Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 1)

Mergers And Acquisitions And The Post Merger Integration

The 1990s featured the most intense period of mergers and acquisitions in U.S. economic history. This period is now recognized as the fifth merger wave in U.S. history. Merger waves are periods of unusually intense merger and acquisition activity. There have been five such periods since the start of the twentieth century, with the previous one occurring in the 1980s. This wave featured many record-breaking mergers. When it ended in the late 1980s, many thought that there would be an extended period of time before another one began. However, after a short hiatus, an even stronger merger wave took hold,...

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Literature Review About Cash And Cash Management

This chapter discusses the theoretical framework, empirical review both covering early studies between 1980 to 1999 and the current studies covers 2000 to 2009. At the end the summary of whole discussion has been provided.....

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Dividend Policy

Dividend policy has been the subject of investigation and debate for almost 50 years, most of it conducted in the United Kingdom. Before regression analysis was applied by John Lintner in 1956 to the behaviour of a small group of industrial companies, dividends were good and should be maximised by firms wherever possible. Lintner, who showed that firms adopted and tended to adhere to optimal long-term dividend pay-out ratios which were relatively stable, suggested that managers would only raise a firm’s dividend if they were confident that the firm’s future earnings could be maintained at a consistently higher level in...

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Important Factor Of Leadership

Leadership is a very important factor in today’s business world. Having a strong leader can help to motivate staff and lead to gains in this department such as lower labour turnover, absenteeism levels and it can also increase labour productivity which in turn can lead to a quicker turn around in producing goods or carrying out services. Consequently this can help to build a reputable brand image which in the long run will help a business become more successful due to it being seen as a better brand....

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Response To Changing Business Environment

These are exciting times for the bond markets in the GCC. Rarely a day goes by without a mention of the bond markets. Even as the region is still coming to terms with the after effects of the financial turmoil the need for a developed bond market has come to the forefront. A lot of activity is being done by the authorities in the region to establish a stable bond market. A stable bond market is an important component in the economic architecture of any country as they provide additional liquidity and more importantly brings in a sense of discipline...

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Literature Review On The Optimisation Of Asset Configuration

An important managerial decision within any business is the optimisation of its asset configuration. This decision cannot be validated or measured without the generation and evaluation of potential alternatives. Asset valuation forms an integral part of the evaluation process....

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Literature Review On The Workplace Environment

​This research is being carried out in order to learn about the methods, which can be used in order to improve the workplace environment. In order to gain information about the above topic a literature review will be conducted. Literature review is a very essential part of a research. Literature review is a secondary source of information. It is very useful in acquiring required information. Moreover, it is also a very reliable source of gaining information; as information gained through this process is generated from books, journals, articles, government records or any previous research on the same topic etc. As...

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Foreign Workers Having Different Motivational Factors

To analyse whether construction workers in the UK from different countries, have different motivational factors that reflect the diverse cultures currently seen on our building sites....

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Interest Rate Risk Exposure Of The Nbfc

Religare Enterprises Limited (REL) is a global financial services group with a presence across Asia, Africa, Middle East, Europe and the Americas. In India, REL’s largest market, the group offers a wide array of products and services ranging from insurance, asset management, broking and lending solutions to investment banking and wealth management. The group has also pioneered the concept of investments in alternative asset classes such as arts and films. With 10,000 plus employees across multiple geographies, REL serves over a million clients, including corporates and institutions, high net worth families and individuals, and retail investors....

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Potential Growth Of The Banking Sector In Pakistan

The Banking sector of Pakistan is seen to have a potential for growth. During the past Decade it has experienced a very substantial growth which has attracted many investors from abroad. In fact it will be very true if we say that in Pakistan, the Banking industry is the only industry which is contributing very positively in the GDP of the country. Due to its profit potential many foreign investors have also been attracted and this results in increase in the total number of consumer banks. This increase eventually resulted in more innovative products at a cheaper price thereby facilitating...

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Remittances And Savings Reflections From Kyrgyzstan Finca

Remittances – the portion of money migrants send back home to their relatives and families – change lives оf millions of people in developing country, providing essential financial support. For many years, migrant workers worked in the shadows of globalization while their remittances went uncounted by governments and aid agencies. Over the past ten - fifteen years the true size of their contribution – over US$300 billion a year – has been revealed. Moreover some remittances researchers and experts conjecture that unofficial flows of remittances could be even larger than the formal transfers....

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Stock Price Reactions To Merger And Acquisition Announcements

Mergers and Acquisitions are seen as an important exercise in corporate restructuring. India is emerging as one of the top countries in M&A deals. In an efficient market M&A announcements will have an immediate effect on the stock price of that firm. Investors can earn significant returns during an M&A deal....

