Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 1)

Role Of Islamic Banking In A Social Dimension

It is very interesting to know that banking operations in the modern world such as transactions savings of money and investments are highly encouraged but it is criticized in a way it operates in the modern world. Also, it is a claim by Muslims that Islamic principles are very flexible and universal that they are easily adoptable by anyone in every aspect of life. Therefore, these days, Muslims have started to operate all the in their own way and they have also done the same with the banking. (Qal'awi, G. 2009, p.10)...

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Measuring The Profitability Of Tenaga Nasional Berhad

Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) is the largest company that produces electricity utility in Malaysia. After privatization on 1990 through a corporatization and privatization exercise by the Malaysia Government of the National Electricity Board (NEB), TNB had a monopoly for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in Malaysia. However, TNB lost its monopoly in the generation of electricity in the wake of 1992 nationwide blackout. As a result, TNB needs to end it’s monopoly in generation by encourage private sector participation. There were five companies, that have formed an association called as Penjanabebas which are Powertek, Port Dickson Power, Genting...

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Job Satisfaction And Stress

In Chapter 2, it is consists of literature review, relevant theoretical models, conceptual framework and hypotheses development. Literature review also consists of discuss and evaluate of research studies which related to research topic. The purpose of the literature review is identifying secondary data from journal and articles which related to this research topic. By this, it can evaluate the factors that affect job satisfaction in education industry....

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Importance Of Ethics To Business Organisations

Ethic is important to the business organisation as well as the whole community. Ethics should be implemented ideally throughout all aspects and operations within organisation. With successful implementation of ethical management, organisation can enhance the efficiency in the long run. Unfortunately, many organisations cannot perform ethical management due to human nature and other inappropriate management control systems. Business organisation with successful ethical management can achieve superior performance because they can attract and retain those high quality staff, customers, suppliers as well as investors. However, establishing the ethical organisation needs time and effort. It cannot be achieved automatically, because the human...

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Research On Small Project Management

Over the last few decades, knowledge has been gathered and improved, advancements have been made at an extraordinary rate, market competition has increased and clients are more educated and demanding. Change is affecting all and has pushed companies and persons into a new found world of speed, cooperation and looking for ways for improvement. In such an environment, opportunities occur so quickly that many times firms realize when they have passed. Developments in various areas of life (global, technical, economical, and social) have happened so rapidly in the last 10 years that a more turbulent business environment has been...

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Literature Review On Inventory Management With Practical Examples

In today’s world every business tries to strike a balance in inventory between what is needed and what is demanded, considering the major factor of cost cutting/reduction. This control is called Inventory management or inventory control. Inventory is basically assets (goods and materials) which are stock of any business. Inventory management focus on the capacity of the inventory, the place in which it is located so that one can use it when needed, the supply chain management of the raw materials and goods. Inventory management deals with the demand forecasting, asset management of the raw materials and goods, inventory carry...

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Does Nifty Future Trading Apply To Indian Stocks

India's financial market began its transformation path in the early 1990s. The banking sector witnessed sweeping changes, including the elimination of interest rate controls, reductions in reserve and liquidity requirements and an overhaul in priority sector lending. Persistent efforts by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to put in place effective supervision and prudential norms since then have lifted the country closer to global standards (Ranganatham, 2004, p.20)...

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Literature Review Of The Stock Investment Process

The stock investment process looks considerably different depending on the investor’s belief about market efficiency. The discussion in the academic literature about whether the stock market is efficient or not is endless long and the conclusions differ.2 Based on the belief in the degree of market efficiency, two major investment theories emerged that still separate the financial community. On the one hand is fundamental analysis based on the idea of non-efficient markets and on the other hand modern portfolio theory (MPT) with a strong faith in market efficiency....

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An Overview Of Electricity Market Economics

To meet its obligations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union (EU) introduced the first cap-and-trade mechanism for carbon dioxide emissions in the world starting in 2005. ...

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The Iss Acquisition Research Project

This project, as previously stated (Ch. 2.1), has the following objectives placed within the context of M&A:...

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Mergers And Acquisitions On Corporations

Global economy today requires organisations to adopt strategies of inorganic growth like Mergers & Acquisitions which enable them to improve their competitiveness by gaining larger market share, reduce the business risks through a diversified portfolio of products, allow entry to new markets, and capitalize on economies of scale. The research study was aimed to study the impact of mergers and acquisitions on the performance of corporations which acquired other companies, by analysis of some pre-merger and post-merger financial ratios. The analysis of the results suggests that M&A have a significant impact in making a positive impact on the profitability of...

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Agricultural Agreement Within The Wto Framework

The purpose of this report is to provide an insight about the agricultural agreement within the WTO framework. we will also discuss further on the implication and impact of such agreement....

