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In many emerging markets, capital market is one of the most significant tools to measure the economic growth. Stoica(2002) disclosed that a good capital market is an efficient economic mechanism that organizes the monetary resources between the money providers and the users. Effective mobilization and allocation of fund enable businesses to sustain its growth and development in a country such as the stock market, which promotes capital efficiency to ensure optimal output (Osinubi,2000).
There seem to be disparities in the implementation of management strategies in both the public and private sector. Whiles Dent et al. (2004) claimed that the private sector organisations have adopted strtaegies that makes the productive and can effective and efficiently maximise their resour ces, Moore (2004) argue that the public sector is denied of the performance and private maximisation tool afforded to the private sector. The issue raised is that will both sector experience varying degree of increase were the public sector is to implement and exploit modern management practices...
The Sub-continent has become the prime target for foreign direct investment. India ranks 6th among the top 10 countries for Foreign direct investment. Although not in the front line, it has become an attractive destination for foreign investment. India's economic policies are tailored to attract substantial capital inflows and to sustain such inflows of capital. Policy initiatives taken over a period of years have resulted in significant capital inflows of foreign investment in all areas of economy including the public sector. This paper analysis the structure of economic reforms during the pre- independence and post independence era in the context of growth of foreign direct investment and the risks posed by the political, economic and social conditions for foreign investors. Essentially, this research seeks to analyze and understand the economics and politics of India's progressive integration with the global economy.
In this section, introduction, brief profile, vision of Nishat Textile Mills Industries Limited (hereafter referred as "NTML or NML") will be given.
Nishat Mills Limited (NML) commenced business in 1951 when Mian Muhammad Yahya founder of NML start it operation as a partnership concern, which was converted into private limited company in 1959. In 1961, the company went public and was listed on the Karachi stock exchange, the only stock exchange in the country at that time.
SONITE products: It is a well established market for SONITE brands. They have existed in the market for quite a long time and many products are available at different price points. Market analysts predict the strong growth sustainability of the Sonite products over a period of 5 years, starting from period 0.
VODITE products: They are a completely independent set of electronic goods that satisfy completely different customer needs compared to the Sonite products. R&D investment required for the development and introduction of this new kind of product in the market require significant amounts of capital compared to Sonite products.
The name of this disorder is originally comes from the Greek word for "madness"
Those who suffering from PPD have lasting, widespread and unnecessary suspicions that other people are hostile, threatening or humiliating.
These beliefs are persistently uphold in their mind without any real supporting evidence.
PPD patients are not psychotic but their belief that others are trying to humiliate them in some way often leads to hostility and social isolation.
Debenhams in the United Kingdom is a public quoted company which specializes in the manufacture and sale of Clothing, home accessories, cosmetics and toiletries. Founded in 1813, the company started out as a small enterprise and has now emerged into a multinational corporation. The organization has...
The first Sovereign Wealth Fund was started in the year 1953 in Kuwait. Initially the Sovereign Wealth Funds were started mainly by the Oil Exporting countries.
Sovereign Wealth Funds are state-owned investment funds. They invest in financial assets such as stocks, bonds, property, precious metals or other financial instruments. Sovereign wealth funds invest globally. They are used by countries to maximize their long term returns on the foreign currency holdings. Instead of keeping the excess money in the central bank or plugging it back into the system, a country may choose a Sovereign Wealth Fund to put it into investments. Sovereign Wealth Funds are funded by foreign currency reserves but managed separately from official currency reserves.
Funds help businesses in setting up themselves and also aid them in their daily operations. These funds can be either being short term or long term. The funds of long term tenure can facilitate purchasing of fixed assets like land, furniture, p &m etc and thus contribute to creation of production facilities. The money that gets spent in such creations gets blocked permanently and hence is referred to as fixed capital. On the other hand, the funds of short term tenure can facilitate purchasing of raw materials or aid in business' daily expense payments or wages payment. These kind of funds are commonly called WORKING CAPITAL.
A preliminary literature search was conducted to access the feasibility of the topic and develop further insight into it. This comprehensive search using various databases and the internet brought in many studies and information on the journey of HRT and the various aspects attached to the risk of breast cancer.