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Influence Of The Colonial Legacy On Institutions

The topic I have chosen for the project of “Development and Transition” is Institutions and History. I struggled for quite a long time in deciding this topic, and indeed, if it were not for time constraints, I would have preferred to choose a topic from later lectures, which seemed to present a deep and focused exploration into some particularities of the functioning of markets and institutions in developing countries. I am more familiar with, and interested in, topics relating to finance and microfinance, and in the last term, we studied the module of macroeconomic analysis which placed a great deal...

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Literature Review Of Arbitrage Pricing Theory

This paper focuses on common stock returns governed by a formula structure; the APT is a one-period model, in which avoidance of arbitrage over static portfolios of these assets leads to a linear relation between the expected return and its covariance with the factors. A comparison has been performed along the lines of Chen (1983). This comparison portrayed that APT to perform better than CAPM in explaining the differences....

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Helping Project Manager For Managing Multi Diverse Teams

The principle of this term paper is to discover text that recommend that multi-diverse project teams consist of members from different diverse surroundings convey new and fresh thoughts that move towards a problem solving approach. The dispute, though, is so as they also establish diverse perceptions and prospects concerning team self-motivation and combination. So for this reason there comes a communication gap and trust. A successful team depends on trust among members which is only created by open and successful communication. So for high quality project success, output is totally dependant on its strong basis which can only be building...

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Review On Delivering Project Leadership

As Turner and Muller (2005, p.49) surprisingly noted, most literature on the factors of project success have failed to acknowledge the useful role as played by any project leader in the implementation of projects. Instead, these literatures have stressed that results are all that matters in project implementation (Juli 2010, p.70). Though the authors of these literatures might be having a valid argument, it should be noted that what these works have failed to point out is that project leaders are individuals responsible or accountable to these project results. However, on a positive note, it should be acknowledged that in...

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Consumer Fund Investments

(Sirri, Peter 1998) Consumers are fee-sensitive in that lower-fee funds and funds that reduce their fees grow faster. There is mixed evidence that consumers are sensitive to the expost risky ness of fund investments. The mutual fund investors are generally unable to assess the trade off between different fees charged by mutual funds. The negative relation between fund flows and total fund expenses....

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Strategic Responses To The Current Global Developments Finance

The problem statement of our research methods is mainly focused on the corporate world, which has recently hit by the global recession that had led to many organizations restructuring their business processes and taking effective strategic responses to overcome it. These necessary measures have been taken in order to sustain in the current market and overcome financial distress. The main objective of this research is to carry out investigation whether major organizations have developed a strategic response to the current global developments. HSBC, one of the banking giants is also one of the organizations that have been hit by global...

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Examining The Concept Of Cruelty

“Cruelty is, perhaps the worst kind of sin….”...

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Capturing Knowlede And Construction Innovation

The construction industry recently dominated many changes due to the advancement of technology, the industry needs to work collaboratively and pool knowledge in order to capture innovation. It's a common dilemma in the construction industry: how to ‘capture' knowledge and transfer it from one job to another, where there will be innovation among the talented personnel. Constructing Excellence, though, has come up with an innovative ‘ground-up' way of boosting R&D and innovation. The construction process of today is in need of improvement. When comparing the construction process of today with the aspects that are considered necessary for the innovation process,...

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Capital Asset Pricing And Arbitrage Pricing Theory

Investment and portfolio selection decisions are made on a regular basis in the daily routines of investment managers, financial managers of companies, mutual fund managers as well as by individual investors themselves. Selecting an investment or a portfolio of investments is a very important and tough decision because it not only involves estimating the expected value of the securities in the form of return but also requires the decision maker to make a reasonable assessment of risk entailed in the process. This gives rise to the great importance that is attributed to asset pricing theories in the literature of Finance,...

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Capital Structure Of Non Financial Firms

Capital structure shows the ratio of debt to equity financing of a firm to finance its assets. Capital structure of financial firma and non-financial firms differ drastically. A firm can go for different ways of financing like debt and equity. It is very rare to find a firm that completely finances its assets either by using debt or either by equity. Usually there is a mixture of both debt financing and equity financing in a ratio that maximizes the overall value of firms. This has originated different capital structure theories that explain the variation in capital structures of firms...

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Resistance To Change

Senior and Fleming (2006) consider change as essential for an organisation. Change can be defined as the event that occurs when passing from one state or phase to another, in essence becoming different (Choudhry et al 2009, Anon, A 2010). Mullins (2005) affirms that change is an unavoidable element of organisational life. The most common forms of change across industries are cost reduction, redundancies, culture change, and performance management. Organisational change is a vast subject, within change there is understood to be resistance (***) and this shall be the focus of this report....