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Association Of Intellectual Capital With Return On Equity Finance

Introduction: Concept of intellectual capital is not new to the managers, researchers and academicians but its measurement and reporting have always been a problem to them. With the growth of knowledge-intensive companies importance of intellectual capital has been realized by investors. But reporting standards are unable to cope up with the expectations of the investors by not providing the accurate picture of the organization. Measuring intangible assets are difficult because of its intangible nature. Guthrie, Petty & Johanson (2001) has drawn the attention towards the problem related to accounting and management of intellectual capital. It is widely accepted that intellectual...

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Evidence That Earnings Outperform Historical Cash Flows Finance

Prior studies have provided evidence that earnings outperform historical cash flows in predicting future cash flows. Later researchers reveal that the major accrual components of earnings each possess significant explanatory power in predicting future cash flows and they augment, rather than replace, the predictive ability of aggregate earnings. The degree of relationship of Earning, Sales & Cash Flows with Share Price is the Primary goal of this study though Prior study focused on predictive abilities of Cash Flow, Sales and Earning where as this study also predicts the abilities of Variables by Using share price as the dependent variable and...

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Indian Lea R Industry An Environmental

Puvanakrishnan and Dhar (1988) reported that environmental pollution has been a major annoyance to industrial development. According to them chemicals and chemical-based industries are the main targets of the environmentalists for their struggle against pollution reduction. Leather industry has also been considered as the most pollution generating industry and pollution is significantly high in the pre-tanning operations as compared to the post-tanning operations....

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Research Methods In Finance Asset Pricing Models

Since the development of the Capital Asset Pricing Model (hereafter CAPM), there has been several attempts to develop an alternative and superior asset pricing model in order to determine expected returns with a higher degree of accuracy. The motivation for this derives from the statistical and therefore theoretical rejection of the CAPM in a strict sense. According to statistical tests by Miller and Scholes (1972) the low beta measured was significantly inconsistent with the higher explained variable, which suggested that the market portfolio was not mean-variance efficient. Methodically, benchmark errors have been pervasively problematic in statistical tests due to the...

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Performance Of Uk Banking Institutions

Corporate governance covers various different but related economic issues or variables in its definition. According to Shleifer and Vishny(1997) in The Journal of Finance, "Corporate governance deals with the ways in which suppliers of finance to corporations assure themselves of getting a return on their investment." The variables are guide line or code how a company is directed, controlled which are processes, customs, policies, laws. According to Mathiesen (2002) corporate governance often investigate and has interest in helping efficient management as a result shareholders interest served like company’s financial matters, rate of return. Corporate governance offers efficient institutional and policy...

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The Applications And Uses Of Transformer

A transformer is an electrical device which is used for changing (transform) the a.c. voltages. It is based on the principal of mutual induction. A transformer is essentially an a.c. device. It cannot work on d.c. . A transformer changes only a.c. voltages/currents....

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Study Of Sales Growth And Debt Financing

The determinants of corporate borrowing was an empirical research, hence a terrific amount of prior researches focused on to explore the determinants of corporate borrowing, since 1960s. Corporate borrowing decision effects was remained as an area of growing interest for researchers in the last three decades, as the presence of the a phenomenon has been evidenced even in the most developed capital markets of the world (Guedes and Opler, 1996). In addition, the sales growth was defined as a pinpoint determinant for firm financial decision towards firm sales growth opportunities and financial debt capacity, in the same studies....

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Childrens Early Education English

Early in primary education stages, kids report to school as from six to seven years of age. In their first year in school, kids are taught alphabets as well as single beginning numbers. As time goes by, and as kids proceed to the second grade and further, the nature of learning becomes more complex. Knowledge at certain age is well imparted, however in others, and under some circumstances, learning is confronted with various challenges. The majority of the pupils in primary education stages score highly till about the 6th grade, after which their performance goes down due to a harder...

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Ways That A Business Endeavor Can Be Financed

Entrepreneurs start out with a vision. This vision needs to be fuelled for it to be transformed into reality. Right from the inception cash flow should be sufficient enough. It is important to use the right finance mix and choose the appropriate source of capital for the business. Sources of capital can be classified broadly into two types: debt and equity. The debt to equity ratio varies from firm to firm as well as business vertical to the other. When a company is new it doesn’t have market reputation and the sources that are available then is different from when...

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Evolving Stock Market Efficiency In Kazakhstan And Russia

Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) continues to be controversial and debatable even in the 21st century. In the financial world many researchers have garnered ever greater empirical evidence of inefficiency, greatly discrediting EMH; however it plays a significant role in modern finance and therefore gives us an incentive for future research. There is a wide consensus that on the early stage stock markets in transition countries are obviously not weak-form efficient, due to the lack of information, irrational behaviour of participants and an overall lack of financial development. However, regulations, market structure and learning processes could create the framework to become...