The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis showed how mismanagement and poor governance could undo decades of prosperity within a short span of a few months. This dissertation aims to study the development of Corporate Governance in Asia, its evolution from clan and authoritarian control to its modern form as Codes of Corporate Governance.
The purpose of this report is to describe and compare the factors between the Apple and Nokia companies that lead to success of the Apple and Nokia Smart-phones. The group is also to find out whether the two companies obtain success by chance or hard work and to determine whether the companies' success products will remain successful in the decade to come.
The ultimate goal of an organisation is to maximise the shareholders’ returns by enlarging their market share through selling more products also expand market segments (De Wit and Meyer, 2004). Strategy is a long term direction to maintain an organisation to stay forefront in the globalisation of an industry (Johnson and Scholes, 1999). Corporate strategy is concerned with organisation overall purpose and scope to meet the expectations of shareholders and add value to the operating business within organisation (Johnson and Scholes, 1999).
Previously, the term ontology was an idea in philosophy which was used to describe the view of being here. But now it has gained more and more interest among researchers in the field of computer science and has become more important and famous in different fields such as database development, knowledgeable engineering, software development, business activities and so on. In 1998, Studer gave an important explanation of ontology in computer science based on Gruber’s research.
This chapter can be seen as an introductory part of this bachelor thesis, since this chapter introduces the topic of this thesis: innovation. Innovation is an important issue for firm’s growth and competitiveness, and the aim of this thesis is to relates innovation to financial crisis and to discuss how to manage innovation strategy during a downturn. This first chapter gives an introduction and the problem statement together with research questions which will be answered further in this thesis.
This proposed study seeks to advance knowledge about how general education teachers, specifically kindergarten teachers, are responding to inclusive education in Singapore. Presently there is no legislation that mandates inclusive educational practices for special needs children. Nonetheless, in the recent years, the Ministry of Education (MOE) has invested considerable resources toward training teachers and providing infrastructure to integrate special needs children in the regular school system.
This PhD dissertation on the effectiveness of intensive nutrition education (INE) with or without provision of multi micronutrient powder (MNP) for in-home use on the nutritional status of mildly wasted children in community-based setting in Nias Island, Indonesia concentrates on several different aspects in the following chapters. Chapter 1 includes...
The advances in the hardware and wireless technologies have permitted inexpensive low power communication devices that can be deployed throughout a physical space, providing dense sensing close to physical phenomena, processing and communicating this information, and coordinating actions with other nodes. Such a deployment is termed as a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). To realize such a network, there are a new set of challenges.
Ghana has an average per capita income of $397 (according to the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) 5, 2008), implying that the average Ghanaian lives on less than $1.10 (with a dollar to cedi ratio of 0.92) a day. The report also indicates that the per capita expenditure is also $592.48. About 40% of Ghanaians live below the official poverty line of $1 a day (ILO Report, 2004, TUC Report, 2004) although the incidence of poverty has been found to be about 80% in the northern part of the country (TUC Report, 2004).
Bernard Madoff had misappropriated US$64.8 billion through a hedge fund. In promising to pay investors double-digit returns annually and with his reputation as a former non-executive NASDAQ Chairman, Madoff attracted several affluent investors. However, not a penny of investor’s money was traded in the stock market. How, then, did Madoff manage to pay all his investors such high returns?
Traditionally, policy interventions especially those meant for health promotion in communities have tended to individualize social problems. From the point of problem identification as a basic tool in constructing the foundation for policy, to policy formulation, application and evaluation, the dominant perspective is linear (Mann 1991), assuming a “rational person” perspective in which individuals are expected to comply to policy prescriptions when provided with relevant information. Following this, knowledge and perspectives of “health experts”, mainly from biomedicine, public health and behavioral sciences are placed at the epicenter of policy setting and application.
In this thesis, the influence of different leadership styles, on the commitment of employees will be researched. According to the literature, commercial performances of companies depend on the commitment of employees. (Bovenlander en Timmer, 2007). However there are different interpretations of commitment. According to Sheldon (1971, p.143) commitment appears when “the identity of the person (is linked to organization.” Hall et al., (1970 p. 176) commitment appears when “the goals of the organization and those of the individual become increasingly integrated or congruent”
This dissertation project is based on the implementation of a new IT system known as 'XXX' in ABC Ltd. a leading bank in Sri Lanka. The department in which this dissertation is based on is the Fund Administration department, which is involved in carrying out daily reconciliation packs of various financial instruments. This is somewhat of a professional service offered by the bank to its clients.
