or wage risk, particularly in mortgage lending in the USA. The commentators assume that not only the financial sector which have been identified and assessed these risks, but they also known how to communicate with them to their stakeholders and the investors who bought into those securities. Equally, the commentators assume that these stakeholders would have to understand what was being communicated with them. But for that to be...

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Post Financial Crisis And Investor Attitudes And Behavior

This Chapter provides a review of the literature on the investors’ behaviour, market trends along with Investors Overreaction, market seasonality and attitude towards market sentiments. Literature review is basically a study of perused data and information which is related to this research According to these reviews there are few areas in which we are able to analysis the correlation to the current study conducted by various researchers....

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Behaviour Of Banks And Movements In Stock Market

The behaviour of central banks towards movements in the stock market has been an interesting issue amongst researchers in recent decades. While there has been a central agreement that inflation and output gap are major targets in central banks’ monetary policies, the consideration of stock prices in these policies has been taken with more sceptical attitude. The motivation behind examining this issue is that being able to identify the actions central banks take in order to eliminate macroeconomic volatilities, financial panics will disappear and overall economy will improve due to more transparency in monetary policies. Also, the importance of responding...

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Hrm Activities In Balance Scorecard Approach

I have adapted more empirical view for the final finding which is correlated with my research aims and objectives. The data I used is in combination with the literature review to find same similarities with the other different author’s works. For this purpose I have collected and analysed the secondary data or previous studies. My research area is mainly related to Human resource management activities in balance scorecard approach. It is sociological in nature and can be best fit and suitable for both quantitative and qualitative analysis....

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Research On Capital Structure In Developing Countries

Capital structure aims to yield the lowest cost of capital basically it refers debt to equity ratio of the firm. To determine the optimum capital structure the capital amount should be fixed with change in the debt ratio. (Kim, 2006). This research analyses the study of capital structure theory of developing countries with different institutional structures. This study demonstrates the capital structure determinants across the countries and analyses two factors one firm-specific factor and other country specific factors in the context of leverage choice. The investigation includes detection of trade-off theory and pecking order theory which describes the financing choice...

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Effect Of Nintendo Wii Console On Rehabilitation Health

The prevalence of serious neurological cases is increasing year after another. A prospective community-based study done in United Kingdome (UK) showed that the incidence of underlined neurological cases like Cerebral Palsy (CP), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and Cerebro-vascular Accident (CVA) is about 0.6% of UK population in six years while 0.6% of the affected cases had recovered from the neurological case (Macdonald et. al 2000). Not only the neurological incidence has its remarkable effect on the patients and societies, but also the phase after it that is more challenging and time and money consuming. It has been revealed that up...

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Determinants Of Asset Prices And Returns

Crude Oil is the crucial input of modern economies. As countries urbanize and renovate their demand for oil raises drastically. Potential demand for oil is hard to forecast but is usually highly correlated with the growth in industrial production. Therefore, countries experiencing hasty economic growth are the ones probably to significantly amplify their demand for crude oil. Increases in oil demand without equalizing increases in supply lead to higher crude oil prices. Higher crude oil prices act like an inflation tax on consumers and producers by 1) plummeting the amount of disposable income consumers have left to spend on other...

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Association Of Intellectual Capital With Return On Equity Finance

Introduction: Concept of intellectual capital is not new to the managers, researchers and academicians but its measurement and reporting have always been a problem to them. With the growth of knowledge-intensive companies importance of intellectual capital has been realized by investors. But reporting standards are unable to cope up with the expectations of the investors by not providing the accurate picture of the organization. Measuring intangible assets are difficult because of its intangible nature. Guthrie, Petty & Johanson (2001) has drawn the attention towards the problem related to accounting and management of intellectual capital. It is widely accepted that intellectual...

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Variables Affecting Ability To Take Out A Loan

The aim of this study was to test the validity of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) between Spain & Portugal and Spain & Morocco. PPP is a good metric for standard of living. Let us say $1.50 is the same as £1. In this example, a USD will buy 0.67 Pounds. However, what if $1.50 buys more milk in Atlanta (USA) than 0.67 Pounds will purchase in Birmingham (UK)? This led some economists to look at PPP, in addition to the official currency exchange rate....