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Literature Review On Malaysian Demand For Derivatives Investment

Based on the statistics of the Bursa Malaysia Derivatives Berhad, the total exchange of derivatives during the year 2009 was up to 6,137,827 contracts. The crude palm oil futures is the most liquid future in Malaysia, total of 4,008,882 contracts with average of 334,074 contracts traded monthly during year 2009. (Bursa Malaysia, 2010)...

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Examining Public Immunization

The process of ensuring immunity to individuals by the administration of vaccines is known as immunization (WHO, 2010d). Immunization is a proven tool for controlling life-threatening diseases and is estimated to forestall over 2 million deaths annually (WHO, 2010d). Smith et al (2004) stressed that immunizations have averted vaccine-preventable diseases effectively and have reduced their fear in many societies. Greenwood et al (2007) further affirmed that immunization is a major means by which infections may be controlled and in some cases, eradicated. Due to its importance, Sutter & Cochi (2008) stated that immunizations are a critical part of public health...

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Branding Activities Affect The Consumers Buying Pattern Marketing

Brand is an influential tool to focus the consumers to buy the particular products. Some people named it as equity because it adds values to the products. This study explains the factors that contribute to brand equity and the consumers’ buying behaviour which is based on the four aspects of brand equity namely brand awareness, perceived quality, brand loyalty and brand association....

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Research Into The Differing Investor Behaviors

Investing is to allocate money or capital into stocks, bonds, unit trust, savings for the purpose of obtaining an income or profit. Investment comes together with the risk of loss of the principal sum. The investment that has not been analyzed in detail can be risky because the possibility of losing money is not within the investor’s control. In finance, investment is the commitment of funds by buying securities or other paper financial assets in the money market or capital markets....

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Internationalization Management

Internationalization can be described as “the process of increasing involvement in international operations”. (Welch and Luostarinen, 1988). It deals with how the firm adapts operations like strategy, structure, resources etc. to perfectly fit the international environments. The firms objective to internationalize their processes is to have a prominent global existence keeping them shoulder to shoulder with their competitors. International retailing is commonly believed to concern retail operations owned by a single company in more than one country. According to Gilbert:...

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Change Management At Standard Chartered Bank

According to Industry Research Solution (2008), the banking industry in the United Arab Emirates has witnessed a strong economic growth, increased government support and growing loan segments to emerge as one of the largest and strongest banking industry in the Middle East. The industry became the undisputed market leader across Middle East when its total assets increased to a high of $336 billion in the years ranging 2006-2008. During this similar period, this industry recorded a combined and increased profit of an estimated $6.75 billion. This represented an increase of 25%. Experts have postulated that the favourable growth patterns experienced...

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The Issues In Microfinance

Microfinance is a phenomenon that reflects the provision of both credit and savings services to low income people. This provision of funds in form of credit and microloans empowers the poor and low income earners to engage in productive economic activities which can help boost their income level and thus alleviate poverty in the economy. According to Otero (1999, p.8), microfinance provides financial services to low-income poor and rural people. Conroy, (2003) defines it as the provision of financial services to poor and low income households who don’t have ready access to formal financial institutions. These financial services “generally include...

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The Absolute Prohibition Of Riba And Gharar

The absolute prohibition of riba and gharar in the Qur'an is to establish the economic system from which all forms of exploitation and elimination, in particular, which confirmed the injustice funded by a positive return without risk sharing, while not guaranteed to entrepreneurs, although management and hard work, and return to this result. Prohibition of usury in the Qur'an al-Qaeda and, therefore, a means of establish justice between the financiers and businessmen. Therefore, any attempt to treat the prohibition of riba as a religious isolated and not part and parcel of the Islamic economic system with the spirit of...

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Relationship Of Sub Sector Indices And Crude Oil

The global crude oil price has been seen a sharp increase in recent years and has been widely reported in the daily newspaper or TV news. For example, popular business and financial US based website Bloomberg has been constantly providing breaking news headlines like “The crude oil hits to level of $ 120 per barrel” or “Crude Oil Increases to 25-Month High as Commodities Gain”. Besides, video clips are uploaded on the website with commentary by senior investment analyst on the last traded crude oil price with prominent TV host. It has been noted that rising crude...

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Enhancing The Role Of The Budget Division

Understanding and enhancing the role of the Budget Division, Ministry of Finance in the context of the capital expenditure processes for the promotion the Public Sector Investment Programme....

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Measuring The Profitability Of Tenaga Nasional Berhad

Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) is the largest company that produces electricity utility in Malaysia. After privatization on 1990 through a corporatization and privatization exercise by the Malaysia Government of the National Electricity Board (NEB), TNB had a monopoly for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in Malaysia. However, TNB lost its monopoly in the generation of electricity in the wake of 1992 nationwide blackout. As a result, TNB needs to end it’s monopoly in generation by encourage private sector participation. There were five companies, that have formed an association called as Penjanabebas which are Powertek, Port Dickson Power, Genting...

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