This chapter will provide the background for the research to be conducted highlighting the problems, aims and objectives, research overview with the research questions, proposed methodologies and the structure of the final report of the research to be conducted.
Limited Liability is one of the key elements that guaranteed the success of the modern company. Every person who invests his money in any business first of all, he has to see what profit should he get and how much he has to invest and what would be his liabilities if he does not get success? If the person has more liabilities then the profits he profits he earns, then he will not choose to invest his money and not ready to bear the loss more than his share.
Customer retention is one of the important strategies which any company or organization must pay attention to (Colgate and Danaher 1996), from private companies to government enterprises, from service sector to financial banking sector (Trubik and Smith, 2000). The relationship between marketing and customer retention also play important role. At first, starting a normal customer, they, then, became an actual customer, loyal customer and finally, supporters (Christopher, Payne, and Ballantyne, 1991)
In this chapter we present the background for the problem of this dissertation and discuss why the topic is of interest. This will be followed bythe purpose for our research as well as our research question. Lastly the delimitations for this dissertation are explained.
The purpose of this paper is to complete a diagnostic assessment and analysis to determine organisational readiness for an evidence-based service change linked to an action plan within Outer North East London Community Services (ONEL CS) Inpatient Unit within the London Borough of Havering. This paper will discuss how change can be achieved through completion of a diagnostic analysis. The evidence based change to be implemented and discussed in the paper, is the introduction of a Dementia Care bundle to improve dementia nursing care on the inpatient wards within Havering - ONELCS.
Corporate governance is very important to the success of any organization and has become one of the most common subjects these days in all companies and organizations around the world. This happened after the collapse of many companies in the last two decades; such as Enron, WorldCom, Bank Credit and Commerce International, and Barlow Clows and Levitt...
Unemployment is the most significant and the most disturbing crisis facing the world as whole recently, it is a tragic waste of human and economic resource. Once people are unemployed, they, their families, and the entire country lose. Workers and their families lose income, and the country loses the goods or services that could have been produced, also government face popular dissatisfaction creates stimulus for antigovernment activities, as well the purchasing power of these workers is lost, it can direct to unemployment for yet other workers and significantly drop the level of economic growth and economic development.
Damen in his Culture Learning defined Culture as 'the shared patterns of behavior and interactions and affective understanding learned through the process of socialization' (Damen, 1987). Psychology is simply a field of study that concerns itself with behavior. Cross cultural psychology is therefore 'the scientific study of human behavior and mental behavior and process, including both variability and invariance, under diverse cultural conditions,' (Ho, & Wu, 2001). It is a branch of psychology that studies the relationship between culture and human behavior (Matsumoto, 2000). This type of psychology...
Emotional arousal and the Mozart Effect: An exploration of the power of music on individuals spatial temporal reasoning ability in the context of 21st century contemporary music styles.
Being aware of and recognizing gender issues is of utmost importance for all educators who are interested in equality in opportunities for students to learn and flourish. Gender in EFL classrooms, according to Sunderland (1991) operates at different levels: classroom materials, English language itself, and classroom processes which always interact within a particular political, sociolinguistic and educational context. She further categorizes classroom processes into three different groups: those focusing on teacher-to-student discourse in whole-class-work, those focusing on student-to-teacher discourse in whole-class-work, and those focusing on learner discourse in pair- and group-work.
The airline industry is and remains a large and growing industry. It facilitates economic growth, world trade, international investment and is a vital component of the leisure/tourism industry. It represents one of the biggest industry worldwide and is expected to generate net profits of US$ 8.9 billion this year, far up from the previous forecast of US$ 2.5 billion, further to the world economic crisis.
In many countries, life expectancy at birth is less than 50 years and malnutrition is the biggest contributor to child mortality. However, malnourished children usually live in poor environment and this may itself increase their risk of mortality. It has been suggested that malnutrition is directly or indirectly responsible for more than half of the deaths under...
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