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Change Management At Standard Chartered Bank

According to Industry Research Solution (2008), the banking industry in the United Arab Emirates has witnessed a strong economic growth, increased government support and growing loan segments to emerge as one of the largest and strongest banking industry in the Middle East. The industry became the undisputed market leader across Middle East when its total assets increased to a high of $336 billion in the years ranging 2006-2008. During this similar period, this industry recorded a combined and increased profit of an estimated $6.75 billion. This represented an increase of 25%. Experts have postulated that the favourable growth patterns experienced...

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Prohibition Of Riba

Since the ages of legacy by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W., he has encourage and forbid public to never take riba (interest) in debt and also in doing business. The societies of Arab Jahiliyyah in the past were among the peoples in Arabic land before the birth of our Prophet was actively charged higher interest or riba in doing their business. Until Allah S.W.T sent the message to the Prophet in Holy Qur’an (Surah al- Baqarah, verses 278-81):...

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The Relationship Between Inflation And Money

"Workmen are given their pay twice a day now--in the morning and in the afternoon, with a recess of a half-hour each time so that they can rush out and buy things--for if they waited a few hours the value of their money would drop so far that their children would not get half enough food to feel satisfied."...

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The Effect Of Board Structure On Firm Performance

This study examined a broad sample of 200 firms for both the UK and USA, ranked by year end market capitalisation 2010; I examine corporate board structure and its association with firm’s performance. Using Return on Invested Capital and Return on Assets as performance measures, the findings of this paper revealed a significant inverse relationship between board size and firm performance. However, it yielded a significantly positive relationship with the number of independent board members and firm performance. Finally, my paper highlighted a positive relationship with CEO duality in the USA; however, this relationship did not prove to be...

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Cross Correlation Of Gold Prices And Exchange Rates

Gold is thought by many to be a currency without borders, being known around the world. While gold is influenced naturally by its supply and demand components, gold responds also to many macroeconomic factors including exchange rate and equity market. While gold provides diversification properties in a portfolio mix with equities, it also is alleged to act as a hedge against the U.S dollar as gold appears to have an inverse relationship with the currency. (Ciner, Gurdgiev, & Lucey, 2010). Cross correlation is a standard method of estimating the extent to which two series are correlated, so the main objective...

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Importance Of Employee As Assets To Firms

The employees of an organisation are considered to be the most important assets. It is the employees who contribute to the ultimate achievement of the corporate goals. It is therefore important for management to realise that they need to look after the work force and ensure that they are completely satisfied in order to ensure that work is completed smoothly and effectively. The principles and practises that are carried out as a result of this process is called Human Resource management (HRM)...

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The Determination Of Islamic Banking Profitability

The development of Islamic banking and finance in the world showed that consciousness of Muslim to avoid Riba’ that implemented by Conventional Banking System. Islamic Bank is seen as a good substitution for conventional bank especially for muslim to avoid them from the element of Riba’, Gharar and Maysir. The implementation of Islamic bank showed that the large moving of people especially for Muslim countries to Islamic bank. This showed by the increase amount of Islamic bank establishment over the year....

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Stock Price Reactions To Merger And Acquisition Announcements

Mergers and Acquisitions are seen as an important exercise in corporate restructuring. India is emerging as one of the top countries in M&A deals. In an efficient market M&A announcements will have an immediate effect on the stock price of that firm. Investors can earn significant returns during an M&A deal....

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The Practical Application Of Scientific Or Engineering Knowledge

The purpose of this literature review is how technology is used and helpful to an organization. This literature review deals with the existing drivers for outsourcing and factors that are contributing to its success. In addition, literature review will give us an opportunity of knowing about findings of the others on this topic or related topic, what type of research they had conducted to get to know the topic more deeply, their valuable suggestions and how this all is linked with current study. Also, in this chapter we are going to focus on the following points or themes: how technology...

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Corporate Performance Indian Banking Industry

In today’s globalized economy, competitiveness and competitive advantage have become the buzzwords for corporates around the world. Corporate are aggressively trying to build new competencies and capabilities, to remain competitive and to grow profitably. Merger and Acquisitions are being increasingly used by companies for entering new markets, asset growth, garnering greater market share/additional manufacturing capacities and gaining complimentary strength and competencies, to become more competitive in the market place. In the USA, since the early 1900s, there have been six distinct waves of mergers and acquisitions, each with its distinct characteristics and outcomes, as per a BCG report released in...

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Backwardness Of Developing Regions Like Pakistan

One of the most important factors for the backwardness of developing regions like Pakistan is the low level of industrial development. In order to test the effect of growth of industrial sector on the overall growth of GDP of Pakistan, we use Kaldor’s three growth laws. These three laws show the relationship between growth of manufacturing sector and growth of GDP, growth of total productivity of labor and growth of employment in industrial sector. For this we use the data of Pakistan from 1980 to 2010.Structural change in favor of industrial activities would almost certainly will help to accelerate the...

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