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The Impact Of Knowledge Management Systems

Knowledge Management Systems (KMSs) are becoming indispensable in today's corporations. The vast interest in Knowledge Management concept comes from the role it plays in facilitating organizations' activities. To define KMS, it is necessary first to define knowledge management. Shannak (2010) identifies Knowledge Management as "The process of capturing information and experience of individuals and the organization and distributing it to wherever it can produce benefit. In other words, Knowledge Management is a technique that seeks to improve the performance of individuals and organizations by making use of the present and future value of knowledge assets". In more details, (Kumar...

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Critical Analysis And Retained Executive Firms

According to Maylor and Blackmon (2005), the purpose of business and management research is ‘to create better and more widely applicable theories that will help other people to solve a similar practical problem or understand a research problem better’. The main purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the relevancy of executive search firms (ESF) as external recruitment tool in Human resource management (HRM) and its contribution to business performance. Moreover, I would be focussing on two nations where C-level staffing is been handed over to Search consultants at large, namely India and the UK, Am also confident that this...

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Analysing The Dell Direct Distribution Channel Business

The direct model refers to the fact that Dell does not use the retails channel, but sells its PCs directly to customers through its website, this way the intermediary steps that may add time and cost are eliminated, and Dell is directly linked to its customers. The direct approach allows Dell to build a relationship, which makes it quick and easy for customers to do business with Dell....

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History Of Electronic Theses And Dissertations Information

This chapter explains the traditional method of theses submission and also the history of ETD. Some research has also been conducted on the existing ETD systems for example the DSpace and Virginia Tech University's ETD-db. Comparisons are also done between the DSpace and Tech University's ETD-db to extract the benefits offered to develop the most suitable system....

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Examining The Relationship Of Work Life Balance

The turnover of employees can create a serious problem for the development and prosperity of organizations. To control this situation organizations are adopting the emerging concept of work – life balance to satisfy and retain their valued employees. Work life balance considers attitude of employees towards their work and life affairs, so, good work life balance is the need of the current era [9]. Providing work life balance facility, allows employers to appear employee friendly. Currently the studies of job satisfaction and work - life balance go hand in hand. An Australian study revealed that, the thing that effected life,...

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Analysis Of Islamic Banking And Conventional Banking

Since the 1970s, Islamic banking has emerged as a new reality in the international financial scene. Its philosophies and principles are however, not new, having been outlined in the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) more than 1,400 years ago. The emergence of Islamic banking is often related to the revival of Islam and the desire of Muslim to live all aspects of their live in accordance with the teachings of Islam....

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Determinants Of Foreign Direct Investment In India

In this thesis the author has selected the topic as “Role of Foreign Direct investment in India”. The author would find out the various factors which FDI plays in India. Also the author would find out the various determinant of FDI for a country. The research problem or question is to find out the role which FDI plays in a developing country. Many of the countries are not able to attract the amount of FDI needed and this research will help them to understand the requirement and role which FDI plays....

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Correlation Between Gold Prices And Exchange Rates

This study investigates the econometrical principles of cross correlation analysis on the variables, Gold price in PKR and U.S. Dollar in PKR. The research consists of two major econometric analysis; Granger’s Causality Test and Cross- correlation test. In Granger’ Causality test, the study had created bilateral causal relationships between the variables. It showed a strong causal relation of Gold in PKR with U.S. Dollar in PKR and U.S. Dollar in PKR was found to had extensively significant causal relation with Gold Price in PKR. In cross-correlation investigation, the study identified the U.S. Dollar in PKR were significantly correlated overtime...

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Analysing The Triple Bottom Line Concept

The concept of Triple Bottom line is just a popular concept that has been applied in the understanding of social duties among companies that are looking forward for the incorporation of non monetary values in their businesses. Its notion has become of much fashion in management, investing and management over the last few years. It has been explained that the ultimate success of corporations ought to be measured not just by the use of traditional financial bottom line, but need also to be measured by on the ethical and environmental factors. In fact most individuals have accepted that, organizations have...

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